Preparing a Speech: Outline

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Preparing a Speech: Outline

  1. 1. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Components of a Speech Steps of Preparing a Speech Boundless.com/communications Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  2. 2. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Components of a Speech Components of a Speech • Introduction • Body • Conclusion • Transitions Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications
  3. 3. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Components of a Speech Introduction • [[fig:9146]] Your introduction should immediately capture your audience's attention and interest. • Introduce yourself and who you are in your introduction to establish your credibility and authority to be speaking on your given subject. • Your introduction should give your audience a preview of what they can expect to hear for the duration of your speech. • When preparing your speech, it's actually easier to write your introduction last, after you have written the rest of your speech. President William Howard Taft introducing the Springfield Municipal Group in Springfield, Massachusetts View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/components-of-a-speech/introduction--12
  4. 4. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Components of a Speech Body • Organize your thoughts into a cohesive, logical flow of ideas. • Each main point of your speech should support your speech's purpose. • Use a variety of examples to illustrate the main points of your speech, from research, facts and figures, to personal anecdotes and references. • Don't be afraid to let your personality come through; know your audience and tailor your approach accordingly. The body of your speech should be creative and engaging. • Don't stray too far from your outline; you will quickly lose your audience's interest if you begin wandering off topic into points or anecdotes that don't support your Use the body of your speech to go into detail about your main points. speech's purpose or objective. You don't want to appear disorganized or sound View on Boundless.com overly verbose. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/components-of-a-speech/body
  5. 5. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Components of a Speech Conclusion • Use your conclusion as an opportunity to summarize the main points of your speech. • Don't repeat your main points word for word; rather, paraphrase the key themes and arguments you have just presented. • Consider ending your speech with an additional anecdote or quotation that captures the theme of your speech. • Don't introduce any new points or supportive evidence into your conclusion as it will confuse your audience. • Use trigger phrases such as "in conclusion" or "in summary" to prepare your audience for the end of your speech. • Write your conclusion at the same time as the introduction (after you write the The conclusion of your speech summarizes your main points and purpose while leaving a lasting impression with your audience. View on Boundless.com body) so that the introduction and conclusion complement one another. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/components-of-a-speech/conclusion
  6. 6. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Components of a Speech Transitions • Transitions are used to show the linkage or connection between main points. • Types of transitions include temporal, equality, causality, compare and contrast, and summary. • After you determine the main points of your speech, order them logically and then determine how you will transition from one point to the next. Your speech should flow logically and smoothly from one point to the next. View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/components-of-a-speech/transitions
  7. 7. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Steps of Preparing a Speech • Choosing a Topic • Analyzing the Who, Why, and Where • Topic Research: Gathering Materials and Evidence • Developing Your Thesis • Supporting Your Ideas • Organizing and Outlining the Speech • Wording the Speech • Preparing to Present • Delivering the Speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications
  8. 8. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Choosing a Topic • Before you can begin writing your speech, you must first establish the main topic about which you plan to speak. • Brainstorm early and often! You can try a variety of techniques to get your mental juices flowing, from clustering to free writing. Even just talking through your ideas with another person as a sounding board is a great way to get ideas. • Once you start to get an idea of your topic, do a little preliminary research. See what others may have written or said about your general topic; reading their ideas may help give you some new ideas or directions of your own. Clustering View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/choosing-a-topic--2
  9. 9. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Analyzing the Who, Why, and Where • Take into account the demographics of your audience: gender, age, industry, the event at which you're speaking, common interests, culture and ethnicity, and how much they already may or may not know about your speech topic. • Never stereotype your audience based on any of their demographics. • Be mindful of gestures, colloquialisms, idioms, or other ethnocentric expressions (slang, mannerisms, etc.) you might make during your speech. It's important to recognize what is accepted in one culture may be offensive in another. Audience waiting for a show to begin. View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/analyzing-the-who-why-and-where
  10. 10. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Topic Research: Gathering Materials and Evidence • Make sure you find credible sources of information, whether they be from scholarly sources that have been peer-reviewed, or irrefutable facts. • There are many places you can go to research; while the internet might seem like the easiest place to find information, you always want to double check to make sure those sources are accurate and credible. • Don't use research that might be outdated, particularly with regard to scientific or technological advances. • Make sure you acknowledge your sources. You may not directly reference them in your speech, but if questioned afterward, you'll want to know from where you Student researching. found your information. View on Boundless.com • Never copy information word for word and claim it as your own; this is plagiarism and erodes the ethical integrity of you, your speech, and your reputation. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/topic-research-gathering-materials-andevidence
  11. 11. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Developing Your Thesis • The main argument of your speech is your thesis statement: what case are you trying to make? • If you are arguing for or against a certain idea, belief or topic, you must provide compelling evidence to support your position. • When crafting your thesis statement, consider potential arguments, questions, or concerns someone with an opposing viewpoint may have. This process helps you develop a more robust thesis. Painting depicting a lecture in a knight academy. View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/developing-your-thesis
  12. 12. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Supporting Your Ideas • Set the stage for how you plan to address your argument and make your case by laying out the exposition of your argument. • Appeal to your audience's core beliefs, goals or common interests to influence your audience by persuasion. • If you are speaking to a sympathetic crowd, consider influencing your audience by suggestion or popular sentiment on your given topic. • Use personal narratives and anecdotes to make your case if appropriate to your audience, topic, and speech venue. • If your idea is complex, consider breaking it down into simpler parts to more thoroughly and easily describe your idea. Help your audience to visualize your Preparing supporting ideas and materials View on Boundless.com points by articulately describing them. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/supporting-your-ideas
