Plan-Do-Study-Adjust: A Deep Dive

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Recorded webinar: http://slidesha.re/1bmPjur

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Plan-Do-Study-Adjust is more than a tool to generate results for the current project at hand. It's a problem-solving approach that teaches people how to THINK methodically, generating long-lasting, culture-shifting benefits.

In this webinar, you'll learn the specific steps (many of which are often forgotten) that must be taken to successfully use the PDSA cycle to solve problems, and design new processes and products.

Published in: Business, Education

Plan-Do-Study-Adjust: A Deep Dive

  1. Plan-Do-Study-Adjust (PDSA): A Deep Dive Webinar December 3, 2013
  2. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Welcome! • Argentina • Australia • Canada • Denmark • France • Great Britain • Ireland • Latvia • Malaysia • Netherlands • New Zealand • Qatar • Russia • Saudi Arabia • Sweden • United States www.ksmartin.com/subscribe
  3. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc.  Coach / Facilitator / Consultant / Trainer: Lead Lean transformations & develop people across all industries.  Teacher: University of California, San Diego  Author & Speaker: Karen Martin, President The Karen Martin Group, Inc. www.ksmartin.com 3 2013 Shingo Prize winner!
  4. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 4 Hot off the press! www.bit.ly/VSMbk
  5. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Upcoming Webinars
  6. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. After the webinar… • All recordings are available on: – www.vimeo.com/karenmartingroup – www.youtube.com/karenmartingroup – www.slideshare.net/karenmartingroup – www.ksmartin.com/webinars • The materials are available on: – www.slideshare.net/karenmartingroup
  7. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. First, a little history…
  8. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Two Great Minds 8 W. Edwards Deming (1900-1993) Walter Shewhart (1891-1967)
  9. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 9 Develop hypothesis Conduct experiment Measure results Refine Standardize Stabilize
  10. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 10 Detailed Steps 1. Define and break down the problem. 2. Grasp the current condition. 3. Set a target condition. 4. Conduct root cause & gap analysis. 5. Identify potential countermeasures. 6. Develop & test countermeasure(s) 7. Refine and finalize countermeasure(s). 8. Implement countermeasure(s). Study Evaluate Results 9. Measure process performance. 10. Refine, standardize, & stabilize the process. 11. Monitor process performance. 12. Reflect & share learning. Adjust Do Clarifying the PDSA Cycle Plan Develop Hypothesis Conduct Experiment Refine Standardize Stabilize Phase Continuous Improvement New Problem 50-80% of the total time Study Adjust
  11. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 1. Define and break down the problem (PLAN) 11 • What’s the problem? • What is NOT the problem? • What are the variables? • What should we focus on first?
  12. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 2. Grasp the Current Condition (PLAN) 12
  13. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 3. Set a Target Condition (PLAN) What SHOULD it look like? How SHOULD it perform? How does it need to perform? How do you want it to perform? 13
  14. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 4. Conduct root cause & gap analysis (PLAN) 14 CauseCause--andand--Effect DiagramEffect Diagram Machine Measurement Environment People Material / Info Method Budgets Submitted Late Lack of experience Time availability No sense of import No stnd spread sheet Email vs. FedEx No standard work Input rec’d late Forecast in other system Manual vs. PC System avail. No milestones $ vs. units Weather delays Dispersed sales force Changing schedule Machine Measurement Environment People Material / Info Method Budgets Submitted Late Lack of experience Time availability No sense of import No stnd spread sheet Email vs. FedEx No standard work Input rec’d late Forecast in other system Manual vs. PC System avail. No milestones $ vs. units Weather delays Dispersed sales force Changing schedule 5 Why’s Why? Why? Why? Why? Why? Check Sheets Quantify Occurrences |Equipment failure |||||||||||||Changing customer requirements w/ no adjustment to expected delivery ||||||||||Order entry error |||Staffing/absenteeism |||||Quality issue requiring rework |||||||Material shortage TallyReason |Equipment failure |||||||||||||Changing customer requirements w/ no adjustment to expected delivery ||||||||||Order entry error |||Staffing/absenteeism |||||Quality issue requiring rework |||||||Material shortage TallyReason
