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Growth of Broadband and mobile phones in Africa by Dawit Bekele
 

Growth of Broadband and mobile phones in Africa by Dawit Bekele

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presented at AMLC

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    Growth of Broadband and mobile phones in Africa by Dawit Bekele Growth of Broadband and mobile phones in Africa by Dawit Bekele Presentation Transcript

    • Growth of Broadband and Mobile Phone in Africa: Opportunities and Threats Dawit Bekele Internet Society Manager, African regional Bureau Accra, Ghana October 5, 2009
    • Outline
      • Introduction
      • Growth of telecommunications in Africa
      • Opportunities and threats
      • Internet Society
      • Conclusion
    • Introduction
      • During the last century Africa was paint as the dark continent with regards to telecommunications and Internet
      • What are the changes in the 21st century?
      • What are the opportunities and threats?
        • For Africa
        • For the media
      • What should Africans do to use the opportunities and counter the threats?
    • Growth of telecommunications in Africa
      • In 1990, there were only 8.6 million telephone subscribers in the whole of Africa, most of them in South Africa and North Africa
        • Less than 1% teledensity
      • “ There are more telephone lines in Manhattan, New York, than in sub-Saharan Africa”
        • 1995, Thabo Mbeki, Vice-President of South Africa
      • In 1990, the number of mobile subscribers in sub-Saharan Africa was 15,000
      • Only 6 countries had mobile networks
    • Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Mobile telephony …
      • The picture today is very different
      • More than 250 Million (2008)
      • All countries have mobile networks
      • Mobile penetration has risen from 2% in 2000 to more than 25% in 2007
      • The distribution is fairer amongst countries
      • In 2000, South Africa accounted for half of the mobile subscribers
      • In 2007, it accounted only to 16%
    • Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Fixed Lines …
      • Teledensity
        • Grew, but less dramatically
        • Teledensity reached 2.8% in 2002 and 3.8% in 2007
      • Disparity between countries still important
        • North Africa: 11.9%
        • South Africa: 9.6%
        • Sub-Saharan Africa: 1.6%
      • Fixed wireless solutions may bring a new era
        • Fast deployment
        • Interesting payment schemes (ex. prepaid, flat rate)
    • Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet …
      • Number of users increased
        • 882.7% Increase from 2002 to 2007
      • Percentage of Internet users still low compared to the rest of the world
        • Africa: 4.7%
        • Rest of the world: 22.5%
      • Big gap between countries
        • Top Three: Seychelles (35.4%), Mauritius (24%), Morocco (18.1)
        • Bottom three: Liberia (0.03%), Ethiopia and Sierra Leone (0.2%)
    • Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet …
      • Broadband
        • Density
          • Only two million fixed broadband, which is less than 0.2% of the population
          • Only five countries in Africa have broadband density of more than 1%
          • World: 4.6%
          • Some successes
            • Senegal: more than 96% of users have broadband
            • Morocco: density of 1.5% for broadband
        • Major barriers for ADSL
          • Cost: Entry level ADSL costs more than 100USD/month
          • Limited to urban areas
          • Lack of competition:
            • Few fixed line operators
            • No cable TV
          • International connectivity limited and expensive
    • Growth of telecommunications in Africa: Internet …
      • Broadband …
        • Hopes: Wireless broadband
          • Many technologies being deployed
            • WiMAX
            • W-CDMA
            • HSDPA
            • EV-DO
            • iBurst
          • Competition
            • Between wireless solutions
            • Between wireless and ADSL
        • Challenges
          • Traffic mostly international
          • Providers putting bandwidth caps to limit cost
    • Opportunities and threats
      • The mobile network in Africa will cover 90% of the population in 2010
      • This means 9 in 10 Africans will be able to use a mobile phone and/or Internet if
        • He/she can afford it
        • He/she wants it
      • Broadband is available to Africans through wireless options
      • New international submarine cables coming to Africa
        • Formerly, SAT-3: 120 Gigabits per second
        • Now
          • SEACOM: 1.28 Terabits per second
          • Glo-1: 640 Gbps to 2.5 Tbps
          • Main One: 1.28 Tbps
    •  
    • Opportunities and threats …
      • Opportunities
        • Economic
          • 10% increase in mobile penetration leads to a 1.2% increase in GDP
        • Direct value to users
          • Exchange of a variety of information (voice, data, audio, graphics, video)
        • Indirect
          • Healthcare
          • Education
          • Government
          • Business
        • Open platforms
        • Lowering the “opportunities gap”
    • Opportunities and threats …
      • Threats
        • Policies and regulations
          • … of the fixed era, non convergent
        • Capital
        • Spectrum management
        • Human resource
          • Technical
          • Policy and regulation
        • Underserved communities
        • And …
    • Opportunities and threats …
      • Threats …
        • Internet content
          • Relevant?
          • Adequate amount?
          • Understandable?
        • International traffic congestion because of
          • Lack of local content
          • Local traffic going out and back in
        • Security
          • Users
          • Internet infrastructure
      Language of content under African ccTLDs Source: Language Observatory Project, 2006 0.006% 0.014% Malagasy 0.04% 0.014% Swahili 2.51% 0.79 % Africaan 2.1% 0.5% Arabic 5.7% 3.7% French 79.6% 73.6% English 2007 2006
    • Opportunities and threats …
      • Media
        • The changes bring opportunities and threats for traditional media
        • More opportunity for distribution of media content
        • Diversification of media types
        • Makes the “old” business model “obsolete”
          • The Internet generation used to free information
          • New competitors: Blogs and social networking sites
    • Internet Society
      • Founded 1991 by Internet Pioneers
        • Mission is to promote the Internet around the world
        • Internet is for everyone
      • International, not-for-profit, org.
        • 80+ organisation members
        • 24,000+ individual members
        • 80+ chapters, Many more chapters forming
      • Activities in
        • Standards
        • Education
        • Policy
    • Internet Society’s initiatives
      • Three major initiatives
        • Enabling Access
          • Technical Capacity Building (ex. IXP)
          • Policy, Regulation, and the Access Environment
          • Enabling Access for Under-served Communities
        • InterNetWorks
          • Global Addressing Program
          • Common and Open Internet Program
          • Security & Stability
          • AlterNetives
        • Trust & Identity
    • Conclusion
      • Mobile and Broadband Internet will be available to the majority of Africans soon
      • A revolution is underway
      • The next biggest challenges are relevant content and application
      • Media is condemned to follow
    • Thank you [email_address]