The couple are in the process of making some type of vow.
Jan van Eyck (c. 1395–1441), Arnolfini Portrait , 1434. Oil on wood, 32 1/4" x 23 1/2".
Jan van Eyck Jan van Eyck. Ghent Altarpiece (open), completed 1432. Oil on panel, approx. 11' 6" x 14' 5".
Jan van Eyck Jan van Eyck, The Ghent Altarpiece (closed), completed 1432. Oil on panel, 11' 6" x 7' 7“..
The Virgin Mary. God the Father and Jesus.
John the Baptist.
Sacrifices made by Abel and Cain. Murder of Abel by Cain. Adam. Eve.
The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment , ca. 1430 Jan van Eyck and Workshop Assistant (Netherlandish, active by 1422, died 1441) Oil on canvas, transferred from wood
Jan van Eyck (c. 1395–1441), Man in a Red Turban (Self-portrait?) , 1433. Tempera and oil on wood, approx. 13 1/8" x 10 1/8"
Hieronymus Bosch(1460-1516) Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516). World before the Flood , from Garden of Earthly Delights , c. 1510-1515. Oil on wood, center panel 7' 2" x 6' 4".
Preoccupied with human folly, most of his paintings reflect the long reach of medieval values into modern times.
Detailed the fallibility of humankind, its moral struggle, and its apocalyptic.
Garden of Earthly Delights, detail of right wing
Last Judgment (fragment of Hell) Last Judgment (fragment of Paradise)
Grunewald, Matthias Gothardt Neithardt (1460-158) Matthias Grünewald (c. 1470-1528). Crucifixion with Saint Sebastian (left), Saint Anthony (right), and Lamentation (below), the Isenheim Altarpiece, closed, c. 1510-1515. Oil on panel (with frame), side panels 8' 2 1/2" x 3' 1/2", central panel. Giraudon/Art Resource, NY
Naturalistic details and brutal distortion combine to produce the most painfully expressive painting style in all of 16 th century art.
The protestant reformation and Printmaking Woodcut. A relief printing process created by lines cut into the plank surface of the wood. Engraving. An intaglio method of printing
Protestant reformers encouraged the proliferation of private devotional imagery-biblical subjects in particular, In the production of such imagery printmaking technology established a landmark.
Albrecht Durer (1471-1528) Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528). Self-Portrait , 1500. Oil on wood, 26 5/16" x 19 5/16". Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Scala/Art Resource, NY.
One of the finest printmakers of all times!
Trained as an engraver, he earned international fame for his woodcuts and metal engravings.
Durer Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528). Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse , c. 1497-1498. Woodcut, 15 2/5" x 11".
This woodcut brings to life the terrifying prophecies described in Revelation 6:1-8.
Durer Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528), The Knight, Death and the Devil , 1513. Engraving, 11" x 14". HIP/Art Resource, NY.
Durer Albrecht Dürer (14711528), Melencolia I , 1514. Engraving, 9 1/2" x 7 5/16“..
He also produced panoramic landscapes to be enjoyed in and for themselves.
An avid traveler, he introduced landscape painting as a legitimate genre in Western art.
Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472-1553)
Lucas Cranach the Elder, The Judgment of Paris , 1530. Panel, 13 1/2 x 8 3/4".
Practiced a style that tended to flatten form by means of decorative linearity.
He was a highly acclaimed court painter at Wittenberg.
And like Durer, a devout follower of Protestant reform.
Lucas Cranach the Elder, Martin Luther, 1533. Panel, 8" x 5 3/4".
mature but stereotyped style.
The tragic figure of Lucrezia.
Every element in the composition is carefully exaggerated.
Lucas Cranach's "Suicide of Lucrezia"
Salome," 1530, Lucas Cranach Salome with the head of John the Baptist has always been a favorite subject for artists. The German Lucas Cranach the Elder painted the Biblical tease several times, always in contemporary 16th century dress
Lucas Cranach the Elder ( 1472-1553), Portrait of a Young Woman Oil on wood, 1530, 49 x 42 cm (
Lucas Cranach - Adam and Eve
Hans Holbein the Younger (1497-1543) Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1498–1543), Dance of Death , ca. 1490. Woodcut.
His woodcut series brought him renown as a draftsman and printmaker.
Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/98-1543 )
brilliant portrait painter
series of remarkable woodcuts, The Dance of Death .
The Death and the Knight is one of forty-one woodcuts in 1538. The other images show Death escorting people from all walks of life to their final destiny.
Portrait of Henry VIII - portrait after Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/8-1543) Edward VI as a Child , probably 1538 oil on panel, 56.8 x 44 cm (22 3/8 x 17 3/8 in.)
Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1525-1569)
Recreates in the everyday setting of the Flemish landscape Christ’s warning to the Pharisees, “If a blind man leads a bind man, both will fall into a ditch” (Matthew 15:14)
His preoccupation with the activities of rustic life earned him the title “Peasant Brueghel”
Not all of Brueghel’s paintings depicted the harsh realities of peasant living. The Land of Cockaigne features the peasants in a different light, this time wallowing in the mythical, land of excess. 1567
Beyond the West: Japanese Theater Masanobu (?), Kabuki stage, ca. 1740. Colored woodblock print.
The oldest form of Japanese theater, No` drama, evolved in the 14 th century from performances in song, dance, and mime.
Ko-omote No mask, Ashikaga period, fifteenth century. Painted wood, height approx. 10 in.
16 th century emerges a new form of entertainment.
Kabuki, literally, “song-dance-art”
Humanist of Chinese culture
Xie Huan, Literary Gathering in the Apricot Garden , detail. 1437. Handscroll, ink and colors on silk, 14 3/4 x 94 3/4 in. Ming Dynasty 1368-1644.
During the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) These scholar-gentleman played a major role in the administration of governmental affairs.
Usually based on Italian models, the English madrigal was generally lighter in mood than its Italian counterpart. It was also often technically simple enough to be performed by amateurs.
Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) (Spaniard)
Don Quixote recounts the adventures of a chivalrous knight who confronts reality through the lens of personal fantasy.
Don Quixote de la Mancha and Sancho Panza , 1863, by Gustave Doré
Don Quixote: tragicomedy
The contradiction between the real, everyday world and an imaginary, idealized one.
Seeking to right all social and political wrongs, the deluded Don pursues a series of heroic misadventures.
Don Quixote: tragicomedy
including an encounter with a hostile army (actually a flock of sheep) and an armed attack on a horde of giants (in actuality, windmills).
Cervantes offers up the exploits of the would-be knight and his faithful sidekick, Sancho Panza,.
Dali gustave dore
Don Quixote: essay
Why was Don Quixote considered a tragic comedy?
Why do you think this novel was so popular?
Finally, briefly summarizes the story of Don Quixote . Who wrote it and in what year?
Dante’s Divine Comedy
In what way is Inferno a work of imagination and art rather than one of religion and philosophy alone? How do the poem’s fantastic, imaginative, and dramatic elements contribute to its overall effectiveness?
Shakespeare’s sonnets (1609)
SHALL I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease (1) hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye (2) of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;
And every fair from fair sometime declines, (3)
By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimm’d; (4)
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st,
Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st; (6)
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Sonnet XVIII , “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” 1) allotted time 2) The sun 3)Beautiful thing from beauty 4)Stripped of beauty 5)Your fame will grow as time elapses 6) the sonnet itself
Hieronymus Bosch Attributed to Hieronymus Bosch. Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things , painted tabletop. Oil on wood, 3' 11 1/4" x 4' 11".
Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516), The Cure for Folly, c. 1490s-1516. Oil on panel, 18 9/10 x 13 3/4 in.
Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516), Death and the Miser , ca. 1485-1490. Oil on oak, 3 ft. 5/8 in. x 12 1/8 in.
Hercules and Antaeus," 1530, Lucas Cranach the Elder
Jan van Eyck's, The Madonna with Canon van der Paele 1436, 122 x 157 cm
Triptych of Last Judgement Akademie der Bildenden Kunste, Vienna http://www.all-art.org/early_renaissance/bosch5.html
Last Judgment, after 1482
Albrecht Dürer The Seven-Headed Beast and the Beast with Lamb's Horns Woodcut, 39 x 28 cm, from 'The Apocalypse of St. John' 1496 - 98
Durer Albrecht Durer, Elector Frederick the Wise , 1524. Copper engraving, 7 3/8" x 4 3/4“.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The Tower of Babel , 1563. Tempera on panel, 3' 9" x 5' 1".
DON QUIXOTE IS A MIDDLE-AGED GENTLEMAN FROM the region of La Mancha in central Spain. Obsessed with the chivalrous ideals touted in books he has read, he decides to take up his lance and sword to defend the helpless and destroy the wicked. After a first failed adventure, he sets out on a second one with a somewhat befuddled laborer named Sancho Panza, whom he has persuaded to accompany him as his faithful squire. In return for Sancho’s services, Don Quixote promises to make Sancho the wealthy governor of an isle. On his horse, Rocinante, a barn nag well past his prime, Don Quixote rides the roads of Spain in search of glory and grand adventure. He gives up food, shelter, and comfort, all in the name of a peasant woman, Dulcinea del Toboso, whom he envisions as a princess.
Jan van Eyck, The Virgin in a Church , c. 1410-25. Oil on panel, 12 1/4" x 5 1/2". Gemaldegalerie, Berlin
Unlike the Italian Renaissance, which took its primary inspiration from classical Greek and Roman culture, the Renaissance in the North was marked by movements for moral and religious change.