  13. 13. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Organizing and Outlining the Speech • To organize your thoughts, consider giving each point or supporting evidence its own note card. Begin to arrange them according to importance and your main points will begin to emerge. • Outlines typically begin with your thesis and end with any concluding thoughts. • Depending on your topic or thesis, arranging your points chronologically is an effective way to establish a timeline of your argument. • If giving an informational speech, you might describe your subject as parts of an object, outlining each part or section. • You can move from broad points to specific points, or vice versa, depending on the effect you are trying to achieve and the argument you are trying to make. Arranging notes and research to form an outline View on Boundless.com Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/organizing-and-outlining-the-speech
  14. 14. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Wording the Speech • Use the ABC approach to begin your first draft. The Abstract explains your thesis. The Body features your main points and supporting evidence. The Conclusion contains your final thoughts and reiterates your point. • Make sure to have all of your notes and research close by and easily accessible so you can turn to your sources as often as you need to while your draft your speech. • Editing and revising are not the same thing. To edit, review your speech for changes. To revise, actually implement those changes. Editing and revising are cyclical in nature as you continue to hone your draft. • If on your first draft you find yourself going off on a tangent, allow yourself to Handwritten speech notes by President Ronald Reagan View on Boundless.com follow it. You can always edit, revise and remove sections later that are wordy or off-topic. • Writer's block can happen to even the best writers. Take a break for a few minutes and come back to your speech renewed and refreshed. But don't stay away too long or you might lose your momentum. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/wording-the-speech
  15. 15. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Preparing to Present • Determine how you will present your speech: will you read it verbatim, memorize it, or read from an outline of notes? • Reading verbatim has both its positives and negatives. On the plus side, you'll have your entire speech written out in front of you; however, these types of speeches tend to feel a bit stilted to audience members. • Memorizing your speech can seem like a weighty task, but it allows you to retain all of your key points and wording while still appearing natural and effortless to your audience. It frees you from having to read right off of a manuscript. • When speaking extemporaneously, you can have a rough outline of your notes. You might have this on a single sheet or perhaps across several notecards. In A student rehearses his speech. View on Boundless.com either case, these serve as reminders about your topic, your points and in what order they should be shared. • If you're nervous about presenting in front of a group of people for the first time, work out your nerves by asking a small group of friends or colleagues to be your test audience. Your test audience can give you immediate feedback on what you did well and how you could improve. • Ever wonder what you look like while giving a speech? Practice in front of a mirror, or better yet: record yourself. You'll be able to see if you have any unconscious gestures or habits that you can correct or prevent as you feel them happening. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/preparing-to-present
  16. 16. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline > Steps of Preparing a Speech Delivering the Speech • Make sure you dress to impress. While some speeches may be delivered in a casual setting, you want to make sure you're wearing clothing appropriate to the dress code of your event. • Be aware of your body language. A closed body position (arms crossed, shoulders hunched) and lack of eye contact will make it extremely difficult for your audience to engage with you. • Engage your audience by making eye contact with them. If making eye contact wigs you out, you can always look just above their heads to give the same effect. • Stand up straight, remember to breathe, and limit your "um"s, "uh"s, and "like"s. Use whole phrases like "should have" instead of "shoulda." Avoid slang or A woman delivers a speech at a TEDx event. View on Boundless.com profanity. • Have a backup plan in case equipment fails for things such as visual aids, PowerPoint presentations, or teleprompters. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com www.boundless.com/communications/preparing-a-speech-a-process-outline/steps-of-preparing-a-speech/delivering-the-speech
  17. 17. Appendix Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  18. 18. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Key terms • abstract Difficult to understand; abstruse. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • anecdote An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • anecdote An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • audience A group of people within hearing; specifically a group of people listening to a performance, speech etc.; the crowd seeing a stage performance. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • body language Body language is a form of mental and physical ability of human non-verbal communication. It consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements. Humans send and interpret such signals almost entirely subconsciously. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • brainstorming A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • brainstorming A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • chronological In order of time from the earliest to the latest (CC BY-SA 3.0) • demographic A demographic criterion: a characteristic used to classify people for statistical purposes, such as age, race, or gender. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • distill To extract the essence of; concentrate; purify. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • eloquence The quality of artistry and persuasiveness in speech or writing. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • ethnocentrism The tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. (CC BY-SA 3.0) Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  19. 19. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline • exposition The act of declaring or describing something through either speech or writing. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • extemporaneous A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • plagiarism The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • rebut To deny the truth of something, especially by presenting arguments that disprove it. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • segue To make a smooth transition from one theme to another. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • stereotype A conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • summarize To give a recapitulation of the salient facts; to recapitulate or review (CC BY-SA 3.0) • thesis A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • thesis statement A thesis statement summarizes a speech's argument in one to three sentences. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • topic Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • transition The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. (CC BY-SA 3.0) • verbatim A word-for-word report of a speech. (CC BY-SA 3.0) Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  20. 20. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline • writer's block The inability to begin or continue work on a piece of writing; normally temporary. (CC BY-SA 3.0) Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  21. 21. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline President William Howard Taft introducing the Springfield Municipal Group in Springfield, Massachusetts Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia. "President William Howard Taft introducing the Springfield Municipal Group in Springfield, Massachusetts." CC BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:President_William_Howard_Taft_introducing_the_Springfield_Municipal_Group_in_Springfield,_Massachusetts.jpg View on
