Forensic Science Information Literacy

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Course UvA Information Literacy 2013 Forensic Science

Course UvA Information Literacy 2013 Forensic Science

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  • Bibliometric analysis For acquisition and management purposes
  • Oasis album (2000)Cedalion Standing on the Shoulders of OrionIn Greek mythology, Cedalion or Kedalion (Classical Greek Κηδαλίων) was a servant of Hephaestus in Lemnos. According to one tradition, he was Hephaestus's tutor, with whom Hera fostered her son on Naxos to teach him smithcraft.[1] Kerenyi compares him to the Cabeiri, to Chiron, and to Prometheus.[2]The more common story of Cedalion tells of his part in the healing of Orion, who came to Lemnos after he was blinded by Oenopion. Orion took up Cedalion[3] and set the youth upon his shoulders[4] for a guide to the East.[5] There the rays of Helios restored Orion's sight.
  • Ontdek welke kennis er al bestaat over je onderwerpAfbakenen van je onderwerp en verscherpen van de focus van de onderzoeksvraagOnderbouwing van de noodzaak van je onderwerpVoorkoming van herhaling van werkHet onderwerp binnen een context plaatsen door het bespreken en kritisch evalueren van vroeger en huidig onderzoekAndere onderzoekers een beginpunt bieden van waaruit zij kunnen begrijpen hoe je project evolueerdeAanbevelingen “ontdekken” voor verder onderzoek
  • Information and Knowledge explosion
  • The scientific output of both VU and UvA are comparable in volume. The output has doubled in the 2000-2012 period. The joint publications have quadrupled in the 2000 - 2012 period.
  • CleaKoff is a British-born American forensic anthropologist and author who worked several years for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR; 2 missions) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (5 missions) in Rwanda, Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, and in 2000 in Kosovo.
  • Is it relevant to my research? interesting, but does it help Is the study significant?contributions clearly defined focus, research question? Strengths and weaknesses study’s components? Adequate data, sample size, limitations, conceptualization of the concepts, etctheories, methods used? ARE THEY RELEVANT TO YOUR RESEARCH? other perspectives that apply? Other methods that could be use Different theoretical approachesIs the research/researcher biased by emotions or public opinion?language = emotionsWho is target audience?Public, academic peers, policy makers?Might influence the way the data and results are presentedThere may be others that show a different perspectivesAND FINALLY…………
  • Aalders in Het Parool
  • Weegschaal = opmaat SDU law database
  • WoS en GS zijn referentie databases voor wetenschappelijke artikelen.Zijn zijn niet bepert tot een vakgebied maar multidisciplinair.Naast WoS en GS zijn er ook Microsoft academic search, CiteSeer, Scirus & Scopus
  • Mattheuw effect
  • objective color classification xtc tablets
  • Thu saw rusKeywords grouped together according to similarity of meaningHelps you finding words by which your idea may be most fitly expressed
  • Das experiment (2001 German thriller) and The experiment (2010) Stanford Prison experiment Philip ZimbardoFabrication is making up results and recording or reporting them. This is sometimes referred to as "drylabbing".[10] A more minor form of fabrication is where references are included to give arguments the appearance of widespread acceptance, but are actually fake, and/or do not support the argument.[11]Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.Self-plagiarism – or multiple publication of the same content with different titles and/or in different journals is sometimes also considered misconduct The violation of ethical standards such as the standard that a human subject of the experiment must give informed consent to the experimentGhostwriting  the phenomenon where someone other than the named author(s) makes a major contribution

