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Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Library Program
 

Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Library Program

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Presentation given at the Smithsonian Digitizing Fair: Spotlight on Digitizing @ The Smithsonian, October 30, 2006

Presentation given at the Smithsonian Digitizing Fair: Spotlight on Digitizing @ The Smithsonian, October 30, 2006

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    Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Library Program Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Library Program Presentation Transcript

    • Smithsonian Institution Libraries Digital Library Program Martin R. Kalfatovic New Media Office and Preservation Services Smithsonian Institution Libraries
    • Overview of Library Digitizing
      • Books are unique objects for scanning purposes
      • Differ from 2 dimensional works (e.g. Photographs)
      • Differ from 3 dimensional works (e.g. Artifacts)
      • Codex has been around for over 1600 years
      • The book format (title page, text, index, etc.) since the mid-16th century
      • Web delivery of book objects has interesting challenges
    • Book Digitizing Process
      • Bound materials
        • Quality issues
        • Protects the material for future use
      • Disbound materials
        • Generally better scans
        • Destructive
    • SIL Imaging Center
      • Established 1999
      • 2 digital scanning-back cameras
        • BetterLight
        • Phase I
      • Flatbed scanners
      • All Mac-based
      • SIL has used a variety of commercial vendors for non- and semi-rare materials
        • Kirtas Technologies (Robotic APT 2400 Scanner)
        • Preservation Resources
        • PTFS, Inc.
        • JJT
        • TechBooks
      Digitizing Vendors
    • Digitizing Partners Internet Archive HQ San Francisco Internet Archive Scribe Book Scanner
    • Digitizing Standards: Page Images DLF Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials 300 dpi, 24-bit color uncompressed TIFF, or lossless compressed images (e.g. LZW, JPEG2000)
    • Digitizing Standards: Text Conversion
      • Re-keying or OCR with correction to 99.997% accuracy
      Standard mark-up schema (e.g. flavors of XML like TEI or structured databases)
    • SIL Digitizing Statistics
      • Approximately 300,000 scanned pages
      • 700+ titles
      • 1,100 volumes
    • Who Is Using the SIL Digital Library?
      • Sewing machine enthusiasts
      • Researchers in Brazil
      • School kids around the country
      • Lepidopterists in Peru
    • Major Projects: Digital Editions
      • History of Science
      • Natural History
      • History and Culture
      • Art and Design
    • Major Projects: Trade Literature
      • Trade Literature Collections
        • Over 350,000 pieces, only a small fraction digitized
        • 30,000 images from two collections
        • Among SI Libraries’ most popular sites with over 15,000 visitors per month
    • Major Projects: Image Galaxy
      • SIL Image Galaxy
        • Over 7,000 of SI Libraries’ most interesting images
        • Serves as a gateway for product development and licensing
        • Assists students and teachers in locating images for use in the classroom and other projects
    • Major Projects: Scholarly Publications
      • Smithsonian Contributions and Studies Series
        • Collaboration with Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
        • Soon to have over 65,000 pages online with another 80,000 in FY 2007
    • National and International Partnerships
      • Aluka
        • African history and culture
      • Open Content Alliance
    • National and International Partnerships
      • Biodiversity Heritage Library
        • Consortium of 10 major natural history and botanical libraries
        • Over 1,000,000 total pages of taxonomic literature online
        • Model for international library cooperation
    • Digitizing Philosophy
      • Digital Curation
        • Just as libraries keep books, so do libraries have a mission to preserve “born digital” material
        • Digital Preservation through assisting in the transmission of digital content to future generations
    • Smithsonian Digital Repository
      • DSpace
        • Developed jointly by MIT and HP
        • Open source software used in hundreds of academic libraries
        • Preserves and makes available digital output of scientists, researchers, curators, historians, etc.
    • Needs for Enhancing the SIL Digital Library Program
      • Petabyte storage system for source files
      • Effective system for archiving of digital material (byte preservation)
      • Enhanced capacity for storing/delivering web-deliverable images
      • Central programming support for enhanced XML data delivery
    • Smithsonian Institution Libraries
    •  
    •