  22. 22. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Your introduction will set the tone for the rest of your speech. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia. "Aziza brahim & memona mohamed." CC BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aziza_brahim_%2526_memona_mohamed.jpg View on Boundless.com
  23. 23. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Use the body of your speech to go into detail about your main points. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia. "US Navy 040605-N-6633C-002 Commander Naval Reserve Force, Vice Adm. John G. Cotton, is silhouetted in front of a Powerpoint slide mapping out the Naval Reserve Force's future." CC BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US_Navy_040605-N-6633C-
  24. 24. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The conclusion of your speech summarizes your main points and purpose while leaving a lasting impression with your audience. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia. "Conclusion of a Presentation at Wiki Conference India." CC BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Conclusion_of_a_Presentation_at_Wiki_Conference_India.JPG View on Boundless.com
  25. 25. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Your speech should flow logically and smoothly from one point to the next. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikimedia. "Tuvalu woman speaking on the climate threat her culture and nation face." CC BY-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tuvalu_woman_speaking_on_the_climate_threat_her_culture_and_nation_face.jpg View on Boundless.com
  26. 26. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Clustering Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikibooks. "Cluster Example." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/File:Cluster_Example.png View on Boundless.com
  27. 27. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Audience waiting for a show to begin. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Audience at Humanities Theatre | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/batmoo/3734839253/ View on Boundless.com
  28. 28. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Student researching. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Sign in to Yahoo." CC BY-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/hermes-/2037061305/ View on Boundless.com
  29. 29. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Painting depicting a lecture in a knight academy. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia. "Knight academy lecture (Rosenborg Palace)." Public domain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Knight_academy_lecture_(Rosenborg_Palace).jpg View on Boundless.com
  30. 30. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Preparing supporting ideas and materials Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Presentations Tell a Story | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/intelfreepress/6629590597/ View on Boundless.com
  31. 31. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Arranging notes and research to form an outline Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Outline:19 minutes to write | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/jessicamullen/4116745087/ View on Boundless.com
  32. 32. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Handwritten speech notes by President Ronald Reagan Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "Ronald Reagan's hand-written speech | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/bensutherland/3380805851/ View on Boundless.com
  33. 33. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A student rehearses his speech. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "DSC_3534 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/rzganoza/3792457750/ View on Boundless.com
  34. 34. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A woman delivers a speech at a TEDx event. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Flickr. "TED-talks-Somerville-2012-0086 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/tedxsomerville/6820606364/ View on Boundless.com
  35. 35. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) A demonstration B) An example C) An anecdote D) A testimonial Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  36. 36. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) A demonstration B) An example C) An anecdote D) A testimonial Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "anecdote." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anecdote
  37. 37. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To establish your credibility and authority, as well as set the tone during a speech, you should first ________ A) introduce yourself and why you are the appropriate individual to speak on your given subject. B) go into detail about your main points. C) summarize your main points. D) deliver compelling evidence to support your primary argument. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  38. 38. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To establish your credibility and authority, as well as set the tone during a speech, you should first ________ A) introduce yourself and why you are the appropriate individual to speak on your given subject. B) go into detail about your main points. C) summarize your main points. D) deliver compelling evidence to support your primary argument. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  39. 39. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) brainstorming B) segue C) reiterate D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  40. 40. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) brainstorming B) segue C) reiterate D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "brainstorming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/brainstorming
  41. 41. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) verbatim B) extemporaneous C) chronological D) brainstorming Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  42. 42. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) verbatim B) extemporaneous C) chronological D) brainstorming Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "brainstorming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/brainstorming
  43. 43. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) topic B) brainstorming C) narrow D) scope Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  44. 44. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) topic B) brainstorming C) narrow D) scope Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "brainstorming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/brainstorming
