Guten Morgen!
Huomenta!
Bonjour!
God morgon!
Dobro jutro!
¡Buenos días!
Goedemorgen!
Доброе утро!
Dobrý den!
Bore da!
God ...
A dangerous idea … circa 370 BCE
You have invented an elixir not of
memory, but of reminding; and you
offer your pupils the appearance of
wisdom, not true ...
The Universal Library or the Library of Babel?
Kurd Lasswitz
Die Universalbibliothek
The Universal Library
1901
Jorge Luis Borges
La biblioteca de Babel
The Library of B...
• 100 characters (Western
European languages, plus
spaces and some punctuation)
• Each line has 50 spaces
• Each page is 4...
dsoydrebnefdsellnhvaaipevls oadisaedhoholnarmea
dlhecrositnsoritln gdustoaeaeb ossibrseltlmlie ey f
tkstmdd eoiicai ytjtym...
"So, I do not subscribe to the Universal Library,
for it is impossible to pick out the sense from
the nonsense that is rig...
Today, we are rapidly approaching the
creation of the universal digital library ...
"Ich will etwas Vernünftiges schaffen ...
ich werde die Form mit Stoff erfüllen."
Lasswitz (1901)
"I want to create someth...
The reader will not find here that a bridge has been
completed from things as they are to things as they
may be, but he wi...
What changed the ebook scene was not the actual
device but the emergence of a networked
ecosystem of which the device was ...
So how to you create a well-formed digital
library from the vast amount of data
available?
The cultivation of
natural science cannot
be efficiently carried
on without reference
to an extensive library
Charles Darw...
Who lives/lived here?
Linnaeus classified ~ 15,000 plants and animals
in the course of his publication
Today, the EOL lists 1,303,873 species pages
Specimen collections
Databases
Publications
Observations
‘Gray’ literature
Index cards
Field notebooks
Taxonomic Impediment
In earlier times, all the information about
species could be found in one place
So what if we could tackle just
a bit of this problem … books?
The Wherefore of BHL
In any well-appointed
Natural History Library
there should be found
every book and every
edition of e...
2006 BHL is created
10 US and UK partners
Technology Library Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Problems of Mass Digitization of Library Materials
Mass digitization of Smithsonian Libraries collections aligns with
the overall Smithsonian digitization strategy and remai...
Reclassification of “Sperm Whale” over time
Problems of Taxonomic Science
19 Members and Affiliates
16 Members
• American Museum of Natural History
• California Academy of Sciences Library
• Corne...
Secretariat and Technical Staff
August 2011Program Director
Program Manager
Collections Coordinator
Technical Director
Pro...
Global BHL
BHL Central | BHL Africa | BHL Australia | BHL Brasil | BHL
China | BHL Egypt | BHL Europe | BHL Singapore
Global BHL Steering Committee
August 2011 Vice Chair SecretaryChair
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Global Governance
Major External
Sources of Funding
• Secretariat and admin costs
• Technical development
• Central funds for scanning etc.
• Total:
– ~US$583,000 / year
• Sm...
2013 BHL Member In-kind Staff FTE & Costs (incomplete)
15.801 FTE from the 15 member institutions
$1,374,717 staff and oth...
Fundraising Plans
Continue to build our pipeline of
annual donors
Continue to use social media for
“soft asks” repurposing...
43,157,045 pages
134,453 items
74,412 titles
8 April 2014
Content Growth
2007-2014
2007
2014
146,798 visitors | November 2012
User Statistics: 2013 – 2014 (March)
Unique Visitors: 664,645 / 55,387 per mont...
233 countriesUsers in 245 Countries
TheMachineIsUs/ingUs
<Response
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-
instance"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XM...
87,594 mobile visits (32% iPad)
March 2013 – March 2014
35,231 mobile visits (45% iPad)
March 2012 – March 2013
36,928 visits from
social media to BHL in
2013
13,400 visits from BHL’s own
blog, Facebook, and Twitter
accounts
24+ million total views | 89K + images (March 2014)
Field Notes and Archival Materials
Increase agreements
with publishers of in
copyright materials
US Titles: 249
UK Titles: 69
TOTAL TITLES: 318
US Licensors:...
Awards
2013 ComputerWorld Award
2013 Council of Botanical and Horticulture
Libraries
2011 Thackray Medal by the Society...
“
T
h
a
n
k
y
o
u
m
u
c
h
f
o
r
y
o
u
r
What an absolutely
wonderful site. It is a
treasure trove of
information. Thank yo...
“
T
h
a
n
k
y
o
u
m
u
c
h
f
o
r
y
o
u
r
I really appreciate your work.
The Biodiversity Heritage
Library is an excellent r...
“
T
h
a
n
k
y
o
u
m
u
c
h
f
o
r
y
o
u
r
May I compliment you on
this splendid service? The
Library's invaluable for my
wor...
I am thrilled with what I have
been able to find re: archaic
mammary embryology some
of which I had been hoping to
find at...
Looking Forward
In any well-appointed
Natural History Library
there should be found
every book and every
edition of every ...
There is grandeur in
this view of life, with
its several powers,
having been
originally breathed
into a few forms or
into ...
