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Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries 25 February 2009 A Natural History of Unicorns Smithsonian Collabor...
Vast, But Not Infinite
Vast, But Not Infinite “ I assumed you packed the library in 1,000 volume boxes, each box having a capacity of precisely o...
Vast, But Not Infinite <ul><li>100 characters (Western European languages, plus spaces and some punctuation) </li></ul><ul...
Vast, But Not Infinite The sum of our collections, Libraries, Archives and Museums is Vast, but by most practical – and ev...
Vast, But Not Infinite 巨大的,但不是無限的
The Memex In 1945, Vannavar Bush, Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, outlined the ultimate too...
 
 
LIBRARIES 圖書館
ARCHIVES 檔案館 LIBRARIES 圖書館
ARCHIVES 檔案館 LIBRARIES 圖書館 MUSEUMS 博物館
Memory Institutions
Memory Institutions: Libraries
Memory Institutions: Libraries “ Some bookes are to bee tasted, others to bee swallowed, and some few to be chewed and dig...
Memory Institutions: Libraries “ Defenders of the book often stress the ‘pleasure of handling books’ as a reason for the c...
Memory Institutions: Libraries “ As  an  agent of change, printing altered methods of data collections, storage and retrie...
Memory Institutions: Libraries Fringe works will receive use (the “long tail”) Create a deepened sense of history A compre...
Memory Institutions: Archives
Memory Institutions: Archives Unlike libraries, where the objects, books, can have their content transformed to other medi...
Memory Institutions: Archives Unlike libraries, where the objects, books, can have their content transformed to other medi...
Memory Institutions: Archives
Memory Institutions: Museums
Memory Institutions: Museums 26,000,000 21,000,000 5,000,000 Harvard Univ. Herbarium/Mus. Comp. Zoo. 30,000,000 21,000,000...
Memory Institutions: Museums <ul><li>Art works: Stephen Weil calculated (in 1990) that in the U.S. alone there were over 8...
Memory Institutions: Museums
Memory Institutions: Museums
Memory Institutions: Museums
Memory Institutions: Museums National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 650,000 + artworks and artifacts
But Is It Google-able? <ul><li>32 million published books </li></ul><ul><li>750 million articles and essays </li></ul><ul>...
But Is It Google-able? <ul><li>Compressed (at today’s standards) this would be about 50 petabytes (about the size of a sma...
<ul><li>Here are some of the key factors that I think will guide libraries, archives and museums in the new, digital world...
Factors: Wetware
<ul><li>Cheap Scanning </li></ul>Factors: Hardware
<ul><li>Cheap Print on Demand: Internet Archive Bookmobile </li></ul>Factors: Hardware
<ul><li>Cheap, mobile devices </li></ul>Factors: Hardware
“ The world has arrived at an age of cheap complex devices of great reliability; and something is bound to come of it” - V...
 
 
Smithsonian Institution <ul><li>137 million objects </li></ul><ul><li>19 museums </li></ul><ul><li>9 research centers </li...
Smithsonian Institution Libraries <ul><li>1.5 million volumes </li></ul><ul><li>4,522 active print journal subscriptions <...
Smithsonian Libraries Digital Projects
Smithsonian Institution Libraries Art and Design 藝術與設計
Smithsonian Institution Libraries Art and Design 藝術與設計 History and Culture 歷史和文化
Smithsonian Institution Libraries Art and Design 藝術與設計 Science 科學 History and Culture 歷史和文化
 
 
 
The Biodiversity Heritage Library is the largest collaboration yet undertaken by Smithsonian Libraries. SIL Serves as the ...
Biodiversity Heritage Library <ul><li>American Museum of Natural History (New York) </li></ul><ul><li>Field Museum (Chicag...
 
The cultivation of natural science cannot be efficiently carried on without reference to an extensive library Charles Darw...
The Natural History of Unicorns “  Each object in the Museum …  would have been associated with a book (or several books) ...
The Natural History of Unicorns … One had then … a perfectly balanced edifice, in which everything which the human mind is...
 
Thank You ... for sticking around! 感謝你 !
LINKS <ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries http:// www.sil.si.edu / </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Librari...
CREDITS <ul><li>Thanks to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Freeland, Missouri Botanical Garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom ...
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A Natural History of Unicorns: Smithsonian Collaborations in the World of Library, Archives, and Museums

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A Natural History of Unicorns: Smithsonian Collaborations in the World of Library, Archives, and Museums. Martin R. Kalfatovic. 2009 TELDAP International Conference. February 25, 2009. Taipei, Taiwan.

