Open Access to Biodiversity Literature: The Biodiversity Heritage Library

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Tom Garnett and Martin R. Kalfatovic, Smithsonian Institution Libraries. American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) Council Meeting. May 15, 2007. Washington, DC.

Tom Garnett and Martin R. Kalfatovic, Smithsonian Institution Libraries. American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) Council Meeting. May 15, 2007. Washington, DC.

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  • 1. Open Access to Biodiversity Literature The Biodiversity Heritage Library www.biodiversitylibrary.org by Tom Garnett and Martin Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 2. Biodiversity Heritage Library • American Museum of Natural History (New York, NY) • The Field Museum (Chicago, IL) • Harvard University Botany Libraries (Cambridge, MA) • Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Cambridge, MA) • Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (Woods Hole, MA) • Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis, MO) • Natural History Museum (London, UK) • The New York Botanical Garden (New York, NY) • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Richmond, UK) • Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Washington, DC) AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 3. Biodiversity Heritage Library The 10 partner libraries collectively hold a substantial part of the world’s published knowledge on biological diversity. Yet, this wealth of knowledge is available only to those few who can gain direct access to these collections. This body of biodiversity knowledge is thus effectively withheld from wide use for a broad range of applications, including research, education, taxonomic study, biodiversity conservation, protected area management, disease control, and maintenance of diverse ecosystems services. Much of this published literature is rare or has limited global distribution and is available in only a few select libraries. Insecta. Diptera. Volume I (1886-1901) AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 4. Biodiversity Heritage Library Current Collaborators Internet Archive OCLC Open Content Alliance ICZN AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 5. Biodiversity Heritage Library AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 6. Biodiversity Heritage Library Mandates: Open Access: all content can be reused, repurposed, reformatted, sliced, diced, scraped, harvested, integrated. Reptilia and Batrachia. (1885-1902) by Albert C.L.G. Günther AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 7. Biodiversity Heritage Library Mandates: Opt in Copyright Model: The BHL will actively work with professional societies and associations to integrate their publications into the BHL in a way that serves the societies’ missions and goals Reptilia and Batrachia. (1885-1902) by Albert C.L.G. Günther AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 8. Biodiversity Heritage Library Internet Archive Set up scanning centers in London, New York, Washington, Boston, etc. High-quality, non-destructive Scanning. Image files and text derived from OCR. AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 9. Biodiversity Heritage Library BHL Portal Ingest image and OCR files from scanning centers Bibliographic metadata from the member libraries; Create page level Globally Unique Identifiers (GUIDs) for linking to other taxonomic services www.biodiversitylibrary.org Jacob Christian Schäffer Elementa entomologica . . . 1766. AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 10. Biodiversity Heritage Library Classes of texts Public Domain – pre-1923 Non-profit society journals Post-1923 monographs some with copyright renewals some without copyright renewals Commercial journals AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 11. Biodiversity Heritage Library BHL Seeks Permissions BHL will digitize learned society backfiles and mount them through the BHL Portal at no cost. Will provide a set of files to the learned society for reuse as they see fit. Will index the issues using Taxonomic Intelligence increasing their usability. AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 12. Biodiversity Heritage Library Benefits Use of the articles will increase as evidenced by citation upsurge. Long-term management of the digital assets is provided by the BHL at no cost so it’s “SEP.” Content will be integrated into EOL project through TI nomenclatural linking. AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 13. Biodiversity Heritage Library BHL is seeking working relationships with American Institute of Biological Sciences BioOne Jstore Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) CITESEER Synthesys (Synthesis of Systematic Resources) EDIT (European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy) AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 14. Biodiversity Heritage Library How to Approach Society Journals? One-by-one? A small conference with editors/directors? Focus on specific sub-disciplines? Suggestions? Questions? AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • 15. Biodiversity Heritage Library Contact Information Tom Garnett, Acting Project Director, Biodiversity Heritage Library 202-633-2238 garnettt@si.edu BHL Portal www.biodiversitylibrary.org AIBS Council May 15, 2007 Tom Garnett Smithsonian Institution Libraries