  15. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 5. Identify potential countermeasures (DO) • The clearer you are about the problem, current state, and root cause, the more obvious the countermeasures become. • Brainstorming may or may not work. 15
  16. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 6. Develop & test countermeasure(s) (DO) • Test “live” if possible. • Testing may be merely getting feedback from non- core team members. • Use rapid iterative cycles (mini-PDSA cycles). 16
  17. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 7. Refine & finalize countermeasure(s) (DO) • Document the new standard work. – Process maps (occasionally, value stream maps will do the trick) – Flow charts – Check lists – Concise, visual work instructions – Etc. 17
  18. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 8. Implement countermeasure(s) (DO) • Training! Training! Training! – Include why & WIIFM – Hands on, when possible – If there’s a gap between implementation and people engaging with the new process, you must retrain. • DO NOT MERELY COMMUNICATE BY EMAIL. 18
  19. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 9. Measure process performance (STUDY) 19 • OBSERVE, TALK, LISTEN • Measure performance against target condition. • What obstacles to success remain? – How can you remove them?
  20. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 10. Refine, standardize & stabilize the process (ADJUST) • Retrain if the process is adjusted. 20
  21. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 10. Refine, standardize & stabilize the process (ADJUST) - continued 21
  22. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 11. Monitor process performance (ADJUST) 22 • Requires a Process Owner. • Define & monitor 2-5 key performance indicators. – How do you define success? – What does success look like? – Note: KPIs are dynamic, not static. Measure what matters NOW.
  23. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 12. Reflect & share learning (ADJUST) • Study and discuss process. – What obstacles did the team confront? – How did they overcome them? – What organizational discoveries did they make? – What needs to be adjusted going forward? – What went well? – What could been better? • Hold “Grand Rounds” or Improvement Briefings. • Physically post story boards and results. • Post on Intranet home page. 23
  24. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Requirements for Excellence in ANY Endeavor 24 Shingo award-winning The Outstanding Organization www.bit.ly/TOObk
  25. Practice vs. Performance 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Athletes Businesses Train Perform 25 Train 90% Train 1% Perform 99% Perform 10% Jim Loehr & Tony Schwartz, The Power of Full Engagement
  26. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 26 Problem-solving capabilities developed? Which target condition do you want to achieve? OR Problems solved?
  27. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Attaining Mastery 27 From The Outstanding Organization, p. 115
  28. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Improvement Coaching 28 REFLECTIVE DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIVE DEVELOPMENT From The Outstanding Organization, p. 117
  29. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc.
  30. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Value Stream Mapping Strategy Deployment (Hoshin Kanri) or A3 Daily Improvement, Projects, & Rapid Improvement Events Building PDSA Capabilities
  31. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Annual Hoshin Planning (Strategy Deployment) • Builds consensus • Creates organizational focus on what matters most
  32. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Tying Improvement to Overarching Business Goals 32
  33. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Classic Strategy Deployment (Hoshin Kanri) X-Matrix
  34. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 34 1. Increase sales 5%. 3. Achieve 10% profit. Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec IT Mktg Ops HR Bob Fin PE Pario COM Direct CDs / AMs PD Rec PD Mgmt BMD SWS 2 3,500 units sold by 12/31/2013 through all channels (approx. $700K) X X X X X X X X X X X X Bob Dana 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 1 1 3 3 1 3 11 Develop & deliver training to top 50 Dealers X X X X X X Bob Rex/Tim 3 3 3 21 Revised course materials by 6/30/2013 X X X Bob Josh R? 2 3 3 2 2 5 Education: 1 school district spec'd/underperforming COM distributor (25) by 12/31 valued at min $35K each X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Michael S 1 3 2 3 3 8 10 new dealers on board (net) ($500K per dealer this year) X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Mike B 2 3 9 5 new distributors bringing $200K annual rev (& 5 