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  • First, I would like to thank my hosts here in Taipei for the kind invitation and opportunity to share our Smithsonian experience with all of you.
  • Transcript of "A Natural History of Unicorns: Smithsonian Collaborations in the World of Library, Archives, and Museums"

    1. 1. Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries 25 February 2009 A Natural History of Unicorns Smithsonian Collaborations in the World of Library, Archives, and Museums 史密森尼在檔案館圖書館與 博物館界的合作案
    2. 2. Vast, But Not Infinite
    3. 3. Vast, But Not Infinite “ I assumed you packed the library in 1,000 volume boxes, each box having a capacity of precisely one cubic meter. All space to the farthest known spiral galaxies would not hold the Universal Library. In fact, you would need this volume of space so often that the number of packed universes would be a figure with only some 60 zeros less than the figure for the number of volumes… The figure is not infinite, it is a finite figure.” - Kurd Lasswitz, “The Universal Library.” 1901
    4. 4. Vast, But Not Infinite <ul><li>100 characters (Western European languages, plus spaces and some punctuation) </li></ul><ul><li>Each line has 50 spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Each page is 40 lines long </li></ul><ul><li>Each book is 500 pages long </li></ul><ul><li>Total Books: 100 1,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Googolplex: 1 followed by a googol (10 100 ) zeros </li></ul>
    5. 5. Vast, But Not Infinite The sum of our collections, Libraries, Archives and Museums is Vast, but by most practical – and even impractical counting methodologies – it is finite. Vast, but Finite!
    6. 6. Vast, But Not Infinite 巨大的,但不是無限的
    7. 7. The Memex In 1945, Vannavar Bush, Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, outlined the ultimate tool of the near term future, the Memex, in the article “As We May Think”
    8. 10. LIBRARIES 圖書館
    9. 11. ARCHIVES 檔案館 LIBRARIES 圖書館
    10. 12. ARCHIVES 檔案館 LIBRARIES 圖書館 MUSEUMS 博物館
    11. 13. Memory Institutions
    12. 14. Memory Institutions: Libraries
    13. 15. Memory Institutions: Libraries “ Some bookes are to bee tasted, others to bee swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested. That is, some bookes are to be read only in parts; other to bee read, but not curiously; and some few to bee read wholly, and with diligence and attention” – Francis Bacon (1612)
    14. 16. Memory Institutions: Libraries “ Defenders of the book often stress the ‘pleasure of handling books’ as a reason for the continued use. Of course this argument sometimes amounts to little more than an appeal to the bibliophile’s pleasure in handling his possessions” - Geoffrey Nunberg (1993)
    15. 17. Memory Institutions: Libraries “ As an agent of change, printing altered methods of data collections, storage and retrieval systems, and communications networks used by learned communities throughout Europe” - Elizabeth L. Eisenstein The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe (1983)
    16. 18. Memory Institutions: Libraries Fringe works will receive use (the “long tail”) Create a deepened sense of history A comprehensive topical library will let people know both what they do know and what they don’t know A new culture of interaction and participation
    17. 19. Memory Institutions: Archives
    18. 20. Memory Institutions: Archives Unlike libraries, where the objects, books, can have their content transformed to other media without too much loss of original intent…
    19. 21. Memory Institutions: Archives Unlike libraries, where the objects, books, can have their content transformed to other media without too much loss of original intent… … a manuscript letter, a mimeographed memo, a diary page, loses some of its being when translated to a printed page or a computer screen.
    20. 22. Memory Institutions: Archives
    21. 23. Memory Institutions: Museums
    22. 24. Memory Institutions: Museums 26,000,000 21,000,000 5,000,000 Harvard Univ. Herbarium/Mus. Comp. Zoo. 30,000,000 21,000,000 9,000,000 American Museum of Natural History, New York 58,877,300 50,000,000 8,877,300 Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 60,200,000 55,000,000 5,200,000 Natural History Museum, London 83,000,000 78,500,000 4,500,000 National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC Total Animal Specimens Plant Specimens Institution
    23. 25. Memory Institutions: Museums <ul><li>Art works: Stephen Weil calculated (in 1990) that in the U.S. alone there were over 8 million art works created: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200,000 working artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 works per artist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 million total works per year! </li></ul></ul>
    24. 26. Memory Institutions: Museums
    25. 27. Memory Institutions: Museums
    26. 28. Memory Institutions: Museums
    27. 29. Memory Institutions: Museums National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 650,000 + artworks and artifacts
    28. 30. But Is It Google-able? <ul><li>32 million published books </li></ul><ul><li>750 million articles and essays </li></ul><ul><li>25 million songs </li></ul><ul><li>500 million images </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 movies </li></ul><ul><li>3 million videos, TV shows and short films </li></ul><ul><li>100 billion+ web pages </li></ul>
    29. 31. But Is It Google-able? <ul><li>Compressed (at today’s standards) this would be about 50 petabytes (about the size of a small-town (U.S.) library building) </li></ul>
    30. 32. <ul><li>Here are some of the key factors that I think will guide libraries, archives and museums in the new, digital world </li></ul>Factors
    31. 33. Factors: Wetware
    32. 34. <ul><li>Cheap Scanning </li></ul>Factors: Hardware
    33. 35. <ul><li>Cheap Print on Demand: Internet Archive Bookmobile </li></ul>Factors: Hardware
    34. 36. <ul><li>Cheap, mobile devices </li></ul>Factors: Hardware
    35. 37. “ The world has arrived at an age of cheap complex devices of great reliability; and something is bound to come of it” - Vannevar Bush (1945) Factors: Conclusion
    36. 40. Smithsonian Institution <ul><li>137 million objects </li></ul><ul><li>19 museums </li></ul><ul><li>9 research centers </li></ul><ul><li>26.8 million visitors </li></ul><ul><li>188.8 million web visitors </li></ul><ul><li>~ 6,000 staff </li></ul>
    37. 41. Smithsonian Institution Libraries <ul><li>1.5 million volumes </li></ul><ul><li>4,522 active print journal subscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>3,000 electronic journals </li></ul><ul><li>190,000 microforms </li></ul><ul><li>2,500 digital volumes </li></ul><ul><li>~ 100 staff </li></ul>
    38. 42. Smithsonian Libraries Digital Projects
    39. 43. Smithsonian Institution Libraries Art and Design 藝術與設計
    40. 44. Smithsonian Institution Libraries Art and Design 藝術與設計 History and Culture 歷史和文化
    41. 45. Smithsonian Institution Libraries Art and Design 藝術與設計 Science 科學 History and Culture 歷史和文化
    42. 49. The Biodiversity Heritage Library is the largest collaboration yet undertaken by Smithsonian Libraries. SIL Serves as the Secretariat Hosts the BHL Program Director Biodiversity Heritage Library
    43. 50. Biodiversity Heritage Library <ul><li>American Museum of Natural History (New York) </li></ul><ul><li>Field Museum (Chicago) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum (London) </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Washington) </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis) </li></ul><ul><li>New York Botanical Garden (New York) </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Botanic Garden, Kew </li></ul><ul><li>Botany Libraries, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution </li></ul>
    44. 52. The cultivation of natural science cannot be efficiently carried on without reference to an extensive library Charles Darwin, et al (1847)‏ Darwin, C. R. et al. 1847. Copy of Memorial to the First Lord of the Treasury [Lord John Russell], respecting the Management of the British Museum. Parliamentary Papers, Accounts and Papers 1847, paper number (268), volume XXXIV.253 (13 April): 1-3. [Complete Works of Charles Darwin Online]
    45. 53. The Natural History of Unicorns “ Each object in the Museum … would have been associated with a book (or several books) in the Library. However, there would also be many books which could not correspond with any exhibit (the natural history of unicorns , for example, or the geometry of round squares) …
    46. 54. The Natural History of Unicorns … One had then … a perfectly balanced edifice, in which everything which the human mind is capable of inventing or understanding has its place.” - Andrew Crumey, Pfitz (1995)
    47. 56. Thank You ... for sticking around! 感謝你 !
    48. 57. LINKS <ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries http:// www.sil.si.edu / </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries Blog http:// smithsonianlibraries.si.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritage Library http:// www.biodiversitylibrary.org </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritage Library Blog http:// biodiversitylibrary.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia of Life http:// www.eol.org </li></ul>
    49. 58. CREDITS <ul><li>Thanks to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris Freeland, Missouri Botanical Garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom Garnett, The Biodiversity Heritage Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suzanne C. Pilsk, Smithsonian Institution Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The staff at the Internet Archive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Images from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Galaxy of Images, Smithsonian Libraries, National Museum of American History, NASA, National Palace Museum, Internet Archive </li></ul></ul>
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