Pp103 cleveringa enabling conditions cta ifad

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  • Why
  • Nobody expects a global deal at Cancun, but there will surely be one before too long. Associated with this will be financing for both adaptation and mitigation. It’s vital that agriculture is understood to have a key role to play and that the needs and interests of the farming and food communities in developing countries are reflected,” Steer said.
     
    He WB Special Envoy on AG and CC resilience at The Hague 3 Nov 2010.continued, “There has been a sad history of under-investment in agriculture over the past decades which must be reversed. Things have changed for the better recently, but still not enough. African countries have committed to increasing spending on agriculture to 10% of their national budgets, and progress towards that goal has begun. And international supporters are doing more. World Bank Group financing for agriculture, for example, has increased by 60% over the past six years, and doubled in Africa. A strong IDA 16 replenishment will be essential to help maintain the momentum of the renewed focus on agriculture.”
  • Education
    Gender
    Knowledge Mgt & Innovation
    Rural Institutions
    Decentralization
    Private Sector
    Research & Devt
    Finance (micro)
    Finance (macro)
  • Pp103 cleveringa enabling conditions cta ifad

    1. 1. Conducive policy environments for effective investment in water Rudolph Cleveringa, IFAD Johannesburg, November 2010 r.cleveringa@ifad.org
    2. 2. Rural Poverty in Africa: over 400m and growing
    3. 3. Scope for improvement
    4. 4. Where and what does it bring
    5. 5. Where is the money? Yes, China can Transparency International Guardian land grabs Remittances?
    6. 6. Russian Dolls: Embeddedness– Water Governance in Fragile States
    7. 7. It is all a matter of scale Farmer in field-take Haiti if no other Kevin Cocha water wars Water towers
    8. 8. Who to break the impasse? • Policy levels • NEPAD/CAADP Pillar 1 • AMCOW, AU, ECOWAS • CGIAR Reform Programme • Global Donor Platform for Rural Development • World Business Council • World Water Council • UN Water, UNECA, UNCCD • Etc • The real issues; – Agricultural trade restrictions – The ‘hidden’ tied-aid agenda
    9. 9. 0 to 5 per cent of GDP Libya 0.3 Gabon 0.6 South Africa 0.6 Botswana 1.0 Cameroon 1.5 Cote D'Ivoire 1.6 Zambia 1.8 Sudan 2.0 Chad 2.1 Angola 2.2 Tanzania 2.4 Egypt 3.4 Swaziland 3.4 Kenya 3.8 Mauritania 3.9 Ethiopia 4.4 Malawi 4.6 Algeria 4.7 Nigeria 4.7 Central African Republic 4.9 Annual remittances to Africa 38.6 billion USD Over 25 per cent of GDP Liberia 25.8 Cape Verde 34.2 Eritrea 37.9 Somalia Est. up to 60% 10 to 25 per cent of GDP Morocco 10.7 Sierra Leone 11.6 Mali 12.5 Gambia 17.0 Comoros 21.1 Burundi 22.8 Lesotho 24.1 5 to 10 per cent of GDP Tunisia 5.1 Benin 5.5 Madagascar 5.7 Republic of Congo 5.7 Niger 5.8 Rwanda 6.0 Togo 6.4 Ghana 6.6 Uganda 6.9 Zimbabwe 7.2 Democratic Republic of the Congo 7.4 Mozambique 7.4 Senegal 7.2 Burkina Faso 8.2 Guinea 8.6
    10. 10. Business as un-ususal: using innovations • Incentives/fellowships • Labour saving for women • Knowledge Management and communication • Rural Citizen building • Governance & Name-and- Shame • Economic Zones and Tax Breaks • Anticipate markets and consumer behaviour • Water and Nutrient recycling • Fancy finance (micro) • Fancy finance (macro) • F2F, CAPNET, Universities • Domestic water and technology, Multiple Use, Literacy • Smart ICT Africa, Networks, COP’s, Envt services • L&W rights, WUAs, Water parliaments, decentralization • Anti-corruption, Mo Ibrahim Prize • RAI, VC, out-grower schemes, non- ag labour (‘maquila’) • Convenience food, packaging & labelling on farm • Peri-urban ag and waste water mining • Remittances, insurances • Cash transfers, vouchers, subsidies, buy-outs • Capturing Climate funds, BMGF, etc
    11. 11. More of it, and now – in a transparent, accountable way!

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