View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
The effects of ChildrenReceiving the Influenza Vaccination in Comparison to School Absenteeism Karalyn Gonzalez Argosy University
Hello everyone, my name is Karalyn Gonzalez; I attend Argosy University. I will be giving a narrative summary of the effects of children receiving the influenza vaccination in comparison to school absenteeism.
What is a vaccination? Research Question Hypothesis Objective SampleAbstract
To start off with lets go over some basics: -A vaccination contains the killed virus and is injected into the muscle; it is approved for people ranging from 6 moths old through 65 years old. -The vaccination for influenza, or more commonly known as, flu vaccine, is to protect people from contacting the influenza virus. -Influenza is an acute respiratory infection with high morbidity and a significant mortality; it causes complications in very young people and in very old people. -Symptoms include fever, cough, body aches, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, headaches, fatigue, vomiting, and diarrhea. My research question is, will children who receive the influenza vaccination be absent more or less than children who do not receive the vaccination. My hypothesis is that the children who do receive the vaccination will miss more days from school. The objective is to quantifiably report the number of missed school days in comparison with the number of children who received the vaccination. The sample of children will include school-aged children, grades kindergarten through eighth .
Summarization of findings from the article, Illness Among Schoolchildren during Influenza Season Strengths Weaknesses Does it support the author’s hypothesis?Literature
Summarization In the article, Illness Among Schoolchildren during influenza season, The total illness episodes including school absenteeism and parental absenteeism from work was significantly higher during influenza season compared with the noninfluenza season. For every 100 children followed up for this influenza season, which included 37 school days , an excess 28 illness episodes and 63 missed school days occurred. Similarly, for every 100 children followed up, influenza accounted for an estimated 20 days of work missed by the parents and 22 secondary illness episodes among family members . Conclusion from this article-influenza season has significant adverse effects on the quality of life of school- aged children and their families. Strengths This article was able to quantify the effect of influenza season on illness episodes, school absenteeism, and parental absenteeism from work. Weaknesses The article describes more than what the research question is asking and is therefore a little skewed in the quantity. This article does not support my hypothesis because I was more concerned with the quantity of school absenteeism compared to the quantity of children who received the vaccine. The article does however support the fact that the children are missing school during influenza season.
Summarization of findings from the article, The Impact of school-located influenza vaccination programs on student absenteeism: a review of the U.S. literature Strengths Weaknesses Does it support the author’s hypothesis?Literature
Summarization In the article, The Impact of school-located influenza vaccination programs on student absenteeism:a review of U.S. literature, the study done in Maryland vaccinated 46% of children in kindergarten through eighth grades. For 20% of the children vaccinated, there was a 4% decrease in the rise of absentee rates which occurred during the influenza outbreak periods in the elementary school . Results suggest both direct and indirect benefits of the influenza vaccination in young children. Strengths Involved a great sample of children with positive results in Maryland. Weaknesses Sample was only of children in Maryland and not the rest of the United States. This article does not support my hypothesis because I thought that the more children that received the vaccination, the more school days would be missed.
Summarization of findings from the article, Effectiveness of school-located influenza vaccination Strengths Weaknesses Does it support the author’s hypothesis?Literature
Summarization In the article, Effectiveness of school located influenza vaccination, the study contained a group of schools that received vaccinations and a group of schools that did not receive vaccinations. The group that did-11 schools. The group that did not–17 schools. Both of the groups had an increased absenteeism rate during the influenza outbreak. In the group of schools where children were given the vaccinations, the ones that did not receive them had a 6% increase in school absenteeism. It also resulted in a 4.7% increase of absences of other children and parents in corresponding households. In the group of schools where vaccination were not given, there was a 9% increase of school absenteeism during influenza season. Strengths The sample of children had a control group which was more effective when comparing absenteeism rates during influenza season with children who did receive a vaccination and children who did not receive a vaccination. Weaknesses The number of schools in each group was different which may have skewed the resulting numbers a little bit. Again this article does not support my hypothesis. There was significantly less number of days missed of school when the children received vaccinations.
General Results Research questions for future use to further develop the area of study Research topic relevant to current workConclusion
Children who receive the influenza vaccination have a decreased absenteeism rate from school during influenza season. Also, the households in which people are vaccinated contain a lower number of absenteeism rate from school and the workplace. When children do not receive the influenza vaccination the quantity of days missed from school increases. Some research question for future use to further develop this area of study could include: What are the effects on a household with children if the parental figures receive a vaccination as well? Would having sanitizer in the classrooms help eliminate student absenteeism? Would regular hand-washing procedures and hygiene education help reduce the student absenteeism rate during flu season? This current topic is important because it promotes a decreased number of student absenteeism during influenza season in schools. The vaccination will continue to improve to have as minimal side effects as possible.
H.F. Hull, C.S. Ambrose. The impact of school-located influenza vaccination programs on student absenteeism: a review of the U.S. literature. J School Nurs, 27 (1) (2011), pp. 34–42.J.C. King Jr., J.J. Stoddard, M.J. Gaglani, K.A. Moore, L. Magder, E. McClure et al. Effectiveness of school-located influenza vaccination. N Engl J Med, 355 (24) (2006), pp. 2523–2532.K.M. Neuzil, C. Hohlbein, Y. Zhu. Illness among children during influenza season: effect on school absenteeism, parental absenteeism from work, and secondary illness in families. Arch Pediatr Adoles Med, 156 (10) (2002), pp. 986–991.Key Facts about Influenza (Flu) & Flu Vaccine. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/flu/keyfacts.htmReferences
Thank you for joining me in the discussion of the effects of children receiving the influenza vaccination in comparison to school absenteeism. Have a great day!