Short Story- It is a brief work of fiction. It presents asequence of events or plot.
Main Elements• Setting – the time and location in which a storytakes place.• Plot – the sequence of events in a story or play.• Conflict – the opposition of forces which tiesone incident to another and makes the plotmove.• Character – the person and his characteristicsin a work of fiction.• Point of View – the angle from which the storyis told.• Theme – the central idea or belief.
Plot* the plot is how the author arranges events todevelop his basic idea; it is the sequence ofevents. The plot is planned, logical series ofevents having a beginning, middle and end. Theshort story usually ha one plot so it can be readin one sitting.
Traditional/ Conventional• Introduction – the beginning of the story wherethe characters and the setting is revealed.• Rising Action – this is where the events in thestory become complicated and conflict in the storyis revealed.• Climax – this is the highest point of interest andturning point of the story.• Falling Action – the events and complicationsbegin to resolve themselves. The reader knowswhat has happened next and if the conflict wasresolved or not• Denouement – this is the final outcome oruntangling of events in the story.
Unconventional Plot• Flashback – this is a section in a story where the actionis interrupted to tell about an earlier event, scenes orincidents which took place prior to the beginning of theplot.• Foreshadowing – this is a hint or clue about an eventthat will occur later in the story.• Suspense – this is the feeling of excitement or tensionin the reader’s experience as the action of plot unfolds.• Surprise ending – this is an ending that catches thereader guard with unexpected turn of events.• In Media Res – the technique of beginning a story inthe middle of the action, with background informationgiven later in flashback.
Character• This include the person in a work of fiction andcharacteristics of a person.• In a work of fiction, one finds the protagonistand the antagonist. The protagonist is thecentral character with all major events havingsome importance to him/her. The opposer of themain character is the antagonist.