  45. 45. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline If the purpose of a speaker's main points is to entertain the audience, which of the following should he or she include in the body? A) Data, statistics and research B) Anecdotes and personal stories C) A combination of research and media D) Videos, charts, or images Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  46. 46. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline If the purpose of a speaker's main points is to entertain the audience, which of the following should he or she include in the body? A) Data, statistics and research B) Anecdotes and personal stories C) A combination of research and media D) Videos, charts, or images Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  47. 47. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The conclusion of a speech serves as a bookend to the speech's body, and therefore should be written A) before the body. B) after the introduction. C) after the body. D) before the introduction. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  48. 48. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The conclusion of a speech serves as a bookend to the speech's body, and therefore should be written A) before the body. B) after the introduction. C) after the body. D) before the introduction. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  49. 49. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To end the speech on a high note, and ensure the audience remembers the main points of the presentation, the speaker should share A) a quote or anecdote. B) a theme or concept. C) a fact. D) a statistic. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  50. 50. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To end the speech on a high note, and ensure the audience remembers the main points of the presentation, the speaker should share A) a quote or anecdote. B) a theme or concept. C) a fact. D) a statistic. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  51. 51. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To give a recapitulation of the salient facts; to recapitulate or review A) audience B) segue C) summarize D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  52. 52. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To give a recapitulation of the salient facts; to recapitulate or review A) audience B) segue C) summarize D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "summarize." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/summarize
  53. 53. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To make a smooth transition from one theme to another. A) audience B) anecdote C) reiterate D) segue Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  54. 54. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To make a smooth transition from one theme to another. A) audience B) anecdote C) reiterate D) segue Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "segue." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/segue
  55. 55. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) audience B) brainstorming C) reiterate D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  56. 56. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) audience B) brainstorming C) reiterate D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "transition." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/transition
  57. 57. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) body language B) sentence outline C) transition D) detour Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  58. 58. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) body language B) sentence outline C) transition D) detour Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "transition." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/transition
  59. 59. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) informative speech B) wisdom C) transition D) topic outline Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  60. 60. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) informative speech B) wisdom C) transition D) topic outline Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "transition." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/transition
  61. 61. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) anecdote B) detour C) transition D) draft Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  62. 62. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) anecdote B) detour C) transition D) draft Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "transition." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/transition
  63. 63. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) anecdote B) body language C) transition D) commemorative speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  64. 64. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The process of change from one form, state, style, or place to another. A) anecdote B) body language C) transition D) commemorative speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "transition." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/transition
  65. 65. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following transitions are used to highlight similar points in the speech using words including "like", "in addition", and "moreover"? A) Equality transitions B) Causality transitions C) Introductions and summaries D) Temporal transitions Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  66. 66. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following transitions are used to highlight similar points in the speech using words including "like", "in addition", and "moreover"? A) Equality transitions B) Causality transitions C) Introductions and summaries D) Temporal transitions Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  67. 67. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A student is asked to give a 5-minute persuasive speech to his classmates. When he presents a critique his girlfriend’s intimate anatomy, he has all of his classmates laughing so much that only the instructor notices the speech was almost twice its assigned length. Which constraint on topic selection was the only one the speaker did NOT ignore? A) Purpose B) Context C) Audience D) Time frame Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  68. 68. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A student is asked to give a 5-minute persuasive speech to his classmates. When he presents a critique his girlfriend’s intimate anatomy, he has all of his classmates laughing so much that only the instructor notices the speech was almost twice its assigned length. Which constraint on topic selection was the only one the speaker did NOT ignore? A) Purpose B) Context C) Audience D) Time frame Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/
  69. 69. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) brainstorming B) expert C) choose D) topic Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  70. 70. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) brainstorming B) expert C) choose D) topic Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "topic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/topic
  71. 71. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) segue B) reiterate C) brainstorming D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  72. 72. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) segue B) reiterate C) brainstorming D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "brainstorming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/brainstorming
  73. 73. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) anecdote B) topic C) credibility D) introduction Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  74. 74. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) anecdote B) topic C) credibility D) introduction Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "topic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/topic
  75. 75. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) topic B) brainstorming C) expert D) knowledge Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  76. 76. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) topic B) brainstorming C) expert D) knowledge Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "topic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/topic
  77. 77. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) brainstorming B) topic C) narrow D) scope Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  78. 78. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) brainstorming B) topic C) narrow D) scope Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "brainstorming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/brainstorming
