ASIAAegean word ASU which meanssunriseLargest and most mountainousCovers almost a third of the earth’stotal land area.In it, is the world’s highest peak,Mt. Everest.
bounded on the N by the ARCTIC oceanto the S lies the INDIAN ocean with the Arabian sea, the Bay of Bengal and the South China sea.on the E is the Pacific oceanSoutheastern part is made up of many islands.
on the W, Asia is joined to Europe: the Ural Mountains and the Caspian sea form the boundary between the two continents.in the SW Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.It is linked to Africa by the narrow Isthmus of Suez, artificially cut by the Suez Canal.
Five Major RealmsEast Asia, including China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan
Southeast: Myanmar (formerly known asBurma), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam,Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, EastTimor and the Philippines
South Asia: India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, and Bhutan
West Asia: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey,Cyprus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Syria,Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen,Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain,and Kuwait.
North / Central: Area of Russiathat lies east of the Ural Mountains (Russian Asia) and the states ofCentral Asia that were formerly part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). These states areKazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
Facts about AsiaArea : 17,176,102 sq.mi. (44,485,900 sq.km.)Population: estimate of 4 billionHighest Point: Mt. Everest, Tibet-Nepal (29,028 ft. above sea level)Lowest Point: Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan (1,312 ft. below sea level)Largest Country: (by area) Russia, excluding European portion, 4,845,580 sq.mi.Largest Country: (by population) China. Estimate of 1.2 billionLargest Metropolitan Area: (by population) Tokyo, Japan Bombay, India Shanghai, ChinaLongest Rivers: Yangtze (Chiang Jiang); Yenisey-Angara (Russia)Largest Lakes: Caspian Sea (Asia-Europe),Lake Baikal(Russia)Largest Desert: Gobi Desert (China-Mongolia)
Asian Way of Life not only the largest but the most populous *Mongoloid people live in Eastern Asia and in most of Central Asia *Caucasoid people, related to the people of Europe, live in Southern Asia, Southwestern Asia and Siberia *Negroid people, similar to the peoples of Africa South of the Sahara, live in many of the islands of Southeastern Asia. Pygmies, called Negritos, live in Malaya and several of the largest of the islands.
> Asia also gave birth to all the world’s major religions. *Hinduism, main religion of India > Buddhism, developed in China and Japan *Confucianism, China’s other great religion *Shintoism, Japan’s traditional religion *Judaism, evolved among the ancient Israelites > Christianity > Islam
Mineral ResourcesAsia is so immense that it has a varied mineral and agricultural resources. But many of Asia’s mineral resources have not yet been fully exploited, and probably there are enormous mineral riches the locations of which are still unknown. Northern Asia – that is the Asiatic part of Russia – has a major coal deposits both in the E and in the W, and experts believe that there are vast untapped resources in the permafrost regions of the N. Oilfields are actively exploited to the N of the Caspian Sea and also on the long slender island of the Sakhalin, off the Pacific coast to the N of Japan
Other important minerals which the Russiansare extracting include asbestos, chrome, cobalt,copper, gold, iron, mercury, manganese, nickel,tin, silver, uranium and vanadium. In addition,the major rivers have been harnessed as asource of energy, and several industrial regionsare dependent on the hydro-electric power thatthey provide
> High performing Asian countries are mostly found in Eastern (Far and South) countries like: Japan, Hongkong, Taiwan, South Korea Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.> However, Asia has also both developing and poverty stricken countries like: Philippines, Bangladesh, Laos, and Kampuchea to name a few.
Side by side with economic boom in Asia ispopulation increase. Most populous cities inthe world are found in Asia. And by the nextcentury, Asia will become regions ofmegacities. With the population problem,cities are characterized by slum areas,increasing urban crime and prostitution,severe cause of pollution, traffic, etc. This isthe price the city folks of Asia’s tigers arepaying to live where they are today.
And though megacities are sprouting inAsia, still 75% of the Asians live in thecountryside. Asians way of life are stillcentered on the village, whether it is in theforest clearing, river valleys or upland plain.
Other important minerals which theRussians are extracting include asbestos,chrome, cobalt, copper, gold, iron, mercury,manganese, nickel, tin, silver, uranium andvanadium. In addition, the major rivers havebeen harnessed as a source of energy, andseveral industrial regions are dependent onthe hydro-electric power that they provide
Eastern Asia is rich in coal, and is known to have small deposits of a great many metal ores, particularly those of antimony and tungsten. One of the most important resources in this region is iron ore, but surveys have so far indicated only small amounts of petroleum.
Southwestern Asia is rich in petroleum and coal. The area around the Persian Gulf is one of the world’s chief sources of oil and there is also coal in Iran and Turkey
Southern Asia is rich in iron ore and also has valuable supplies of coal, the chief concentrations being found in India. The region also has some petroleum and Pakistan and Bangladesh both possess natural gas deposits. But other minerals are scarce, though much of Southern Asia has yet to be surveyed.
Agricultural, Fisheries and Land Use Two Asians out of every three live by farming. Many have their own small holdings where they grow just enough food for themselves (Subsistence ) and for their families; in bad years they often grow hungry.
The best agricultural lands are in Southern Asia,Southeastern Asia, Eastern and the southwesternpart of Siberia. The two chief subsistence cropsare rice and wheat. The largest crops of rice areproduced in China and the drier parts of India.Although improved agricultural methods and theuse of better seeds have led to a larger crop yieldsin recent years, many parts of Asia do not manageto grow enough food to support their inhabitantsif the weather is unfavorable and have to importwheat from North America.
A number of valuable crops are grown for export:Malaysia and Indonesia are major producers of rubber. Rubber trees are introduced to these countries from Brazil in the 1870’s.India, Sri Lanka and China produce most of the world’s tea. The island of the East Indies produce most of the world’s spices.Other important cash crops include cotton, citrusfruits, jute and tobacco.
Most of Central and Southwestern Asia isunsuitable for crop growing. But on the scantypasture-lands of these regions, nomadic(wandering) herdsmen tend goats, sheep andcattle. They also raise camels which areimportant means of transport.In Southern Asia cattle are little use for food; insome countries they are protected for religiousreasons and in other places they are protectedbecause they represent wealth. But they arewidely employed for ploughing and for drawingcarts.
Forests still cover large parts of Asia, including the remote areas of Siberia. The Russians extract a great deal of softwood timber from those parts of the forests that lie near rivers or railways. In Southeastern Asia, there are thick teak forests that are exploited for timber, but most of the forests of the islands, including the Indonesian islands are not fully exploited.
Fish are important as food in the coastal lands and islands of eastern Asia. Both China and Japan possess large fishing fleets which roam the waters of the northern Pacific in search of catches.
Southern Asia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Burma all rely heavily on fish as an item of food. River and lake fishing are important in many parts of southeastern Asia, particularly in the deltas of the great rivers, such as the Mekong. China, too, has lakes and rivers in some areas that are well stocked with fresh water fish
Japan possesses a major whaling fleet,which hunts not only in home waters butalso in the Antarctic Ocean. Edible seaweeds are collected by the Japanese, andsome of these valuable foodstuff isexported.
Land use is very uneven in Asia.Half of the world’s people live in six Asiancountries – China, India, Indonesia, Japan,Pakistan and Bangladesh.But huge areas of Central Asia and theArabian Peninsula are almost uninhabitedbecause they are desert or semi-desert.