Critical Thinking
Workshop
By OffGamers Sdn Bhd
Critical Thinking
1. What is your department's mission and vision?
2. What do you expect to achieve through attending
this...
What is Critical Thinking?
Critical Thinking is the attempt to ask and answer questions
systematically.
Critical Thinking
...
Critical Thinking
During World War 1, head injury among soldiers was
very high and soldiers took a long time to recover .
...
Critical Thinking
Structure
Model to Generate Critical Thinking
What next?
What? When?
Who? Where?
Why?
How?
What if?
So w...
The Common Question Words
Starters: WHAT, WHO, WHERE, WHEN, HOW, WHY
Follow by: WHAT IF, WHAT NEXT, SO WHAT
DESCRIBE – To ...
Critical Thinking
Generating Critical Thinking
Identify a topic
Try to answer the
questions
This is the Topic/Issue you mi...
Critical Thinking
Generating Critical Thinking
Using the “What if”
question
Using the “So what”
question
Asking questions ...
Critical Thinking
Critical questions – A Linear Model
Descr
iptio
n
WHAT? What is this about?
What is the context / situat...
Critical Thinking
Critical questions – A Linear Model
WHY? Why did this occur?
Why was that done?
Why is argument / theory...
SO WHAT??
WHAT’S NEXT??
Critical Thinking
Women are better drivers than Men.
D i s c u s s .
Age 20 - 65 Women Men
No. of Accidents in
Year 2010
4...
•World War I
WHO – WW1 Soldiers WHAT – Head Injury
WW1 Started in 28 July 1914 and
lasted till 11 November 1918 in
Europe.
The cause of the conflict is due
to long term impe...
SAMPLE HELMET USED PRE WWI SAMPLE HELMET USED IN WWI
•World War I
WHY - Soldiers’ Helmets
WITHOUT TIN HELMET WITH TIN HELMET
•World War I
WHAT IF
Critical Thinking
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Critical Thinking

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A necessary skills that managers need to be equipped with. This workshop is only 3 hours including a group case study. If you need the case study material you may pm me.

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Critical Thinking

  1. 1. Critical Thinking Workshop By OffGamers Sdn Bhd
  2. 2. Critical Thinking 1. What is your department's mission and vision? 2. What do you expect to achieve through attending this workshop?
  3. 3. What is Critical Thinking? Critical Thinking is the attempt to ask and answer questions systematically. Critical Thinking This means 1. Asking the most useful questions in the most productive sequence in order to yield a coherent and credible “Story” 2. Asking questions instead of accepting “at face value” what you write or read, ie, i. separating reliable facts from false assumptions ii. Look for evidence and good reason before believing something to be true
  4. 4. Critical Thinking During World War 1, head injury among soldiers was very high and soldiers took a long time to recover . Evaluate.
  5. 5. Critical Thinking Structure Model to Generate Critical Thinking What next? What? When? Who? Where? Why? How? What if? So what? Description Analysis Evaluation
  6. 6. The Common Question Words Starters: WHAT, WHO, WHERE, WHEN, HOW, WHY Follow by: WHAT IF, WHAT NEXT, SO WHAT DESCRIBE – To Describe is to clearly define what you are talking about, say exactly what is involved, where it takes place, or under what circumstances. Basically an introduction to a topic. ANALYSE – To Analyse is to examine and explain how parts fit into a whole given reasons, compare and contrast different elements, show your understanding of relationships. Analysis basically forms the main part of any in-depth study. EVALUATE – To Evaluate is to judge the success or failure of something, it’s implications and/or value. Evaluation leads us to conclusions or recommendations and are usually found at the end of a topic. Critical Thinking
  7. 7. Critical Thinking Generating Critical Thinking Identify a topic Try to answer the questions This is the Topic/Issue you might want to explore in a particular section or paragraph. Write key words in the middle of a sheet of paper, or a blank document screen. Starting with „what‟ questions. Your answers may become part of an introduction, defining your terms or identifying issues. Using the „who‟, „when‟ and „where‟ questions To generate descriptive background information. This will provide context or scene-setting material which is also useful for an introductory section. Using the “How” question „How‟ requires consideration of the ways that something operates or works – e.g. processes or procedures. Attempting to answer questions using “how‟ takes you from descriptive to more analytical work. Using the “Why” question „Why‟ also moves you deeper into analytical territory. It gets you to find reasons, explanations or causes. Think about all the possible questions to do with “why‟.
  8. 8. Critical Thinking Generating Critical Thinking Using the “What if” question Using the “So what” question Asking questions using „what if’ moves you into a more evaluative phase of your thinking. It helps you to consider the possible implications or results of a particular action. This question is also useful for considering predictive work done by others, or engaging in forecasting of your own. „So what?‟ is really the KEY QUESTION for an evaluation. It gets you thinking about value or values, meaning and significance. It is also about discriminating between more or less important factors in any situation. It helps you to think through and justify your own position, and discuss its implications. Using the “What next” question „What next?‟ might refer to recommendations and predictions that your argument has brought to light. It leads you to consider and plan for more specific actions that might be necessary in certain kinds of assignment, such as a project or business report.
  9. 9. Critical Thinking Critical questions – A Linear Model Descr iptio n WHAT? What is this about? What is the context / situation? What is the main point / problem / topic to be explored? WHERE? Where does it take place? WHO? Who is this by? Who is involved? Who is affected? Who might be interested? WHEN? When does it occur? Analy sis HOW? How did this occur? How does it work – in theory? – in practice / context? How does one factor affect another? Or, How do the parts fit into whole? Introductory and background information to contextualize problem / topic. Exploration of relationship of parts to whole.
  10. 10. Critical Thinking Critical questions – A Linear Model WHY? Why did this occur? Why was that done? Why is argument / theory / suggestion / solution? WHAT IF? What if this were wrong? What are the alternatives? What if there were a problem? What if this or that factor were – added? removed? altered? SO WHAT? What does this mean? Why is this significant? Is this convincing? Why/ why not? What are the implications? Is it successful? How does it meet the criteria? Analy sis WHAT NEXT? Is it transferable? How and where else can it be applied? What can be learnt from it? What needs doing now? Possible situations and alternative response? Evalu ation Implications Solutions Conclusions Recommendations
  11. 11. SO WHAT??
  12. 12. WHAT’S NEXT??
  13. 13. Critical Thinking Women are better drivers than Men. D i s c u s s . Age 20 - 65 Women Men No. of Accidents in Year 2010 42 300 60 000
  14. 14. •World War I WHO – WW1 Soldiers WHAT – Head Injury
  15. 15. WW1 Started in 28 July 1914 and lasted till 11 November 1918 in Europe. The cause of the conflict is due to long term imperialistic foreign policies of the great powers of Europe (German Empire, Austro- Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, British Empire, French Empire & Italy) •World War I WHERE & WHEN - Brief Introduction
  16. 16. SAMPLE HELMET USED PRE WWI SAMPLE HELMET USED IN WWI •World War I WHY - Soldiers’ Helmets
  17. 17. WITHOUT TIN HELMET WITH TIN HELMET •World War I WHAT IF
  18. 18. Critical Thinking

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