RESEARCH TASKMELODRAMAKate Wigley & Grace Donovan
DEFINITION:● A melodrama is a dramatic piece with exaggerated charactersand exciting events● It is intended to appeal to the emotions of the audience.● A drama, such as a play, film, or television programme,characterized by exaggerated emotions & stereotypical charactersORIGINS:● The term originated from the 19th century from the Frenchword ‘Melodrame’● The word ‘Melo’ means ‘Music’ in Greek● The word ‘Drame’ is French for ‘Drama’
EXAMPLES INCLUDE:● HOLLYOAKS● DOWNTON ABBEY● DAYS OF OUR LIVES● HOME AND AWAY● NEIGHBOURS
THE GOSSIP LOVEABLE ROGUE THE HUNK STEREOTYPESSWEETHEART GANGSTER TART WITH A VILLAGE BULLY HEART
STORYLINES:CATHARSIS storylines are when the viewer goes through thesame emotions as the charactershttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEGybmq1AI0In this scene of ‘Hollyoaks’ the director wants the viewer to react in the same way thatthe characters do.For example: when Riley gets shot and Mitzeee starts to cry, the viewers may also cry.This means that the viewers build a relationship with the characters – meaning thatthe storyline is ‘Cathartic’
STORYLINES:ESCAPISM storylines are when the viewer needs to escapefrom daily woes to something that wouldn’t usually happen inreal lifehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2M3moEeErr8In this trailer for ‘Downton Abbey’ extravagant manor houses are shown as a form ofescapism for the viewer. The houses shown in this trailer are not something that theviewers would see everyday so it is a nice way for them to escape daily troubles
STORYLINES:REALISM storylines are when the characters are dressed inexpensive clothes so that the viewer aspires to be like themThese characters are shown to be wearing glamorous clothes, handbags, jewellery andhave ‘perfect’ hair and looks. This is so that the viewer wants to be like them
SOUND:NON-DIEGETIC SOUND:Throughout Melodramas, non-diegetic sound is used such asgunshots, slaps and explosions. These sounds are real to the scenehowever, they are added in afterwards. Non-diegetic sound is alsoused at the start of every Hollyoaks episode as a way to create acertain atmosphere. This then fades out when the characters starttalking.DIEGETIC SOUND:Diegetic sound is also used such as doors slamming or glassessmashing. These sounds are also realistic to the scene, but theyaren’t added in afterwards.The different sounds used add to the genre of ‘Melodramatic’ asthe noises can be over-the-top and dramatic.
LIGHTING:The lighting ranges from natural light to artificial light.In Hollyoaks, artificial lighting is used sometimes depending onthe atmosphere of the scene. Whereas in Eastenders, a slightlyblue colour is used to represent an ordinary and ‘gritty’ lifestyle.CAMERA WORK:The camera shots are usually fast paced and short. This is to addto the drama and build up tension for the viewers. Hollyoaks usesClose Ups to show the character’s emotions and facial expressions.Compared to Coronation Street where no Close Ups are used.
SCENES:● An episode of Hollyoaks will last for 30 minutes whilst an episode ofDownton abbey lasts for an hour● In each episode there is usually 3 or 4 different storylines going on● Each storyline will start with an establishing shot so that the viewerknows which story they’re following. Before cutting off to anotherstoryline there is usually a small cliff-hanger● Because there are so many different storylines happening, the viewerfeels like they have to watch every episode in order to understand what’sgoing on. Whereas in Eastenders, if you miss an episode you will stillunderstand most of the story
COSTUMES:The type of costumes in Hollyoaks are usually very glamorous andexpensive looking. This is so the viewer wants to dress the sameway and also matches the wealthy lifestyles they live.