The Biodiversity Heritage Library 10 Years and More!

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The Biodiversity Heritage Library 10 Years and More! Martin R. Kalfatovic. TDWG 2016. Centro de Transferencia Tecnológica y Educación Continua (CTEC) San Carlos, Santa Clara, Costa Rica. 7 December 2016.

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The Biodiversity Heritage Library 10 Years and More!

  1. 1. Martin R. Kalfatovic Program Director Biodiversity Heritage Library Smithsonian Libraries The Biodiversity Heritage Library 10 Years and More! TDWG 2016 | CTEC December 2016 San Carlos, Costa Rica
  2. 2. “The cultivation of natural history cannot be efficiently carried out without reference to an extensive library.” Charles Darwin, et al (1847)
  3. 3. Inspiring Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge 10 years of inspiring discovery 15th -21st centuries through free & open access to biodiversity literature & archives from the Mission The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
  4. 4. Natural history literature and archives contain information that is critical to studying life on Earth. SPECIES DESCRIPTIONS DISTRIBUTION RECORDS HISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY CLIMATE RECORDS INFORMATION ON EXTINCT SPECIES SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATIONS ECOSYSTEM PROFILES SCIENTIFIC ILLUSTRATIONS
  5. 5. Extensive. Open. Global
  6. 6. “BHL came to the rescue when a planned trip to work in the Mertz Library at The New York Botanical Garden had to be cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy. Thanks to the online resources available through BHL I was able to source most of the key works I needed, with their supporting bibliographic information.” Gina Douglas Honorary Archivist Linnean Society of London Governance
  7. 7. Governance 2016 Members Council RBG Kew Executive Committee
  8. 8. BHL is a Global Consortium 17MEMBERS AS OF DECEMBER 2016 16AFFILIATES 60+ WORLDWIDE PARTNERS
  9. 9. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 17MEMBERS AS OF DECEMBER 2016 16AFFILIATES
  10. 10. BHL is a Global Consortium 17MEMBERS AS OF DECEMBER 2016 16AFFILIATES 60+ WORLDWIDE PARTNERS 18!
  11. 11. “Last year I threw down the gauntlet to [BHL staff] and asked if there was any possibility of BHL arranging to have made available the entire run of the UK periodical The Gardeners' Chronicle. I asked because there is nowhere in my country of residence (Denmark) that holds it, requiring that I make time consuming and expensive research trips to London or Cambridge in the UK should I wish to examine the periodical. I was amazed and delighted that BHL has achieved what I asked. This contribution to the BHL catalogue has been a real boon to my research.” Dr. Toby Musgrave Horticulturalist & Botanist Lecturer, Danish Institute for Study Abroad BHL Content
  12. 12. 50+MILLION PAGES TITLES VOLUMES 112,000+ 190,000+ 172+MILLIONINSTANCES OF TAXONOMIC NAMES 530+IN-COPYRIGHT TITLES LICENSED FOR BHL AGREEMENTS WITH 230+ LICENSORS *Stats as of November 2016
  13. 13. BHL includes all levels of organismic organization, from genes to ecosystems, as well as other disciplines affecting the study of the biodiversity of life on earth.
  14. 14. Not just “heritage” collections > 23% of BHL's collection of 188,970 items is post-1922 > 72.3% of BHL’s collection is free of copyright restriction in the United States As of August 2016
  15. 15. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Ed. 10, 1758. biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/542 ___________________ Considered the starting point of zoological nomenclature. Listed about 10,000 species of organisms, of which about 6,000 are plants and 4,236 are animals. The earliest work in BHL is Theophrasti De Historia plantarum liber primus (1483) biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40913187
  16. 16. Logbook of the yacht "France" Whitney South Sea Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History Volume: v.2 (1926-1928) biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44821245 __________________ BHL includes over 100,000 pages of Field Notes and related archival material. Ongoing transcription projects will make these fully searchable.
