Subpolar regions include all parts of the worldjust outside the Arctic and Antarctic Circles.However, the climates considered truly Subpolarare found only in the northern hemisphere. Thesouthern hemisphere contains very little land inthese latitudes, and what lands do exist benefitgreatly from the oceans moderating effects.
Sub-polar regions are ones with long, cold winters, and short, mild summers, and include areas such as Canada, Alaska, and the Northern parts of China, Scandinavia, Mongolia, Siberia, etc.
Subpolar The region bordering the polar region, between 50° and 70° North and South latitude. This is generally an area of semi-permanent low pressure that exists and where the Aleutian and Icelandic lows may be found.
Floating freshwaterice is a keycomponent of cold-regions river andlake systems, mainlyin the NorthernHemisphere andmountain regions.
A series of fur, timber, gold, fishingand oil booms and busts havemarked Alaskas history and culture.
Denali (Mount McKinley)Mount McKinley is the tallest mountain in North America.It is 20,320 feet tall. Mount McKinley is also calledDenali. Denali is an Athabascan Indian name meaning “TheHigh One.”
Glaciers Glaciers are made up of fallen snow that, over many years, compresses into large, thickened ice masses. Glaciers form when snow remains in one location long enough to transform into ice. What makes glaciers unique is their ability to move. Due to sheer mass, glaciers flow like very slow rivers. Some glaciers are as small as football fields, while others grow to be over a hundred kilometers long.
EarthquakesAlaska has from 10-20 earthquakes every day! The largestso far was the Great Alaskan Earthquake in 1964. It killed131 people and caused 300-400 million dollars in damage.The earthquake was felt in all parts of Alaska, and evenparts of Canada and Washington, and it created waves up to70 meters high. This was a 6-story apartment building in Anchorage after the 1964 earthquake.
The Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis)Aurora Borealis is also known as thenorthern lights. It is a fantastic lightshow!It is caused by electricity that passesthrough a thin gas and it causes a sparkor glow.The electricity comes from particlesfrom the sun that come in contact withthe earths atmosphere.
These are just a few examples of culture and traditionsin Alaska. Clothing Subsistence LifestyleIditarod Dog Sled Race Music and Dance Blanket Toss
The Five Feathers On A Dance Fan Represent:First Feather - Yupiks of the landSecond Feather - animals of the waterThird Feather - birds of the skyFourth Feather - animals of the landFifth Feather - fruits and wild vegetables
Alaska offers many delicious regional specialties.Seafood naturally plays a large role in Alaskancooking, with fresh catches of king crab, salmon andhalibut.Wild game and traditional treats like blueberry pie andsourdough pancakes are a must-try for all visitors. Enjoymany of the wild berries and massive vegetables thatgrow well during Alaska’s periods of long sunlight in thesummer.
Seasoned dried fish strips are a tasty snack.Many Natives depend on king salmon,halibut, and other fish for food andincome. Many Alaskans also depend on meat from caribou and moose.
Long ago, hunters wouldput one person on a blanket andtoss them high into the air toscout for food, as there were notrees or tall buildings to climbup and see far away. Thescout, when tossed high, couldlook around and find animals andpoint the hunters in the rightdirection. Today, the blanket toss isperformed at many festivals andcelebrations in Alaska for a funway to preserve a culturaltradition.
Mukluks are like tall moccasins made of fur and animal skin. They are waterproof and very warm.A parka from long ago and a modern parka. A kuspuk is a lightweight coat. Mothers carry their babies in the back of the kuspuk.
This portrait of an Inuit man wearing a fur jacket with hood was most likely taken at the beginning of the 20th century. Traditional Inuit clothing is made from animal skins. Large thick warm coats with big hoods called parkas are worn as an outer layer.
This picture shows severalInuit constructing an igloowith blocks of snow.Traditionally, Inuit lived inigloos during the coldestmonths and tent like hutsduring the warmer months
The Iditarod Dog Sled Race is an annualtradition in Alaska. It was started tokeep alive the tradition of using dogsand sleds as opposed to snowmobiles andfour-wheelers.The race is over 1,000 miles fromAnchorage to Nome.A special award is given to the lastperson who crosses the finish line. It iscalled the Red Lantern awardbecause, as a joke, they used to say thatthe last person was so far behind theyneeded a lantern to find the way toNome. Now it is a symbol ofperseverance and honor.