  79. 79. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) thesis B) ethnocentrism C) writer's block D) topic Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  80. 80. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. A) thesis B) ethnocentrism C) writer's block D) topic Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "topic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/topic
  81. 81. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To extract the essence of; concentrate; purify. A) anecdote B) distill C) chronological D) body language Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  82. 82. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To extract the essence of; concentrate; purify. A) anecdote B) distill C) chronological D) body language Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "distill." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/distill
  83. 83. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) brainstorming B) verbatim C) extemporaneous D) chronological Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  84. 84. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A method of problem solving in which individuals or members of a group contribute ideas spontaneously. A) brainstorming B) verbatim C) extemporaneous D) chronological Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "brainstorming." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/brainstorming
  85. 85. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline After brainstorming one or multiple topics, speech writers should move on to which of the following steps? A) Research what other writers have said about the topic. B) Develop the thesis or argument of the speech. C) Refine and synthesize the ideas into one topic. D) Write associated ideas, topics, or subcategories related to that main topic. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  86. 86. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline After brainstorming one or multiple topics, speech writers should move on to which of the following steps? A) Research what other writers have said about the topic. B) Develop the thesis or argument of the speech. C) Refine and synthesize the ideas into one topic. D) Write associated ideas, topics, or subcategories related to that main topic. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  87. 87. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A _______ criterion: a characteristic used to classify people for statistical purposes, such as age, race, or gender. A) demographic B) channel C) message D) noise Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  88. 88. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A _______ criterion: a characteristic used to classify people for statistical purposes, such as age, race, or gender. A) demographic B) channel C) message D) noise Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "demographic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/demographic
  89. 89. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Writers should consider which of the following factors when tailoring their speech toward a specific audience? A) All of these answers B) Gender and age C) Cultural background and/or ethnicity D) Speaker gestures and mannerisms Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  90. 90. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Writers should consider which of the following factors when tailoring their speech toward a specific audience? A) All of these answers B) Gender and age C) Cultural background and/or ethnicity D) Speaker gestures and mannerisms Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  91. 91. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A characteristic used to classify people for statistical purposes, such as age, race, or gender. A) Demographic B) Psychographic C) Firmographic D) Geodemography Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  92. 92. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A characteristic used to classify people for statistical purposes, such as age, race, or gender. A) Demographic B) Psychographic C) Firmographic D) Geodemography Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "demographic." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/demographic
  93. 93. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. A) plagiarism B) thesis statement C) ethnocentrism D) abstract Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  94. 94. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. A) plagiarism B) thesis statement C) ethnocentrism D) abstract Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "ethnocentrism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/ethnocentrism
  95. 95. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image. A) plagiarism B) stereotype C) thesis statement D) eloquence Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  96. 96. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image. A) plagiarism B) stereotype C) thesis statement D) eloquence Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "stereotype." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/stereotype
  97. 97. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Speech writers can ensure they are using credible sources to back up their claims by drawing upon sources such as A) tabloid newspapers. B) scholarly journals. C) Internet blogs. D) word-of-mouth. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  98. 98. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Speech writers can ensure they are using credible sources to back up their claims by drawing upon sources such as A) tabloid newspapers. B) scholarly journals. C) Internet blogs. D) word-of-mouth. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  99. 99. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. A) ethics B) ethical C) plagiarism D) recuse Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  100. 100. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. A) ethics B) ethical C) plagiarism D) recuse Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "plagiarism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/plagiarism
  101. 101. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. A) ethics B) open-minded C) plagiarism D) ethical Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  102. 102. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. A) ethics B) open-minded C) plagiarism D) ethical Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "plagiarism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/plagiarism
  103. 103. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. A) anecdote B) thesis C) plagiarism D) ethnocentrism Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  104. 104. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of plagiarizing: the copying of another person's ideas, text or other creative work, and presenting it as one's own, especially without permission. A) anecdote B) thesis C) plagiarism D) ethnocentrism Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "plagiarism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/plagiarism
  105. 105. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline When used for developing the contents of a speech, what does the word support refer to? A) A type of evidence that is used to persuade B) The use of credible, reliable, reputable sources C) The application of timely and relevant empirical data D) A range of strategies that reinforce a central idea Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  106. 106. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline When used for developing the contents of a speech, what does the word support refer to? A) A type of evidence that is used to persuade B) The use of credible, reliable, reputable sources C) The application of timely and relevant empirical data D) A range of strategies that reinforce a central idea Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/