… from so simple
a beginning
endless forms
most beautiful
and most
wonderful have
been, and are
being, evolved.
Community / Partnership / Science / Content
Thank you! Danke!
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library
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Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library

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Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library. Martin R. Kalfatovic. 2014 EOD Conference. Innsbruck, Austria. 11 April 2014.

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Building for Demand: The Growth of the Biodiversity Heritage Library

  1. 1. Guten Morgen! Huomenta! Bonjour! God morgon! Dobro jutro! ¡Buenos días! Goedemorgen! Доброе утро! Dobrý den! Bore da! God morgen! Bom dia! Godmorgen! Dzień dobry! Καλημέρα! Jó reggelt! Доброе утро! Good Morning!
  2. 2. A dangerous idea … circa 370 BCE
  3. 3. You have invented an elixir not of memory, but of reminding; and you offer your pupils the appearance of wisdom, not true wisdom, for they will read many things without instruction and will therefore seem to know many things, when they are for the most part ignorant and hard to get along with, since they are not wise, but only appear wise. Plato. Phaedrus. Trans. Fowler, 1925. 275a
  4. 4. The Universal Library or the Library of Babel?
  5. 5. Kurd Lasswitz Die Universalbibliothek The Universal Library 1901 Jorge Luis Borges La biblioteca de Babel The Library of Babel 1941 The vast, but ultimately finite library ...
  6. 6. • 100 characters (Western European languages, plus spaces and some punctuation) • Each line has 50 spaces • Each page is 40 lines long • Each book is 500 pages long • Total Books: 100 1,000,000 • Googolplex: 1 followed by a googol (10 100) zeros
  7. 7. dsoydrebnefdsellnhvaaipevls oadisaedhoholnarmea dlhecrositnsoritln gdustoaeaeb ossibrseltlmlie ey f tkstmdd eoiicai ytjtymniemruincrerlrc kym sdgklemy ecc poslr nnpz lrmpdcgeebf tetlealnm ceekctn sa oseesese erlsede c rotoire nhndlidd irb nwsrpeedsrc tey a lbneeu epon e cv mm tjn tarreohaaosimnicuse lvyubsu gurec egrll gnruveielrreuie w izbegii tckrne aseieoogrmia hmiuhtydaesdat uketwe te mnha egs foueirr tirstnnyriytuodnar inaon itaonlaai osn ral fd nurroysceo rteepcrn nrswrdstlr dt beeod sracpope Oh tiempo tus pirámides irhesrksesan ueada cte osamnec u gn bri seo aaircdgir kgielddaltneasfsdi n rwtlira etgtu erdoi nnte poycd rmogn t rdaebodpc ha tcl asrlceao usc tiosdrbaesci retiigvnooneeoe e m a b y fcoiihlha dcguo cdiem o pnz aitfehn sigtssipc isa
  8. 8. "So, I do not subscribe to the Universal Library, for it is impossible to pick out the sense from the nonsense that is right from the wrong." Lasswitz (1901) "Also, ich abonniere nicht auf die Universalbibliothek, denn es ist ja unmöglich, den Sinn aus dem Unsinn, das Richtige aus dem Falschen herauszusuchen."
  9. 9. Today, we are rapidly approaching the creation of the universal digital library ...
  10. 10. "Ich will etwas Vernünftiges schaffen ... ich werde die Form mit Stoff erfüllen." Lasswitz (1901) "I want to create something worthwhile ... I will meet the form with substance."
  11. 11. The reader will not find here that a bridge has been completed from things as they are to things as they may be, but he will find a structure on which he can take some steps out from the here and now and dimly descry the may be on the other side. Verner W. Clapp, Introduction to Libraries of the Future by J.C.R. Licklider (1965)
  12. 12. What changed the ebook scene was not the actual device but the emergence of a networked ecosystem of which the device was just one component. The significant thing about Amazon's Kindle was not that it was an e-reader but that it was a networked device to which texts could be quickly and effortlessly downloaded from Amazon's online store. John Naughton in The Guardian (8 Feb 2014)
  13. 13. So how to you create a well-formed digital library from the vast amount of data available?
  14. 14. The cultivation of natural science cannot be efficiently carried on without reference to an extensive library Charles Darwin, et al (1847) The Wherefore of BHL
  15. 15. Who lives/lived here?
  16. 16. Linnaeus classified ~ 15,000 plants and animals in the course of his publication
  17. 17. Today, the EOL lists 1,303,873 species pages
  18. 18. Specimen collections Databases Publications Observations ‘Gray’ literature Index cards Field notebooks Taxonomic Impediment
  19. 19. In earlier times, all the information about species could be found in one place
  20. 20. So what if we could tackle just a bit of this problem … books?
