Five Mortal enemies of Filipino1. Japanese Military2. Diseases3. The guerillas4. Hunger5. Japanese paid Filipino spies
The PhilippineExecutiveCommissionEstablished onJanuary 23, 1942
The Philippine ExecutiveComission• new constitution-noticeably lacked a bill of rights-contained 12 articles lifted from the 1935constitution that fitted the wishes ofthe Japanese-was meant to be in effect only temporarily,while the Philippines still in chaos
The Second Republic•September 20 1943 - the KALIBAPIheld a party convention-to elect 54 members of the National Assembly(assembly was actually made of 108 members but half of thisnumber was composed of incumbent governors and citymayors)-President: Jose P. Laurel-Vice President: Benigno Aquino Sr.Ramon Anancena
The Second Republic• Inauguration-October 14 1943-on the front steps of the legislative building inManila-Philippine flag was hoisted as the national anthemwas played
The Second Republic• Meanwhile…-Japanese started using propaganda to gain the trustand confidence of Filipinos who refused tocooperate with them-hung giant posters and distribute their materialsthat contains such slogans as "the Philippinesbelong to the Filipinos."-also used newspapers, movies, and others topublicize the same ideaPromoting Japanese propaganda was one of the main objectives ofthe KALIBAPI, but still Japanese failed to gain the trust of theFilipinos.
Gen. MacArthur Returns• Oct. 23 - 26, 1944-Americans engaged Japanese forces in theBattle of Leyte Gulf-almost destroyed the entire Japanese fleet-said to have signaled the beginning ofPhilippine liberation from the Japanese
Gen. MacArthur Returns•mid-December-American soldiers had reached Mindoro-Japanese secured other area•January 9, 1945- US liberation forces successfully docked atLingayen Gulf- Lt. Gen.Tomoyuki Yamashita, supremecommander of the Japanese troops in Manila,mobilize his kamikazes but they failed to stopAmericans
Gen. MacArthur Returns• December 8, 1944•President Laurel and his cabinet moved toBaguio upon orders of Yamashita•Japanese forces retreated to Yamashita linea jungle battlefront stretching along theSierra Madre Mountains from Antipolo,Rizal to Appari Cagayan.
Gen. MacArthur Returns• it took 3 weeks of intense fighting beforeJapanese finally surrendered on February23,1945• Gen. MacArthur continued to liberateother parts of the country• proclaim general freedom from theJapanese on July 4, 1945.
Economic condition under JapanThe Japanese controlled the prices ofcommodities including the distribution ofrice and other cereals as well as themanufacturing of tobacco.