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Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
Locating Ohio Case Law
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Locating Ohio Case Law

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  • 1. Locating Ohio Case Law Online Karen R. Schneiderman October 29, 2012
  • 2. Ohio Case Sources• Unannotated Decisions – Ohio Supreme Court Repository (Free) – Bloomberg Law ($$)• Annotated Decisions – Westlaw Classic ($$) – WestlawNext ($$) – LexisNexis for Law School ($$) – Lexis Advance ($$) 3
  • 3. Ohio Case: Unannotated• Ohio Supreme Court Repository (Free) – instructions included• Bloomberg Law ($$) - instructions included 4
  • 4. Ohio Court Decisions Ohio Supreme Court offers a free digitalrepository to all unannotated opinions from Ohio Supreme Court, Ohio Appellate Court Districts, Ohio Court of Claims, & selected opinions from Ohio trial courts. 5
  • 5. Ohio Court Decisions http://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/rod/docs/pdf/10/2011/2011-ohio-4252.pdf 6
  • 6. OH Ct. Decision: Use & TipsURL: www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/ROD/docs/default.asp Cost: Free Searching formats: By WebCite, By Full Text WebCite Search Tip: Citation Field follows this format: YYYY-Ohio- NNNN. Must also set Decided Field for proper year 7
  • 7. Bloomberg Law 8
  • 8. Bloomberg LawURL: https://www.bloomberglaw.com/ Cost: $$ Searching formats: Prompts Citation Search, Court Opinion By Case Name Citation Search Tip: Must use hyphens Ohio’s Public Domain Citation Format (i.e. 2007-ohio-2204) 9
  • 9. Annotated Decisions• Westlaw Classic ($$) - instructions included• WestlawNext• LexisNexis for Law School ($$) - instructions included• Lexis Advance 10
  • 10. Westlaw Classic (WLC)Searching formats:• Find a Case by Citation• Find Case by Party Name• Find a Case by Title Search• Finding a Case Law Database• Word Searches in a Case Law Database• Field Searches 11
  • 11. WLC: Find a Case by CitationSearch Process 1. Click Find & Print on the toolbar or use the Find by Citation text box in the left frame of the Law School tab page. 2. Enter the cases citation and click GO.Citation Formatting Tip:can use any of followingformats: 865 N.E. 2d 1282 865 NE2d 1282 865ne2d1282 12
  • 12. WLC: Find a Case by Party NameSearch Process1. If you know one or more of the parties’ names, click Find a Case by Party Name in the left frame.2. Type one/both of the parties’ names in text boxes.3. Select the jurisdiction in which the case was heard or the reporter in which it was published.4. Click Go. 13
  • 13. WLC: Word Searches in Case Law Database• All case law databases on Westlaw can be searched using: – Natural Language Search – Terms and Connectors Search• In addition, all cases that are included in the National Reporter System reporters can be searched: – Using Key Numbers Search 14
  • 14. WLC: Terms and ConnectorsFor Terms and Connectorssearching, use connectors to specifythe relationships that must existbetween the terms in your retrieveddocuments. For example: 1. Search within Ohio State Cases (OH-CS) 2. Search: "traffic stop" /5 "unconstitution! prolong!" & "warrantless search“ 3. Five results that include one Ohio Supreme Court case and four Ohio Appellate cases. 15
  • 15. WL Classic: Field/Segment RestrictionsField Searches: very focused form of a Terms and Connectors search. Knowing the fields in a database and whatmaterials are contained in each field can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of your Westlaw research.Using Field Restrictions with Terms and Connectors Search:1. The fields available for a database are displayed in the Fields drop-down list at the Search page.2. Type a Terms and Connectors query in the Search text box.3. Select a field from the Fields drop-down list. The field abbreviation followed by parenthesis in which you can type your term is added to the Search text box.For example: if you select Judge - JU( ) from the Fields drop-down list, JU( ) is added to your query in the Search textbox. Remember to add the AND (&) connector to connect the field to the rest of your query. Type your terms in theparentheses, e.g., JU(o’connor). For example: 1. Search within Ohio State Cases (OH-CS) 2. Search: "traffic stop" /5 "unconstitution! prolong!" & "warrantless search & ju(o’connor)” 3. One results from Ohio Supreme Court 16
  • 16. WC: Field/Segment Searches• Field Searches are a very focused form of a Terms and Connectors search. Knowing the fields in case law databases and what materials are contained in each field can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of your Westlaw research. For example: 1. Search within Ohio State Cases (OH-CS) 2. Search: "traffic stop" /5 "unconstitution! prolong!" & "warrantless search & ju(o’connor)” 3. One results from Ohio Supreme Court 17
