0
James MonroeJames Monroe
“The Era of Good Feelings”“The Era of Good Feelings”
James MonroeJames Monroe
“The Era of Good Fe...
JamesJames
MonroeMonroe
James Monroe - 1816James Monroe - 1816
Continued the Virginia Dynasty
Last Federalist candidate got 34
electoral votes
Mon...
Era of Good Will?Era of Good Will?
Sectional differences developed
over:
Tariffs
Bank of the United States
Internal Imp...
EconomyEconomy
LeaderLeader
________________________
Role ofRole of
GovernmentGovernment
NORTHEASTNORTHEAST
•Business and
...
EconomyEconomy
LeaderLeader
____________________
Role ofRole of
GovernmentGovernment
NORTHEASTNORTHEAST
•Business and
Manu...
SOUTHSOUTH
•Cotton growing
•John C. Calhoun
_____________
•Opposed tariffs
and government
spending on
American System
•Inc...
WESTWEST
•Frontier
agriculture
•Henry Clay
_____________
•Supported
internal
improvements
•Wanted cheap
land
•Loyal to the...
Tariff of 1816Tariff of 1816
First truly protective tariff
20-25% duty on imports
Supported by South - John C.
Calhoun
Op...
Clay’s American SystemClay’s American System
Tariffs would protect growing
industries
Revenues used to build internal
impr...
Food & raw materials from the
South & West exchanged for
finished goods from North &
East
West heavily supported Clay
Clay...
Panic of 1819Panic of 1819
Causes:
Overspeculation in land
Curtailment of credit
Congress ordered banks to make
payment...
Effects:
Deflation, bankruptcy, debtors
imprisoned, & unemployment
Collapse of many state banks
Banks foreclosed on far...
First of many panics toFirst of many panics to
occur on an approximateoccur on an approximate
20 year cycle.20 year cycle.
Long Term Fallout:
Led to the Land Act of 1820
smaller & cheaper land parcels
made available
Small farmers & poorer
cla...
The Land Act of 1820The Land Act of 1820 gave the West its wish by authorizing a
buyer to purchase 80 acres of land at a m...
Legislation passed ending
debtor prisons
Farmer’s mistrust of eastern
banking establishment
Growth of the WestGrowth of the West
9 frontier states added by
1819
Alternating free & slave
11 free & 11 slave
Reasons for westward
expansion:
Ohio fever
Soil exhaustion
Land speculation
The Embargo
Indian removal
Immigration
Transportation Improvements
Cumberland & Natchez roads
1807 - Steamboat
1825 - Erie Canal
InternalInternal
ImprovementsImprovements
•Help unite
the country as
well as
improve the
economy and
the infant
industry.
...
Westerners called for
cheap land
cheap transportation
cheap money
New States in the UnionNew States in the Union
Order of AdmissionOrder of Admission
1791 -- Vermont - 14th (Free)
1792 -- ...
1812 -- Louisiana - 18th (Slave)
1816 -- Indiana - 19th (Free)
1817 -- Mississippi - 20th (Slave)
1818 -- Illinois - 21st ...
SECTIONAL BALANCESECTIONAL BALANCE
Free States
New Hampshire, Massachusetts,
Connecticut, New York,
Pennsylvania, New Jer...
Slave States
Virginia, Maryland, Delaware,
North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee,
Louisiana, Missi...
The Missouri CompromiseThe Missouri Compromise
1819 - Missouri seeks
statehood as 23rd
state
Would have entered the union...
Tallmadge Amendments:
House passed series of
amendments to statehood bill:
Banned further introduction of
slaves into Mi...
North more populous -
controlled the House
Opposed by South & West
Bill defeated in Senate
South still even in Senate
South feared any attempts to
control the expansion of
slavery
South wanted to protect its
“peculiar institution” &
economi...
The Missouri Compromise:
1820 – drafted by Henry Clay
Missouri admitted as a slave
state
Maine is admitted as a free
st...
Slavery prohibited in future
states north of the 36º 30’ line
Dirty Bargain or Savior of the
Union?
Slavery becomes domina...
