Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version

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Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version

  1. 1. Caught in the Web of Sexually Transmitted Infections The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106
  2. 2. What Are Sexually Transmitted Infections???  Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs (also known as Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs) are caught by having unprotected sex with someone who has an STI.  You can get an STI from all forms of sex.  Vaginal Sex  Anal Sex  And yes you can get an STI from Oral Sex
  3. 3. Just How Serious are STIs??? • STIs can cause sterility, infertility and numerous health related complications. • STIs are very serious especially when left untreated. • 1 in 4 teens between the ages of 13-24 will contract an STI within a year. • Certain STIs can be spread from an infected mother to her unborn baby or infant.
  4. 4. How Will I Know if I Have an Sexually Transmitted Infection??? • Most STIs have No Symptoms. • Sores or irritation to the penis, vagina, anus, mouth or throat. • Unusual discharge • Painful or burning urination • Itching, rashes, warts, etc.
  5. 5. Common Sexually Transmitted Infections • Chlamydia • HIV/AIDS • Gonorrhea • Trichomoniasis • Syphilis • Pubic Lice/ Crabs • Genital Herpes • Scabies • HPV (Human • Vaginitis Papilloma Virus)/ • Cystitis Genital Warts • Hepatitis B Virus
  6. 6. Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections • Bacterial STIs – Curable • Parasitic & Fungal STIs – Curable • Viral STIs – Treatable
  7. 7. Chlamydia • Most common bacterial STI. • Over millions cases of Chlamydia are reported each year. • Most of the time is is asymptomatic. • It is curable.
  8. 8. Chlamydia Complications • If left untreated, Chlamydia can cause: Epididymitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Cervicitis Ectopic Pregnancy Sterility
  9. 9. Chlamydia Images
  10. 10. Epididymitis and Cervicitis Epididymitis Cervicitis
  11. 11. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Normal Uterus Uterus with PID
  12. 12. Ectopic Pregnancy Human Conception Ectopic Pregnancy
  13. 13. Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea is the oldest of all STIs. – Check out The Book of Leviticus Ch. 15 • Some strands of Gonorrhea are resistant to antibiotics. • It is also know as the drip and the clap. • It is usually curable with antibiotics.
  14. 14. Symptoms of Gonorrhea • Thick white, yellowish, or yellow-green pus like discharge from the penis or vagina. • Itching or burning during urination. • Gonorrhea can be asymptomatic.
  15. 15. Symptoms of Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea can effect the eyes and throat. • Mothers can pass Gonorrhea to the baby during birth.
  16. 16. Complications of Gonorrhea • If left untreated, Gonorrhea can cause: Epididymitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Sterility
  17. 17. Syphilis • Syphilis is the 3rd bacterial STI. • It is also known as “The Great Imitator.” – it mimics the symptoms of other STIs • It is curable with antibiotics. • Syphilis occurs in 3 stages.
  18. 18. Symptoms of Syphilis • Painless sores on the genitals called chancre sores. • Rash over the body. • Syphilis can cause sterility and death if it is left untreated.
  19. 19. More Complications of Syphilis
  20. 20. Complications of Syphilis • If left untreated, Syphilis can cause: Brain Damage Dementia Sterility Blindness Death
  21. 21. Trichomoniasis • Trich is a common parasitic STI that affects both men and women. • Trich is caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. • Trich is curable with medication.
  22. 22. Symptoms of Trichomoniasis • Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina. • Discharge with a strange odor. • Slight burning sensation after urinating or ejaculating (males). • Damage to the cervix
  23. 23. Complications of Trichomoniasis • If left untreated, Trichomoniasis can cause: An increase in a woman's susceptibility to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus. An increased chance of an HIV-infected woman passing HIV to her sex partner(s).
  24. 24. Pubic Lice • Pubic lice or crab lice are small, light brown, flat insects that cling to pubic hair. • Pubic lice suck blood for nourishment, and fix their eggs (nits) to the pubic hairs. • Pubic Lice are curable.
  25. 25. Symptoms of Crabs • Little red sores in your pubic area and/or lower abdomen. • Itching in the pubic area. • Visible nits • Crawling lice
  26. 26. Scabies • Scabies can be transmitted through sexual contact. • Anyone can get Scabies. • Scabies is curable.
  27. 27. Symptoms of Scabies • Intense itching, especially at night • Red rash • Crusty and scaly skin • Little red bumps • Pimples • Tiny bites
  28. 28. Genital Herpes • Genital Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex II Virus. • 1 out of 5 teen and adults in the U.S. has genital herpes. • There is NO cure for Herpes.
  29. 29. Symptoms of Genital Herpes • Oral Herpes causes tiny blister to appear around your mouth. • Genital Herpes causes tiny blisters to appear on your genitals. • Fever • Painful urination • Headaches
  30. 30. Complications of Genital Herpes • Lifetime complications of Genital Herpes include: Reoccurring outbreaks Suppressed immune system More susceptible to HIV infection.
  31. 31. Human Papilloma Virus • HPV is the virus that causes genital warts. • Certain strands of HPV causes cervical cancer and penile cancer. • Most HPV infections are asymptomatic. • There is NO cure available for HPV. • The new HPV Vaccine.
  32. 32. Symptoms of Genital Warts • Warts, small fleshy bumps on the penis or vaginal area. • White patches on the labia, inside the vagina, on the penis or around the anus. • Not everyone with HPV will have genital warts.
  33. 33. Cervical Cancer and Cervical Warts Cervical Cancer Cervical Warts Normal Cervix
  34. 34. Hepatitis B • Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. • HBV is considered an STI because it can be transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid, and blood. • Jaundice • Swelling of the liver • There are vaccines available to protect people from contracting HBV.
  35. 35. HIV and AIDS • HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus. • AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. • There is NO cure for HIV or AIDS.
  36. 36. HIV Transmission • Unprotect sexual intercourse – Vaginal – Anal – Oral • Contact with contaminated blood • Using shared needles for drug use • Infected pregnant HIV Attacking a women can pass HIV White Blood Cell infection to their infant during childbirth.
  37. 37. HIV and AIDS Complications • Susceptibility to other infections • Cancers • Pneumonia • Death Oral Thrush Kaposi Sarcoma
  38. 38. Other Sexual Related Infections • Vaginitis Vaginal Yeast • Yeast Infections Infection • Bacterial Vaginosis • Cystitis • Urinary Tract Infections Bacterial • Bladder Infections Vaginosis
  39. 39. Still Think You Are Not At Risk???
  40. 40. Practicing Safer Sex • Use condoms for all types of sex. • Use dental dams • Use condoms correctly • Remember condoms do not offer protection against all STIs. • Limit your number of sex partners • Practice Abstinence
  41. 41. Where Can I Go If I Think I Have an STI??? • The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland • Teen Health Center of Lakewood • Planned Parenthood • Metro Hospital • Your primary care physician
  42. 42. References • http://www.cads.go/chest/dusted/disease _info.him • http://www.healthcare.org/images.html • Hyde, J.S. & DeLamater. Understanding Human Sexuality 8th ed. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Boston 8th edition, 2003. • Huether, S.E. & McCance, K.L. Understanding Pathophysiology. Mosby;Publishing Company, St. Louis, 3rd edition, 2004.
  43. 43. Free Clinic Contact Information Hours of Operations: 10-9 p.m. For Appointments Call: 216-721-4010
  44. 44. Caught in the Web of Sexually Transmitted Infections Kalia M. Johnson, M.Ed. The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106

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