  17. 17. Bonn Zoological Bulletin 61 (1): 135- 39 (July 2012) biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4482124 ___________________ With the assistance of BioStor, BHL now indexes over 202,000 articles, chapters or other “segments” of BHL content. These are all searchable through the bibliographic interface to BHL. Scotopteryx kuznetzovi (Wardikian, 1957) (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Larentiinae), a new species for the fauna of Iran and Turkey Hossein Rajaei Sh.* & Dieter Stuning
  18. 18. Charles Darwin’s Library biodiversitylibrary.org/browse/collection/darwi nlibrary ___________________ A digital edition and virtual reconstruction of the surviving books owned by Charles Darwin. It also provides full transcriptions of his annotations and marks. These works provide important insight into the development of Darwin’s ideas on evolution and natural selection. "If this were true, adios theory" Charles Darwin wrote these words in response to reading Principles of Geology, v. 2 (1837) by Charles Lyell, who was arguing that changes in species have limitations. Darwin, on the other hand, argued that changes in species are infinite and continuous, an integral concept crucial to his theory of evolution.
  19. 19. “BHL is a tremendous and extremely valuable resource. It has done an enormous amount to enhance the capacity of developing countries to undertake taxonomic research on their biota.” Dr. Dai Herbert Malacologist KwaZulu-Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg Usage: Macro
  20. 20. 2016 198,747 visitors | March 2016 Past 12 Months 2.2m sessions 1.2m visitors 2007
  21. 21. 1. London 2. Paris 3. New York 4. Washington 5. Mexico City 6. Berlin 7. Sydney 8. Vienna 9. Sao Paulo 10. Madrid
  22. 22. 13.5% sessions Mobile Sessions FY 2016 9.3% sessions Mobile Sessions FY 2013
  23. 23. "I think BHL is one of the most important and useful resources online right now. Judging by how often I use it, I’d say it has an impact on my research commensurate with that of Google Scholar or Web of Science.” Andrew Durso Ph.D. Student, Herpetology Biology Department Utah State University Expanding Directions
  24. 24. 107,000+ IMAGES IN FLICKR TOTAL IMAGES TAGGED29,900+ 202+MILLION TOTAL VIEWS ON IMAGES OF TOTAL FLICKR COLLECTION TAGGED TAGGED IMAGES IN EOL 27% 18,000+ BHL FLICKR NAMED 1 OF WIRED’S 27 MUST-FOLLOW FEEDS IN THE WORLD OF SCIENCE *Stats as of November 2016 WWW.FLICKR.COM/BIODIVLIBRARY
  25. 25. Engagement BHL is used in exhibitions in our partner institutions, such as “Once There Were Billions” at the National Museum of Natural History.
  26. 26. “Congratulations on a superior on-line library service that is of great help to anybody that has no direct access to old literature (like many scientists in developing countries). I used to be located in the Natural History Museum in Leiden, Netherlands with an excellent library, but after my retirement I moved to Brazil and lost direct contact with the Leiden library. In many cases BHL now provides what I am looking for.” Dr. Marinus Hoogmoed Curator of Reptiles and Amphibians, 1963-2003 Naturalis Biodiversity Center BHL Technology
  27. 27. BHL Technical Platform Continuing to build for sustainability • BHL Public Website hosted by the Smithsonian Institution (Nov. 2016) • All files stored actively at the Internet Archive (and the IA back up facilities) • Dark archive of all BHL files stored at the Smithsonian (with regular file harvest) • Additional copy of BHL files at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Egypt) • Development work based at the Missouri Botanical Garden
  28. 28. CUSTOM PDF DOWNLOADS 517,000+ TO DATE ARTICLE INDEXING 202,000+ TO DATE DOI ASSIGNMENT 104,000+ TO DATE BHL offers a range of free services API & DATA EXPORTS TAXONOMIC NAME SEARCHING REFERENCE MANAGEMENT TOOLS *Stats as of November 2016
  29. 29. DOI ASSIGNMENT 104,000+ TO DATEThe birds of Australia (1865) by John Gould http://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.8367 Enables persistent citation of BHL content in publications. Most cited BHL item is Systema Naturae (1758)
  30. 30. TAXONOMIC NAME SEARCHING The Global Names Architecture (GNA) is a system of web-services which helps people to register, find, index, check and organize biological scientific names and interconnect on-line information about species. Names Discovery Engines •NetiNeti •TaxonFinder
  31. 31. “I am pretty sure I exclaimed ‘this is amazing!’ out loud as soon as I discovered BHL, and I immediately bookmarked it in my browser. BHL helps fill this void by providing such resources freely to the public.” Aaron Sims Rare Plant Botanist California Native Plant Society (CNPS) Finances
  32. 32. Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature •Funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) in 2015 as part of the National Leadership Grants for Libraries program. •Two-year award for $846,457. •Will help libraries, museums, and natural history societies make their content more widely available by providing the tools and support necessary to facilitate contribution to the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) through BHL. •Lead Institution: The New York Botanical Garden. •Participating Institutions: Harvard Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ), Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG), and Smithsonian Libraries (SIL). •Progress to date: 2274 volumes (169 titles; 245,434 pages); 86 in copyright titles from 45 contributors.
