Growth of Broadband and Mobile Phone in Africa: Opportunities and Threats Dawit Bekele Internet Society Manager, African r...
Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of telecommunications in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities and ...
Introduction <ul><li>During the last century Africa was paint as the dark continent with regards to telecommunications and...
Growth of telecommunications in Africa <ul><li>In 1990, there were only 8.6 million telephone subscribers in the whole of ...
Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Mobile telephony … <ul><li>The picture today is very different </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Fixed Lines … <ul><li>Teledensity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew, but less dramaticall...
Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet … <ul><li>Number of users increased </li></ul><ul><ul><li>882.7% Increase...
Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet … <ul><li>Broadband </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet … <ul><li>Broadband … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hopes: Wireless broadband </l...
Opportunities and threats <ul><li>The mobile network in Africa will cover 90% of the population in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10% increa...
Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Threats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policies and regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Threats … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Releva...
Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The changes bring opportunities and threats for traditiona...
Internet Society <ul><li>Founded 1991 by Internet Pioneers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission is to promote the Internet around...
Internet Society’s initiatives <ul><li>Three major initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling Access </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Conclusion <ul><li>Mobile and Broadband Internet will be available to the majority of Africans soon </li></ul><ul><li>A re...
Thank you [email_address]
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Growth of Broadband and mobile phones in Africa by Dawit Bekele

800 views
734 views

Published on

presented at AMLC

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
800
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Growth of Broadband and mobile phones in Africa by Dawit Bekele

  1. 1. Growth of Broadband and Mobile Phone in Africa: Opportunities and Threats Dawit Bekele Internet Society Manager, African regional Bureau Accra, Ghana October 5, 2009
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of telecommunications in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities and threats </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Society </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>During the last century Africa was paint as the dark continent with regards to telecommunications and Internet </li></ul><ul><li>What are the changes in the 21st century? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the opportunities and threats? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What should Africans do to use the opportunities and counter the threats? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Growth of telecommunications in Africa <ul><li>In 1990, there were only 8.6 million telephone subscribers in the whole of Africa, most of them in South Africa and North Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1% teledensity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ There are more telephone lines in Manhattan, New York, than in sub-Saharan Africa” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1995, Thabo Mbeki, Vice-President of South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1990, the number of mobile subscribers in sub-Saharan Africa was 15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Only 6 countries had mobile networks </li></ul>
  5. 5. Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Mobile telephony … <ul><li>The picture today is very different </li></ul><ul><li>More than 250 Million (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>All countries have mobile networks </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile penetration has risen from 2% in 2000 to more than 25% in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The distribution is fairer amongst countries </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000, South Africa accounted for half of the mobile subscribers </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, it accounted only to 16% </li></ul>
  6. 6. Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Fixed Lines … <ul><li>Teledensity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew, but less dramatically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teledensity reached 2.8% in 2002 and 3.8% in 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disparity between countries still important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Africa: 11.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa: 9.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa: 1.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fixed wireless solutions may bring a new era </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast deployment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting payment schemes (ex. prepaid, flat rate) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet … <ul><li>Number of users increased </li></ul><ul><ul><li>882.7% Increase from 2002 to 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Percentage of Internet users still low compared to the rest of the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa: 4.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rest of the world: 22.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Big gap between countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top Three: Seychelles (35.4%), Mauritius (24%), Morocco (18.1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom three: Liberia (0.03%), Ethiopia and Sierra Leone (0.2%) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet … <ul><li>Broadband </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only two million fixed broadband, which is less than 0.2% of the population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only five countries in Africa have broadband density of more than 1% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World: 4.6% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some successes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senegal: more than 96% of users have broadband </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Morocco: density of 1.5% for broadband </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major barriers for ADSL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost: Entry level ADSL costs more than 100USD/month </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited to urban areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of competition: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Few fixed line operators </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No cable TV </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International connectivity limited and expensive </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet … <ul><li>Broadband … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hopes: Wireless broadband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many technologies being deployed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>W-CDMA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HSDPA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EV-DO </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iBurst </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between wireless solutions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between wireless and ADSL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic mostly international </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Providers putting bandwidth caps to limit cost </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Opportunities and threats <ul><li>The mobile network in Africa will cover 90% of the population in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>This means 9 in 10 Africans will be able to use a mobile phone and/or Internet if </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He/she can afford it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He/she wants it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadband is available to Africans through wireless options </li></ul><ul><li>New international submarine cables coming to Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formerly, SAT-3: 120 Gigabits per second </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SEACOM: 1.28 Terabits per second </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Glo-1: 640 Gbps to 2.5 Tbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main One: 1.28 Tbps </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10% increase in mobile penetration leads to a 1.2% increase in GDP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct value to users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange of a variety of information (voice, data, audio, graphics, video) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowering the “opportunities gap” </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Threats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policies and regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… of the fixed era, non convergent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrum management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy and regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underserved communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And … </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Threats … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adequate amount? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understandable? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International traffic congestion because of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of local content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local traffic going out and back in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul>Language of content under African ccTLDs Source: Language Observatory Project, 2006 0.006% 0.014% Malagasy 0.04% 0.014% Swahili 2.51% 0.79 % Africaan 2.1% 0.5% Arabic 5.7% 3.7% French 79.6% 73.6% English 2007 2006
  14. 15. Opportunities and threats … <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The changes bring opportunities and threats for traditional media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More opportunity for distribution of media content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversification of media types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the “old” business model “obsolete” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet generation used to free information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New competitors: Blogs and social networking sites </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Internet Society <ul><li>Founded 1991 by Internet Pioneers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission is to promote the Internet around the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet is for everyone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International, not-for-profit, org. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80+ organisation members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24,000+ individual members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80+ chapters, Many more chapters forming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Internet Society’s initiatives <ul><li>Three major initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Capacity Building (ex. IXP) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policy, Regulation, and the Access Environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling Access for Under-served Communities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>InterNetWorks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global Addressing Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common and Open Internet Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security & Stability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AlterNetives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust & Identity </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>Mobile and Broadband Internet will be available to the majority of Africans soon </li></ul><ul><li>A revolution is underway </li></ul><ul><li>The next biggest challenges are relevant content and application </li></ul><ul><li>Media is condemned to follow </li></ul>
  18. 19. Thank you [email_address]

×