  • 17. WL Classic: Other Field SearchesSome of the most common field searches in case lawdatabases are: • Title field (when you know the names of the litigants): ti(miranda & arizona) • Words & Phrases field (to retrieve judicial definitions of terms: wp("constructive trust") • Synopsis/Digest combined field (to focus on central issues in the case law):sy,di("student loan" /p discharge!) • Multiple field search in the Judge field, the Attorney field, and the Date field: ju(warren) & at(marshall) & da(1966) 18
  • 18. WestlawNext (WLN)• Retrieving a Document by Citation• Using Advanced Search• Using Content Type Advance Search Templates• Using Required and Excluded Terms• and Commands 19
  • 19. WLN: Searching by Citation1. To retrieve a document by citation, type the citation into the Search Box and click Search.2. WestlawNext will open the document. 20
  • 20. WLN: Searching by CitationWith Multiple Results:1. If multiple documents match the citation you are looking for, WestlawNext will return a list of documents that match the citation you entered.2. Use Find Command, i.e. Fi: <citation>; Find: <citation>) a. The Find command will bypass the WestlawNext search system entirely and treat all terms following the colon as a citation. b. You should use the Fi: command when you are uncertain of the format of the citation and want to prevent a search from running if the citation is not valid. If WestlawNext does not recognize the citation as entered, a message will be displayed to that effect. 21
  • 21. WLN: Advanced Search• Advanced Search allows you to construct a detailed search using additional criteria and tools such as Boolean Terms & Connectors.• Additionally, using specific WestlawNext Commands will allow you to run a specialized search or a search over one particular publication or database. 22
  • 22. WLN: Advanced Search Template1. On the home page, click Advanced Link in the upper right corner.2. In the Find documents that have section, enter the terms in the appropriate text boxes: a. All of these terms text box; b. Any of these terms text box; c. This exact phrase text box ; d. Exclude...these terms text box .3. The Advanced Search Query is automatically displayed in the Search Box at the top of the page.4. If you want to change the Jurisdiction, select a different one at the top of page.5. Click Search at the top of the page. 23
  • 23. WLN: Advanced Search CommandsTemplate Command Boolean Operator Description SearchAll of these terms & Will be treated as construction & defectThis exact phrase “ “ This exact phrase. Will be treated as Note: Multiple phrases are not "medical malpractice" allowed; use All of these terms text box instead.Any of these terms OR Either of these terms. Will be treated as physician OR surgeonExclude... these OR All of these terms Will be treated asterms Commands physician OR surgeon 24
  • 24. WLN: Adv. Search1. Browse to content page (Cases Ohio State Case Template > Ohio State & Federal Cases > Ohio State Cases)2. Click the Advanced Link in the upper right corner3. The Ohio State Cases - Advanced Search Template is displayed.4. The first two sections function the same way as the Advanced Search template on the home page. 25
  • 25. LexisNexis for Law Schools (LN)Searching formats:• Find a Case by Citation• Find Case by Party Name• Find a Case by Title Search• Finding a Case Law Database• Word Searches in a Case Law Database• Field Searches 26
  • 26. LN: Find Case by Citation To retrieve a case by citation: 1. Click the Get a Document tab at the top of page 2. Click the By Citation subtab 3. Enter an exact citation in the field provided. 4. To search using multiple citations, click either the Get & Print link or the Shepards BriefCheck link. 27
  • 27. LN: Find Case by Party NameTo retrieve a case by citation:1. Click the Get a Document tab at the top of page2. Click the By Party Name subtab – You can use this feature to retrieve cases when you know the names of one or more of the parties involved.3. Enter the party names & Select Jurisdiction4. Then click Search to retrieve the document. 28
  • 28. LN: Word Searches in Case Law DatabasesAll case law databases on Lexis can be searched using:• Natural Language Search• Terms and Connectors Search 29
  • 29. LN: Basic ConnectorsConnector Purpose Example OR Synonym car OR auto OR vehicle W/# Proximity ten commandment w/20 war memorial /# Proximity car /10 injure W/S Proximity Within the same sentence. W/P Proximity Within the same paragraph AND Required assumption of risk AND golf; AND date is 1997; AND date aft 5/2002; AND date bef 9/5/1976 30
  • 30. LN: Field/Segment Searches• Field Searches are a very focused form of a Terms and Connectors search.• Knowing the fields in case law databases and what materials are contained in each field can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of your research. 31
