Radio news announcing


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Radio news announcing

  1. 1. Broadcast News Announcing<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>A broadcast journalist is under the same obligations and constraints as a print journalist. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The responsibility for accuracy and completeness is no less demanding in radio and television than in newspaper.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Moreover, the impact of broadcast news is often considered to be greater than that of print. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The immediacy of live reports of events that are taking place as we see them, and the ability of video to convey the story, are just two (2) elements of coverage that print could not duplicate. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Broadcast, especially radio, is the medium most capable of responding instantly to breaking news. </li></li></ul><li>Radio News: Structure and Content<br />
  3. 3. Newscast<br /><ul><li>It involves nothing more than reading aloud a string of news stories.
  4. 4. It is a planned and structured assemblage of news, which encompasses some forms like reports, package, interview, hard news, soft news (feature), etc.</li></li></ul><li>Voice Report (Voicer)<br /><ul><li>The reporter delivers a minute or so, on a news topic.
  5. 5. It is signed off with the reporter’s name and affiliation (“This is Sandra Aguinaldo for News on Q.”)</li></li></ul><li>Voice-Actuality<br /><ul><li>It includes an actuality*, or a snippet of an interview, or other relevant audio from a newsmaker or news event</li></ul> * interview segment recorded on tape<br />
  6. 6. Hard News<br /><ul><li>Generally deals with breaking stories and ongoing events that are newsworthy because of their immediate impact on listeners (and viewers for TV) </li></li></ul><li>Soft News (feature news)<br /><ul><li>It is not necessarily linked to a time element or to a story of immediate impact. </li></li></ul><li>Requirements & Duties of a Broadcast Journalist <br />
  7. 7. 1. Broad Education<br /><ul><li>Knowing something about a wide variety ofsubjects is a great plus.
  8. 8. Proper pronunciation of words and names is largely a result of formal and informal education.
  9. 9. An awareness of world events is important. </li></li></ul><li>After all, you can’t report the news without understanding the context in which events occur.<br />
  10. 10. 2. Writing Skills<br /><ul><li>Almost all broadcast news on-air people are required to write copy.
  11. 11. You must develop the ability to write for the ear in broadcast style. </li></li></ul><li>Remember: <br /> occupants of “read-only” positions generally got there through previous news positions in which they employed writing skills. <br />
  12. 12. 3. Ad-Lib Skills<br /><ul><li>It is especially important for the voice report which is frequently delivered live over the air. </li></li></ul><li>4. Interpersonal Skills<br /><ul><li>News gathering personnel must sometimes prod, flatter, or browbeat news sources, depending of the situation.
  13. 13. The ability to extract news requires finely honed interpersonal skills. </li></li></ul><li>Remember: <br />You are likely to encounter difficult situations in dealing with news sources, and often you must be particularly sensitive to the feelings of someone who is emotionally distraught. <br />
  14. 14. 5. News Sense<br /><ul><li>It is determining what is news and what is not and the ability to assess the relative importance of stories.
  15. 15. This ability is developed largely through experience and guidance from other professionals. </li></li></ul><li>News Style and Impact<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Style in broadcast news, in a general sense, concerns the way the news is presented.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>For a performer’s standpoint, the desired result of a particular style is to draw attention to the news,not to the newscaster.</li></li></ul><li>Factors that create STYLE & IMPACT<br />1. BELIEVABILITY. <br /><ul><li>ability to communicate without artificiality
  17. 17. enhanced by forthright speech devoid of any artificial patterns
  18. 18. enhanced by a knowledge of news and current events</li></li></ul><li>Factors that create STYLE & IMPACT<br />2. ENERGY. <br /><ul><li>keeps the listeners and viewers interested
  19. 19. performer must be interested in the copy in the first place</li></li></ul><li>Factors that create STYLE & IMPACT<br />3. AUTHORITY. <br /><ul><li>a variant of believability
  20. 20. convinces the audience that the newsperson knows what he or she is talking about</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Broadcasters are required by the very nature of their jobs to have something distinctiveabout their on-air appearance and delivery. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>An effective communicator of news must develop beyond being a reader of a copy.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>An important part of broadcast journalism is the interpretive role played by the newscaster, the energy, believability, and authority the newscaster imparts to the copy. </li></li></ul><li>One caution: <br />The development of your style must not affect content. Never let style distort facts. <br />
  21. 21. Gathering Radio News<br />
  22. 22. Newsgathering can be done by:<br />One person working with a telephone or recording device<br />A staff of street reporters equipped with portable recording gears, covering special beats<br />People in charge of editing and production<br />
  23. 23. News Director: <br /><ul><li>heads the radio news operations
  24. 24. executive in charge of staff and budget
  25. 25. reports to the station general manager</li></li></ul><li>Radio News Anchor<br /><ul><li> on-air performer who delivers the news to the listener
  26. 26. oversees and puts together the entire newscast
  27. 27. introduces stories produced by field reporters</li></li></ul><li>Radio Field Reporters<br /><ul><li> writes and reports stories from the scene of a news event</li></ul> <br /><ul><li> relies heavily on basic audio equipment or recorder to file an audio story (phone lines, mobile phone, two-way radios)</li></ul> <br />
  28. 28. Radio News Announcing<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>A radio journalist must make people visualize a story in the theater of the mind. </li></ul>Much of this responsibility is shouldered by the writer. <br />
  30. 30. <ul><li>The performer has to read accurately with expression and meaning. </li></ul>Much of this responsibility is shouldered by the writer. <br />
  31. 31. Painting Pictures with Words<br />1. Describe events with imagination.<br /><ul><li>Your words are virtually all the listener has to rely on.
