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Create A Dry Tolerant Garden - AustraliaDocument Transcript
MitrePlAn PrOJeCt PlAnner Create a dry tolerant garden• An easy-to-follow guide to achieving a perfect result.• Outlines all the tools you will need for the job. #14PLEASE NOTE:Before starting this project or buying any materials, it is worth your time toread all steps thoroughly first to be sure you understand what is required.Mitre 10 is proudly Australian owned. mitre10.com.au
Step 3: Plant ChoiceYou have drawn up a plan, prepared the soil, updated Shrubs, perennials and ground covers Lily Pily, Native Hibiscus, Native Rosemary, Trees Create a dry tolerant Bangalow Palm, Crepe Myrtle, Create a dry 3 Steps to Success tolerant gardenyour irrigation system and considered for mulch. It is Thryptomene species, Wattles, Wax Flower, Tea- Olive Tree, Gleditsia, Ornamentalnow time for the really fun stuff—choosing plants! Trees, Grevillea species, Woolly Bush, Crowea species, Cushion Bush, Fringed Lily, Kangaroo Paw, garden – with a little Pear, Pencil Pine and New Zealand Cabbage Palm. Step 1: Planning As with any garden, the planning process isSelecting a garden style when planning can deliverconformity and structure in its final visual effect. Native Fuchsia, Pimelea species, Dampiera species, Dianella species, Lomandra species, Scaevola help from Mitre 10. Shrubs, perennials and ground possibly the most important thing you will do.Many home gardens are a hybrid of different styles. covers Take time to make a list of features you would species and Strawflowers. like including edible gardens, lawn areas, flowerOnce again, the most important thing is to group Being a waterwise gardener has become a Bird-of-Paradise, Mother-in-Lawsplants together according to the drop rating. Climbers Tongue, New Zealandmost Cycad, necessity for Flax, Australian homeowners. beds, screening plants, children’s play areas and Hardenbergia species, Golden Snake Vine, Native Lily Pily, Dietes change Agave, Climate species, and reduced water stocks outdoor entertaining areas.Some Possible Garden Styles Wisteria, Wonga Wonga Vine and Kennedia species. Kalanchoe, Liriope species and for all Australians have made it necessary AspectMediterranean gardens are perfectly suited Cottage gardens are typically associated with Succulents. to carefully consider how they plan their It is really important to understand the aspect ofto many regions of Australia and plants from this cooler European climates in which rainfalls are Climbers gardens. Despite the challenges associated your garden. Investigate where the sun rises andcategory love hot, dry summers. Some of the best regular and often heavy. Fortunately, it is still possible Pandorea species, issues, it is still possible to have with these sets, which areas receive the most amount of‘one drop’ plants for a Mediterranean garden include: to have a garden with all of the benefits of a cottage Chinese Star Jasmine and sun, which areas are shaded for periods of the the garden style and plants you want whilstTrees garden without needing the additional water. Some of Bougainvilleavery little water. day and which areas are subject to strong winds. the best ‘one drop’ plants for a native garden include: using species. All of these elements will help to determine theCrepe Myrtle, European Fan Palms, Olive Tree, Mixed-styled gardens are a best plants for certain areas.Wattle, Various Citrus trees, Pencil Pine, Various Trees popular garden choice for manysuccess and carefully Planning is the key toConifers and Evergreen Ash. Crepe Myrtle and Judas tree. people. A minimalist the plants you use is imperative. considering garden out Understanding where the sun rises and sets of the front of the house might is a really important piece of knowledge toShrubs, perennials and ground covers Shrubs, perennials and ground covers Fortunately in Australia, there is a huge be perfect to complement the retain. Morning sun tends to be less harsh thanCeanothus, Oleander, Plumbago, Pomegranate, Ceanothus species, Cotoneaster, Plumbago, Wax range of plants, both indigenous to your part home but a tropical garden near afternoon sun and therefore plants can be chosenRosemary, Wormwood, Indian Hawthorn, Coprosma Flower, Butterfly Bush, Cape Daisy, Cat Mint, the entertaining areacountry or from other regions of this large out the accordingly. The sun is also higher in the summerspecies, Viburnum species, Native Rosemary, Evening Primrose, Fringed Lily, Gazania, Kangaroo back might suit the homeowner’s appropriate for our This project planner the winter. This creates different of the world, which are IMPORTANT: than it is in has been produced to provideYuccas, Coreopsis species, Gazania, Geranium, Paw, Lavender, African Daisy, Agapanthus, Dietes