The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Growing from Botanical Origins
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The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Growing from Botanical Origins. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Council on Botanical and Horticulture Libraries Annual Meeting. May 12, 2009. St. Louis, MO.

The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Growing from Botanical Origins. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Council on Botanical and Horticulture Libraries Annual Meeting. May 12, 2009. St. Louis, MO.

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The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Growing from Botanical Origins Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Biodiversity Heritage Library Growing from Botanical Origins Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • 2003. Telluride. Encyclopedia of Life meeting
    • February 2005. London. Library and Laboratory: the Marriage of Research, Data and Taxonomic Literature
    • May 2005. Washington. Ground work for the Biodiversity Heritage Library
    • June 2006. Washington. Organizational and Technical meeting
    • August 2006. New York Botanical Garden. BHL Director’s Meeting.
    • October 2006. St. Louis/San Francisco. Technical meetings
    • February 2007. Museum of Comparative Zoology. Organizational meeting
    • May 2007. Encyclopedia of Life and BHL Portal Launch. Washington DC.
  • 4. American Museum of Natural History (New York)‏ Field Museum (Chicago)‏ Natural History Museum (London)‏ Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Washington) Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis)‏ New York Botanical Garden (New York)‏ Royal Botanic Garden, Kew Botany Libraries, Harvard University Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • 5. Scanning Partner Internet Archive Contributor University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign BHL – Europe To be officially launched in May 2009 Discussions underway with China Additional categories of membership under consideration
  • 6. Initial grant from the MacArthur and Sloan Foundations (as part of the Encyclopedia of Life grant)‏ Additional support from parent institutions Supplemental grants in place for specific development (e.g. Moore Foundation for Fedora) Additional grants being actively pursued by BHL and individual members
  • 7. Botanical Members
  • 8. How much is there: Core literature pre-1923: 100 million pages (?) All pre-1923: 120-150 million pages All literature: 280-320 million pages Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 9. More statistics: 1.3 million catalogue records 73% are monographs (remainder are serials at title-level) 63% is English language material The next most popular language (9%) is German About 30% of material was published before 1923 Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 10. Rough Selection
    • Marine Biological Laboratory/WHOI
      • Marine monographs
      • General Science
    • Museum of Comparative Zoology
      • MCZ publications
      • Herpetology monographs and serials
      • Ichthyology monographs and serials
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 11.
    • University of Illinois
      • Fieldiana
      • Natural history of Illinois
    • American Museum of Natural History
      • AMNH publications
      • Ornithology
    • Natural History Museum
      • NHM publications
      • Major natural history general serials
    Rough Selection Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 12.
    • Botany Collections
    • Missouri Botanical Garden,
    • New York Botanical Garden,
    • Harvard Botany Libraries, and
    • Royal Botanic Garden, Kew
      • will cooperatively develop a methodology for botanical publications and botanical collections from other BHL members will fill in gaps
    Rough Selection Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 13.
    • Smithsonian Institution Libraries
      • Smithsonian publications
      • Entomology collection
      • Marine mammals
      • Fishes
      • Selected special collections materials
    Rough Selection Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 14. Collections Coordinator on board in February 2009. Bianca Lipscomb, based at the Smithsonian, will coordinate material selection across the BHL and contributing partners Rough Selection Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 15. How to make THIS into 0’s and 1’s Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 16. Selection Tools: Combined Serial list for selection of title to scan to avoid duplication of effort Monographic “de-duping” algorithm OCLC Collection Analysis Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 17.
    • Mass Scanning Workflow
    • Bid Lists
    • Serials Management
    • Pick Lists
    • Packing Lists
    • Monographic Management
    • Local data flow
    • WonderFetchtm
    • Return of data
    • Return of material
    • Billing
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 18.
    • Select Book ~Pull from Shelf
    • Review Physically and Metadata
    • Establish viability and create Wonderfetchtm
    • Send to IA scanning center
    • Book is scanned & QA
    • Page images loaded
    • Derivatives created
    • Book returned to library
    • Files harvested from IA portal to BHL
    • Taxonomic Intelligence Added
    • Available through BHL
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 19. BHL Scanning Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 20.
    • Internet Archive
    • 501(c)(3) organization
    • Dedicated to “Universal Access to Human Knowledge”
    • Founder of the Open Content Alliance
    • Provides:
      • Mass scanning
      • Archival storage of files
      • Image processing
      • Technology development
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 21. Single Scribe Machine Custom built by the Internet Archive Human operated 3,500 page per shift per day Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 22.
    • Northeast Regional Scanning Center
      • 10 Scribe machines
      • MBL/WHOI
      • Harvard
    • Jersey City Facility
      • 10 Scribe machines
      • AMNH
      • NYBG
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 23.
    • University of Illinois
      • 2 Scribe machines
    • Natural History Museum, London
      • 1 Scribe machine
    • Missouri Botanical Garden
      • Non-Scribe operation
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 24.
    • Washington, DC
      • 1 Scribe machine at Smithsonian Libraries
      • 10 Scribe facility at Library of Congress (FedScan - operational May 2008)‏
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 25. What about other scanning?
