Georgia Army National Guard Environmental Stewardship Branch Newsletter Volume 2, Issue 3 Our Mission The Georgia Department of Defense Environmental Stewardship Branch exists to support Commanders and their Mission by reducing environmental liabilities and promoting the US Army Environmental Stewardship Program. Our Vision Our vision is one of maintaining readiness, while utilizing knowledge and resources to make informed decisions regarding our environment. To protect and conserve today’s resources for tomorrow’s National Guard Soldiers and the Citizens of Georgia. Stenka Vulova FALL IS IN THE AIR! ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP BRANCH STAFFDania Aponte Environmental Programs Director (678) 569-6707 firstname.lastname@example.orgButch Thompson Sustainability Program Manager, South (912) 448-4192 email@example.comFelicia Nichols NEPA Program Manager (678) 569-6755 firstname.lastname@example.orgRandy Drummond Restoration and Clean-up Manager, (678) 569-6750 email@example.com Sustainability Program Manager, NorthKaren Corsetti Pest Management Program Manager (678) 569-6751 firstname.lastname@example.orgYvonne Edwards Environmental Specialist, Recycling Program (678) 569-6752 email@example.comKathryn Norton Cultural Resources Program Manager (678) 569-6726 firstname.lastname@example.orgFrances Grieme eMS Program Manager, Technical (678) 569-6749 email@example.comMichael Holloway Environmental Assessor – Cumming (678) 569-3841 firstname.lastname@example.orgTangy Johnson Environmental Assessor – Ft. Stewart (912) 448-4195 email@example.comKip Rummel Environmental Assessor – CNGC, Atlanta (678) 569-3840 firstname.lastname@example.orgPaul Hansen Environmental Assessor – Macon (404)803-8578 email@example.comMegan Spells Environmental Assessor – Tifton (678) 569-8458 firstname.lastname@example.org ~Clay National Guard Center- 1000 Halsey Avenue, Building 70, Marietta, GA 30060~ September2012
Page 2 CFMO-ENV Activities heading into AutumnSome of the major events and goals of the CFMO-ENV group:AUGUST 2012 – CFMO-ENV said farewell this month to our sum-mer intern, Ms. Stenka Vulova, a fourth year ecology student at theUniversity of Georgia, Athens. Stenka was most helpful during thesummer months, pitching in to assist all team members with water/ecology issues and cultural resource items.SEPTEMBER 2012 - The CFMO-ENV division participated in the An-nual Georgia Environmental Conference (GEC), held in Savannah, GASeptember 23-25th. Much of what you will read in this newsletter isgleaned from presentations and information gathered at the work-shops. Information presented each year in this training session is vital to us as environmental professionals be-cause it represents the most current, leading edge knowledge in various areas of environmental science and stew-ardship. See Page 9 for more information on the GEC.Ms. Dania Aponte, Environmental Programs Director, attended National Guard Bureau’s Certified Officer Repre-sentative (COR) and CFMO Contracting Compliance workshop the week of September 20th. The course offereda basic overview of the contracting process and how that process fits into the CFMO framework.Continuing Endeavors throughout the 3rd Quarter of 2012:Natural Resources Management: The Georgia Army National Guard (GAARNG) recently launch an Environ-mental Assessment (EA) to evaluate the potential physical, environmental, cultural, and socioeconomic effects of aproposed Site Development Plan (SDP) at our Oglethorpe installation. Scoping letters with regulatory agenciesand tribal organizations went out this month to notify of the proposed undertaking.Compliance Program: GAARNG assessors are located at Cumming, Clay, Macon, Tifton and Ft. Stewart. TheSouthern Region program manager, Mr. Butch Thompson, is continuing training for all Guard personnel throughthe Environmental Officer classes (EO/UECO training). He continues to work with all facilities to ensure thatEOs are properly trained and that we all strive for successful environmental practices. Remaining EO/UECOtraining classes are scheduled as shown on Page 7.GA Environmental Management System (GeMS): Our GeMS program was successfully launched in 2011. Theprogram is steadily moving towards conformance with ISO 14001 by December of this year. Please see article onPage 3.Cultural Resources Management : The Cultural Resources Program Division is in the beginning phases of con-tracting an Armories Historic Survey for facilities that meet the age criterion since the last statewide survey. Theproject will be advertised within the next week. Also, the cultural resources team is excited to announce an-other Memorandum of Agreement signed with the federally recognized tribe, Thlopthlocco Tribal Town. Pleasesee article on Page 6. “God Bless America. Let’s save some of it.” ~Edward Abbey
