The Budapest Initiative , 2001: “ An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good.” http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml
old tradition = the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge new technology = internet unprecedented public good = world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds
New Technology = Internet Tim Berners Lee , MIT professor Invented World Wide Web (WWW) The first website built at CERN: info.cern.ch Internet protocols (TCP,IP) allow for OPEN STANDARDS Long Live the Web: A Call for Continued Open Standards and Neutrality: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=long-live-the-web
Code is Law, L.Lessig Cyberspace has an architecture = its code Code has principles, terms – it defines what is possible in that space. We can use this code to write new law: Creative Commons Licences http://creativecommons.org/
Copyleft Movement Creative Commons , San Francisco, California Founded in 2001 by L.Lessig et al Share, Remix, Reuse – Legally A documentary: RIP REMIX Manifesto Available for free at: http://ripremix.com/
CC Licenses Others can distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work You can choose and combine attributions : BY : author must be credited for his work SA (share alike): new creations must be licensed under identical terms NC (non commercial): new creations can not be used for commercial purposes http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
Public Domain Renewed law of copyright, 1980 s: nothing falls into public domain per se Public Domain : Works with intellectual rights expired Fair Use – A Fairytale? Singing Happy Birthday in public – copyright infringement? http://www.unhappybirthday.com/
The Movement Revolution started by students on campuses Turned into a global scale publishing revolution Right to Research Coalition , Students for Open Access: http://www.righttoresearch.org/learn/whyOA/index.shtml#Students
Peter Suber Independent Theoretician of Open Access Open Access becomes a study of its own Open Access Overview : http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
The Crisis Serials Crisis : No library can afford to buy subscriptions to all journals. Journal subscriptions fees rise. (more than 42% increase in cost for all periodicals) Library budgets are cut. Librarians become strong advocates of Open Access SPARC = international alliance of academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system.
SPARC and Open Access Week Open Access Week : The last “full” week in October Different events organized around the world Celebration Program Director: Jennifer McLennan Webpage and Membership: http://www.openaccessweek.org/ Organized by SPARC
SPARC and Open Access Newsletter SOAN (SPARC Open Access Newsletter) is published and sponsored by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) Released monthly Written by Peter Suber March 2011 editon: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/03-02-11.htm
Creating a Model: Green or Gold? Green Road to Open Access : authors perform self-archiving upon publishing a peer-reviewed journal article Gold Road to Open Access : institutions pay for their authors' gold open access publication fees (APC)
The Green Road - ROARMAP Around 200 (so far) green open access mandates recorded at ROARMAP: http://roarmap.eprints.org/ Powered by Eprints at Southampton University, List of Open Access Repositories: http://roar.eprints.org/ Open Access Archivangelism : Stevan Harnad http://openaccess.eprints.org/
Hi, my name is Stevan Harnad and I am haunted by a koan : Why did 34,000 researchers sign a threat in 2000 to boycott their journals unless those journals agreed to provide open access to their articles - when the researchers themselves could provide open access (OA) to their own articles by self-archiving them on their own institutional websites?
Gold Road – Revenue Model Missed Around 22% of journals today = Open Access Journals However, there is a lack of quality publications Lack of oa journals : lack of demand for funding : lack of funding Toll-Access Mode l : Faculty (libraries) pay money for access to papers Open-Access Model : Author (institution) pays publishing services to gold OA publisher
A revenue model for Open Access = university providing funds for the articles written by its faculty Institutions sign to COPE http://www.oacompact.org/compact/ Compact for OA publishing equities Accepting different COPE policies: They either mandate self-archiving or provide funds for OA gold publications written by its faculty i.e. MIT, Harvard, Simon Fraser University, Stellenbosch Uni, Trinity College...
OASPA : Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association - standards set for journal and recently, book publishers Giant OA Publishers : Biomed, Plos, Hindawi... Organizations : Creative Commons, SPARC... Some Nobelists ... COPE Supporters
An example of group of journals and subscribers in high-energy physics that agree to cancel all at once their journal subscriptions and switch to OA model
Members: CERN, JINR ...
Open Access Map Project by Leslie Chan and Alma Swan from OASIS http://www.openoasis.org/ the world map will include all Open Access projects, services and initiatives. The tool will also involve a timeline which will show the development of Open Access over the last decade in terms of repositories, policies adopted and OA journals published. “ Measuring” Open Access
List of OA journals http://www.doaj.org/ Different subjects and languages News, stats: The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics By Heather Morrisson: http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/ DOAJ – Directory of Open Acess Journals
Two-year project funded by the European Comission Research on Open Access Co-ordinated by CERN Results and presentations: http://project-soap.eu/ SOAP – The Study of Open Access Publishing
InTechWeb Blog – Publishing World Seen Through the Looking Glass http://intechweb.wordpress.com/ Read More: