Google and Beyond: NOT Google


Published on

Slides for a workshop held for NHS South West in Exeter and Bristol. This session was on alternatives to Googl

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Google and Beyond: NOT Google

  1. 1. Google and Beyond: not Google NHS South West Monday, 11th November 2013, Exeter Thursday, 14th November 2013, Bristol X X X Karen Blakeman, RBA Information Services,,, Slides will be available on and Also available temporarily at 17/11/13 1 This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  2. 2. Bing/Yahoo Yahoo now uses Bing’s database, commands and ranking algorithms No advanced search screen - use commands. List at Advanced Operator Reference filetype: site: inbody: inurl: AND, NOT, OR parentheses for complex Boolean searches NEAR:n where n is a number, specifies that the terms must be within that number of words of each other and in any order - director NEAR:3 marketing 17/11/13 2
  3. 3. 17/11/13 3
  4. 4. 17/11/13 4
  5. 5. Bing Results seem to be more consumer/retail focused – more ‘shopping’ than research – results improve as soon as you start using the advanced search commands Sometimes more up to date than Google – updates sites more frequently – adds new sites more quickly – useful if you are looking for information on a new company or organisation Many features and options available to US users only – changing your location does not always work – using anonymous proxy does not always work Excellent for images 17/11/13 5
  6. 6. Bing images 17/11/13 6
  7. 7. DuckDuckGo – Does not track, does not personalise Results are a compilation of about 50 sources including Wikipedia, Wolfram Alpha, Bing, Blekko and its own Web crawler DuckDuckBot Advanced search commands include: site: inbody: intitle: filetype: sort:date to sort by date (uses results from Blekko) region:cc (e.g. de) to boost a country DuckDuckGo Syntax DuckDuckGo – silly name but a neat little search tool 17/11/13 7
  8. 8. DuckDuckGo 17/11/13 8
  9. 9. Millionshort Million Short: unearthing information hidden in the dungeons of Google’s results – Uses Bing API plus other sources Great for finding specialist articles that Google buries beyond reach Removes top 10k sites from results - can change to top million, 100k, 1k, 100 Can add sites back in, can block sites Can “Boost!” sites so that they always appear at the top Can use site: and filetype: commands Country versions give different results (under Manage Settings and 17/11/13 Country) 9
  10. 10. Million Short 17/11/13 10
  11. 11. Yandex – for filetype use mime: diabetic retinopathy mime:pptx – has an advanced search screen at Blekko Ask Teoma – all three support filetype: and site: 17/11/13 11
  12. 12. 17/11/13 12
  13. 13. WolframAlpha Computational knowledge engine, curated data Click Examples, Random, or an image in the homepage background to get an idea of what it covers 17/11/13 13
  14. 14. 17/11/13 14
  15. 15. Free specialist tools for research information and grey literature (anything but Google Scholar!) 17/11/13 15
  16. 16. Microsoft Academic Search Journal articles, pre-prints, post-prints, conference proceedings, reports and white papers Free to use but the full text of some papers can only be viewed on payment of a fee to the original journal publisher Author may have several different profiles and articles may be assigned to wrong author Sometimes very slow to load Uses Silverlight for the charts 17/11/13 16
  17. 17. Microsoft Academic Search 17/11/13 17
  18. 18. Microsoft Academic Search 17/11/13 18
  19. 19. Open access US All research publications resulting from work funded by the US National Institutes of Health are expected to be made freely available and deposited in PubMed Central ( – some material embargoed for up to 12 or 24 months ( – Europe PubMed Central ( part of PMC network of international repositories UK 1st of April 2013 - researchers at UK Research Institutions are expected to publish as open access any peer‐reviewed research papers and conference proceedings that acknowledge Research Council UK funding 17/11/13 19
  20. 20. UK Gold versus Green OA Gold OA – researchers publish their articles in journals that offer open access publishing (can be established, conventional publishers) – articles can be made available free of charge to readers immediately – author or institution/department pays article processing fee – copyright license CC-BY Green OA – researchers deposit copies of articles in an institutional or subject-based repository, subject to copyright/license permissions – repository makes copies available to the public either immediately or embargoed (more common) – period of embargo varies (for example – copyright license CC-BY-NC 17/11/13 20