Page 3 Recently Launched Programs Clay National Guard Center Recycling ProgramWe are pleased to announce that the Clay National Guard Center Recycling Program Initiative was imple-mented on July 27, 2012. An event meeting was held on July 24, 2012, for the employees to learn about thebenefits of recycling and how the program works. This program only recycles paper and cardboard at this time. Our goal is to reduce the amount of paper into the waste stream. The average office worker in the U.S. uses 10,000 sheets of copy paper each year. This year we will be celebrating America Recycles Day. It is celebrated nationwide each November 15, and celebrates the benefits of recycling through an array of awareness-raising events nationwide.For more information, please contact Ms. Yvonne Edwards at (678) 569-6752 or email@example.com. Georgia Environmental Management System (GeMS) Georgia Army National Guard’s eMS Awareness TrainingOn June 19 – 21 2012, the GAARNG had senior leadership (TAG, CG, COS, EQCC) eMS Awareness Train-ing. The opportunity to participate in this training was a critical step in successful implementation of eMS.Mr. Bill Wiatt, with Dolphin Environmental, LLC, spent the time providing a framework for how an eMSworks, stressing the importance of command commitment, reviewing the elements of the ISO 14001 stan-dard, emphasizing the significance of sustainability in all functions of the GAARNG, and providing eMS im-provement steps.The traditional belief was that environmental management was implementing the program to avoid negativeconsequences. Today the use of eMS is to move forward with a vision to support mission accomplishmentand sustainability while integrating environmental goals throughout all functions. The eMS approach is thecollective responsibility of every soldier, civilian and contractor on the installa-tion. Like the responsibility for safety, it should be a part of the daily workforceroutine. This change—over time and through active, consistent leadership com-mitment—will eventually allow the GAARNG to make management of the envi-ronmental activities a natural part of everyone’s standard operating procedure.We are continually moving forward with improvement and implementation of theGAARNG GeMS. We are excited about getting everyone within the GAARNGon board with how we manage our environmental responsibilities while stayingmission focused!If you have any questions regarding the GeMS Program or eMS, please contact(678) 569-6749 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Page 4 Resource Conservation Ways to Conserve Water*With drought covering all of the region, conservation is a must. So what can you do?Outdoors Add organic matter to the soil to improve water holding capacity. Mulch around shrubs and garden plants to reduce evaporation and cut down on weeds. Use soaker hoses to water shrubs and trees. Read plant tags and choose the right plant for your sun/shade/soil conditions. Consider drought tolerant plants. Follow the State Outdoor Watering Rules: www.gaepd.org/Documents/outdoorwater.html.Indoors Keep showers under five minutes. Repair leaks promptly. Install low-flow showerheads and faucets. Replace old toilets with water-efficient ones. Check to see if your house is eligible for a toilet rebate: www.northgeorgiawater.org.(*Source: Atlanta Regional Commission) Restoration and Clean-up ProgramUnder the laws that regulate the cleanup and removal of contaminated soil or groundwater at our GAARNGsites, the first goal is to identify and quantify three characteristics of the area:1 – The depth of any contaminated soil or groundwater2 – The nature (or type and characteristics) of all chemicals associated with anycontamination3 – The extent (or width, shape, outline) of any contaminated area.In order to identify these three factors, samples are taken by using hydraulicequipment to either drill or push hollow steel tubes into the ground that al-low us to take a continuous sample (called a core) that represents what isbelow the ground. The pictures below are from recent samplings that wehave conducted at one of our locations. In the coming months and years, more of our sites across the state will be sampled to ensure that we have identified any and all of our property that may need to be studied further and cleaned up if necessary. So anytime you see equipment such as in the pictures here, you will know that the GAARNG is hard at work as stewards of the environment. For more infor- mation, contact Mr. Randy Drummond at 678.569.6750 or email@example.com.
Page 5 Natural Resources Management The Economic Benefits of Land ConservationThe Georgia Forestry Commission was established in 1949 by the General Assembly. Their mission, to pro-vide leadership, service and education in the protection and conservation of Georgia’s forest resources.Georgia has more acres of timberland than any other state in the nation. As can be seen from the chart,Georgia’s timberland acreage has remained approximately 24 million acres since the 1950s. The marked in-crease in timberland from 1936 to 1953 coincides with the establishment of the Georgia Forestry Commis-sion in 1949. It can clearly be seen that the benefit of continued volumetric growth in Georgia’s forest population is vital. Ecosystem services and ecological functions of Georgia’s forests generate $37.6 billion/year. Cur- rently, Georgia’s volume growth exceeds removal by 38%. Forbes magazine ranks Georgia third in the nation for potential biomass energy. We are ranked number one in wood pellet production which will be covered more in-depth in the article that follows. A growing concern is that private property ownersand corporations be encouraged and given incentives to maintain forest volumes and refrain from develop-ment that clear cuts, sometimes, thousands of timberland acres in one fell swoop. As can be seen from thepie chart diagram, a majority of timberland is held in the state of Georgia by private owners, and another25% is corporately owned.Continued awareness around this subject is vital to the economic prosperity of many of Georgia’s counties.Nearly 50% of Georgia’s counties are ranked as moderately to critically dependent upon their forested areasfor economic viability and continued growth.The greatest single threat to Georgia’s forests is populationgrowth and urban sprawl. Our population is projected toincrease from 10 to 12 million people within the next 20years, and we are realizing a loss of approximately 106 acresof timberland per day to development.The fact that we’re rated third in potential for biomass en-ergy, makes it even more crucial that we continue efforts tomaintain and expand our acreages, so that this burgeoningpotential can realized.For more information, contact Ms. Felicia Nichols at678.569.6755 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Page 6 Cultural Resources Management GAARNG Cultural Resources Management Making Headway in Several AreasThe GAARNG is currently in the pre-bid phase for a comprehensive historic survey of all armories that areapproaching or meet the age criterion for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).The baseline survey will determine their eligibility or ineligibility for inclusion on the NRHP, and will providevaluable information for determination of impacts to cultural/historical resources due to proposed futureGAARNG undertakings. With a baseline survey in hand, time would not be needed integral to the projectlife-cycle, as GAARNG would know the determination of eligibility before undertakings are proposed andenvironmental studies have begun.Also, in other cultural resources news, the GAARNG CFMO Environmental Stewardship Division has anewly adopted Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, a federally recog-nized tribal nation of Creek origin, with ancestral ties to the state of Georgia. The nation resides inOkemah, Oklahoma. The GAARNG has had several highly successful consultations over the past few yearswith Thlopthlocco Tribal Town and is excited and honored to have this document in place.MOUs represent an agreement between the two government agencies to work towards good will, ease ofcommunication, and respect for one another’s interests. The document was signed by Thlopthlocco TribalTown on July 19th, 2012 and co-signed on August 17th, 2012 by the Adjutant General of Georgia, James But-terworth. The GAARNG looks forward to a continued rewarding and cohesive working relationship withthe tribe.In additional news, the GAARNG Cultural Resources Team anticipates participation in an upcoming FY2013multi-state Native American Consulta-tion. The consultation preparationsare underway and are being plannedwith our neighboring states of Ala-bama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Flor-ida, with Alabama Army NationalGuard as lead agency. At this time,the upcoming consultation is slated forthe summer of 2013. More informa-tion will be provided as meeting plansprogress and solidify.For more information on this program,please contact Ms. Kathryn Norton email@example.com or678.569.6726. Scenes of the Headquarters, Georgia State Guard at the Atlanta Armory located on Confederate Avenue, c. 1944
