Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
174
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. America on the World Stage 1899 - 1909
  • 2. “Little Brown Brothers”
    • Filipinos assumed they would be granted their independence like Cuba
      • Senate refused
    • Feb. 4, 1899
      • Insurrection led by Emilio Aguinaldo
      • Filipinos were defeated & resorted to guerilla warfare
        • US used torture & camps
      • 1901 – Aguinaldo was captured
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6. “Benevolent Assimilation”
    • Philippine Commission 1899
      • Established by McKinley
      • William Howard Taft – head
      • Goal was to make appropriate recommendations
    • Improved roads, sanitation, public health, & schools
      • Ill received
    • Philippines will receive their independence on July 4, 1946
  • 7. John Hay Defends China
    • China
      • Defeated by Japan 1894 – 1895
      • Russia & Germany moved in
        • Tore away valuable leaseholds & economic spheres of influence
      • American
        • churches worried about missionaries
        • Business feared European monopolies on Chinese goods
    • Sec of State John Hay proposed the Open Door Policy
  • 8. Open Door Policy
    • 1899 – John Hay sent Open Door Note
      • Sent to all great powers
      • Urged countries to announce that in their dealings, they would respect certain Chinese rights & the ideal of fair competition
      • Eventually all nations agree with the exception of Russia
    • Hay proclaimed that Open Door Policy is in effect
  • 9.  
  • 10. Problems with the Open Door
    • 1900 – Boxer Rebellion in China
      • Over 200 missionaries & whites killed
      • 18,000 multinational soldiers were sent & stopped the rebellion
        • Japan, Russia, Great Britain, France, Germany, & US
    • Hay feared that the rebellion would be used to justify carving up China
      • 1900 – expanded policy to include territorial integrity in addition to its commercial integrity
        • Did not ask for formal acceptance
  • 11.  
  • 12. Presidential Election 1900
    • Republicans – McKinley
      • Platform – prosperity, gold standard, & overseas expansion
      • VP – Theodore Roosevelt
        • Gov of NY but political bosses wanted him out
    • Democrats – Bryan
      • Platform – anti-imperialism
  • 13.  
  • 14. Campaign
    • Approach
      • McKinley – front-porch
      • Bryan & TR traveled & campaigned
    • McKinley won easily
      • Prosperity at home seemed more important than freedom aboard
    • Election was not a mandate for or against imperialism
      • For or against McKinley & Bryan
      • Mandate for prosperity & protection
  • 15.  
  • 16. TR becomes President
    • Sept. 1901 - McKinley is assassinated
      • By a deranged anarchist
    • TR became youngest president
      • Claimed he would carry on the politics of McKinley
  • 17. TR as President
    • “ Speak softly and carry a big stick”
    • Outspoken moralizer & reformer
    • Master politician
    • Beliefs:
      • No respect for checks & balances
      • Constitution was too rigid
      • President should lead
      • Felt he may take any action in the general interest that was not specifically forbidden by the laws of the constitution
  • 18. The Need for a Canal
    • TR understood the outside world more than his predecessors
    • War established the need for a canal
      • USS Oregon – had to travel all the way around South America
    • Canal would increase naval mobility
      • Make defense of new territories easier
  • 19.  
  • 20. Canal Plans
    • Clayton-Bulwer Treaty – 1850
      • Agreement with Great Britain that US would not control such a route
    • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty – 1901
      • Agreed to by Great Britain, US could build & fortify a canal
    • Where?
      • Nicaragua
      • Panama
  • 21.  
  • 22. Nicaragua v. Panama
    • French Canal Company – started building canal but had to stop
      • Wanted US to continue where they left off
    • New Panama Canal Company –led by Philippe Bunau-Varilla
      • Dropped the price of the land from $109 million to $40 million
    • Congress was concerned about volcanoes in Nicaragua
    • Hanna argued in Congress for Panama
      • Congress accepted June 1902
  • 23. Problems in Panama
    • Treaty was negotiated between US & Colombia
      • Granted use of 6 mile canal zone
      • $10 million & $250,000 annually
    • Treaty was rejected by Colombia
    • TR was running for office in 1904
      • Wanted to start building before election
  • 24. Panama Revolution Nov. 3, 1903
    • Panamanians wanted the canal
      • Counted on the prosperity to come
    • Bunau-Varilla raised a “patriot” army
      • Made up of fire departments & Colombian troops that had been paid $100,000
    • Colombian troops were ready to attack
      • US naval forces would not let them cross the isthmus
      • TR justified actions based on former treaty(1846) to maintain “perfect neutrality” of the isthmus
  • 25.  
  • 26. Sealing the Deal
    • TR quickly moved to recognize Panama
    • Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
      • Signed by US & Panama
      • Price remained the same, zone increased to 10 miles
    • “ Rape of Panama”
      • Resulted in a downward turn in relations with Latin America
      • “ Big Brother” Policy had begun
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. Completing the Canal
    • Difficulties
      • Labor troubles
      • Landslides
      • Sanitation
    • Colonel George Washington Goethals
      • Helped with organization
    • Colonel William C. Gorgas
      • Helped made canal zone safe from yellow fever
    • Canal completed in 1914
      • $400 million
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34. TR’s Perversion of Monroe’s Doctrine
    • Latin American countries
      • defaulted on their payments to European creditors
      • Particularly Venezuela & the Dominican Republic
      • 1903 - Germany attacked Venezuelan gunboats & a town
    • TR feared that Germany & Great Britain might remain in Latin America
      • Violation of Monroe Doctrine
  • 35. Roosevelt Corollary
    • In the future, if Latin American countries defaulted on their loans, the US would intervene
      • take over customhouses, pay off the debts, and keep the troublesome powers on the other side of the Atlantic
    • Monroe Doctrine
      • “ Thou shall not intervene.”
    • Roosevelt Corollary
      • “ We shall intervene to prevent you from intervening.”
  • 36. Colossus of the North
    • 1905 – US took over tariff collections in the Dominican Republic
      • DR were not happy with the interference
    • 1906 – US Marines sent to Cuba to stop disorder
      • Stayed until 1909
    • Started “Bad Neighbor” policy
  • 37. TR on the World Stage
    • Russo-Japanese War – 1904
      • Russia was trying to take ports in Manchuria, China – Port Arthur
      • Japanese attacked Russia at Port Arthur
      • Japanese eventually asked US for help
    • Portsmouth, NH – 1905
      • TR helped Russia & Japan work out an agreement
        • Japanese receive no money & some land
    • 1906 – TR receives the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40. Results of Russo-Japanese War
    • Relationship among US, Japan & Russia soured
    • Numerous Japanese laborers moved to California
      • 1906 – 70,000 lived around the Pacific coast
    • 1906 – Japanese were sent to special schools
    • Gentlemen’s Agreement – 1907-1908
      • CA repealed the school order
      • Japanese agreed to stop the flow of immigrants
  • 41.  
  • 42. The Great White Fleet
    • 1907 – TR sent 16 battleships on a cruise around the world
      • Goal was to impress the Japanese & the world
      • TR believed this to be his most important contribution to peace
    • 1908 - Root-Takahira Agreement
      • US & Japan pledged to respect each other’s territorial possessions in the Pacific & to uphold the Open Door Policy
  • 43. The Great White Fleet
  • 44.