Election of 1820Election of 1820
James Monroe reelected by
nearly unanimous electoral
count in 1820
one elector voted aga...
The Marshall CourtThe Marshall Court
1801-1835
Decisions greatly
increased power
of the federal
government over
the states
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
“Yazoo Land Controversy”
Court’s right to invalidate state
laws
Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816)...
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
BUS constitutional
Denied MD right to tax BUS
Dartmouth College v.
Woodward (1819)
Safegua...
Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
Supremacy of SC over state court
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Only Congress could regulate
intersta...
Monroe’s
Secretary of State
Deliberately
sought to create
an American
Continental
Empire
JQ AdamsJQ Adams && Foreign Polic...
The Rush-Bagot Agreement
(1817) had limited American
& British naval forces on the
Great Lakes
Rush-Bagot Treaty of
1818 with Great Britain
49th
Parallel
Treaty of 1818 with Great
Britain
Fixed Canadian border at 49th
parallel
Allowed American fishing off
Newfoundland
10 y...
49th
Parallel
Florida “Purchase”
1812: Congress ratified
conquest of West Florida
Latin Am. Revolutions left
Florida without Spanish
t...
1818 – Monroe authorized
Andrew Jackson to pursue
Indians into Florida
hanged 2 Indian Chiefs,
executed 2 British trader...
Adams informed Spain that
Jackson was reacting to
Spain’s failure to live up to
the Treaty of 1795
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
Spain ceded Florida & gave
up claims to Oregon
U.S. gave up all claims to
Texas
Gave US a bord...
49th
Parallel
The Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine
European monarchs were
reasserting their power…
End of the Napoleonic Wars
Democr...
1821 - Tsar Alexander I of
Russia decreed the west
coast of North America
south to 54 º 40’ line off
limits to foreign shi...
•Claimed by the US, Great Britain and
Russia
•Russia was claiming California too
Rush-Bagot
1822 - US extended formal
recognition to Latin
American republics
New Latin American
countries formed
from successful
revolutions
US acts as protector
of the new
democracies in
Western Hem...
British trade with Latin
America led George
Canning, British Foreign
Secretary, to propose a
treaty of joint protection
of...
Western
Hemisphere or
the Americas
Adams warned against
being a “cockboat in the
wake of the British Man-of
War”
1823 – Monroe issued his
doctrine outlining the
principles of:
non-colonization
non-intervention
Monroe Doctrine was not a
law - simply one president’s
policy statement
Not enforceable, but
became a major foreign
policy...
• Referred to as America’s Self
Defense Doctrine.
• It is a continuation of President
Washington’s neutrality and
isolatio...
Lecture 12 b
Lecture 12 b
Lecture 12 b
Lecture 12 b
Lecture 12 b
Lecture 12 b
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Lecture 12 b

1,016

Published on

apuh monroe

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,016
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Responding to Russian territorial claims along the northern Pacific coast, and concerned that European nations would attempt to seize recently independent Latin American states, President James Monroe announced a new national policy. No new colonies would be allowed in the Americas, and European powers were not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere. This mural depicts a discussion among the president and members of his cabinet; from left to right are President James Monroe, Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, Attorney General William Wirt, Secretary of War John Calhoun, and Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard.
  • Transcript of "Lecture 12 b"

    1. 1. James MonroeJames Monroe “The Era of Good Feelings”“The Era of Good Feelings” James MonroeJames Monroe “The Era of Good Feelings”“The Era of Good Feelings”
    2. 2. JamesJames MonroeMonroe
    3. 3. James Monroe - 1816James Monroe - 1816 Continued the Virginia Dynasty Last Federalist candidate got 34 electoral votes Monroe went on a goodwill tour of the states Period called “The Era of Good Feelings”
    4. 4. Era of Good Will?Era of Good Will? Sectional differences developed over: Tariffs Bank of the United States Internal Improvements Public lands Slavery
    5. 5. EconomyEconomy LeaderLeader ________________________ Role ofRole of GovernmentGovernment NORTHEASTNORTHEAST •Business and Manufacturing •Daniel Webster _______________ •Wanted Tariffs •Backed internal improvements End to cheap public land •Increasingly nationalistic •Against Slavery & believed the Govt. must abolish it. SOUTHSOUTH •Cotton-growing •John C. Calhoun _______________ •Opposed tariffs and government spending on American System •Increasingly supportive of states’ rights •Pro-slavery and opposed any steps of the U.S. Govt. to try and abolish it. WESTWEST •Frontier agriculture •Henry Clay _____________ •Supported internal improvements and American System. •Wanted cheap land •Loyal to the U.S. Govt. •Against slavery but some supported letting the people decide the slavery issue U.S. was becoming divided into 3 separate sectionsU.S. was becoming divided into 3 separate sections with each trying to promote their self-interest.with each trying to promote their self-interest.