Page 7 Environmental Compliance Environmental Officer (EO)/Unit Environmental Officer (UECO) Training 17- 18OCT12In accordance with AR 200-1 (Environmental Protection and Enhancement), CFMO-ENV will provide one 8hour block of initial training and one 4 hour block of annual refresher training for personnel assigned Envi-ronmental Officer (EO)/Unit Environmental Compliance Officer (UECO) responsibilities. The 8 hour initialtraining is for personnel that have not received any EO/UECO training and the 4 hour refresher training isfor personnel that have received initial training and require annual refresher training.Training will be conducted at the Georgia Garrison Training Center (GGTC), Ft. Stewart, GA 17-18OCT12.Initial EO/UECO training will be conducted on 17OCT12 from 0800-1700 at Building (TBD) and RefresherEO/UECO training will be conducted on 18OCT12 from 0800-1200 at Building (TBD). Building location willbe promulgated via separate email to attendees upon confirmation from GGTC for building reservation.Class size is limited to 20 personnel for each class, to register send an email to Mr. Charles “Butch” Thomp-son at firstname.lastname@example.org no later than 12OCT12. Ensure email contains rank, full name, andunit/facility assigned to as EO/UECO.EO/UECO training is offered once per calendar quarter by CFMO-ENV and specifically pertains toGAARNG environmental programs, not host installations. GAARNG units on host installations must attendthe host installations training and comply 100% with host installation environmental program requirements.GAARNG EO/UECO training rotates between locations at GGTC, Macon, and Clay NGC. All GAARNGunits/facilities are required to have personnel assigned as EO/UECO and trained by the cognizant trainingauthority to manage environmental issues/concerns at the unit/facility.EO/UECO training courses scheduled for CY-2013 are as follows: 16JAN13 – 8 hour Initial, DLC Macon 17JAN13 – 4 hour Refresher, DLC Macon 17APR13 – 8 hour Initial, Clay NGC, Building 2 18APR13 – 4 hour Refresher, Clay NGC, Building 2 17JUL13 – 8 hour Initial, GGTC, Ft. Stewart, Building TBD 18JUL13 – 4 hour Refresher, GGTC, Ft. Stewart, Building TBD 16OCT13 – 8 hour Initial, DLC Macon 17OCT13 – 4 hour Refresher, DLC MaconSoldiers should register to attend the course nearest their home station to alleviate issues with obtainingtravel orders and funding. Training will be conducted from 0800-1700 for Initial course and 0800-1200 forRefresher course on the specified dates. In accordance with AR 200-1 and FM 3-34.5 (Environmental Con-siderations).POC is Mr. Charles “Butch” Thompson at email@example.com or 912.448.4192.
Page 8 News You Can Use! Did you know…Clothing can also be recycled? Not just donated for reuse, but actually recycled through processes that al-low the fibers to be reused to make new garments. Also, there are numerous on-line sites that allow trade,donation, bartering, or sale for a minimal fee of clothing items. See some of the options below: Production vs. Waste It requires 700 gallons of water to grow the cot- ton used in just one T-shirt. Nearly 1,500 gallons of water is needed for a pair of jeans. The production of one pound of clothing requires as much energy as a 100-watt light bulb uses in 10 hours. Synthetic clothes are made with petroleum-based products. The petroleum used can contaminate groundwater, surface water, and the ecosystems around us. The average American consumes 81 lbs. of cloth- ing and other textiles per year. According to the EPA, more than 12.7million tons of textile waste is generated annually. One of the larges sources of waste in the USA. Each year , the textile recycling industry diverts 1.3 million tons of waste from reaching U.S. landfills. 85% of textile waste isn’t recycled! You can help this effort by any or all of the following: Purchase clothes from stores that sell recycled clothing Donating clothing to organizations such as Good- will and Salvation Army Buying clothes from second-hand stores Cut up old clothes and use them as rags or hand- kerchiefs Participate in America Recycles Day - November 15th Sign up to participate in Freecycle or ecofreek,
Page 9 Recent Workshops and Training The annual Georgia Environmental Conference was held in Savannah, Georgia September 23-25. Much of the information you will find in this newslet- ter was garnered by CFMO-ENV em- ployees who attended this training. The following articles represent new and emerging topics of interest pre- sented at the GEC. “Man shapes himself through decisions that shape his environment.” ~Rene Dubos Brownfields and Riverfronts- Textiles and Gateways Presented by Tangy JohnsonSmall towns create bigger gains when they partner with other communities or adapt their programs to enlistfederal assistance to revitalize their communities. Brownfield use is one way to achieve this goal.The term "Brownfield site" means real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may becomplicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. Notethat for cleanup or RLF grants, there must be documented (not potential) contamination on sites to be addressed.The law further defines the term “Brownfield site” to include a site that is contaminated by controlled sub-stances (e.g., meth labs), petroleum or a petroleum based products (e.g. abandoned gas stations), or mine-scarred lands.To date, 411 properties have entered Georgia’s Brownfield program and 239 have completed the program.Some of the benefits of the program is the limitation of liability for groundwater (the seller becomes respon-sible for any contamination). And, the assessment and cleanup costs can be recovered through tax incentives.
