Building a Global
        Library of
  Taxonomic Literature

Martin R. Kalfatovic
Smithsonian Institution Libraries &
Biod...
Johann Baptist von
Spix
Simiarum et
Vespertilionum
Brasiliensium Species
Novae (1823)

Bavarian Expedition to
Brazil, 1817...
Education and Outreach
                              Smithsonian & Harvard




                                       Synt...
American Museum of Natural History (New York)
Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia
California Academy of Sciences (San...
How much is there:
Core literature pre-
1923: 100 million
pages (?)
All pre-1923: 120-
150 million pages
All literature: 2...
Scanning Partner:
      Internet Archive
•   Northeast Regional
    Scanning Facility
    (Boston)
•   Jersey City Facilit...
BHL Members: BHL-
      Europe
• Museum für Naturkunde - Leibniz-Institut
  für Evolutions- und
  Biodiversitätsforschung ...
BHL Members: BHL-
       Europe
• Stichting Nationaal Natuurhistorisch
  Museum, Naturalis
• National Botanic Garden of Be...
BHL China




•   Agreement with the
    Chinese Academy of
    Sciences now in place
•   First joint technical meeting
  ...
Now Online
More than:
40,000 volumes
16 million pages
Only 290 million to go!

Avg. monthly growth rate
1,500 volumes
600,...
Acquiring other
       content ...
Researches scanning
their own work or literature
relevant to their work


Journals that...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Permission Process
Working with non-profit publishers for
sharing with the BHL
To digitize a...
So what? Does [fill
in blank] do that?




 … and more and
    faster?
So what? Does [fill
in blank] do that?




 … and more and
    faster?
BHL is all about
OPEN & SHARING
An inordinate
  fondness for data
Access
Putting biodiversity
literature in the hands of
researchers
Set the data free
Suc...
Stats: Usage
   • Jan – Sep 2009           • Daily average
      – 266,000 visitors        – 970 visitors
      – 436,000 ...
Global, coordinated
development
New functionality from BHL-
Europe
Improved storage
Semantic interface
OAIS-compliant pres...
Open Software &
      Development
BHL Bits:
Portal code, utilities, services
http://code.google.com/p/bhl-
bits/
Taxonomic...
Services
Names Service
Return all occurrences of a name
throughout BHL digitized corpus
Documentation: http://bit.ly/2e6sg...
Services: OpenURL
            Request




                                                 http://www.biodiversitylibrary....
Services: OpenURL
   Disambiguation
Looking for:


BHL returns:
Services: OpenURL
Results
Encyclopedia of Life
522,000 species pages linked to BHL
#1 referring site
Other Consumers
EarthCape Labs
Sort/Search capabilities with harvested names
YouTube demo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
Global BHL
Based on open access

Open content

Collaboration

Shared development
1.9 million known
species … most
described once in a
hard to find article …
wouldn't it be nice to
know more about
your ne...
Thanks for sticking
    around!
Building a Global
        Library of
  Taxonomic Literature

Martin R. Kalfatovic
Smithsonian Institution Libraries &
Biod...
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature
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Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature

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Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature. XXVIII Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia. 9 February 2010. Belém, Brazil.

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Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature

  1. 1. Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries & Biodiversity Heritage Library XXVIII Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia Biodiversidade e Sustentabilidade
  2. 2. Johann Baptist von Spix Simiarum et Vespertilionum Brasiliensium Species Novae (1823) Bavarian Expedition to Brazil, 1817-1820
  3. 3. Education and Outreach Smithsonian & Harvard Synthesis Center Field Museum Species Pages & Secretariat Smithsonian Informatics Marine Biological Laboratory Missouri Botanical Garden
  4. 4. American Museum of Natural History (New York) Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia California Academy of Sciences (San Francisco) Field Museum (Chicago) Natural History Museum (London) Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Washington) Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis) New York Botanical Garden (New York) Royal Botanic Garden, Kew Botany Libraries, Harvard University Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  5. 5. How much is there: Core literature pre- 1923: 100 million pages (?) All pre-1923: 120- 150 million pages All literature: 280-320 million pages
  6. 6. Scanning Partner: Internet Archive • Northeast Regional Scanning Facility (Boston) • Jersey City Facility • University of Illinois • Natural History Museum, London • Missouri Botanical Garden (Non-Scribe operation) • Fedscan (Library of Congress) • Smithsonian Libraries
  7. 7. BHL Members: BHL- Europe • Museum für Naturkunde - Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin • Natural History Museum, UK • Narodni muzeum NMP CZ • Angewandte Informationstechnik Forschungsgesellschaft mbH • Freie Universität Berlin FUBBGBM • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen Stiftung Öffentlichen Rechts • Naturhistorisches Museum Wien • Hungarian Natural History Museum • Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences • University of Copenhagen
  8. 8. BHL Members: BHL- Europe • Stichting Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, Naturalis • National Botanic Garden of Belgium • Royal Museum for Central Africa, • Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences • Bibliothèque nationale de France • Museum national d’histoire naturelle • Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas • Università degli Studi di Firenze • Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh • Species 2000 • John Wiley & Sons limited • Helsingin yliopisto UH-Viikki
  9. 9. BHL China • Agreement with the Chinese Academy of Sciences now in place • First joint technical meeting took place in January 2010 • BHL China portal in place
  10. 10. Now Online More than: 40,000 volumes 16 million pages Only 290 million to go! Avg. monthly growth rate 1,500 volumes 600,000 pages See you in 2048!
  11. 11. Acquiring other content ... Researches scanning their own work or literature relevant to their work Journals that have scanned their content, but do not have a robust platform to host it
  12. 12. Biodiversity Heritage Library Permission Process Working with non-profit publishers for sharing with the BHL To digitize and mount works under copyright BHL must obtain permission from the copyright holders. Many biodiversity journals and monographs are published by non-profit institutions or learned societies whose mission is to promote research and learning. Some of these institutions have not sold their rights to commercial publishers and are open to sharing with the BHL.
  13. 13. So what? Does [fill in blank] do that? … and more and faster?
  14. 14. So what? Does [fill in blank] do that? … and more and faster?
  15. 15. BHL is all about OPEN & SHARING
  16. 16. An inordinate fondness for data Access Putting biodiversity literature in the hands of researchers Set the data free Suck it; mash it; broadcast it Increase Reuse, recyle, expand
  17. 17. Stats: Usage • Jan – Sep 2009 • Daily average – 266,000 visitors – 970 visitors – 436,000 visits – 1,600 visits / day – 2.1million – 7,700 pageviews / pageviews day Jan – Sep 2009 Launch to 30 Sep 2009
  18. 18. Global, coordinated development New functionality from BHL- Europe Improved storage Semantic interface OAIS-compliant preservation infrastructure Building a community of developers Funded & volunteer RubyBHL PyBHL
  19. 19. Open Software & Development BHL Bits: Portal code, utilities, services http://code.google.com/p/bhl- bits/ Taxonomic Literature Group Google Group for discussion of “taxonomic literature & the services required to make literature interoperable within biodiversity research and biodiversity informatics.”
  20. 20. Services Names Service Return all occurrences of a name throughout BHL digitized corpus Documentation: http://bit.ly/2e6sg9 Access to 51million name strings using TaxonFinder 1.4million unique names Working out a strategy for obscure species Algorithm improvements to detect nomenclatural & taxonomic acts OpenURL Facilitate links to citations: protologues, articles, references Useful to Nomenclators, Reference Systems IPNI Tropicos
  21. 21. Services: OpenURL Request http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/openurl? pid=title:3934&volume=3&issue=&spage=262&date=1856 http://www.tropicos.org/Name/1200408
  22. 22. Services: OpenURL Disambiguation Looking for: BHL returns:
  23. 23. Services: OpenURL Results
  24. 24. Encyclopedia of Life 522,000 species pages linked to BHL #1 referring site
  25. 25. Other Consumers EarthCape Labs Sort/Search capabilities with harvested names YouTube demo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qw7qw87JTOs BioGUID BHL Name Timeline http://bioguid.info/bhl/ BHL Name Comparison http://bioguid.info/bhl/compare.php
  26. 26. Global BHL Based on open access Open content Collaboration Shared development
  27. 27. 1.9 million known species … most described once in a hard to find article … wouldn't it be nice to know more about your neighbors ...
  28. 28. Thanks for sticking around!
  29. 29. Building a Global Library of Taxonomic Literature Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries & Biodiversity Heritage Library XXVIII Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia Biodiversidade e Sustentabilidade

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