    6. 6. EconomyEconomy LeaderLeader ____________________ Role ofRole of GovernmentGovernment NORTHEASTNORTHEAST •Business and Manufacturing Daniel Webster ____________ •Wanted Tariffs •Backed internal improvements •Wanted end to cheap public land •Increasingly nationalistic •Against Slavery and believed the U.S. Govt. must abolish it.
    7. 7. SOUTHSOUTH •Cotton growing •John C. Calhoun _____________ •Opposed tariffs and government spending on American System •Increasingly supportive of states’ rights •Pro-slavery and opposed any steps of the U.S. Govt. to try and abolish it. EconomyEconomy LeaderLeader ____________________ Role ofRole of GovernmentGovernment
    8. 8. WESTWEST •Frontier agriculture •Henry Clay _____________ •Supported internal improvements •Wanted cheap land •Loyal to the U.S. Govt. •Against slavery but some supported letting the people decide the slavery issue EconomyEconomy LeaderLeader ____________________ Role ofRole of GovernmentGovernment
    9. 9. Tariff of 1816Tariff of 1816 First truly protective tariff 20-25% duty on imports Supported by South - John C. Calhoun Opposed by North - Daniel Webster “Great Triumvirate” Calhoun, Webster, & Clay
    10. 10. Clay’s American SystemClay’s American System Tariffs would protect growing industries Revenues used to build internal improvements Roads & canals would connect the Ohio Valley & Mississippi to the East
    11. 11. Food & raw materials from the South & West exchanged for finished goods from North & East West heavily supported Clay Clay’s Bonus Bill fails in 1817 leaving improvements to states
    12. 12. Panic of 1819Panic of 1819 Causes: Overspeculation in land Curtailment of credit Congress ordered banks to make payment in hard currency (specie) instead of paper Investors became overextended
    13. 13. Effects: Deflation, bankruptcy, debtors imprisoned, & unemployment Collapse of many state banks Banks foreclosed on farm mortgages Rise of sectionalism – West & South vs. Northeast
    14. 14. First of many panics toFirst of many panics to occur on an approximateoccur on an approximate 20 year cycle.20 year cycle.
    15. 15. Long Term Fallout: Led to the Land Act of 1820 smaller & cheaper land parcels made available Small farmers & poorer classes support “Jacksonian Democracy”
    16. 16. The Land Act of 1820The Land Act of 1820 gave the West its wish by authorizing a buyer to purchase 80 acres of land at a minimum of $1.25 an acre in cash; the West demanded transportation
    17. 17. Legislation passed ending debtor prisons Farmer’s mistrust of eastern banking establishment
    18. 18. Growth of the WestGrowth of the West 9 frontier states added by 1819 Alternating free & slave 11 free & 11 slave
    19. 19. Reasons for westward expansion: Ohio fever Soil exhaustion Land speculation The Embargo
    20. 20. Indian removal Immigration Transportation Improvements Cumberland & Natchez roads 1807 - Steamboat 1825 - Erie Canal
    21. 21. InternalInternal ImprovementsImprovements •Help unite the country as well as improve the economy and the infant industry. •Because of the British blockade during the War of 1812, it was essential for internal transportation improvements.