  107. 107. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A _______ summarizes a speech's argument in one to three sentences. A) thesis B) writer's block C) distill D) thesis statement Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  108. 108. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A _______ summarizes a speech's argument in one to three sentences. A) thesis B) writer's block C) distill D) thesis statement Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia. "thesis statement." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/thesis+statement
  109. 109. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To deny the truth of something, especially by presenting arguments that disprove it. A) brainstorming B) thesis C) rebut D) body language Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  110. 110. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To deny the truth of something, especially by presenting arguments that disprove it. A) brainstorming B) thesis C) rebut D) body language Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "rebut." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/rebut
  111. 111. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The thesis statement should be presented at which point of the speech? A) In the introduction B) In the body C) At the conclusion D) Throughout the speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  112. 112. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The thesis statement should be presented at which point of the speech? A) In the introduction B) In the body C) At the conclusion D) Throughout the speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  113. 113. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of declaring or describing something through either speech or writing. A) verbatim B) topic C) exposition D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  114. 114. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The act of declaring or describing something through either speech or writing. A) verbatim B) topic C) exposition D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "exposition." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/exposition
  115. 115. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) segue B) anecdote C) brainstorming D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  116. 116. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) segue B) anecdote C) brainstorming D) transition Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "anecdote." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anecdote
  117. 117. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) anecdote B) topic C) credibility D) introduction Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  118. 118. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) anecdote B) topic C) credibility D) introduction Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "anecdote." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anecdote
  119. 119. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) scientific evidence B) anecdote C) comprehendible D) Median Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  120. 120. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) scientific evidence B) anecdote C) comprehendible D) Median Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "anecdote." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anecdote
  121. 121. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) An anecdote B) A demonstration C) An example D) A testimonial Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  122. 122. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline An account or story which supports an argument, but which is not supported by scientific or statistical analysis. A) An anecdote B) A demonstration C) An example D) A testimonial Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "anecdote." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anecdote
  123. 123. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Speech writers who adopt an expository approach when supporting claims in a speech allow speakers to A) break down the main argument into simple parts that are easy for the audience to understand. B) tell a story or anecdote that makes the speaker personable and believable. C) show the similarities between the audience and topic, and the presenter and audience. D) present all of the background information the audience needs to know to understand the main argument. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  124. 124. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Speech writers who adopt an expository approach when supporting claims in a speech allow speakers to A) break down the main argument into simple parts that are easy for the audience to understand. B) tell a story or anecdote that makes the speaker personable and believable. C) show the similarities between the audience and topic, and the presenter and audience. D) present all of the background information the audience needs to know to understand the main argument. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  125. 125. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Organizing a speech thesis into smaller, logical steps to build toward a larger, more complex idea helps strengthen A) the speech's conclusion. B) the speech's introduction C) the speech's supporting evidence. D) the thesis' main argument. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  126. 126. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Organizing a speech thesis into smaller, logical steps to build toward a larger, more complex idea helps strengthen A) the speech's conclusion. B) the speech's introduction C) the speech's supporting evidence. D) the thesis' main argument. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  127. 127. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. A) plagiarism B) thesis C) stereotype D) eloquence Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  128. 128. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. A) plagiarism B) thesis C) stereotype D) eloquence Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/thesis
  129. 129. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline In order of time from the earliest to the latest A) plagiarism B) exposition C) chronological D) eloquence Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  130. 130. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline In order of time from the earliest to the latest A) plagiarism B) exposition C) chronological D) eloquence Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "chronological." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/chronological
  131. 131. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. A) anecdote B) credibility C) introduction D) thesis Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  132. 132. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. A) anecdote B) credibility C) introduction D) thesis Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/thesis
  133. 133. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. A) purpose B) thesis C) specific D) general Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  134. 134. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A concise summary of the argument or main points, usually one to three sentences long. A) purpose B) thesis C) specific D) general Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/thesis
  135. 135. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Difficult to understand; abstruse. A) abstract B) extemporaneous C) demographic D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  136. 136. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Difficult to understand; abstruse. A) abstract B) extemporaneous C) demographic D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "abstract." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/abstract
