Global Dominion of the West Advancing Industrialism Provided the economic and military basis for the West’s rise to dominion over the rest of the world. Colonialism and the New Imperialism The history of European expansion into Asia, Africa, and other parts of the globe dates back at least to the Renaissance. Marx and Engels In the Communist Manifesto , Marx and Engels prophesized that a revolution would make the proletariat the new ruling class. Nietzsche’s New Morality Nietzsche called for a new morality that privileged the “superman.”
Many buildings (Crystal Palace) had skeleton holding up a exterior curtain of glass or steel.
born into ranks of Parisian bourgeoisie credo: “Painter of modern life” believed that success as an artist only obtained through recognition at the Salon
Artist: Édouard Manet Title: Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (The Luncheon on the Grass) Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 7' X 8'8&quot; (2.13 X 2.64 m) Date: 1863 Source/ Museum: Musée d’Orsay, Paris modern version of the Pastoral Concert by Titian(or Giorgione?)
Artist: Édouard Manet Title: Olympia Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 4'3&quot; X 6'2 ¼&quot; (1.31 X1.91 m) Date: 1863 Source/ Museum: Musée du Louvre, Paris Play by Alexandre Dumas about social climbing prostitute with same name. Manet began to gather with other rejects (refuses) in Montmartre.
Artist: Édouard Manet Title: A Bar at the Folies-Bergère Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 37 ¾ X 51 ¼&quot; (95.9 X 130 cm) Date: 1881–82 Source/ Museum: Courtauld Institute of Art Gallery, London. (P.1934.SC.234) Trapeze in upper far left corner Composition pushes goods for sale up to the counter Modern sales technique of products next to a pretty sales girl
Artist: Claude Monet Title: Rouen Cathedral: The Portal (in Sun) Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 39 ¼ X 26&quot; (99.7 X 66 cm) Date: 1894 Source/ Museum: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915 (30.95.250)
Artist: Pierre-Auguste Renoir Title: Moulin de la Galette Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 4'3½&quot; X 5'9&quot; (1.31 X 1.75 m) Date: 1876 Source/ Museum: Musée d’Orsay, Paris People not posed, enjoying meals and dancing
Artist: Edgar Degas Title: The Rehearsal on Stage Medium: Pastel over brush-and-ink drawing on thin, cream-colored wove paper, laid on bristol board, mounted on canvas Size: 21 ⅜ X 28¾&quot; (54.3 X 73 cm) Date: c. 1874 Source/ Museum: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Gift of Horace Havemeyer, 1929 (29.160.26)
Artist: Mary Cassatt Title: Woman in a Loge Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 31 ⅝ X 23&quot; (80.3 X 58.4 cm) Date: 1879 Source/ Museum: Philadelphia Museum of Art. Bequest of Charlotte Dorrance Wright
Artist: Berthe Morisot Title: Summer’s Day Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 17 13⁄16 X 29 5⁄16&quot; (45.7 X 75.2 cm) Date: 1879 Source/ Museum: The National Gallery, London. Lane Bequest, 1917
Very different from Impressionism’s informal, seemingly accidental quality
Artist: Paul Cézanne Title: Mont Sainte-Victoire Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 25 ½ X 32&quot; (64.8 X 92.3 cm) Date: c. 1885–87 Source/ Museum: Courtauld Institute of Art Gallery, London. (P.1934.SC.55)
Artist: Vincent van Gogh Title: The Starry Night Medium: Oil on canvas At one with forces of nature Left to right wave impulse in his work, tree looks like green flames reaching to the sky exploding with stars Size: 28 ¾ X 36 ¼&quot; (73 X 93 cm) Date: 1889 Source/ Museum: The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Acquired through the Lillie P. Bliss Bequest (472.1941)
Artist: Paul Gauguin Title: Mahana No Atua (Day of the God) Medium: Oil on canvas Size: 27 ⅜ X 35 ⅝ &quot; (69.5 X 90.5 cm) Date: 1894 Source/ Museum: The Art Institute of Chicago. Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection (1926.198)
Artist: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Title: Jane Avril Medium: Lithograph Size: 50 ½ X 37&quot; (129 X 94 cm) Date: 1893 Source/ Museum: San Diego Museum of Art. Gift of the Baldwin M. Baldwin Foundation (1987.32) Emphasis on curving lines, text integrated with the forms in the picture.
Artist: Henry Hobson Richardson Title: Marshall Field Wholesale Store Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: 1885–87 Demolished c. 1935 Source/ Museum: Chicago
Artist: Louis Sullivan Title: Wainwright Building Medium: n/a Size: n/a Date: 1890–91 Source/ Museum: n/a
Joseph Paxton (1803–1865), Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851. Cast iron, wrought iron, and glass. Destroyed by fire in 1936. Contemporary lithograph by Joseph Nash, Alexandre-Gustav Eiffel (1832–1923), Eiffel Tower, 1889. Iron on a reinforced concrete base, height 934'. Paris.
After rejection by salon, set up his own exhibitions
Early work was before Impressionists
fully supported their aims
worked closely w/ Monet
The Scandalous Realism of Manet Luncheon on the Grass , Edouard Manet
Napoleon III authorized Exhibition of refused artists from the Salon, such as Manet and Monet
This painting was found scandalous…
Figures are not modeled. Very flat, not relating with each other.
Édouard Manet (1832–1883). Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) , 1863. Oil on canvas, 7' x 9'. Musée d'Orsay, Paris.
Pastoral Concert (Fête champêtre) 1508-09 Oil on canvas, 110 x 138 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris Édouard Manet (1832–1883). Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) , 1863. Oil on canvas, 7' x 9'. Musée d'Orsay, Paris.
While realistic in execution the painting may be interpreted as a romantic metaphor for the isolation and plight of black American in the decades following the Civil War.
Winslow Homer (1836-1910), The Gulf Stream , 1899. Oil on canvas, 28 1/8 in. x 4 ft. 1 1/8 in. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Impressionism The movement's name was derived from Monet's early work, Impression: Sunrise, which was singled out for criticism by Louis Leroy upon its exhibition. The hallmark of the style is the attempt to capture the subjective impression of light in a scene. The Impressionist style was probably the single most successful and identifiable "movement" ever, and is still widely practiced today.