Mining Situation in the Philippines
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  • (KMP, 2007), (Ang Krisis sa Pagkain, Ibon Facts and Figures, April-May 2008)
  • (KMP, 2007), (Ang Krisis sa Pagkain, Ibon Facts and Figures, April-May 2008)
  • (KMP, 2007), (Ang Krisis sa Pagkain, Ibon Facts and Figures, April-May 2008)


  • 2. PH IS RICH INMINERAL RESOURCES  9M Ha or 30% of total land area has metallic mineral deposits  5th mineralized country in the world  3rd in gold, 4th in copper 5th in nickel  P47 trillion estimated industry worth (NEDA, 2004)
  • 3. MINING IS VITALTO DEVELOPMENT Modernization and mechanization of agriculture Metals and minerals as resource base for industrialization Electronics Precision instruments Machine tools Automobiles Infrastructure
  • 4. BUT...
  • 5. PH MINING IS... ExplorationMainly extractiveExport-oriented Mine DevelopmentDominated by TNCs and local Extraction mining elite InitialDependent on Processing foreign capital and Refining & technologies Smelting Fabricating
  • 6. RA 7942MINING ACT OF 1995 100% foreign ownership for biggest mining agreement (FTAA) over 81,000 ha over 25 years, renewable for 25 years Investment guarantees such as confidentiality of information, repatriation of capital Auxiliary rights such as water, timber, easement rights, entry into private lands
  • 7. Mining liberalization at a glance
  • 8. ECONOMICCONTRIBUTIONS MINIMAL 1.2% contribution of mining to GDP 0.6% of total workforce employed by mining, or only over 230,000 workers P22.33 Billion total exports of minerals & mineral products P393.9 Million total taxes, fees and royalties collected (source: DENR-MGB Q2 2011 statistics)
  • 9. ECOLOGICALDESTRUCTION WIDESPREAD Pollution of upland, agricultural, aquatic ecosystems with acid mine drainage, laterite and other spills (Claver, Rapu- Rapu, Marinduque) Forest cover loss in critical watersheds and biodiversity areas (Mining companies exemption from EO 23 or total log ban) 21 Abandoned mines replete with hazardous wastes
  • 10. SOCIALIMPACTS EXTENSIVE Economic dislocation through decreasing productivity and income on mining-affected peasants, fisherfolk and small-scale miners Community impacts such as land-grabbing, increased poverty incidence, disaster vulnerability, etc. Health impacts such as water contamination, skin diseases, respiratory diseases, etc.
  • 11. HUMAN RIGHTSVIOLATIONS BY MINING 36 recorded cases of anti-mining activist killings since 2001, 7 this 2011 Harassment to discourage public opposition (SLAPP on CEC- Phils, red-baiting on MEM) Militarization of communities and advocates through SCAAs, continuation of IDFs, approved by Aquino this 2011
  • 12. GREENWASH P2 Billion/year supposedly spent for environmental CSR programs by corporations that have track record of mining disasters (Philex in Negros, TVI-RD in Zamboanga, Rio Tuba, etc.) Massive PR with billions spent in TVCs, print ads and events communicating misleading information P2.6 billion spent by SMI in CSR, employment, taxes, operational costs and social service investments
  • 13. What is to be done?
  • 14. PEOPLESSTRUGGLE! Monitoring Education and information Scientific researches Organizing and alliances  Community-based POs  Sectoral and national formations Legislative lobbying  Provincial resolutions  Peoples Mining Bill
  • 15. PEOPLESSTRUGGLE!  Legal actions  Cases vs. HRVs, tax evasion  Writ of Kalikasan, EPO/TEPO  Protest actions and mobilizations  National: SC, DENR, Mining TNCs activities  Regional/Provincial: LGUs and mining project areas  Municipal: mining companies  International lobbying
  • 16. OUR CALLS Mining moratorium on new large- scale mining projects Repeal the Mining Act of 1995 Pass the Peoples Mining Bill Defend our Patrimony, respect our rights and sovereignty! Genuine agrarian reform and national industrialization