  33. 33. Foundations to Actions: Extending Innovations in Digital Libraries in Partnership with NDSR Learners •A digital stewardship residency project funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). •Two-year award for $370,756. •5 residents at 6 geographically-distributed partners will plan and develop a next generation digital library using the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as a test- bed. •Outcomes will include a best practices document for digital libraries incorporating transcriptions, image searching, collection analysis techniques and improved connections to museums, archives and other relevant databases. •Lead Institution: Harvard MCZ. •Participating Institutions: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago Botanic Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, and Smithsonian Libraries.
  34. 34. Biodiversity Heritage Library Field Notes Project •Funded by Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) in 2015 as part of Digitizing Hidden Special Collections and Archives. •Two-year award for $491,713. •Will coordinate work to digitize field notes, assign metadata, and publish online through BHL & Internet Archive. •Lead Institutions: Smithsonian Libraries and Smithsonian Institution Archives. •Participating Institutions: Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library; American Museum of Natural History; Yale Peabody Museum; Harvard University Herbaria, Botany Libraries; Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library; University of California, Berkeley Museum of Vertebrate Zoology; The New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library; The Field Museum; and Internet Archive.
  35. 35. 2006 – 2016 Grants Received (by year)
  36. 36. 2006 – 2016 Grants Received (by Lead Institution)
  37. 37. FUNDING SOURCES • Member and Affiliate Dues & Fees • Institutional Endowments • Grants • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation • Arcadia Fund • Council on Library & Information Resources • Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation • Institute of Museum & Library Services • JRS Foundation • MacArthur Foundation • Mellon Foundation • National Endowment for the Humanities • National Science Foundation (NSF) • Richard Lounsbery Foundation • U.S. Federal Funding • Federal allocation to Smithsonian Libraries • Donations • Product Development • Institutional Subventions • In-Kind Contributions
  38. 38. CASH & IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS DIRECT STAFF $1,112,785.14 VALUE OF MEMBER & AFFILIATE CONTRIBUTIONS 2015 OTHER $246,123.06 2014 VS 2015 TOTAL IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS 2014 $1,437,666.46 2015 $1,358,908.20 14TOTAL MEMBER & AFFILIATE FTEs WORKING ON BHL IN 2015
  39. 39. “BHL is an awesomely useful resource! It’s very helpful to have the BHL when I’m traveling away from ‘home base.’ No need to carry around a rare 120 year old book if you can just open a scanned file of it on your computer.” Dr. Christopher Mah Invertebrate Zoologist Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Outreach
  40. 40. 55,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS ON SOCIAL MEDIA TOTAL FOLLOWERS 10,800+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 10,900+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 26,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 4,900+ AVERAGE MONTHLY READERS (CY16) 2,300+ FOLLOW @BIODIVLIBRARY *Stats as of November 2016 TOTAL FOLLOWERS 2,400+ * BHL Instagram launched August 2016
