Mpa res 2 how to write your full blown research proposal


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Mpa res 2 how to write your full blown research proposal

  2. 2. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Introduction (2-3 pages)- a prelude to research problem in macro approach- short but substantive write-up with highlight of relevant literature to present the scope of the study and its problem- use statistics and literature that can present state of the problem to rationalize the research, but no diagram and tables- link with the purpose of study
  3. 3. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Background of the Study (1-2 pages)- state clear reasons in pursuing the topic- present the context in which topic is viewed on micro-approach and area of investigation- cite briefly the setting of the study with historical description, participants/respondents
  4. 4. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Theoretical Framework (2-3 pages)- describe and explain the theory/theories on which to anchor the problem drawn from related literature and studies- clarify relationship between and among the major concepts of the theory/theories and its proponent- if any, original model is presented as is; otherwise draw the diagram of theory
  5. 5. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Conceptual Framework (2-3 pages)- discuss the elements of the cited theory/theories as applied in the study- replace concepts of the theory/theories with study variables- explain the relationships of the variables founded on the theory/theories- draw the conceptual diagram showing study variables
  6. 6. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Statement of the Problem (2-3 pages)- present the research problem in interrogatory form- start research problem with a short introductory paragraph on the intent of the study- close with the main research question
  7. 7. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Sub-Problems/Research Objectives (1 page)- clear, definite and measurable statement or sub-problems/objectives (intentions)- sub-problems (also in question form) as breakdown of main problem and objectives to show intentions of research (infinitive to + research action word), do not repeat the main problem in the sub-problems- number and sequence (grade) the statements of sub-problems/objectives- serve as point of reference in reporting findings
  8. 8. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Assumptions and/or Hypotheses (1/2 page)- state assumptions that identify relevant statements that were taken for granted and not verified by the study, no variable testing- state hypothesis if variables relationship will be tested (bi- variates/multi-variates)
  9. 9. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Significance of the Study (1-2 pages)- present the contributions of research to various sectors (to the field, society, government/organizations)- address theoretical and practical significance- explain in paragraph form addressing each sector in relating importance of the study findings
  10. 10. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Scope and Limitations of the Study (1-2 pages)- state limits of the locus (location and sampling)- state the extent of mode of investigation (modus)- state limits of subject matter covered (focus)- weaknesses of the study beyond control of the researcher- state inability/restrictions of the study in generalizing the findings
  11. 11. Chapter 1 – The ResearchProblem and Its Background Operational Definitions (1-2 pages)- not dictionary definitions but define based on literature cited with relevance to study- limit to important terms/concepts/variables used in the study- arrange terms alphabetically- define theoretical terms with proper attribution of source (using APA)- operationalize definition with reference to variables of the study
  12. 12. Chapter II – Review of RelatedLiterature and Studies Related Literature (10-15 pages)- comprehensive, up-to-date and relevant- follow research trails – human trail (interviews and primary sources), paper trail (secondary materials by foreign and local authors, printed documents) and electronic trail (cyber, CDs, AV)- synthesize collated information, and integrate ideas (do not cut and paste) relevant to your study- document sources and avoid plagiarism- present the review thematically with appropriate sub-headings anchored on variables of the study (outlining helps)
  13. 13. Chapter II – Review of RelatedLiterature and Studies Related Studies (2-5 pages)- cite documented studies from local and foreign researches- use theses/dissertations/research journals in locating studies related to your own topic- summarize findings of study in citation of related studies
  14. 14. Chapter III – ResearchMethodology Research Design (1 -2 pages)- discuss plan of study generally classified as descriptive, exploratory or experimental- establish if research is quali or quanti- explain purpose of the study- identify method used whether survey, content analysis, case study etc.- describe the details in variables and interventions to be made by researcher
  15. 15. Chapter III – ResearchMethodology Sample and Sampling Technique (1-2 pages)- describe the sample or units of analysis (sampling locale, sampling size, sampling technique whether probability – random, stratified or cluster, or non-probability – purposive, snowball, quota, census)- describe characteristics of samples- state eligibility requirements for participation of respondents/participants- mention method of determining sample size like use of Slovin’s Formula and compute how size was derived
  16. 16. Chapter III – ResearchMethodology Instrumentation (2-3 pages)- describe the instrument used (e.g. questionnaire, interview guide, coding sheet etc.)- present the major parts of the instrument based on method used- include the range of scores and give interpretation like Likert scale etc.- describe the construction of instrument, tell if adapted from another instrument but with permission- describe the pilot testing (pre-test) of instrument
  17. 17. Chapter III – ResearchMethodology Data Collection Procedures (1 page)- describe data collection in clear, step by step manner- describe the distribution of instrument and instructions given including locale and time- discuss precautions on ethics and human rights and procedures to avoid intrusion- discuss types of data collected, whether primary or secondary and source of such information
  18. 18. Chapter III – ResearchMethodology Statistical Treatment of Data and Formula (1 page)- state analytic procedures employed and provide computational formula and state level of significance to specific data- describe the general statistics to show sample demographics like %, ranking, means etc.- inferential statistics such as chi-square, ANOVA, t-test etc. will be used to show hypothesis testing