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  1. 1. Leadership in Organizations Basic Ideas of Leadership in an organization
  2. 2. What Is Leadership? <ul><li>The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Purpose of Leadership <ul><li>Leadership is a way of focusing and motivating a group to enable them to achieve their aims. It also involves being accountable and responsible for the group as a whole. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Different Ideas of Leadership <ul><li>Traditionally, a permanent team leader would be appointed by more senior levels of management or elected by the group. This technique relies on the assumption that one single person has all the strengths required. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Different Ideas of Leadership <ul><li>However, it has been argued that &quot;on the best teams, different individuals provide occasional leadership, taking charge in areas where they have particular strengths. No one is the permanent leader, because that person would then cease to be a peer and the team interaction would begin to break down&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Difference Between Management And Leadership <ul><li>Leadership and management are two notions that are often used interchangeably. </li></ul><ul><li>Care must be taken in distinguishing between the two concepts </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Difference Between Management And Leadership <ul><li>Managing and leading are two different ways of organizing people. </li></ul><ul><li>The manager uses a formal, rational method whilst the leader uses passion and stirs emotions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Leadership is a facet of management <ul><li>Leadership is just one of the many assets a successful manager must possess </li></ul><ul><li>The main aim of a manager is to maximize the output of the organization through administrative implementation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Differences In Perspectives <ul><li>Managers think incrementally, whilst leaders think radically. </li></ul><ul><li>Managers do things right, while leaders do the right thing. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ Leaders stand out by being different. </li></ul><ul><li>They question assumption and are suspicious of tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. </li></ul><ul><li>They have a preference for innovation.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. Subordinate As A Leader <ul><li>In many cases it is a subordinate member with specific talents who leads the group in a certain direction </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Leaders must let vision, strategies, goals, and values be the guide-post for action and behavior rather than attempting to control others.&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Leader Is Followed. The Manager Rules <ul><li>A leader is someone who people naturally follow through their own choice, whereas a manager must be obeyed. </li></ul><ul><li>A leader may have no organizational skills, but his vision unites people behind him. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Functions of Management Versus Leadership 1/2 <ul><li>Management produces Order and Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Planning / Budgeting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish agendas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set time tables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allocate resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizing / Staffing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make job placements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish rules and procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leadership produces Change and Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing Direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify big picture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aligning People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build teams and coalitions </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Functions of Management Versus Leadership 2/2 <ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling / Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate creative solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take corrective action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Motivating and Inspiring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspire and energize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower subordinates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satisfy unmet needs </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. A Leader Should: <ul><li>provide continuity and momentum </li></ul><ul><li>be flexible in allowing changes of direction </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Ideally, a leader should be a few steps ahead of their team, but not too far for the team to be able to understand and follow them. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Skills Needed <ul><li>Leaders must have a wide range of skills, techniques and strategies. These include: </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of the wider environment in which the team operates </li></ul>
  19. 19. Key words for describing Leadership <ul><li>Guiding </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating </li></ul><ul><li>Coaching, and </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating </li></ul>
  20. 20. A Chinese proverb Says <ul><li>“ What does it matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Final Note <ul><li>Leadership plays a central part in understanding group behavior. For it’s the leader provides the direction toward goal attainment. Therefore a more accurate predictive capability should be valuable in improving group performance. </li></ul>