Aircraft basics


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Aircraft basics

  1. 1. Aerospace in a nutshell By KARTIK H.M.
  3. 3. Contents: •History of First Flight •Aircraft Basics •Aircraft Manufacturing
  4. 4. History of First flight
  5. 5. Orville Wilbur MEET THE WRIGHT BROTHERS
  6. 6. KITTY HAWK Wright Flyer 1 “ On December 17, 1903, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the Wright Flyer became the first powered, heavier-than-air machine to achieve controlled, sustained flight with a pilot aboard.” • This stopwatch was used to time the Wright Brothers’flights at Kitty Hawk • The first successful flight was 12 seconds long and covered 120 feet
  7. 7. HUFFMAN PRAIRIE Travel to Kitty Hawk was tedious The Wright Brothers found a local cow pasture just outside of Dayton where they could extend their experiments and practices • The farmer who owned Huffman Prairie didn’t charge rent to the brothers but he insisted that they make sure the farm animals were out of the way first!
  8. 8. Wright Flyer 2 The Wright Flyer 2 worked well However, Wilbur and Orville still found it difficult to control On October 20, 1904 the Wright Brothers flew the first complete circle in an aircraft The flight was 1 minute, 36 seconds and covered 4,080 feet Wright Flyer 3 The Wright Flyer 3 was much easier to control The Wright Brothers began to stay in the air for longer and longer periods of time The Ending • In 1905, the Wright Brothers’ experimental period ended • With their third powered airplane, they now routinely made flights lasting several minutes • On October 5, Wilbur made an amazing flight in which he circled the field 30 times in 39 minutes for a total distance of 24 1/2 miles
  9. 9. Aircraft Basics
  10. 10. Aircraft Parts and their functions
  11. 11. Aircraft interiors and systems
  12. 12. LAYOUT OF AIRCRAFT SYSTEM DISCIPLINES Aircraft system Lay-out Aircraft System Other operational Elements Environmental segment Avionics segment Electrical segment Interiors segment Mechanical segment Propulsion segment Auxiliary segment Airframe segment Air Conditioning Cabin Pressure Ice & Rain Protection Oxygen Pneumatic Auto Flight Communica- tions Indicating & Recording Navigation Crew Accom- modations Passengers Accom- modations Water, Waste,Lavs, Galleys & Plumbing Emergency Provisions Signs & Lights Flight Controls Hydraulic Power Landing Gears Fuel Pylon / Structure Power Plant Power Control Fuselage Stablizer Control surfaces --ctc Wing Electrical Power Shipside Lighting Auxiliary Power System Ground Starting Equipment Flight Deck Simulator
  13. 13. Aircraft Categories based on Speed
  14. 14. Forces That make the Aircraft fly
  15. 15. Components of Total Weight Weight
  16. 16. Lift
  17. 17. The
  18. 18. As
  19. 19. Wing
  20. 20. This
  21. 21. High Lift Devices
  22. 22. Drag
  23. 23. Thrust Piston Engine
  24. 24. Aircraft Degrees of Freedom
  25. 25. Pitching Motion
  26. 26. Pitching Motion
  27. 27. Yawing Motion
  28. 28. Yawing Motion
  29. 29. Rolling Motion
  30. 30. Rolling Motion
  31. 31. Aircraft Manufacturing
  32. 32. Major Assys broken down to Sub assys and to part level
  33. 33. Assy Jigs to facilitate structural assys
  34. 34. Structural assys completed.
  35. 35. Structural assys moved to final assy location.
  36. 36. Sub Assys integrated in Coupling Jigs.
  37. 37. System integration
  38. 38. Customer Specific External painting and Interiors fitted and Delivered
  39. 39. THANQ