  21. 21. The Wherefore of BHL In any well-appointed Natural History Library there should be found every book and every edition of every book dealing in the remotest way with the subjects concerned. Charles Davies Sherborn Epilogue to Index Animalium, March 1922
  22. 22. 2006 BHL is created 10 US and UK partners
  23. 23. Technology Library Science Biodiversity Heritage Library
  24. 24. Problems of Mass Digitization of Library Materials
  25. 25. Mass digitization of Smithsonian Libraries collections aligns with the overall Smithsonian digitization strategy and remains a center of excellence for rapid digitization at the SI Problems of Library Metadata
  26. 26. Reclassification of “Sperm Whale” over time Problems of Taxonomic Science
  27. 27. 19 Members and Affiliates 16 Members • American Museum of Natural History • California Academy of Sciences Library • Cornell University Library • Harvard University Botany Libraries • Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology • Library of Congress • Marine Biological Laboratory and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library • Missouri Botanical Garden Library • National Library Board (Singapore) • Natural History Museum, London • The New York Botanical Garden • Royal Botanic Garden, Kew • Smithsonian Libraries • United States Geological Survey Libraries • Washington University of St. Louis • University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign 3 Affiliates •Academy of Natural Sciences •The Field Museum • Natural History Museum, LA County
  28. 28. Secretariat and Technical Staff August 2011Program Director Program Manager Collections Coordinator Technical Director Programmer Data Analyst
  29. 29. Global BHL BHL Central | BHL Africa | BHL Australia | BHL Brasil | BHL China | BHL Egypt | BHL Europe | BHL Singapore
  30. 30. Global BHL Steering Committee August 2011 Vice Chair SecretaryChair Biodiversity Heritage Library Global Governance
  31. 31. Major External Sources of Funding
  32. 32. • Secretariat and admin costs • Technical development • Central funds for scanning etc. • Total: – ~US$583,000 / year • Smithsonian funding • Grants to member institutions • Annual dues (US$10,000) from Members • Donations (~US$5,000 year/average) INCOME EXPENSES Funding Sources Central Expenses
  33. 33. 2013 BHL Member In-kind Staff FTE & Costs (incomplete) 15.801 FTE from the 15 member institutions $1,374,717 staff and other costs (does not include Secretariat or Technical staff)
  34. 34. Fundraising Plans Continue to build our pipeline of annual donors Continue to use social media for “soft asks” repurposing text/themes of appeals Work with the Smithsonian’s Office of Foundation Relations to put together major gift ($100K-500K) proposals to several foundations Continue other grant opportunities for partners
  35. 35. 43,157,045 pages 134,453 items 74,412 titles 8 April 2014 Content Growth 2007-2014
  36. 36. 2007 2014 146,798 visitors | November 2012 User Statistics: 2013 – 2014 (March) Unique Visitors: 664,645 / 55,387 per month Page Views: 3,741,640 New vs. Returning: 54.94% vs. 45.06%
  37. 37. 233 countriesUsers in 245 Countries
  38. 38. TheMachineIsUs/ingUs <Response xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema- instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"> <Status>ok</Status> <Result> <Item> <ItemID>16800</ItemID> <Volume/> <Contributor>MBLWHOI Library</Contributor> <Sponsor>MBLWHOI Library</Sponsor> <Language>English</Language> <LicenseUrl/> <Rights/> <DueDiligence/> <CopyrightStatus/> <CopyrightRegion/> </Item>
  39. 39. 87,594 mobile visits (32% iPad) March 2013 – March 2014 35,231 mobile visits (45% iPad) March 2012 – March 2013
  40. 40. 36,928 visits from social media to BHL in 2013 13,400 visits from BHL’s own blog, Facebook, and Twitter accounts
  41. 41. 24+ million total views | 89K + images (March 2014)
  42. 42. Field Notes and Archival Materials
  43. 43. Increase agreements with publishers of in copyright materials US Titles: 249 UK Titles: 69 TOTAL TITLES: 318 US Licensors: 92 UK Licensors: 41 TOTAL LICENSORS: 133 October 2013
  44. 44. Awards 2013 ComputerWorld Award 2013 Council of Botanical and Horticulture Libraries 2011 Thackray Medal by the Society for the History of Natural History 2010 ALCTS award for outstanding collaboration
  45. 45. “ T h a n k y o u m u c h f o r y o u r What an absolutely wonderful site. It is a treasure trove of information. Thank you!
  46. 46. “ T h a n k y o u m u c h f o r y o u r I really appreciate your work. The Biodiversity Heritage Library is an excellent resource that regularly helps my assistant and I obtain original descriptions for plants .... I feel so privileged to be working in a day in age when such resources are so readily available and easy to obtain.
  47. 47. “ T h a n k y o u m u c h f o r y o u r May I compliment you on this splendid service? The Library's invaluable for my work on seasonal variability of climate and vector-borne disease in British India, 1875-1940.
  48. 48. I am thrilled with what I have been able to find re: archaic mammary embryology some of which I had been hoping to find at the National Library of Medicine, and to get it through your program was a huge advantage
  49. 49. Looking Forward In any well-appointed Natural History Library there should be found every book and every edition of every book dealing in the remotest way with the subjects concerned. Charles Davies Sherborn Epilogue to Index Animalium, March 1922
  50. 50. There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity ...,
  51. 51. … from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.
  52. 52. Community / Partnership / Science / Content
  53. 53. Thank you! Danke!
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