climate and water-efficient. This huge array and our experienced staff are available to areas of any basic information shaded areas and will mean some answer your lifestyle. Using the basic principlesLavender, Liriope species, New Zealand Flax, species, Geranium, Marguerite Daisy and Correa of certainplants can be used to create a dry tolerant have. However, this informationinis provided for use of garden styles can be questions you may garden will be in the sun the summer and notRosemary, Scaevola species, Succulents, Agave, species. good for gardeners who just want Australian understanding that in the 10 is not liable for any loss or garden’s garden in any style, from on the native Mitre winter. When investigating your damageButterfly Bush, Cat Mint, Seaside Daisy, Kalanchoe, Climbers which is suffered or incurred (including but not limited tothe season, aspect, it is important to consider indirect or their garden to be functional, cottage to modern to Mediterranean toRock Rose and Wormwood. Sollya species and Pandorea species. attractive and water efficient. For of anyconsequential loss), for any as what you see today will to property suffered minimalist or a mixture of the themes. personal injury or damage be a little different inClimbers those who want to add their own or sustained as a result of using the information containeddifferent again in six three months time and a little in this MitrePlan Tropical gardens look lush, leafy and conjure up Project Planner. Mitre 10 advises you to call in a qualified tradesperson, months time.Bougainvillea species, Native Wisteria, Ornamental touch Water-efficient plants are plants which not of flair and creativity to their images of holidays on tropical islands. Such a vision such as an electrician or plumber, where expert services are required,and fruiting grapes, Pandorea species and Potato garden, the use small amounts of water but also only opportunities are is quite easy to recreate in your own garden using and to independently assess any safety precautions that will need to becreeper. endless. The most important thing have particular skills which enable them to using the information in this MitrePlan Project Planner. followed prior to water-efficient plants. Densely-planted garden beds is to consider the water efficiency more effectively. use the water they receiveNative gardens are often low maintenance and help ensure the tropical look and water efficiency. of your plant choices.are obviously perfectly suited to our environment Some of the best ‘one drop’ plants for a native Some plants like succulents store hugewhile at the same time supporting the existence and garden include: amounts of water in their leaves; others like may be by laws or regulations of councils or other WARNING: Thereintroduction of wildlife into the garden. With native statutory bodies that you must comply with when following this MitrePlan Shrubs, perennials and ground covers cerastiums have silver foliage which reflectsplants, it is possible to create a garden which will Project Planner. Lily Pily, Coprosma species, Cordyline species, the heat of the sun.offer colour all year round and grow with very littleadditional water. It is important to remember that Plumbago, Cycad, New Zealand Flax, Bromeliad, If you are planning a new garden ornative plant terminology refers to plants from Australia Mother-in-Laws Tongue, Bird-of-Paradise, Dietes revamping an old one, dry tolerant plantswhich has many different climatic conditions and species and Kaffir Lily. will be your number one priority. Coupledsoil types. If you’re looking for truly water-efficient Climbers Your local MITRE 10 Store is: with other waterwise practices like mulching,species that require no supplementary water once Pandorea species and Bougainvillea species. efficient irrigation and good plant care, youestablished then seek out local or endemic plant Modern minimalist gardens are very basic in can create a garden oasis without impactingspecies that originate from your local area. Some of structure; they tend to use only a few plants in mass.the best ‘one drop’ plants for a native garden include: your local water supply. They have become very popular as they suit theTrees modern Australian home’s architecture. It is very easyBanksia species, Gum Trees, Kurrajongs, Native to create watering zones in minimalist gardens as IMPORTANT:Frangipani, Blueberry Ash, Bottlebrush, Wattles plants are generally grouped together in mass. Some Not all Mitre 10 stores have For your local store phone 1300 001 010and Paperbarks. of the best ‘one drop’ plants for a modern minimalist a gardencentre. mitre10.com.au garden include: Visit mitre10.com.au for more S
