Name: Katherine García Date: February 6, 2013 Analysis Table 1 Anti-A Serum Anti-B Serum Anti-Rh Serum Blood TypeSlide 1- Mrs. Smith Agulation, No agulation Agulation, A thickened thickenedSlide 2- Mr. Jones No agulation Agulation No agulation BSlide 3- Mr. Green Agulation Agulation Agulation ABSlide 4- Ms. Brown No agulation No agulation No agulation O-1) Choose one of the following patients: a) Mr. Smith, Mr. Jones, Mr. Green, Ms. Brown= Ms. Brown b) Using the information shown in Figure 1 on Blood type and the data recorded in Table 1, What agglutinogens are present on the patient’s RBC’s? She did not have any agglutinogens. c) What ABO agglutinin(s) is/are found in the patient’s Plasma? Homozygous Recessive ii d) What is the patient’s blood type? O- e) If this patient needed a transfusion, what blood type(s) could this patient safely receive? Ms. Brown could only receive O during a transfusion. f) What blood type(s) could safely receive this patient’s blood? O, A, B, & AB2) Below is the information representing the blood type analysis of a new patient (patient X). From the information obtained, fill out the medical technologist report. A: Agglutination Medical technologist’s report B: No Agglutination • ABO Type: O Rh: Agglutination • Rh Type: -3) Compare and Contrast agglutinogens and agglutinins. In the diagram show at least 2 similarities and 2 differences.
Agglutinogens Agglutinins Differences Similarities Differences Antigen related-stimulate the Found in blood-protein Causes particles to form a formation of agglutinin substance mass-antibody related4) Pretend you went with your class on a medical career field trip to a local hospital. One of the stops on the visit was to the hospital’s blood lab. The medical technologist at this stop gave a demonstration of how blood types are determined. Your job is to write a paragraph for the school newspaper on the visit to the blood lab, summarizing what you’ve learned about how ABO/Rh blood groups are determined. Write a paragraph and include the title. As we entered the room, a drop of temperature overwhelemed me; for they kept the bold within metal gallons, so that it would not go bad. The medical technologist made it clear as to what determines ABO/Rh blood groups. In determining ABO blood groups, if agglutination occurs in Anti A serum then the blood type is considered A, if it clumps within anti B serum then it would be B. Agglutination occuring within both serums is considered as AB and when neither serums clump, then it is type O. The Rh system works in the form of determining alleles within the blood and discovering which antibodies are within.5) List at least 3 situations where blood typing could be used. a) Blood donation b) Transfusion c) Transplants6) Define Erythroblastosis Fetalis. Severe Anemia and innewborn babies a) Describe the sequence of events that lead to this condition. Arrises from possibilities that mother’s antibodies will attack the fetuses’ red blood cells. b) What might be some benefits if the medical profession developed a shot or vaccination that could desensitize an Rh+ situation? A Decrease in anemic new borns and a wider range of people to recieve varieties of blood.7) You are a type A eryhthorocyte placing an ad in the personals and you are seeking a compatible mate for a long lasting transfusion. Create an ad to be submitted to the newspaper.HEALTHY TYPE A and O NEEDED! I in return will be willing to donate type A and B to whomever theythemselves have of a member needing it. It must be A and O blood for if I do not receive that specifickind, my blood will clot and I will experience a tragic death. Thank you, this is very appreciated. Call meat I-Need-Help; one more time I-Need-Help.8) Another important diagnostic tool used by medical technologist is determining a patient’s blood cell count, for both red blood cells and white blood cells. When this procedure is performed, one technique used is to take multiple samples and calculate the average. This method of multiple sampling is a standard procedure in scientific and medical investigations. Discuss why this method is important in blood typing. The method of multiple sampling is important in the area of retrieving a
wider variety of blood results at a small amount of time. With more results comes more discoveries and answers to possible diagnosis in treatments and infections.9) Each year thousands of people contract blood borne diseases. What could be done in a clinical blood lab to minimize the risk of obtaining or spreading a blood borne disease? In minimzing the risk of spreading blood borne disease, those in contact with the exposed blood should wear gloves, masks, slippers, and any other preventative safety attire. When finished with such actions, all wear and blood infected things should be disposed of in special waste containers.10) In a short paragraph, identify what you think may be the next important breakthrough, milestone or discovery in the study of blood and blood diseases and explain why. I believe that the most important thing to be done should be that of a discovery in which prevention of death occurs. Many people die due to clotted arteries, their bodies rejecting transplanted organs, blood, etc. There should be some form of way to tricking the body into believing that such foreign object is of his or hers personal. Less deaths and the waiting list for a correct matching organ would shorten tremendously; saving too many if not just the right amount of lives and creating second chances.