Transcript

  • 1. Information Literacy Forensic Science - Between Crime Scene and Research Kasper M. Abcouwer k.m.abcouwer@uva.nl Master Forensic Science September 18th & 19th 2013
  • 2. Introduction Forensic Science, Information Literacy 2 What do we do: Provide students and staff with scientific literature Give courses and help with searching and evaluating Bibliometric analysis Manage library / student space Opening hours: Mon - Fri 7.30 - 22.00 Sat 10.00 - 18.00
  • 3. Student Facilities of the Library  Student Collaboration Spaces (Groepswerkplekken)  Study room locations  Inter Library Loan  RefWorks  Help (UBAcoach) Forensic Science, Information Literacy 3
  • 4. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 4Forensic Science Information Literacy 4 Stand on the shoulders of Giants “If I have seen a little further it is by ing “ Isaac Newton 1676 Letter to Robert Hook
  • 5. Why should you read literature?  Avoid repeating research  A persuasive approach to your problem realized by: * Avoiding beginner mistakes * Using standard terminology * Compare your contribution with related research Forensic Science, Information Literacy 5 Why you shouldn’t: Why you should:  By reading literature you may follow familiar paths and directions and unconsciously shut paths you might otherwise have had followed.
  • 6. You can’t read everything Forensic Science, Information Literacy 6 “It is estimated that the scientific literature increases by 2000 pages every minute and that it would take five years for anyone to read the new scientific literature produced each day.” From: Arthur M. Lesk Introduction to Bioinformatics, 2008
  • 7. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 7 FROM: Buringh, Eltjo; van Zanden, Jan Luiten: "Charting the “Rise of the West”: Manuscripts and Printed Books in Europe, A Long-Term Perspective from the Sixth through Eighteenth Centuries", The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 69, No. 2 (2009), pp. 409–445
  • 8. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 8 Scientific output of UvA, VU and together
  • 9. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 9From:http://sadrnezhaad.ir/sk/index.php/en/scientific-paper-trail
  • 10. From Forensic Science, Information Literacy 10 The peer review process From:http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/howscienceworks_16
  • 11. Other ways of Science evaluation  Citing  Impact Factor  H-index  Altmetrics  Other bibliometric methods Forensic Science, Information Literacy 11
  • 12. 2011 2009 2008 2010 2005 1998 20122012 2012 2012 2012    Initial article Cited articles References Citing articles Citing and cited references
  • 13. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 13 impact factor 2012 Citations in 2012 to articles published 2010 en 2011 IF = --------------------------------------------------------- Articles published in 2010 en 2011 Impact factor is not a measure of quality Discipline specific IF = journal impact Database specific
  • 14. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 14 Hirsch -index H-index: "career-impact" author From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H-index
  • 15. Network analysis of publication @ UvA -IBED Forensic Science, Information Literacy 15
  • 16. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 16 Sources: peer-reviewed Monographs / text books For study and background Complete treatment of subject Scientific publishing ensures quality Cite a textbook? Indicate chapter and / or page (s) Journal article A higher level, more detailed and more solid than conference report Sometimes old news at the time of publication (delay) Paper in book by editors Several papers, state-of-the-art overview Individual papers are cited Paper in conference proceedings recent results Quality conference, publisher of the proceedings? Not always peer-reviewed 16
  • 17. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 17 Sources: not peer-reviewd Working papers, preprints Up-to-date, dissemination of ideas “Open access” http://arxiv.org Websites Very useful to blatant nonsense Evaluate reliability When citing mention when visited Personal communication Cite as „personal communication‟ 17
  • 18. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 18 Deep Web 18 Visible web Invisible Web Deep Web Publications available through Internet Search engines Publications available Through Reference databases Taken from: Literaturrecherche im Biologiestudium Technische Universtität Darmstadt
  • 19. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 19 Is this article scientific reliable ?
  • 20. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 20
  • 21. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 21
  • 22. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 22 How to evaluate found information  What ideas, techniques and quotes can you use from the article?  Is it clear who the author is and what do you know about his reputation?  Can the article make a direct and meaningful contribution to your paper?  How important is the article in its field?  Is the article up to date, still relevant in the field?  Adds the article something new to your paper?  Are the references in the article good used and is it presented logically?  Is the article based on facts, logical reasoning, speculation or opinion?  Are the conclusions in accordance with the facts and arguments?  Is the article biased or balanced? bron: Author's experience, Dawson (2000)
  • 23. Books, Journals & Databases  Uba.uva.nl  Catalogue for books  E-journals  ILL  Databases Forensic Science, Information Literacy 23
  • 24. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 24 Forensic science Andrew R.W. Jackson and Julie M. Jackson. ForensicNetBase
  • 25. Thousands of electronic journals  The UvA provides access to the main FS journals  If not digital available than in print or by ILL Forensic Science, Information Literacy 25
  • 26. Hundreds of (reference) Databases Forensic Science, Information Literacy 26 www.uva.nl
  • 27. Krantenbank / Newspapers  LexisNexis  National / international  Multi language  All main newspapers  Search for: “Lucy de B” Forensic Science, Information Literacy 27