  21. 21. Fragmentation of open access Where are the open access publications? – Individual OA articles within existing subscription journals? – Separate OA journals? – Publishers web site? – Author’s website – Institutional repositories – Aggregators e.g. Scopus, Web of Science, Google? – “Predatory publishers” • see Jeffrey Beall’s list at 17/11/13 21
  22. 22. Institutional repositories and open access BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine CORE (COnnecting Repositories) DART-Europe E-theses Portal DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals Institutional Repository Search (IRS) Open DOAR RIAN - Pathways to Irish Research ROAR - Registry of Open Access Repositories OpenAIRE 17/11/13 22
  23. 23. Specialist search tools for research information A selection can be found at BioMed Central ChemSpider Deep Web Technologies Mednar Science Research WorldWideScience 17/11/13 23
  24. 24. Specialist search tools for research information PubMed Central Europe PubMed Central Mendeley Open Biology Scirus [closing in 2014] 17/11/13 24
  25. 25. Grey literature Literature that has been “peer reviewed” or assessed/approved in some way by colleagues or subject experts but is not easy to find or access Print run may have been small, possibly never published electronically Published on the web but page or site is no longer available. (Use web archives e.g. Research & technical papers, government reports, pre-prints, market surveys, press releases, committee papers, conference papers, presentations Use advanced search commands to try and track down information GreyNet International, Grey Literature Network Service – – 17/11/13 25
  26. 26. Images Creative Commons and public domain images – Flickr Creative Commons – Wikimedia Commons – – Wellcome Images – Most of the images on US government web sites – Nasa 17 November 2013 Karen Blakeman 26
  27. 27. Statistics 17/11/13 27
  28. 28. 17/11/13 28
  29. 29. Official statistics NHS Statistics Links – UK National Statistics Publication Hub – Office for National Statistics – Welsh Government | Statistics – Welsh Assembly Government StatsWales – – Eurostat – European Union Open Data Portal – 17/11/13 29
  30. 30. NHS Statistics Links CategoryId=Statistics 17/11/13 30
  31. 31. UK National Statistics & ONS, 17/11/13 31
  32. 32. Publication Hub ( is an “index” to what is available and links through to other sites when necessary. ONS ( only shows reports since 2008 even if there are earlier editions. Use the Publication Hub to search for the report title/series. Once you have found an edition of the title click on “Current and past editions” to see the list of editions available. Then click on the relevant report. 17/11/13 32
  33. 33. Publication Hub search ( 17/11/13 33
  34. 34. 17/11/13 34
  35. 35. Not all of the data on this site is open data – may be restrictions on use Download links sometimes take you to the wrong dataset Download links sometimes completely broken It’s all or nothing! Have to filter the datasets for the information you want and produce your own graphs and charts Variety of formats 17/11/13 35
  36. 36. Eurostat 17/11/13 36
  37. 37. European Union - Open Data Portal 17/11/13 37
  38. 38. Datamarket Open portal to datasets worldwide and market research Creates visualisations of the data 17/11/13 38
  39. 39. Zanran Searches graphs, charts, tables, PDFs, spreadsheets Can limit by location of server, date, and filetype Title in results list is usually the title or caption to the table and not title of the document Hover over the thumbnail to see a preview of the table or page Click on the URL button next to the result to view the original URL of the document – clicking on it may take you to “page not found” 404 Click on the title of the result to see Zanran’s own copy (free registration usually required Useful if document no longer available at it’s original location and can’t be found in any of the web archives 17/11/13 39
  40. 40. Zanran Zanran – great for data in tables, charts and graphs 17/11/13 40
  41. 41. Tracking down websites and pages that have disappeared 17/11/13 41
  42. 42. UK Government Web Archive | The National Archives Browse by category or choose your organisation from an A-Z list Choose the date of the archived version of the website you want to view 17/11/13 42
  43. 43. 17/11/13 43
  44. 44. Wayback Machine 17/11/13 44