  41. 41. MAJOR MEETINGS • 2016 DLF Forum, Milwaukee, 6-9 November 2016 • GBIF 23, Brasilia, 24-28 October 2016 • Library Leaders Forum 2016, Internet Archive, San Francisco, 26-28 October 2015 • CETAF 40 General Assembly Madrid, Spain, 18-19 October 2016 • The 8th Shanghai International Library Forum, Shanghai, 6-8 July 2016 • SPNHC 31st Annual Meeting, Berlin, 19-26 June 2016 • Open Repositories, Ireland, June 2016 • Society for Scholarly Publishing, Vancouver, June 2016 • BHL/ITIS/EOL/GBIF Meeting, Prague, June 2016 • BHL 2016 Annual Meeting and 7th Global BHL Meeting, London, 11-15 April 2016 • BHL Mexico Workshop, CONABIO, Mexico City, Mexico, 2-4 December 2015 • LITA Forum, Minneapolis, 15 November 2015 BHL • Staff Meeting, Washington, DC, 12-13 November 2015 • Library Leaders Forum 2015, Internet Archive, San Francisco, 21-23 October 2015 • 22nd GBIF Governing Board Meeting (GB22), Madagascar, 5-11 October 2015 • TDWG 2015, Nairobi, 28 September - 1 October 2015
  42. 42. Engage with audiences
  43. 43. Support BHL Financial Sustainability CafePress: http://www.cafepress.com/biodiversityheritagelibrary
  44. 44. Digital Library Federation (DLF) 2016 Community/Capacity Award
  45. 45. AWARDS • Digital Library Federation (DLF) 2016 Community/Capacity Award (joint recipient with Archive of American Broadcasting). 2016 • Internet Archive Hero Award. Global Leaders in Sharing Knowledge. 2015 • Laureate. IDG’s Computerworld Honors Program. • Charles Robert Long Award of Extraordinary Merit. Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries. 2013 • Victorian Government Arts Leadership Recognition Award (BHL Australia). 2012 • John Thackray Medal. The Society for the History of Natural History. 2011 • Outstanding Collaboration Award. Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS). 2010
  46. 46. ... meeting the aspirational goals of the Convention on Biodiversity and the Darwin Declaration A Larger Context BHL supports institutions in ...
  47. 47. “Such exchange of information shall include exchange of results of technical, scientific and socio-economic research, as well as information on training and surveying programmes, specialized knowledge, indigenous and traditional knowledge as such and in combination with the technologies referred to in Article 16, paragraph 1. It shall also, where feasible, include repatriation of information.” A Larger Context Convention on Biodiversity (CBD Article 17, 1992)
  48. 48. “The essential requirements for accessing and utilising this global information are: that existing information held in literature and by current experts is made available electronically ” A Larger Context Darwin Declaration (1998)
  49. 49. “Joining BHL represents a greater opportunity for CONABIO to provide broader access to Mexico’s biodiversity knowledge contained within published literature. We believe that only with a well-informed society it is possible to develop and strengthen a culture of appreciation and valuation of Mexico’s natural capital.” Dr. José Sarukhán CONABIO National Coordinator Mexico City, Mexico In Closing …
  50. 50. BHL strives to be part of that larger "Biodiversity Commons" and provide a space for the literature of biodiversity to be available such that ... it is a zone of fair use sustainable use without jeopardizing original ownership rights respects organizational/individual "moral rights" (rights of authors) protects against unauthorized commercial use Tom Moritz, "A Vision for the Biodiversity Commons" (2004)
  51. 51. By engaging with the larger biodiversity community and major stakeholder institutions, BHL is creating a sustainable biodiversity commons for the literature of taxonomy.
  52. 52. The Commons succeeds when, among other elements, there is "the presence of a community; small and stable populations with a thick social network and social norms". BHL has created that community among our natural history and botanical libraries Elinor Ostrom, "Sustainable development and the tragedy of commons" (2009)
  53. 53. Specimens, data, publications...
  54. 54. “I have no doubt that in reality the future will be vastly more surprising than anything I can image.” J.B.S. Haldane (1927)
  55. 55. Gracias! Discussion

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