Squint-Datta Gulnar

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Squint-Datta Gulnar

  1. 1. Squint or Crossed Eyes
  2. 2. Crossed Eyes/”Marukan” <ul><li>Defect in the alignment of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Right and left eyes look in different directions </li></ul><ul><li>May be permanent or temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Direction: inward, outward, upward </li></ul><ul><li>or downward </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes <ul><li>Weakened muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal nerve impulses to the eye muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred or poor vision </li></ul>
  4. 4. Signs/Features <ul><li>Eyes not straight </li></ul><ul><li>Face turned to one side </li></ul><ul><li>Head tilted to one side </li></ul>
  5. 5. False beliefs <ul><li>Child may become better with age </li></ul><ul><li>Does not affect vision </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be corrected </li></ul><ul><li>Sign of good luck </li></ul><ul><li>Heredity </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treatment <ul><li>Spectacle correction </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul>Before surgery After surgery
  7. 7. LAZY EYE <ul><li>Reduced vision in an anatomically normal eye </li></ul><ul><li>Poor neurological visual development of the affected eye. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Causes <ul><li>Squint </li></ul><ul><li>Difference in power between the two eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Cataract </li></ul><ul><li>Corneal opacity </li></ul>
  9. 9. Treatment <ul><li>Covering or patching the good eye to force the use of the lazy - done from a few hours to a few days </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribing spectacles </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of cataract </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery, when lazy eye is accompanied by crossed eyes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Common Ocular Infections <ul><li>Conjunctivitis (Madras Eye or Pink Eye) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common infection of the outer surface of eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Redness of eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discharge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mild pain and discomfort </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Spreads very fast among family members and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Precautions to be taken are </li></ul><ul><li>After rubbing or cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>the eye - wash hands </li></ul><ul><li>Should always use a </li></ul><ul><li>clean cloth for wiping eyes </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Eye droppers tip should NOT </li></ul><ul><li>be pricked open with “safety pin” </li></ul><ul><li>Should only be opened with the sharp pointer inside the bottle cap </li></ul><ul><li>Should not share drops </li></ul><ul><li>Once opened should </li></ul><ul><li>not be used after a month </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Pull the lower eyelid down </li></ul><ul><li>Put the drops into the space between the lower eyelid and the eyeball as shown in the picture </li></ul><ul><li>Do not let the bottle/dropper touch your eye or the area around it </li></ul><ul><li>Instillation of one drop is enough </li></ul>
  14. 14. Allergic conjunctivitis <ul><li>An allergic disorder of the outer surface of eye </li></ul><ul><li>Common allergen is plant pollen or any dust in the atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Usually seasonal </li></ul><ul><li>(spring when the </li></ul><ul><li>flowers bloom) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Complaints <ul><li>Intense itching of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent rubbing of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Redness </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t subside with usual eye medications and needs evaluation by an eye specialist </li></ul>
  16. 16. Stye <ul><li>Swelling which occurs in the eyelids </li></ul><ul><li>It is caused by infection </li></ul><ul><li>Treated by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot compress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye ointment application </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it may be caused by refractive errors (spectacle problem) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Myths to be avoided <ul><li>Pouring cow’s milk or breast milk in eye especially for children with eye infection or trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Instilling hen’s blood in the eye for treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Use of plant juice in the eye for curing decreased vision </li></ul><ul><li>Will only worsen the eye problem </li></ul><ul><li>Are of no benefit scientifically </li></ul>

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