    • Missouri Botanical Garden Library continuing in-house scanning process
    • Other BHL members also have non-Internet Archive scanning operations
    • Ingest of other interested libraries
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 26. The BHL Portal! Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 27. … Names…
    • Rectification of Names (Cheng Ming)
    • What is necessary is to rectify names … If names be not correct, language is not in accordance with the truth of things. If language be not in accordance with the truth of things, affairs cannot be carried on to success.
    • The Analects of Confucius
    • Book 13, verse 3 (Legge translation, 1980)
  • 28.  
  • 29. Since we would be covering more than botany, the obvious choice was: ZoBo.org
  • 30. BoZo.org Or we could give plants precedence:
  • 31. Maybe TWO portals were needed: Botanicus.org Faunicaus .org
  • 32. Extinctionary.org
  • 33. Or inspired by the All Species Foundation or Species 2000: Omnibiosis.org Vitalis.org Allogy.org
  • 34.
    • BioSpeciesBrary.org
    • FloraunaBrary.org
    • BioBrary.org
    • LifeBrary.org
    • BioLitBrary.org
    Maybe we need to include the “L” word in some way: Gaspar Schott Mechanica hydraulico-pneumatica , 1657
  • 35.
    • QHQKQL.org
    • Z672.org
    • Z265.org
    • UDC574.org
    Or maybe something more “metadata-y” Georges Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon Histoire naturelle : générale et particulière (Oiseaux) , 1799-1808 Histoire naturelle générale et particulière…vol. 14. (1766)
  • 36. Or more of a 18 th century library LibraryofNaturalCuriosities.org Levinus Vincent Elenchus tabularum, pinacothecarum, atque nonnullorum cimeliorum . . . , 1719
  • 37. But in German … WunderkammerBibliothekKatalogDerLebendenSachen.org Levinus Vincent Elenchus tabularum, pinacothecarum, atque nonnullorum cimeliorum . . . , 1719
  • 38. Or perhaps just stay enigmatic … 42.museum Antonín Frič Fauna der Gaskohle und der Kalksteine… 1893-
  • 39. BiodiversityLibrary.org Mordecai Cubitt Cooke Our reptiles and batrachians; … indigenous to Great Britain , 1893
  • 40.  
  • 41. The BHL Portal is not an OPAC! Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 42. Plant Names Specimens Plant Names Plant Names Specimens Descriptions Plant Names Plant Names Citations Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 43. Metadata – failure to serve Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 44. 02761nam 2200469 4500001000700000005001700007008004100024010002300065019001300088035001400101035002300115040006100138049002700199050001500226100004200241245019300283260008300476300001700559504033500576505015400911590010901065590009601174650002601270945002101296945007301317945003101390945004801421945004801469945004701517945007901564945004401643945004601687945004801733945007601781945004401857945005101901945005101952945007102003945009002074945009602164945003102260‑459797‑20050131154400.0‑731129m19021933enk b 000 0 lat c‑ ­aagr03000069 //r582‑ ­a14018362‑ ­aABY6485LB‑ ­a(OCoLC)ocm00751549‑ ­aU.S. Dept. of Agr. Libr.­cRIU­dOCL­dCHS­dSER­dSMI­dWaOLN‑ ­aSMI$­aSMIM­aSMIE­aSMIB‑00­aQL354­b.S5‑1 ­aOscar Mayer & Co.‑10­aPronto pup:­bhot dogs hamburgers/­ca Oscar Mayer and Company.‑ ­aNew Orleans, La. :­bBourbon Street Foods,­c2000. Metadata: Real MARC – Still failure to serve Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 45. Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 46.
    • Specimen
    • Plate or other visual image
    • Taxonomic description
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 47. Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 48. BHL Portal Demo Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51. BHL 2.0
    • BHL Blog http://biodiversitylibrary.blogspot.com
    • Twitter www.twitter.com/biodivlibrary
    • Flickr www.flickr.com/groups/bhl
    • Twibe www.twibes.com/groups/BioDivLibrary
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 52. BHL 2.0
    • Coming soon
      • SecondLife
      • LibraryThing
      • OpenLibrary
      • ?????????
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 53. The Encyclopedia of Life Serine Molecule Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 54. Encyclopedia of Life Species Pages Built from a variety of new and existing sources Views available for varying levels of expertise from novice to expert Legacy literature a key component of the EOL species pages Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 55.
    • Midrange estimate: 25% of 5 million species = 1.3 million species, or roughly 1 every 20 minutes
    • Low estimate: 15% of 4 million species = 0.6 million species, or roughly 1 every 44 minutes.
    • High estimate: 50% of 6 million species = 3 million species, or roughly 1 every 9 minutes
    • Conservation International http://tinyurl.com/3hzkax
  • 56.  
  • 57.  
  • 58.  
  • 59.  
  • 60. Thanks for sticking around! Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 61. Links BHL Portal http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org Cite http://cite.biodiversitylibrary.org Internet Archive http://www.archive.org Ubio http://www.ubio.org Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009
  • 62. Credits
    • Chris Freeland
    • Suzanne Pilsk
    • Tom Garnett
    • Cathy Norton
    • David Remsen
    Martin R. Kalfatovic :: Smithsonian Libraries :: Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries :: 12 May 2009