  • 31. LN: Field/Segment Searches• Documents have a structure that is common to all documents of that type. In Lexis , this structure is called segments. (Westlaw. its Fields)• Segments are the parts of the document. – For example, Cases contain name, date, court, opinion, and dissent segments, among others.• Segment searching is especially useful when you are looking for: – Opinions written by a particular judge – Cases involving a particular party – Cases in which a particular attorney or firm appeared as counsel – Cases decided on, before, or after a particular date 32
  • 32. LN: Field/Segment SearchesTo see a list of segments for the source selected in the search form youreusing:1. Click the drop-down list in the "Restrict by Segment" section of the form.To select a segment for your search or to add a segment-restricted searchto the terms youve already entered in the search box, follow these steps:1. Select a connector from the Search Connectors list, if youre adding a segment restriction to terms in the search box.2. Select a Segment from the drop-down list.3. Enter your Segment-Related Search Terms in the Text Box next to the segment drop-down list.4. For a Terms and Connectors search, click Add to transfer your segment search criteria to the search terms. – ate 33
  • 33. LN: Common Law Segments Segment DescriptionCite The citation of the case in an official reporter or parallel reference.Counsel The name of individuals, law firms, or organizations representing a party of interest in the case.Court The name of the court that heard the case.Disposition The final decision of the court. You can search this segment by date.History The prior and subsequent history of the case.Judges The names of the judges hearing the case.Name The names of all the parties involved in a case.Number The docket number(s) assigned to a case by the court.Opinion The text of the opinion issued by the court. It includes the majority, dissent, and concurrence.Writtenby The name of the judge(s) authoring the opinion, including the majority, concurrence, and dissent. 34
  • 34. LN: Date SegmentsSegments that involve numbers, such as dates, useone of two arithmetic operators shown below: Operators Description Example = , is Equal to or is Date = 1997 or Date is 1997 > , aft Greater than or after date > December 31, 1997 or date aft December 31, 1997 < , bef less than or before date < 1/1/1997 or date bef 1/1/1997 35
  • 35. Lexis Advance (LA)Searching formats:• Find a Case by Citation• Restrict Search by Cases• Restrict Search by Filters 36
  • 36. LA: Find Case by Citation To find an individual document when you know the citation: 1. Enter the citation in the Search Box. 2. Click Search. 37
  • 37. LA: Restrict Search By Cases1. Click the All Content Types drop-down list (the first list on the left under the search box).2. Select one or more Check Boxes for the Content Types to restrict your search. (For example, restrict case law, select Cases check box)3. Click OK to close the Content Type Dialog Box.4. Enter your search terms.5. Click the Search Button.6. Your results will contain documents only from the content types you selected.• Note: The selection you make from the content-type drop-down list will be displayed on the search form and used for future searches until you change it. 38
  • 38. LA: Restrict Search by FiltersYou can restrict your search to a specific content type, jurisdiction, or practice area and topic, so you have fewer results;you can also restrict your search to a specific source. When you get your results, you can narrow them further using thefilters on your results page.To restrict your search, follow these steps:1. Enter your search terms in Lexis Advance Search Box (i.e. "traffic stop" w/8 prolong!)2. Click a drop-down list under the search box to display the filters that are available, or select a filter from the Recent and Favorite Filters panel.3. Select one or more Check Boxes for the categories you want to restrict your search to. For example, to Restrict to Case Law, select the Cases Check Box in the Content Type Drop-down List.4. To select a content type to display first in your results, select it from the Start in drop-down list. A flag ( Display these results first) displays next to the content type you selected.5. When your results display, the content type you selected displays as the first tab. If you dont make a selection, results in the Cases content type display first.6. Click OK to close the filter.7. Click another filter and make your selections, if you want to restrict your search further.8. Click Search.Note: The filters you have used recently are displayed on the Recent and Favorite Filters panel. 39
  • 39. Filters used Cases (Content Type)& Ohio (Jurisdiction) 40
  • 40. Karen R. Schneiderman Library Room 114 216.523.7364karen.schneiderman@law.csuohio.edu 41

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