Raphael, Madonna of the Chair , c. 1515. Oil on panel, diameter 2' 5".
Raphael Portrait of Julius II 1511-12 Oil on wood, 108 x 80,7 cm National Gallery, London … a portrait "so animated and true to life that it was frightening to behold, as though it were actually alive" (Vasari).
The School of Athens 1510-11 Fresco Vatican, Stanza della Segnatura
Raphael's Tomb Pantheon, Rome
Greatest of the Venetian School
Titian 1485 - 1576
Titian. Venus of Urbino , c. 1538. Oil on canvas, 3' 11" x 5' 5". Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
Assumption of the Virgin 1516-18 Oil on wood, 690 x 360 cm Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice
Titian (1488/90-1576). The Annunciation , c. 1560. Oil on canvas, 13' 2 5/8" x 7' 8 1/2". Chiesa di San Salvador, Venice
Bacchus and Ariadne 1520-22 Oil on canvas, 175 x 190 cm - National Gallery, London
Portrait of Philip II in Armour 1550-51 Oil on canvas, 193 x 111 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid
14 th century
Sinan the Great (c.1490-1588), Mosque of Suleyman I, Istanbul, Turkey, begun 1550.
Josquin des Prez
A master of Masses, motets, and secular songs, he earned international recognition as “the prince of music.”
Madrigal – a composition for three to six unaccompanied voices.
Instrumental Music – 16 th century made considerable advances in the development of instrumental music.
Renaissance Dance – first efforts to establish dance as a independent discipline.
Prolific writer of Italian prose romances and love poetry.
First biographer of Dante
His landmark work is the celebrated collection of short stories known as the Decameron. (1351)
Some say that many women are deceitful, Wily, false, of little worth: Others that too many are liars, fickle, flighty , and inconstant; Still others accuse them of great vices, blaming them much, excusing them of them nothing, thus do clerics, night and day, First in French verse, then in Latin, based on who knows what books That tell more lies than drunkards do.
The classical revival of the 14 th to 16 th century
Generated new and more all-embracing attitudes toward Greco-Roman antiquity than any that had preceded it.
Most were Catholics
Life on earth was not a vale of tears but, rather, an extended occasion during which human beings might cultivate their unique talents and abilities
saw no conflicts between humanism and religious belief
Exiled from Florence upon the collapse of the republican government he had served from 1498- 1512, and eager to win favor with the Medici now that they had returned to power, Machiavelli penned The Prince , a political treatise that called for the unification of Italy under a powerful and courageous leader.
Frescoes - art created on damp plaster
Oil paints (a technique from the north)
Realistic portrayal of human nature
Chiaroscuro - use of shadows to show balance of light and dark
Science -particularly in anatomy
Linear perspective - allowed artist to represent objects in relative sizes
Giotto is considered to be the most influential artist on Renaissance painting.
Father of the Renaissance
Giotto’s dignified figures seemed to displace space, to stand upon the ground with real substance and weight.
New sense of naturalism in sculpture
Use of classical contrapposto stance (relaxed not rigid)
Statue of David considered first full scale nude since ancient times
First artist to paint a full-length female nude
In Birth of Venus the figure occupies the center of the work which was traditionally reserved for the Virgin. This work is possibly the most pagan image of the entire Renaissance.
Castiglino: The Well-Rounded Person
Raphael, Baldassare Castiglione , 1514. Oil on canvas, 32 1/4" x 26 1/2".