Page 10 Recent Workshops and Training, contd.The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) program is designed to empower states, communities, andother stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to assess, safely cleanup, and promote sustainable reuse of Brownfields. The program provides financial and technical assistancefor Brownfield revitalization, including grants for environmental assessment and cleanup.Some of the benefits of Brownfield revitalization: Protects health and human welfare Increases local tax base Facilitates job growth Utilizes existing infrastructure and helps to prevent urban sprawl Takes development pressure off undeveloped land Supports cleaner air quality Reduces habitat destructionTax incentives include Tax Allocation Districts (TADs). These are widely used by municipalities to encour-age redevelopment in a designated area. TAD dollars can be used to help pay for portions of redevelopmentand the terms vary, but can be as long as 25 to 30 years. The Memorial Drive Project: A Gateway Into Downtown Hinesville Before After
Page 11 Recent Workshops and Training, contd. Bringing Science and Practice on Par to Conserve Water on Golf Courses Presented by Michael HollowayGolf course surfaces play best when the grass is dry, however, moisture is needed to keep the grass alive.The University of Georgia is working to develop turf grasses of both a cool and warm species, that aredrought resistant. These grasses can be used for home lawns, business and institutional grounds, sportsfields, golf courses, parks, sod/sprig/seed production fields, and highway rights of way.Some common turf grasses that are drought resistant and can be used in both cool and warm seasons are: Bermuda Zoysia Centipede Tall FescueUse of alternative irrigation sources in coastal areas is also being explored, with the use of seashore pas-palum grass that can be irrigated with saltwater.Irrigation systems are being designed to assist in best management practices for golf course lawns, such ashand watering and moisture testing, on-site weather monitoring stations, sprinkler head design, nozzle selec-tion, head spacing, pipe size and water pressure.At the Ford Plantation in Richmond Hill, GA the irrigation system is being redesigned to set the sprinklerheads closer together which gives better control and minimizes water loss due to evaporation.Scheduling of water delivery is also being investigated to maximize use of water sources. And, landscape andgolf course design is being considered from the perspective of better drainage and collection of run-off forreuse.Continued education is a must to insure irrigation practices thatconserve water resources. The Gold Course SuperintendentsAssociation of America and the Irrigation Association regularlypresent seminars and conduct research with the help of universi-ties and colleges. Industry periodicals also are available with themost up to date information, including reclaimed water harvest-ing and contingency plans such as the Atlanta Country Club’s ve-hicle washing water recycler which also captures storm water forreuse.
Page 12 Recent Workshops and Training, contd. Greening the DOD: Energy & Sustainability Presented by Paul HansenThe Energy Initiatives Task Force (EITF) was established by the Secretary of the Army, John McHuge, onSeptember 15, 2011. The EITF serves as a management office for partnering with Army installations to de-velop large scale cost-effective renewable energy projects.Current activities within the EITF are: Analysis of renewable energy markets Project economics Technology Resource availabilityThe Southeast Energy Initiative (SEI) is a collective body designed to strengthen the Department of Defense(DOD) energy and sustainability. Some of the areas in which the SEI is growing its program are: Building Design - an example would be the Community Emergency Service State at Fort Bragg, NC (shown below), which received a platinum LEED rating. Solar Power - recent projects include the Maneuver Center of Excellence at Ft. Benning, GA. (40,000 square feet of solar panels completed in September 2011, shown below). Landfill Gas energy projects which utilize existing landfill off-gassing to power systems and equipment. Hydrogen fuel cells, like the ones at Ft. Jackson, SC which are used as back-up power which reduces emissions and lowers lifecycle costs.