Protection and Shelter ‘Two drops’ plants will usually require a deep Step 2: Preparation fine droplets, these are less likely to be affected byOnce you know the hot spots in your garden, it is watering once a week once established. ‘Three windy conditions. Soil Improvementtime to consider ways in which you could cool it drops’ plants will usually require water twice a week, The most effective garden bed watering even once established. Soil improvement is one of the major steps tomore effectively. This can be easily achieved by applicators are dribblers, drippers and sub-surface creating a successful waterwise garden regardlesschoosing plants that will offer protection from winds, When planning watering zones in your garden, you inline watering systems. These soak the soil in a of the style or the plant choices. Local nativecover entertaining areas and offer shade during the should aim to have as many plants from the ‘one drop’ teardrop pattern which encourages roots to follow species can be started without additions to thesummer. list as possible and keep the others to a minimum. the water down deeply into the soil, reducing the natural soils. When planting out exotic species,Protecting your garden from the wind can be one As a general rule, the best way to set out your chances of the plant becoming water stressed adding a composted soil improver into the plantingof the best practices you can put in place to ensure watering zones is to have any ‘three drops’ plants as when the top soil dries on the hotter days. Such hole will greatly benefit the establishment andwater efficiency. Wind can cause evaporation loss close to the home as possible and use ‘one drop’ systems are easily adapted to both new and growth of the plant.from your soil and your plant’s leaves. Wherever plants around the outside. existing gardens. It is important to use a premium-quality soilpossible and practical, try to protect your garden by The front garden’s prime purpose is to look attractive improver and the Australian Standards 5-tick redplanting hedges and screening plants. and to complement the home. Therefore planting standard mark identifies the premium-quality blend.The range of great water-efficient screening plants hardy ‘one drop’ plants at the front of your property Where the soil is heavy and composed mainly ofare vast and varied. In cooler climates, Pittosporum, makes perfect sense. ‘One drop’ plants will survive clay, it is a good idea to mound up the plantingViburnum and Conifers are fantastic; where as with very little attention so you can be assured your area or raise the level of garden beds. In sandy,in warmer climates, Grevillea, Native Rosemary, front garden is always looking good and not wilting free-draining soils, aim to build up a ridge of soilBottlebrush, Lily Pily, Olive and New Zealand under the pressure of summer. around the planting area to encourage water toChristmas tree are ideal. ‘Two drops’ plants can be used in the most drain into the centre.Trees are also a perfect way to offer your garden frequented areas of the garden and include lawn The open free-draining nature of the soil improversome relief from the hot summer sun. Deciduous areas. When placing lawn in your garden, consider mixed at a 50/50 ratio with the garden soil typetrees are particularly good as they shade your garden how the areas are to be used. will encourage rapid establishment of a deeperin the summer but allow light through in the winter. In many cases, gardens have more area dedicated root system using less water.The correct placement of trees can ensure the to lawn than needed. If you need a good-sized lawn Watering Systemsmajority of your garden is given some relief from the area, make sure you are using hardy varieties. Asun through different parts of the day. It’s important a watering system is designed to Mulching smaller well-maintained lawn area will look much deliver water in the required volumes for specific Mulching will take place after planting but is worthSome great drought-hardy deciduous trees include better than a large un-kept area. needs. Technology continually improves in the considering at this point. A 100mm to 150mmGleditsia, Crepe Myrtle, Golden Rain tree, Ash, Some of the more popular garden plants come into development of direct delivery irrigation systems, thick layer of mulch should be placed evenlyOrnamental Pear and Chinese Elm. Many of the the ‘two drops’ category and if you group these and such systems are now readily available, cost all over your garden beds after planting. Mulchtrees are available in different foliage colours, shapes plants together, mulch well and protect from strong effective and easy to install. should be kept away from the plant’s stems, whichand sizes. winds, they will be fine. Where possible, try to limit The best watering system for lawns is a sub- encourages a bowling effect encouraging water toClimbing plants sprawling