  137. 137. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The quality of artistry and persuasiveness in speech or writing. A) anecdote B) topic C) eloquence D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  138. 138. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The quality of artistry and persuasiveness in speech or writing. A) anecdote B) topic C) eloquence D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "eloquence." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/eloquence
  139. 139. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Difficult to understand; abstruse. A) direct B) abstract C) objectivity D) orality Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  140. 140. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Difficult to understand; abstruse. A) direct B) abstract C) objectivity D) orality Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "abstract." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/abstract
  141. 141. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The inability to begin or continue work on a piece of writing; normally temporary. A) anecdote B) brainstorming C) ethnocentrism D) writer's block Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  142. 142. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline The inability to begin or continue work on a piece of writing; normally temporary. A) anecdote B) brainstorming C) ethnocentrism D) writer's block Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "writer's block." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/writer's+block
  143. 143. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following examples best describes the editing process? A) Developing substantive claims to support and argue the speech's thesis B) Connecting the main points in the conclusion C) Introducing a summary of the subject and main thesis D) Rewriting awkward phrasing or parts throughout the speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  144. 144. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following examples best describes the editing process? A) Developing substantive claims to support and argue the speech's thesis B) Connecting the main points in the conclusion C) Introducing a summary of the subject and main thesis D) Rewriting awkward phrasing or parts throughout the speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  145. 145. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following is the most important consideration when choosing between a sentence outline and note cards for delivering your speech? A) If you use a sentence outline, you will end up reading to your audience rather than speaking to them. B) If you use note cards, you will have more eye contact with your audience. C) If you use note cards, you will not be able to put a lot of information on them. D) If you use a sentence outline, you will have a safety net if you forget what you need to say. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  146. 146. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following is the most important consideration when choosing between a sentence outline and note cards for delivering your speech? A) If you use a sentence outline, you will end up reading to your audience rather than speaking to them. B) If you use note cards, you will have more eye contact with your audience. C) If you use note cards, you will not be able to put a lot of information on them. D) If you use a sentence outline, you will have a safety net if you forget what you need to say. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/
  147. 147. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. A) impromptu B) Proclamation C) extemporaneous D) teleprompter Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  148. 148. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. A) impromptu B) Proclamation C) extemporaneous D) teleprompter Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/extemporaneous
  149. 149. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. A) extemporaneous B) ethnocentrism C) thesis statement D) chronological Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  150. 150. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. A) extemporaneous B) ethnocentrism C) thesis statement D) chronological Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/extemporaneous
  151. 151. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A word-for-word report of a speech. A) thesis B) writer's block C) body language D) verbatim Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  152. 152. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A word-for-word report of a speech. A) thesis B) writer's block C) body language D) verbatim Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "verbatim." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/verbatim
  153. 153. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A word-for-word report of a speech. A) Detract B) verbatim C) calcium sulfate D) Flash Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  154. 154. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A word-for-word report of a speech. A) Detract B) verbatim C) calcium sulfate D) Flash Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wiktionary. "verbatim." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/verbatim
  155. 155. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To overcome nervousness before delivering a speech, speakers should do which of the following? A) All of the answers. B) Reread the speech repeatedly C) Practice the speech in front of friends or colleagues D) Ask for feedback before delivering the final speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  156. 156. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline To overcome nervousness before delivering a speech, speakers should do which of the following? A) All of the answers. B) Reread the speech repeatedly C) Practice the speech in front of friends or colleagues D) Ask for feedback before delivering the final speech Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  157. 157. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following represents the best way to convert the statements from a sentence outline about electric cars into speaking notes? 1. Electric cars protect the environment by reducing the need to drill for oil in environmentally sensitive regions. 2. Electric cars help protect the earth by reducing carbon emissions that contribute to global warming. A) Environment benefits - reduces drilling, carbon emissions B) Electric car benefits - protect environment, protect earth C) Benefits sensitive regions, lessens global warming D) Electric cars benefit the environment. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  158. 158. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Which of the following represents the best way to convert the statements from a sentence outline about electric cars into speaking notes? 1. Electric cars protect the environment by reducing the need to drill for oil in environmentally sensitive regions. 2. Electric cars help protect the earth by reducing carbon emissions that contribute to global warming. A) Environment benefits - reduces drilling, carbon emissions B) Electric car benefits - protect environment, protect earth C) Benefits sensitive regions, lessens global warming D) Electric cars benefit the environment. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Saylor OER. "Communication « Saylor.org – Free Online Courses Built by Professors." CC BY 3.0 http://www.saylor.org/majors/Communication/
  159. 159. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. A) extemporaneous B) impromptu C) mind map D) concept map Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  160. 160. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline A type of speech delivery which involves preparation of speaker notes prior to delivery, associated with conversational style of delivery. A) extemporaneous B) impromptu C) mind map D) concept map Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless Learning. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com//communications/definition/extemporaneous
