In The IX century almost a half of the country wasin the hands of the NORSE-SPEAKING VIKINGS. In the early 9th century Danish Vikings invaded England many times. Later on Vikings settled and occupied more of the country, pushing the Anglo-Saxons into smaller areas.
Four Great Kingdoms IX century •Northumbrian •Mercian •West Saxon •Kentish
Written SpokenHad varieties because of Alphabet based onthe tribes and runes because of the ChristianityKingdoms which hadprestige if were thedominant. LATINNorthumbrian AnglianMercian Creating connectedWest Saxons Pronunciation texts used in lettersKentish differences for complex vowels