Scottish legalhistorygrouppresentationslides


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Slides for presentation given 1 October 2011 at the Scottish Legal History Group annual meeting held at the Advocates Library, Edinburgh

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Scottish legalhistorygrouppresentationslides

  1. 1. Advocates’ Libraries in Early Eighteenth Century Edinburgh Scottish Legal History Group 1 October 2011 Karen Baston Doctoral Research Student School of Law, University of Edinburgh [email_address]
  2. 2. <ul><li>Edinburgh Regent </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of the Law of Nature & Nations at Edinburgh University </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Solicitor General </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Lord of Session (Lord Tinwald) </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Justice Clerk </li></ul><ul><li>Book Collector </li></ul>Charles Areskine of Alva (1680-1763)
  3. 3. The Library Catalogue of the Most Learned Lord, Charles Areskine of Barjarg, Solicitor General 1731 . • Lists 1290 Titles • Divides Books into Legal & Miscellaneous Categories • Legal Library has evidence of interest in concerns of legal humanism as well as books for legal practice • Miscellaneous Library shows engagement with Scottish Enlightenment culture & British culture in general Charles Areskine’s Library Catalogue
  4. 4. The University Library, former Béguinage Chapel, from Les Délices de Leyde (1715) Leyden Scholars Leyden: A Place for Books
  5. 5. Sir John Clerk of Penicuik ‘ I think every man who has studied here at Leiden should at his return enter advocate, if it were only to let people see he has spent his time to the purpose.’
  6. 6. Book Stalls in Westminster Hall Allan Ramsay’s Library and Bookshop, c . 1726 St Giles with Shops Places to Buy Books: London and Edinburgh
  7. 7. Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh Lawyer, Politician, Scholar Recommendations for the Advocates Library: Law – primary discipline History, Rhetoric, Criticism – aspects of legal study
  8. 8. Catalogues of the Advocates Library 1692 and 1742
  9. 9. Two libraries of ‘…the greatest Schollar, who is a states-man in Europe: For to hear you talk of books, one would think you had bestowed no time in studying men; and yet to observe your wise conduct in affairs, one might be induced to believe, that you had no time to study Books’. – George Mackenzie, ‘Epistle Dedicatory’, in The laws and customs of Scotland, in matters criminal (1678) The Duke of Lauderdale’s Libraries: Thirlestane Castle and Ham House
  10. 10. Libraries for Scottish Lawyers Library at Newhailes Built 1718-1722 Library at Arniston House Built 1726-1732
  11. 11. A Law Library in 1703 From Burkhard Gotthelf Struve, Bibliotheca iuris selecta (Ienae: Apud E.C. Bailliar, 1703); 17 cm. Yale Law Library, BiblC St896. From Burkhard Gotthelf Struve, Bibliotheca iuris selecta (Ienae: Apud Christian. Henr. Cuno, 1743); 21 cm. Yale Law Library, BiblC St896 1743. and in 1743
  12. 12. Nicol Graham & Friends in a Library Gawen Hamilton, c .1730 National Gallery of Scotland Detail of 1743 image from Struve’s Bibliotecha iuris selecta Learned Drawing Rooms
  13. 13. Cicero…stopt a while…at Antium , where he had lately rebuilt his house, and was now disposing and ordering his library…. Atticus lent him two of his Librarians to assist his own , in taking Catalogues, and placing books in order; which he calls the infusion of a soul into the body of his house . Conyers Middleton, The history of the life of Marcus Tullius Cicero , 2 (London: Printed for W. Innys, at the West-End of St Paul’s, 1741), p. 57. (QM 103)
  14. 14. … history informs us of nothing new or strange….Its chief use is only to discover the constant and universal principles of human nature, by showing men in all varieties of circumstances and situations, and furnishing us with materials from which we may form our observations and become acquainted with the regular springs of human action and endeavour. David Hume An enquiry concerning human understanding With thanks to: