Caught In The Web Of STIs Updated Version

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  • 1. Caught in the Web of Sexually Transmitted Infections The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106
  • 2. What Are Sexually Transmitted Infections???  Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs (also known as Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs) are caught by having unprotected sex with someone who has an STI.  You can get an STI from all forms of sex.  Vaginal Sex  Anal Sex  And yes you can get an STI from Oral Sex
  • 3. Just How Serious are STIs??? • STIs can cause sterility, infertility and numerous health related complications. • STIs are very serious especially when left untreated. • 1 in 4 teens between the ages of 13-24 will contract an STI within a year. • Certain STIs can be spread from an infected mother to her unborn baby or infant.
  • 4. How Will I Know if I Have an Sexually Transmitted Infection??? • Most STIs have No Symptoms. • Sores or irritation to the penis, vagina, anus, mouth or throat. • Unusual discharge • Painful or burning urination • Itching, rashes, warts, etc.
  • 5. Common Sexually Transmitted Infections • Chlamydia • HIV/AIDS • Gonorrhea • Trichomoniasis • Syphilis • Pubic Lice/ Crabs • Genital Herpes • Scabies • HPV (Human • Vaginitis Papilloma Virus)/ • Cystitis Genital Warts • Hepatitis B Virus
  • 6. Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections • Bacterial STIs – Curable • Parasitic & Fungal STIs – Curable • Viral STIs – Treatable
  • 7. Chlamydia • Most common bacterial STI. • Over millions cases of Chlamydia are reported each year. • Most of the time is is asymptomatic. • It is curable.
  • 8. Chlamydia Complications • If left untreated, Chlamydia can cause: Epididymitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Cervicitis Ectopic Pregnancy Sterility
  • 9. Chlamydia Images
  • 10. Epididymitis and Cervicitis Epididymitis Cervicitis
  • 11. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Normal Uterus Uterus with PID
  • 12. Ectopic Pregnancy Human Conception Ectopic Pregnancy
  • 13. Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea is the oldest of all STIs. – Check out The Book of Leviticus Ch. 15 • Some strands of Gonorrhea are resistant to antibiotics. • It is also know as the drip and the clap. • It is usually curable with antibiotics.
  • 14. Symptoms of Gonorrhea • Thick white, yellowish, or yellow-green pus like discharge from the penis or vagina. • Itching or burning during urination. • Gonorrhea can be asymptomatic.
  • 15. Symptoms of Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea can effect the eyes and throat. • Mothers can pass Gonorrhea to the baby during birth.
  • 16. Complications of Gonorrhea • If left untreated, Gonorrhea can cause: Epididymitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Sterility
  • 17. Syphilis • Syphilis is the 3rd bacterial STI. • It is also known as “The Great Imitator.” – it mimics the symptoms of other STIs • It is curable with antibiotics. • Syphilis occurs in 3 stages.
  • 18. Symptoms of Syphilis • Painless sores on the genitals called chancre sores. • Rash over the body. • Syphilis can cause sterility and death if it is left untreated.
  • 19. More Complications of Syphilis
  • 20. Complications of Syphilis • If left untreated, Syphilis can cause: Brain Damage Dementia Sterility Blindness Death
  • 21. Trichomoniasis • Trich is a common parasitic STI that affects both men and women. • Trich is caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. • Trich is curable with medication.
  • 22. Symptoms of Trichomoniasis • Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina. • Discharge with a strange odor. • Slight burning sensation after urinating or ejaculating (males). • Damage to the cervix
  • 23. Complications of Trichomoniasis • If left untreated, Trichomoniasis can cause: An increase in a woman's susceptibility to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus. An increased chance of an HIV-infected woman passing HIV to her sex partner(s).
  • 24. Pubic Lice • Pubic lice or crab lice are small, light brown, flat insects that cling to pubic hair. • Pubic lice suck blood for nourishment, and fix their eggs (nits) to the pubic hairs. • Pubic Lice are curable.
  • 25. Symptoms of Crabs • Little red sores in your pubic area and/or lower abdomen. • Itching in the pubic area. • Visible nits • Crawling lice
  • 26. Scabies • Scabies can be transmitted through sexual contact. • Anyone can get Scabies. • Scabies is curable.
  • 27. Symptoms of Scabies • Intense itching, especially at night • Red rash • Crusty and scaly skin • Little red bumps • Pimples • Tiny bites
  • 28. Genital Herpes • Genital Herpes is caused by the Herpes Simplex II Virus. • 1 out of 5 teen and adults in the U.S. has genital herpes. • There is NO cure for Herpes.
  • 29. Symptoms of Genital Herpes • Oral Herpes causes tiny blister to appear around your mouth. • Genital Herpes causes tiny blisters to appear on your genitals. • Fever • Painful urination • Headaches
  • 30. Complications of Genital Herpes • Lifetime complications of Genital Herpes include: Reoccurring outbreaks Suppressed immune system More susceptible to HIV infection.
  • 31. Human Papilloma Virus • HPV is the virus that causes genital warts. • Certain strands of HPV causes cervical cancer and penile cancer. • Most HPV infections are asymptomatic. • There is NO cure available for HPV. • The new HPV Vaccine.
  • 32. Symptoms of Genital Warts • Warts, small fleshy bumps on the penis or vaginal area. • White patches on the labia, inside the vagina, on the penis or around the anus. • Not everyone with HPV will have genital warts.
  • 33. Cervical Cancer and Cervical Warts Cervical Cancer Cervical Warts Normal Cervix
  • 34. Hepatitis B • Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. • HBV is considered an STI because it can be transmitted through semen, vaginal fluid, and blood. • Jaundice • Swelling of the liver • There are vaccines available to protect people from contracting HBV.
  • 35. HIV and AIDS • HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus. • AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. • There is NO cure for HIV or AIDS.
  • 36. HIV Transmission • Unprotect sexual intercourse – Vaginal – Anal – Oral • Contact with contaminated blood • Using shared needles for drug use • Infected pregnant HIV Attacking a women can pass HIV White Blood Cell infection to their infant during childbirth.
  • 37. HIV and AIDS Complications • Susceptibility to other infections • Cancers • Pneumonia • Death Oral Thrush Kaposi Sarcoma
  • 38. Other Sexual Related Infections • Vaginitis Vaginal Yeast • Yeast Infections Infection • Bacterial Vaginosis • Cystitis • Urinary Tract Infections Bacterial • Bladder Infections Vaginosis
  • 39. Still Think You Are Not At Risk???
  • 40. Practicing Safer Sex • Use condoms for all types of sex. • Use dental dams • Use condoms correctly • Remember condoms do not offer protection against all STIs. • Limit your number of sex partners • Practice Abstinence
  • 41. Where Can I Go If I Think I Have an STI??? • The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland • Teen Health Center of Lakewood • Planned Parenthood • Metro Hospital • Your primary care physician
  • 42. References • http://www.cads.go/chest/dusted/disease _info.him • http://www.healthcare.org/images.html • Hyde, J.S. & DeLamater. Understanding Human Sexuality 8th ed. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Boston 8th edition, 2003. • Huether, S.E. & McCance, K.L. Understanding Pathophysiology. Mosby;Publishing Company, St. Louis, 3rd edition, 2004.
  • 43. Free Clinic Contact Information Hours of Operations: 10-9 p.m. For Appointments Call: 216-721-4010
  • 44. Caught in the Web of Sexually Transmitted Infections Kalia M. Johnson, M.Ed. The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106