terminated) X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Howard 1 1 1 2 3 17 10 projects spec'd by 12/31; $300K rev by 12/31 X X X X X X X X X X Howard Dana 1 3 3 3 29 20 by year-end X X X X X X X X X X X X Howard Mark H 2 3 3 3 32 TBD X X X Howard Howard 33 TBD X X X X X X X X X Howard Howard 10 Useful reporting and metrics are established and in place X X Jim Randall 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 30 TBD X X X X X Jim Josh 3 31 TBD X X X X X X Jim Josh 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 25 TBD Jim Shannon 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 26 System 7.0's in place X X X Jim Randall 3 2 1 2 1 15 100% accurate payroll; 100% management satisfaction at April mgmt. meeting X X X Josh Phyllis 1 3 20 Internet task list is simplified and streamlined for PDs then plan is rolled out to PDs X X X X Michael M Michael M 2 3 2 3 22 Design Calculator is updated successfully and rolled out X X X Neall Matt D 3 1 1 3 2 2 3 24 Competitive Analysis complete and distributed for use X X X Neall Dana 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 Design changed to solve delam issue long-term X X X X X Susan David R 3 2 3 12 30 parts sourced in U.S.; completed plan for managing China-sourced parts X X X X X X Susan Shannon 3 3 2 2 13 Warehouse laid out; kanban revised; Syspro implemented X X X Susan Shannon 3 14 Lay out complete; equipment installed X X X Susan David R 3 3 X = Planned 2013 Priorities 2013 Goals & Objectives 4. Improve morale (metric TBD). 2. Achieve 50% gross margin. Created: 01-14-13 Revised: Level of Effort/Involvement Required Priority Goal or Measurable Objective Exec Owner Plan review dates: Tactical Owner ● = Actual < Company Name > Contentremovedforconfidentiality Modified Strategy Deployment Annual Plan: Regular Reviews Improve Focus & Drive Results
  35. A3 Management
  36. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. What is A3? • The core of Toyota’s renowned management system. • A structured method for applying the PDCA (plan-do- check-act) approach to problem solving. • International designation for 11 x 17” paper. 36
  37. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Common Components of the A3 Report 37 Theme: “What is our area of focus?” Owner: Person accountable for results. Plan Do, Study, Adjust Background Current Condition Countermeasures / Implementation Plan Effect Confirmation Follow-up Actions • What? • Who? • When? • Where? (if relevant) Target Condition / Measurable Objectives • Diagram of desired state • Measurable targets – how will we know that the improvement has been successful? • Diagram of current situation or process • What about it is not ideal? • Extent of the problem (metrics) • Problem statement • Context - Why is this a problem? How large is the problem? Root Cause & Gap Analysis • Graphical depiction of the most likely direct (root) causes • What measurable results did the solution achieve (or will be measured to verify effectiveness)? • Who’s responsible for ongoing measurement? • Where else in the organization can this solution be applied? • How will the improved state be standardized and communicated?
  38. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Value Stream Mapping: Using PDSA to realize the future state
  39. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Kaizen Event – Definition A two- to five-day focused improvement activity during which a sequestered, cross- functional team designs and implements improvements to a defined process or work area, generating rapid results and learned behavior. Karen Martin & Mike Osterling The Kaizen Event Planner 39
  40. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. 5-Day Kaizen Event: Typical Structure Day 1 & 2 (Plan) Day 3 & 4 (Do, Study) Day 5 (Study, Adjust) 40 Kick-off Analyze current state Perform root cause analysis Design future state Interim briefing Design & test improvements Obtain buy-in Interim briefing Finalize improvements Train process workers & stakeholders Present results CELEBRATE!
  41. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Every person in the organization needs to have proficiency in PDSA. In addition, managers need proficiency in improvement coaching.
  42. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. True Continuous Improvement CHECK CHECK CHECK ACT ACT ACT
  43. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. “When PDSA is used as it was intended, there is no separation between improving and managing work—they are part of the same cycle.” The Outstanding Organization, p. 120
  44. © 2013 The Karen Martin Group, Inc. Karen Martin, President 7770 Regents Road #635 San Diego, CA 92122 858.677.6799 ksm@ksmartin.com 44 For Further Questions Blog & newsletter: www.ksmartin.com/subscribe

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