  161. 161. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline When speaking, presenters should make sure to do which of the following? A) Avoid eye contact with the audience. B) Choose a spot in the room and remain there for the duration of the speech. C) Use silence rather than fillers during pauses in the speech. D) Ask audience members to hold applause until the end of the presentation. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  162. 162. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline When speaking, presenters should make sure to do which of the following? A) Avoid eye contact with the audience. B) Choose a spot in the room and remain there for the duration of the speech. C) Use silence rather than fillers during pauses in the speech. D) Ask audience members to hold applause until the end of the presentation. Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Boundless - LO. "Boundless." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://www.boundless.com/
  163. 163. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline _______ is a form of mental and physical ability of human nonverbal communication, which consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements. Humans send and interpret such signals almost entirely subconsciously. A) transition B) body language C) textual cue D) detour Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  164. 164. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline _______ is a form of mental and physical ability of human nonverbal communication, which consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements. Humans send and interpret such signals almost entirely subconsciously. A) transition B) body language C) textual cue D) detour Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia. "body language." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/body+language
  165. 165. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline _______ is a form of mental and physical ability of human nonverbal communication, which consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements. Humans send and interpret such signals almost entirely subconsciously. A) body language B) brainstorming C) abstract D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  166. 166. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline _______ is a form of mental and physical ability of human nonverbal communication, which consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements. Humans send and interpret such signals almost entirely subconsciously. A) body language B) brainstorming C) abstract D) stereotype Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com Wikipedia. "body language." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/body+language
  167. 167. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline Attribution • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Oral_Presentations • Wikipedia. "Speechwriter." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speechwriter • Wikipedia. "Public speaking." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_speaking • Wikipedia. "Speech (public address)." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_(public_address)#General • Wikipedia. "Public speaking." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_speaking • Connexions. "Open Course Library: Public Speaking." CC BY 3.0 http://cnx.org/content/m41423/latest/ • Wikibooks. "Survey of Communication Study/Chapter 5 - Communication Theory." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Survey_of_Communication_Study/Chapter_5_-_Communication_Theory • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Teacher's Handbook/Teaching Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Teacher%2527s_Handbook/Teaching_Oral_Presentations • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations • Connexions. "Open Course Library: Public Speaking." CC BY 3.0 http://cnx.org/content/m41423/latest/ • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations • Wikibooks. "Getting Started as an Entrepreneur/Plan/Presenting Your Plan." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Getting_Started_as_an_Entrepreneur/Plan/Presenting_Your_Plan • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Oral_Presentations • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations#Don.E2.80.99t_Forget_About_Your_Conclusio
  168. 168. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/18095/18095-h/18095-h.htm • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16317/16317-h/16317-h.htm#CHAPTER_XVIII • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Planning and Prewriting." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Planning_and_Prewriting • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/The Stages of the Writing Process." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/The_Stages_of_the_Writing_Process • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations#Who_is_Your_Audience.3F • Wikipedia. "Technical communication." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technical_communication • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Researching." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Researching • Wikipedia. "Technical communication." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technical_communication • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16317/16317-h/16317-h.htm#CHAPTER_XIX • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Rhetoric/Purpose." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Rhetoric/Purpose • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Writing in the Humanities." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Writing_in_the_Humanities#Thesis_Statement • Wikibooks. "Survey of Communication Study/Chapter 7 - Rhetorical Criticism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Survey_of_Communication_Study/Chapter_7_-_Rhetorical_Criticism#Public_Address • Wikipedia. "Thesis statement." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thesis_statement • Wikibooks. "Survey of Communication Study/Chapter 7 - Rhetorical Criticism." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Survey_of_Communication_Study/Chapter_7__Rhetorical_Criticism#Understanding_Rhetorical_Criticism • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16317/16317-h/16317-h.htm#CHAPTER_XIX • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16317/16317-h/16317-h.htm#CHAPTER_XIX Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com
  169. 169. Preparing a Speech: A Process Outline • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16317/16317-h/16317-h.htm#CHAPTER_XVIII • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Planning and Prewriting." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Planning_and_Prewriting • Project Gutenberg. Public domain http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16317/16317-h/16317-h.htm#CHAPTER_XVIII • Wikipedia. "Technical communication." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technical_communication • Wikipedia. "Technical communication." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technical_communication • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Drafting." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Drafting • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Editing." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Editing • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations#How_Will_You_Start_Your_Introduction.3F • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations#Choosing_the_Type_of_Oral_Delivery • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Oral_Presentations#Do.27s_and_Don.27ts • Wikibooks. "Professional and Technical Writing/Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Professional_and_Technical_Writing/Presentations#Choosing_the_Type_of_Oral_Delivery • Wikibooks. "Rhetoric and Composition/Oral Presentations." CC BY-SA 3.0 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Rhetoric_and_Composition/Oral_Presentations#Do.27s_and_Don.27ts Free to share, print, make copies and changes. Get yours at www.boundless.com

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