THIS MAN INALASKA ISCARVINGIVORY, ANINUITTRADITION.
Alaskan Inuit menare dancers calledKaviagamute.They are performingthe Wolf Dance.Today, many Inuitcommunities continuethe tradition of Inuitdancing.
Alaska’s climate The most popular time to visit Alaska is between Mayand September, when the days are longer and the weathermore welcoming. Many Alaska tours take place in the laterweeks of May and throughout June, when travelers can enjoywarm afternoons and bright, sunny skies. Summer and falltend to be the rainier seasons in Alaska.
Languages: English, French "Canada" comes from the Huron and Iroquois word "Kanata" meaning "village"
Canadas culture - influenced by European culture and traditions, especially British and French Official symbols – maple leaf, beaver, and the Canadian horse
Canada is in the top five producers of natural gas, copper, zinc, nickel, aluminum, and gold HOCKEY is the national sport of Canada
Provinces -(10) - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan Territories (3) - Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon
CLOTHING Northern forest natives wore soft-tanned hide Moccasins, leggings, shirts and coats in the summer. Sometimes leggings with moccasins were attached to the slipover. Subarctic people tended to wear lighter clothing and whenever they stopped, to keep warm, they’d build a fire. Winter sleeping robes were made of rabbit skins cut into strips, twisted and woven together. Gwich’in women tattooed their chins and on ceremonial occasions men styled their hair with red ochre mixed with grease and sprinkled with down.
Many northern indigenous people depend on frozen lakes and rivers for access to traditional hunting, fishing, reindeer herding or trapping areas.
Boreal Forest in Alberta
Mackenzie River Settlements andHousing
Double Lean-tos covered in hide and brush were used.
Lean-tos were free- standing beams of wood or whale bone that were layered against a log or large rock, lashed together, and covered in brush and hide, resulting in a slanted roof and an opening for entering or exiting.
Obtaining food was an important and essential ritual for the Subarctic peoples. Usually on foot or on snowshoes, they would hunt, fish, trap and gather wild plants. Fishing In the winter, ice fishing was popular. In the spring, the rivers and the coastal waters were rich in fish and seafood. Most of the Northern fishes, and their fish eggs, could be eaten.
The subarctic people often hunted moose, caribou, hare, musk oxen, bear and elk, as well as waterfowl and fish.
- Mongolia is located between Russia and China.- The capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar.
Chinggis Khan Founder of Mongolian Empire
Ger•Nomads have to movefrom one place toanother due to theweather and otherfactors.•Nomads need housingthat is easilyconstructed and putdown.•Nomads haveconstructed the ger A member of a group of people who have no fixed home anddue to their move according to the seasonsrequirements. from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing land.
Yurt (Ger)Nearly all herders live in white gers (felt-linedtents, yurt in Russian), a characteristic sightthroughout Mongolia. Each family has their own ger.
Reindeer herders Use reindeers as their main resource of food and clothing
The word "Mexico" is derived from Mexica (pronounced "Me-shee-ka"), the name for the indigenous group that settled in central Mexico in the early fourteenth century and is best known as the Aztecs.
Name for these traditions is Rusalii. The Rusalii traditions of the Aromanians and Slavs in Macedonia have many similarities to the Romanian Căluş. The custom happens between Christmas and 12th Night, with bands of 20 to 60 young men who form the rusalski družini. In common with the Căluş, no one is allowed to go among them except those who wished to be healed, and the Meglo-Aroumanian version includes a mute dressed in fancy dress. The Bulgarian Eska have one part of group masked, carrying wooden swords, and the other wear large bells and have their faces blacked, this combination of two distinct groups can also be found in Austria.
Charrería Charreada is the national sport of Mexico, it dates back to the 16th century and consists of a series of Mexican equestrian events. The most notable event is the charreada; a style of rodeo developed in Mexico in the interest of maintaining the traditions of the charro. A charro is a term referring to a traditional horseman or a cowboy of MexicoA charreada event.
Bullfighting The Spanish colonization of Mexico introduced bullfighting in to the country. The sport has been one of the most popular in the country for the last 400 years.
Mexican sombrero forms anintegral part of Mexican clothing.This term simply refers to akind of a hat that has a brim. Thebrim acts as a way of protectionfrom the sun. Such sombreros were generallyworn as a part of traditionalclothing. The peasant sombrerosare generally made ofstraw, whereas, some are evenmade of felt, which inclinestowards the expensive side.