Page 13 Recent Workshops and Training, contd. Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Georgia’s Environment Presented by Megan SpellsThere are several environmental contaminants in Georgia’s environment which are of growing concern toscientists which monitor these chemicals. Three of these contaminants are: PFCs (Per Fluorinated Compounds) EE2 (ethynyl-estradiol) DioxanePersistent pollutants, such as PFCs do not degrade due to the strength of the carbon flourine bond. Variousderivatives of PFCs have been manufactured since the 1940s and remain in humans for an inordinate amountof time and pose significant health risks to wildlife and people.EE2 is a pharmaceutically active compound synthetic estrogen used in birth control. In lab studies, scientistsexposed juvenile rainbow trout to 10 nanograms/liter of EE2 for 50 days. This is a dose nearly identical toreported levels in contaminated rivers and streams.For the first time, scientists demonstrated that the rainbow trout exposed to this active ingredient hadnearly a 25-fold increase in frequency of abnormal chromosomal sperm, which can affect fertilization, embryodevelopment and offspring survival.Dioxane, is a compound found in paint solvents, varnishes, adhesives, detergent, cosmetics and pesticides. Itis also used during the production of flame retardant chemicals, pharmaceuticals and magnetic tape. Dioxaneis listed as a hazardous air pollutant under the Clean Air Act (CAA) (EPA 2012). A reportable quantity of100 lbs. has been established under CERCLA (EPA 2012).These contaminants of growing concern represent shifts in tradi-tional thinking as many are produced industrially, yet are dispersedto the environment for domestic and commercial use. Studies willlikely continue to bring new light to the effects of these toxins onhumans, wildlife and the environment at large, shaping policy andregulations around these substances.
Page 14 Recent Workshops and Training contd. The Georgia Solar Energy Association Presented by Kip RummelThe Georgia Solar Energy Association is a professional organization focused on promoting the solar industryin Georgia by providing interested customers with solar cell technologyand module performance. The organization matches organizationswith manufacturers, financing strategies and legal references to providecustomers with best solutions for their individual needs.To demonstrate corporate integration and government cooperationthe group was taken on a tour of the new IKEA distribution center inSavannah to view Georgia’s largest solar installation yet.The group was allowed access to the roof of the center to view thearray of 6,076 panels which is scheduled to produce 1.9 million kWh annual electrical output. For reference,this would power 170 homes annually in Georgia. The current IKEA facility in midtown Atlanta has an arrayof 4312 panels, currently producing 1.4 million kWh annual output. This would power 122 homes annually.IKEA has demonstrated that the technology has progressed to the point that it is a viable alternative to aug-ment our power requirements. Solar might not be considered as a prime power substitution at this time, butan alternative to augment requirements during peak load use.The presentation highlighted the challenges posed by major power companies blocking the incorporation ofalternate energy sources. Alternate energy is viewed as competition to power companies long term survival.One of the chief challenges often cited as a deterrent to more use of solar power, is one of storage. Thereis currently no viable method of storing energy produced.The presentation also reinforced the need to consider solar as part of the solution to augment energy re-quirements within the Department of Defense (DOD) under the oversight of the Army Corp of Engineers(USACE). A long range solution for Clay National Guard Center (CNGC) is solar integration to come inline with the DOD vision for all federal facilities.Along with other contemporary solutions which rely on natural forces for production, such as wind turbinesand hydroelectric power, solar energy represents a viable option to conventional power sources. Theseconventional sources rely on fossil fuels and other processes that might not be sustainable in days to come.As a note, the CFMO is currently working on various solar panel projects at-Building 300, Clay; Winder; and at GGTC. Stay tuned for future updates ontheir progress.