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  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Table of contents• What is HIV/AIDS?• When was the first AIDS?• How Do You Get HIV or AIDS?• Prevention• Testing• Signs & Symptoms• Treatment• Research• Global Statistics• Myths 2
  3. 3. What is HIV/AIDS?H – HumanI – ImmunodeficiencyV – VirusWe know that HIV can hide for long periods of time in the cells of your body and that it attacks a key part of your immune system.HIV infection can lead to AIDS. 3
  4. 4. When was the first AIDS?1981On June 5, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publish a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).This edition of the MMWR marks the first official reporting of what will become known as the AIDS epidemic. 4
  5. 5. How Do You Get HIV or AIDS?HIV is found in specific human body fluids. If any of those fluids enter your body, you can become infected with HIV.Which Body Fluids Contain HIV?HIV lives and reproduces in blood and other body fluids. We know that the following fluids can contain high levels of HIV:•Blood•Semen (cum)•Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum)•Breast milk•Vaginal fluids•Rectal (anal) mucous 5
  6. 6. PreventionSafer SexSafer Drug UseSafer WorkTesting & Early Treatment 6
  7. 7. TestingWhat Is an HIV Test?Where Can I Get an HIV Test? 7
  8. 8. Signs & Symptoms Many people who are HIV-positive do not have symptoms of HIV infection. When HIV infection progresses to AIDS, many people begin to suffer from:• fatigue• diarrhea• nausea• vomiting• fever• chills• night sweats• and even wasting syndrome at late 8 stages.
  9. 9. Treatment People who are infected with HIV are treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART). There are other things that will help keep your immune system healthy:• A well-balanced and nutritious diet• Daily exercise• Plenty of rest• Regular check-ups with your doctor and dentist• Avoiding use of tobacco, alcohol or illicit drugs 9
  10. 10. Research • A foundation of all HIV/AIDS research is scientific inquiry into the basic biology of HIV, the body’s immune response to HIV infection, and potential targets for prevention and therapeutic strategies. • The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is working to find new and more effective therapeutic products, drug classes, and combinations. 10
  11. 11. Global Statistics• 33.4 million are currently living with HIV/AIDS.• More than 25 million people have died of AIDS worldwide since 1981.• In 2008, 2 million people died due to HIV/AIDS, and another 2.7 million were newly infected.• While cases have been reported in all regions of the world, almost all those living with HIV (97%) reside in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. 11
  12. 12. MythsMyth: A person with HIV or AIDS looks sick.Truth: People with HIV infection often don’tlook or feel sick.Myth: Only gay people get HIV/AIDS.Truth: When the epidemic began in the early1980s, the first cases of HIV and AIDS werefound among urban men who had sex with men(MSM). Today, however, the picture of theepidemic looks very different. 12
  13. 13. Thanks for your attention 13