Introduction to occupational_health___safety_file_1
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY-INTRODUCTION Presentation by M.S.S.Varadan Om Consultants (India) Pvt. Ltd.
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETYWhat is occupational health and safety ?• the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations;• the prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their working conditions; RMBA session 17/5/062C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
• the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health;• the placing and maintenance of workers in an occupational environment adapted to physical and mental needs;• the adaptation of work to humans. RMBA session 17/5/063C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
Health hazards • Dusts; • Gases; • Noise; • Vibration; • Extreme temperatures RMBA session 17/5/064C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
The Range of hazards • chemical hazards, arising from liquids, solids, dusts, fumes, vapours and gases; • physical hazards, such as noise, vibration, unsatisfactory lighting, radiation and extreme temperatures; • biological hazards, such as bacteria, viruses, infectious waste and infestations; RMBA session 17/5/065C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
• psychological hazards resulting from stress and strain;• hazards associated with the non- application of ergonomic principles, for example badly designed machinery, mechanical devices and tools used by workers, improper seating and workstation design, or poorly designed work practices. RMBA session 17/5/066C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
Health & Safety programmes• Workplace hazards are controlled – at the source whenever possible;• Records of any exposure are maintained for many years;• Both workers and employers are informed about health and safety risks in the workplace; RMBA session 17/5/067C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
• There is an active and effective health and safety committee that includes both workers and management;• Worker health safety efforts are ongoing. RMBA session 17/5/068C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
Some well known occupational diseasesare :• Asbestosis (caused by asbestos, which is common in insulation, auto-mobile brake linings, etc);• Silicosis (caused by silica, which is common in mining, sandblasting, etc); RMBA session 17/5/069C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
• Lead poisoning (caused by lead, which is common in battery plants, paint factories, etc);• Noise-induced hearing loss (caused by noise, which is common in many workplaces, including airports, and workplaces where noisy machines, such as presses or drills, etc. are used) RMBA session 17/5/0610C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
Health problems associated with poorworking conditions are :• Heart disease;• Musculoskeletal disorders such as permanent back injuries or muscle disorders;• Allergies;• Reproductive problems;• Stress-related disorders RMBA session 17/5/0611C O N SU N L O C K IN G U L T A N T S P EO P L E P O T E N T I A L
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