HIV?AIDS Education Revised

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HIV?AIDS Education Revised

  1. 1. HIV/AIDS Education: Separating Fact From Fiction Kalia M. Johnson, M.Ed. The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a disease that attacks the human immune system making it difficult and impossible to fight off diseases and illnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the virus that attacks the immune system cells that helps in fighting off diseases and illnesses. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview of Viruses <ul><li>Viruses are small organisms that cause diseases and infections. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no cures for viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>There are medications available to help you cope with viral infections. </li></ul><ul><li>When you have a viral infection, white blood cells combat to destroy the virus in your body. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Immunity & Viruses <ul><li>Your Immune System helps you fight off infections with the help of white blood cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Your Immune System is strengthen with vaccines and acquired immunity. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus <ul><li>HIV is the virus that attacks the immune system. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the virus is in your body it replicates itself in your cells. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV destroys t-cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>also known as white CD4 cells. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. HIV vs. Other Viruses <ul><li>HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Transmitted through blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Transmitted through sexual fluids. </li></ul><ul><li>Transmitted through breast milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys white blood cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Common Cold Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Airborne </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with contaminated objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with contaminated surfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Is attacked by white blood cells. </li></ul>
  7. 7. HIV Can Be Found In… <ul><li>Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Semen/ Ejaculate </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum) </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal Fluid/Secretions </li></ul><ul><li>Breast Milk </li></ul>
  8. 8. Routes of HIV Transmission <ul><li>Unprotected sex </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing intravenous drug needles. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles for other reasons, such as body piercing and tattoos. </li></ul><ul><li>Getting HIV-infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions into open wounds or sores. </li></ul><ul><li>Being deeply punctured with a needle or surgical instrument contaminated with the virus. </li></ul><ul><li>From a mother with HIV to her child during pregnancy, during birth or through breastfeeding. </li></ul>
  9. 9. HIV is Not Transmitted By… <ul><li>Touching someone with HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>Hugging someone with HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>Being in the same room with someone who has HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing cups and eating utensils. </li></ul><ul><li>Using water fountains, public restrooms, and swimming pools. </li></ul>
  10. 10. High Risks of Contracting HIV <ul><li>Multiple Sex Partners </li></ul><ul><li>Intravenous Drug Use </li></ul><ul><li>Not Using Protection With All Forms of Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Have or Had a Sexually Transmitted Infection </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ladder of Risk French Kissing/ Wet Open Mouth Kissing Intravenous Drug Use Unprotected Vaginal and Anal Sex Unprotected Oral Sex Mother to Child Transmission
  12. 12. HIV HIV Life Cycle 1
  13. 13. immune cell HIV Life Cycle 1 2
  14. 14. HIV enters immune cell HIV Life Cycle 3 2 1
  15. 15. immune cell programmed to reproduce HIV HIV: The Virus 4 3 1 2
  16. 16. HIV Life Cycle new viruses released, immune cell dies 5 4 3 1 2
  17. 17. antibodies HIV virus
  18. 18. HIV Testing <ul><li>HIV testing is done by testing your immune systems for HIV antibodies. </li></ul><ul><li>The HIV test is sent to a lab where it is ran through several test to see if HIV antibodies are present. </li></ul><ul><li>The HIV test does not test for the virus itself. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What’s the Big Difference? <ul><li>HIV Positive means that your body is producing HIV antibodies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can pass the HIV virus to someone else. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HIV Negative means your body is not producing HIV antibodies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, if you think you have been expose to HIV, you should have another test done in 6 months. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Window Period Testing <ul><li>Some clinics and hospitals offer window period testing. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of waiting six months to retest you can find out if you are infected with HIV within a month. </li></ul><ul><li>Window period testing looks for the HIV virus in your blood system. </li></ul><ul><li>Window period testing is not offered everywhere. </li></ul>
  21. 21. How Quickly Has HIV/AIDS Spread?
  22. 22. How Quickly Has HIV/AIDS Spread?
  23. 23. How Quickly Has HIV/AIDS Spread?
  24. 24. How Quickly Has HIV/AIDS Spread?
  25. 25. Wake Up Call!!! <ul><li>Most people find out that they are HIV positive in their 20s or 30s. </li></ul><ul><li>Most adults who find out they are HIV positive may have contracted the virus during their teen years. </li></ul><ul><li>African American women are the fastest growing group of HIV infections. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Living with HIV <ul><li>HIV is not a death sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>People with HIV live up to 10-20 years with no symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>There a medicines available to prolong life for HIV positive people. </li></ul>
  27. 27. HIV Infection Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>There are several stages of signs and symptoms of HIV infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen glands </li></ul><ul><li>Flu-like symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Many HIV infections do not show symptoms for up to 10 years. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Later Symptoms of HIV Infection <ul><li>Thrush </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent yeast infections </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic PID </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained Chronic Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Unexplained Weight Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Bruising Easily </li></ul><ul><li>Bouts of Diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Fevers </li></ul><ul><li>Night Sweats </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of Glands </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Shortness of Breath </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual Rashes </li></ul>
  29. 29. Can Two People Who Are HIV Positive Have Unprotected Sex??? <ul><li>ABSOLUTELY NOT! </li></ul><ul><li>There are different strands of the HIV Virus. </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance to Treatment </li></ul>
  30. 30. What About AIDS??? <ul><li>AIDS is when your body can no longer fight of infections and diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>T cells are less than 200. </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS Related Complex </li></ul>
  31. 31. HIV and AIDS Complications <ul><li>Susceptibility to other infections </li></ul><ul><li>Cancers </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>
  32. 32. Still Think You Are Not At Risk???
  33. 33. Protecting Yourself from HIV <ul><li>Abstinence </li></ul><ul><li>Limit your number of sex partners. </li></ul><ul><li>Use condoms for all types of sex. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental Dams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Never share needles </li></ul><ul><li>Check out tattoo and body piercing parlors before body modification. </li></ul>
  34. 34. HIV Testing: Hot Spots <ul><li>The Free Clinic of Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Planned Parenthood </li></ul><ul><li>Lakewood Teen Center </li></ul><ul><li>The AIDS Taskforce of Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>J. Glenn Smith Health Center </li></ul><ul><li>McCafferty Health Center </li></ul><ul><li>Your Primary Care Physician </li></ul>
  35. 35. References <ul><li>www.cdc.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.clevelandhealth.org </li></ul><ul><li>Hyde, J.S. & DeLamater. Understanding Human Sexuality 8 th ed. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Boston 8 th edition, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Huether, S.E. & McCance, K.L. Understanding Pathophysiology. Mosby;Publishing Company, St. Louis, 3 rd edition, 2004. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Free Clinic Contact Information <ul><li>For Appointments Call: </li></ul><ul><li>216-721-4010 </li></ul><ul><li>For Health Education Information or General Questions Call: </li></ul><ul><li>Kalia Johnson, M.Ed. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV Outreach Program Manager </li></ul><ul><li>216-707-3448 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: kjohnson@thefreeclinic.org </li></ul>
  37. 37. HIV/AIDS Education: Separating Fact From Fiction Kalia M. Johnson, M.Ed. The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106
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