over patios, pergolas and the number of ‘two drops’ garden beds to only a few flow towards the plant, not away from it. surface irrigation system that delivers water directother outdoor areas can also help to offer relief from and have them in a position of the garden where you to the lawn’s root system. These systems are There are many different types of mulchesthe sun for people and other plants. can enjoy them. This also means you can monitor the placed under the turf before it is laid or can be cut available. Within densely planted garden beds, it isWater-efficient climbers like Bougainvillea, Sollya, plants easily. into the surface of existing lawn areas. better to use a composted organic product.Hibbertia, Hardenbergia and Pandorea look great ‘Three drops’ plants will be plants like vegetablesand are very hardy. which will require additional water during some timesWatering Zones of the year. Mulch these areas heavily and place themOnce you have determined the aspect of your close to taps where you can top up individual plantsgarden, you can identify areas where you can with a watering can when needed.plant trees and screening plants to offer additional A number of ‘three drops’ plants may be betterprotection. suited to pots with good potting mix and soil wetter.The next step is to determine what the purpose of Keeping the plants in pots will mean you can easilyeach area of the garden is going to be used for; move the plants around and place them in protectedthis is so that you can divide your garden up into positions throughout the year.watering zones. Which areas you would like to use Grouping ‘three drops’ plants together is imperativefor recreation and which areas will be used for show. as it is important you only apply extra water to plantsWatering zones can be broken up into three main that really need it. If you are to use pop-up sprinklers in your lawncategories: ‘one drop’ (lowest water use), ‘two drops’ Even in your veggie garden, it is important to keep area, strongly consider using stream-thrown,and ‘three drops’. plants in zones as many herbs fall into the ‘two drops’ low-volume sprinklers. Two main types are readily or even ‘one drop’ category and other vegetables available: gear-driven irrigators, which send out‘One drop’ plants are plants which once established a single stream up to 6m long and streamingshould not be watered any more than once a week will be ‘two drops’ plants when growing and become ‘three drops’ plants when they start to mature before sprinklers, which work by directing fingers of waterin typical summer conditions, in most cases they will that rotate in unison and cover a 2m to 9m radius.survive for much longer. harvest. As a result of throwing water in streams rather than
TreesBangalow Palm, Crepe Myrtle, Create a dry tolerant gardenOlive Tree, Gleditsia, OrnamentalPear, Pencil Pine and NewZealand Cabbage Palm.Shrubs, perennials and groundcoversBird-of-Paradise, Mother-in-LawsTongue, New Zealand Flax, Cycad,Lily Pily, Dietes species, Agave,Kalanchoe, Liriope species andSucculents.ClimbersPandorea species,Chinese Star Jasmine andBougainvillea species.Mixed-styled gardens are apopular garden choice for manypeople. A minimalist garden outof the front of the house mightbe perfect to complement thehome but a tropical garden nearthe entertaining area out theback might suit the homeowner’s IMPORTANT: This project planner has been produced to providelifestyle. Using the basic principles basic information and our experienced staff are available to answer anyof certain garden styles can be questions you may have. However, this information is provided for usegood for gardeners who just want on the understanding that Mitre 10 is not liable for any loss or damagetheir garden to be functional, which is suffered or incurred (including but not limited to indirect orattractive and water efficient. For consequential loss), for any personal injury or damage to property sufferedthose who want to add their own or sustained as a result of using the information contained in this MitrePlan Project Planner. Mitre 10 advises you to call in a qualified tradesperson,touch of flair and creativity to their such as an electrician or plumber, where expert services are required,garden, the opportunities are and to independently assess any safety precautions that will need to beendless. The most important thing followed prior to using the information in this MitrePlan Project Planner.is to consider the water efficiencyof your plant choices. WARNING: There may be by laws or regulations of councils or other statutory bodies that you must comply with when following this MitrePlan Project Planner. Your local MITRE 10 Store is:IMPORTANT:Not all Mitre 10 stores have For your local store phone 1300 001 010a gardencentre. mitre10.com.au