  32. 32. Your ability to describe can be dramatically improved with practice.</li></li></ul><li>Painting Pictures with Words<br />2. Include sound in the story.<br /><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to incorporate acoustics of the environment in your story.
  33. 33. Never use sound effects records.</li></li></ul><li>Painting Pictures with Words<br />3. Make accurate mood changes. <br /><ul><li>Mood changes (between and among news stories) must be done with precision.
  34. 34. Don’t use the same pitch, pace, and rhythm for a report on a murder and for a story about starting a business. </li></li></ul><li>Painting Pictures with Words<br />4. Use and stress vivid words. <br /><ul><li>In radio, you have to paint a word picture.
  35. 35. Do not touch important words too lightly.</li></li></ul><li>Painting Pictures with Words<br />5. Pay attention to clarity in using actualities. <br /><ul><li>If you play an actuality during the delivery of a newscast, indentify the speaker before and if possible, after the actuality was played*. </li></ul>*’That was Dr. Lourdes Montinola, Chair, FEU Board of Trustees.’<br />
  36. 36. Painting Pictures with Words<br />6. Develop a system for gauging time. <br /><ul><li>Time yourself reading a copy whenever possible to gauge its length in terms of airtime.
  37. 37. Rate is faster in newscast than on a 30-sec. commercial. </li></li></ul><li>Radio News Announcing<br />On-air performance requires considerable skill in several areas:<br />
  38. 38. a. RATE<br /><ul><li>Reader must move along a comfortable pace.
  39. 39. Too fast: readers might miss important story elements
  40. 40. Too slow: energy is lost; listener’s attention is likely to wander
  41. 41. A comfortable conversational rate is the most effective rate. </li></li></ul><li>b. INFLECTION<br /><ul><li>It is probably the most crucial element of a reader’s delivery
  42. 42. A sing-song rate is deadly.
  43. 43. Avoid repetitive patterns.
  44. 44. Vary inflection enough so that patterns do not repeat, while guarding against inflections that do not fit the style of the copy. </li></li></ul><li>c. PITCH<br /><ul><li>Announcers who use too low or too high pitch will stand out because of the length of time listeners have to discern the fault.
  45. 45. Male announcers hitting an unnaturally low pitch can be deadly as inappropriate pitch stresses the voice.
  46. 46. Find the correct pitch for your voice.</li></li></ul><li>d. ERROR-FREE READING<br /><ul><li>This is reading without stumbling and with accurate pronunciation.
  47. 47. Of course, everyone stumbles at some point , in a format that demands continuous reading for several minutes.
  48. 48. But remember, there are no second takes in live on-air work. </li></li></ul><li>e. PROPER PRONUNCIATION<br /><ul><li>Words and names must not be mispronounced.
  49. 49. Listeners associate the credibility of a station with the news reader on the air.
  50. 50. If you mispronounce a name or a place, you bet someone listening knows you did. </li></li></ul><li>Remember: <br />Credibility is crucial. Flaws are magnified many times over, while the absence of flaws won’t be noticed much.<br /> The most important element is the news. NOT YOU. <br />