Skirts also formed a partof Mexican clothing andthese are generallyrectangular in shape. Thisis worn by wrapping itaround the body andtucking one part of ittowards the inside.
The Puebla dress is also one such kind that belongs to this category. Puebla dresses and blouses generally have short sleeves and loose fits. It became famous as Boho dress, later on.
The rebozo is another kind of garmentthat can be included in the clothing. Therebozo is worn by women in Mexico.The origins of this piece of clothingcannot be placed correctly; experts saythat the rebozos originated due to theintermingling cultures that were colonizedby Spain.It is also noticed that the term rebozohas not made its appearance in the Spanishlanguage till the year 1562. The rebozo is rectangular in shape andthese are found in materials likecottons, silk, wool, or even articela.The rebozo is also worn as a shawl or ascarf. Women also use the rebozo to carrygoods to the market.
The huipil is one such beautifulgarment that forms a part oftraditional Mexican clothing.Huipil can be described to be asleeveless tunic or can be roughlysaid to be a sack-like garment.Generally, cotton is used forhuipil, but at times, one can even seethe use of wool.Here, rectangular strips of clothare cut in varied lengths, either longor short, and this can also be eitherwide or narrow in width. Only women wear the huipilgarment. Here, the fabric is wovenand embellished with motifs that tella story of the old folklore.
The quechquemitl is another such garmentthat can be called the traditional Mexicanclothing gear.This garment is almost cape-like in itsappearance where the head has to passthough the center opening and the cornersof the fabric are left hanging on foursides.It is not only the women who adorn thequechquemitl - the poncho is one suchubiquitous garment and has often made acomeback in the fashion scenario.
A traditional Yucatecan Maya house. Cozumel, Mexico.
Three products constitute the heart of most Mexican dishes: corn, hot peppers (chiles), and beans, products that stem from pre-Columbian times. Corn is consumed in all possible forms: as a cooked or roasted corncob ( elote ), cooked grain of corn, porridge ( atole ), as wrapped and steamed dough with filling ( tamal ), but most importantly as a tortilla, a thin, round "pancake." Tortillas are made from corn dough and come in many sizes, although the traditional tortilla that accompanies most meals has a diameter of approximately six inches (15 centimeters). When tortillas are filled with meat or other ingredients they are called tacos or quesadillas, which are especially popular in central Mexico. Much of the sophistication of Mexican cuisine comes from the use of more than one hundred different types of chiles, which range from the large and "sweet" chile ancho to the small and extremely hot chile habanero .
Mexicans generally have a light breakfast of coffee and/or fruit before they leave for work or school. Halfway through the morning, people may eat a warm tortilla-based snack or a bread roll. The most important meal of the day is served between two and four in the afternoon (the comida ) and consists of three or four courses: soup; rice or pasta; meat or chicken—if affordable— accompanied by tortillas and refried beans; and dessert. Dinner is served between eight and ten at night and consists mainly of sweet rolls, coffee, and milk. Mexicans frequently eat outdoors. Homely restaurants serve inexpensive fixed menus known as comida corrida . Mexicans drink huge quantities of soft drinks and beer. Although the national liquor is tequila, which is produced from the maguey cactus, Mexicans prefer rum with cola during weddings and other celebrations, or fiestas.
A Mexican woman preparestortillas with salsa and beans.Corn, chili peppers, and beansare the main items in mostMexican foods.
China’s Historic Traditions China is an ancient country with thousands of years of history. This history remains as a basis of Chinese. China is the country with the early civilization than other countries and this made China have the early development of irrigations, inventions of paper, gunpowder, silk weaving etc. People in China thought their country was the center of the whole world and named their country the Middle Kingdom. China influenced into Korea and Japan in their inventions, culture, Buddhism and Confucius idea. China was reluctant to open their county to the Westerners and was forced to be opened. After WWII, China was divided into two groups-Communist and Nationalist. The communists made a communist nation, The Peoples Republic of China, and the Nationalist made Taiwan
China’s CultureCulture After 1949, culture of China has been changed as it became to Communism and there were major changes in the Chinese way of life.- Communes : communities own land and members work together. Not private ownership -Slow in population growth : changes from large family to small family -Position of women has improved : woman’s ownership of property, having jobs, choice of husband and divorce. -Mixture of old and new culture in China : New traditions in cities, old traditions in rural area.