Severe vision loss


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  • Bibliography:"My Child Without Limits: What Are the Causes of Vision Loss?." My Child Without Limits: Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2011. <>. "Related Specialized Services | Ontario Association for Infant and Child Development." About OAICD | Ontario Association for Infant and Child Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2011. <>. "Your Child's Vision ." KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. Nemours Foundation, n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2011. <>"Welcome to Toronto Preschool Speech and Language Services." Welcome to Toronto Preschool Speech and Language Services. City of Toronto, n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2011. <>. "Visual Impairments." Learning Together [Toronto] : Two. Print.
  • Severe vision loss

    1. 1. Severe Vision Loss<br />Kassandra Neely<br />Chris Cadiuex<br />Inclusion of Children with Special Needs<br />Place photo here<br />
    2. 2. Meet Laila<br />Scenario Number 5<br />Laila is a fifteen month old infant.<br />She has been diagnosed with severe vision impairment.<br />Her parent’s main concerns are about her safety and how she will form friendships.<br />Concerns that might arise in the parent’s later on might be Laila’s cognitive learning and how programs will adapt to her individual needs.<br />
    3. 3. Meet LailaCont’<br />What Laila and her Parents Will Need<br />Support from staff & family<br />Inclusive environment <br />Resources to help them understand and accommodate Laila<br />Modifications to Laila’s main environments <br />Effective teaching strategies that are specific to Laila’s individual needs<br />Positive, Caring, Nurturing environment<br />
    4. 4. Low Vision Impairment<br />Definition: “Low vision generally refers to a severe visual impairment…It applies to all individuals with sight who are unable to read the newspaper at a normal viewing distance…”*<br />Severe Vision Impairment happens to 1 in 2,000 children under the age of 18.<br />
    5. 5. Signs of Low Vision<br />Excessive Eye Rubbing<br />Sensitivity to light<br />Lack of focusing and visual tracking<br />Constant Redness and tearing of the eyes<br />Having a white pupil instead of black pupils<br />
    6. 6. Causes of Severe Blindness and Treatments<br />Causes can be a result of: <br />A family history of: metabolic disease, genetic disease, retinoblastoma or congenital cataracts. <br />Low birth weight<br />Bleeding of the brain<br />If the mother has a infection during pregnancy: herpes, AIDS, venereal disease, rubella.<br />Prematurity<br />Seizures<br />Developmental delay<br />Cerebral palsy<br />The treatments vary by the type of eye problem, the most common treatment would be eye glasses.<br />
    7. 7. Eye Exams<br />Should be done by your family physician or paediatrician when they are a newborn.<br />If there is a family history of eye problems or if you have a premature infant they should be examined by an eye doctor.<br />Children age 3 ½ should have eye screenings and visual acuity tests<br />Children age 5 should have routine screenings and vision and eye alignment by their doctors.<br />There are four kinds of eye doctors: Ophthalmologists, Paediatric ophthalmologists, Optometrists, Opticians<br />
    8. 8. Modifying the Physical Environment<br />Safety:<br />Add tactile cues to stairs such as non-slip rubber mats <br />Add contrasting colours and stripes to the areas with stairs<br />Place rubber covers or rubber stopperson sharp corners<br />Decrease the amount of obstacles-make sure the room is tidy and free of unnecessary objects.<br />
    9. 9. Modifying the Physical Environment<br />Sensory Cues:<br />Use a variety of different types of shelving that have different textures.<br />Have specific textures to define types of toys<br />Use auditory cues to associate with different transitions <br />All of the signage around the room should also have a raised image, braille, or a texture.<br />Define spaces with specific textures on the floor such as carpets, tiles, wood<br />Lighting should be positioned behind the child<br />
    10. 10. Changes in Teaching <br />Strategies <br />Incorporate toys and activities that stimulate the other 4 senses.<br />Create a dependable environment with the use of transitions and patterns in activities.<br />When reading a book make sure you give the child the opportunity to hold objects that are in the book.<br />Guide the child’s body when singing songs like head and shoulders and rolleypolley. <br />
    11. 11. Blind Low Vision Early Intervention Program<br />Services the program offers:<br />Family Support<br />Early Intervention<br />Child Care Consultation<br />Public awareness and professional parent education<br />Who can apply for these services:<br />People who live in Toronto<br />Have a child from birth-school entry who has been diagnosed with being blind or having low vision by an ophthalmologist.<br />This program is funded Ministry of Children and Youth Services<br />For more programs in your area please visit:<br />
    12. 12. Bibliography <br />Ontario Association for Infant and Child Development<br />My Child Without Limits<br />Kids Health<br />Toronto Preschool Speech and Language Services<br />Learning Together<br />