  • 28. Wide scope of main (reference) databases Forensic Science, Information Literacy 28
  • 29. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 29 Web of Science Online web-based reference and citation databases
  • 30. Web of Science & Google Scholar  Scientific articles  Multidisciplinary  Web based  Known item & subject search  Related articles  Citations  Export References  UvA-linker
  • 31. Web of Science  Google Scholar  Far back in time  content known  JCR  Humanities  Search options  Sorting and processing  number of items  Multi country and language  Many document types  available for free +
  • 32. Web of Science  Google Scholar  limited coverage  paid access  Search funct. limited  Sort limited  Non scientific sources  labor-intensive  contents unclear  Ranking unclear -
  • 33. Known item search: auteur  
  • 34. objective color classification xtc tablets Forensic Science, Information Literacy 34 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine objective color classification xtc tablets
  • 35. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 35 Subject search in Web of Science: objective color classification xtc tablets
  • 36. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 36
  • 37. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 37
  • 38. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 38
  • 39. INSPEC thesaurus Forensic Science, Information Literacy 39
  • 40. Refworks and Scientific misconduct Forensic Science, Information Literacy 40  Make life easier: use reference software  Different forms of scientific misconduct  What is plagiarism ?  Plagiarism game, win the chocolate bar!
  • 41. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 4141 Save your data in the cloud URL: http://www.refworks.com/refworks  Online reference manager  Registration:  Within UvA domain: automatic recognition  Outside ip-range: Groep Code  Import references  Cite while you write  Create bibliography  Export references (i.e. BibTex)
  • 42. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 42 Different forms of scientific misconduct  Fabrication  Falsification  Plagiarism  Self-plagiarism  Violation of ethical standards  Ghostwriting
  • 43. There are three basic forms of plagiarism: 1 Quoting (Quoting someone else word for word but not crediting them as the source.) 2 Paraphrasing (if you do not quote the person verbatim but instead just change a few words and do not give credit, you have committed plagiarism. ) 3 stealing ideas (Using the ideas of another without acknowledging their source) Source: http://www.usm.maine.edu/~kuzma/Ideologies/Plagerism.html
  • 44. Letterdieverij From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plagiarism_vs_Copyright_Infringement.png
  • 45. A Forensic Science student uses in his thesis a section in which he changes all sentences a little, without sources. Is this allowed? A student uses in his essay a paragraph from Google which says just what he was trying to say. He provides no references and submits it as his own work. Is this allowed? A student tries to include as many scholarly books and journals as he can find. He puts them in quotation marks but forgot where they came from. He decides not to include a reference list. Allowed? A PhD student copies from a conference poster a method to calculate the statistics of his experiments. In his thesis he describes the method completely in his own words without acknowledging the source, because the method has not been published yet. Allowed? Is it allowed to republish the work of Jan Slauerhoff without permission? (Slauerhoff is a Dutch poet and novelist and lived from 1898 - 1936)
  • 46. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 46 A student uses a picture from a site of a large crime laboratory for here report on fingerprinting, with acknowledgment of sources, but without permission. Is this allowed? A student uses for his third year bachelor thesis 5 lines of text from a book, literally, with acknowledgment of sources and without permission. Is this allowed? A group of students works on a very difficult programming assignment. They agree on an algorithm to accomplish the programming task, and each submits this algorithm as his/her own work. Is this allowed? A first-year student finds essay-writing difficult and has developed a style in which she quotes from a text (using proper referencing) and then rewrites the quotation in her own words in the next paragraph as a kind of summary. Is this allowed? A student turns in an old report from a friend (with his permission) under her own name, without mentioning the source. Is this allowed?
  • 47. Literature Search Strategy Forensic Science, Information Literacy 47
  • 48. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 48 The literature review process 48 Source: Saunders, et al. (2009)
  • 49. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 49 Understand the question Organise your thoughts Identify perspective Identify suitable databases Search Refine & review your Search Limit and combine keywords Access full text Keep records Produce bibliography Write up findings Present findings Source: Literature search tips University of Central Lancashire
  • 50. Organise your thoughts  Identify keywords and search terms from your essay question or assignment topic. Use books or articles and other reference sources in the subject area to refine and increase your keywords. Identify key areas or phrases.  Mindmap  Facet table  Example Question - How may complementary therapies be used to combat pain? Forensic Science, Information Literacy 50 Source: Literature search tips University of Central Lancashire
  • 51. Mind Map Forensic Science, Information Literacy 51 Source: Literature search tips University of Central Lancashire
  • 52. Facet table Forensic Science, Information Literacy 52 Source: Literature search tips University of Central Lancashire
  • 53. Best Practice Record for each article a few words about:  Problem  hypothesis  Theory and assumptions  research methods  Collection of data, tools / procedures  Interpretation of the data  Conclusions / suggestions for further research Forensic Science, Information Literacy 53
  • 54. Forensic Science, Information Literacy 54 Thank You Kasper Abcouwer k.m.abcouwer@uva.nl