    22. 22. Westerners called for cheap land cheap transportation cheap money
    23. 23. New States in the UnionNew States in the Union Order of AdmissionOrder of Admission 1791 -- Vermont - 14th (Free) 1792 -- Kentucky - 15th (Slave) 1796 -- Tennessee - 16th (Slave) 1803 -- Ohio - 17th (Free)
    24. 24. 1812 -- Louisiana - 18th (Slave) 1816 -- Indiana - 19th (Free) 1817 -- Mississippi - 20th (Slave) 1818 -- Illinois - 21st (Free) 1819 -- Alabama - 22nd (Slave)
    25. 25. SECTIONAL BALANCESECTIONAL BALANCE Free States New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois 11 States
    26. 26. Slave States Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama 11 States
    27. 27. The Missouri CompromiseThe Missouri Compromise 1819 - Missouri seeks statehood as 23rd state Would have entered the union as a slave state
    28. 28. Tallmadge Amendments: House passed series of amendments to statehood bill: Banned further introduction of slaves into Missouri Declared children of slaves born after statehood to be freed at age 25
    29. 29. North more populous - controlled the House Opposed by South & West Bill defeated in Senate South still even in Senate
    30. 30. South feared any attempts to control the expansion of slavery South wanted to protect its “peculiar institution” & economic balance
    31. 31. The Missouri Compromise: 1820 – drafted by Henry Clay Missouri admitted as a slave state Maine is admitted as a free state
    32. 32. Slavery prohibited in future states north of the 36º 30’ line Dirty Bargain or Savior of the Union? Slavery becomes dominant issue in American politics
    33. 33. Election of 1820Election of 1820 James Monroe reelected by nearly unanimous electoral count in 1820 one elector voted against him to maintain Washington’s uniqueness
    34. 34. The Marshall CourtThe Marshall Court 1801-1835 Decisions greatly increased power of the federal government over the states
    35. 35. Fletcher v. Peck (1810) “Yazoo Land Controversy” Court’s right to invalidate state laws Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816) Supremacy clause upheld Supreme Court over states
    36. 36. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) BUS constitutional Denied MD right to tax BUS Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) Safeguarded business from state Gave corps. escape from gov’t
    37. 37. Cohens v. Virginia (1821) Supremacy of SC over state court Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) Only Congress could regulate interstate commerce
    38. 38. Monroe’s Secretary of State Deliberately sought to create an American Continental Empire JQ AdamsJQ Adams && Foreign PolicyForeign Policy
    39. 39. The Rush-Bagot Agreement (1817) had limited American & British naval forces on the Great Lakes
    40. 40. Rush-Bagot Treaty of 1818 with Great Britain 49th Parallel
    41. 41. Treaty of 1818 with Great Britain Fixed Canadian border at 49th parallel Allowed American fishing off Newfoundland 10 year joint occupation of Oregon
    42. 42. 49th Parallel
    43. 43. Florida “Purchase” 1812: Congress ratified conquest of West Florida Latin Am. Revolutions left Florida without Spanish troops
    44. 44. 1818 – Monroe authorized Andrew Jackson to pursue Indians into Florida hanged 2 Indian Chiefs, executed 2 British traders, deposed Spanish Governor
    45. 45. Adams informed Spain that Jackson was reacting to Spain’s failure to live up to the Treaty of 1795
    46. 46. Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) Spain ceded Florida & gave up claims to Oregon U.S. gave up all claims to Texas Gave US a border extending to Pacific Ocean
    47. 47. 49th Parallel
    48. 48. The Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine European monarchs were reasserting their power… End of the Napoleonic Wars Democratic & nationalistic revolts in Europe & Latin America
    49. 49. 1821 - Tsar Alexander I of Russia decreed the west coast of North America south to 54 º 40’ line off limits to foreign ships
    50. 50. •Claimed by the US, Great Britain and Russia •Russia was claiming California too Rush-Bagot
    51. 51. 1822 - US extended formal recognition to Latin American republics
    52. 52. New Latin American countries formed from successful revolutions US acts as protector of the new democracies in Western Hemisphere
    53. 53. British trade with Latin America led George Canning, British Foreign Secretary, to propose a treaty of joint protection of the western hemisphere with the US
    54. 54. Western Hemisphere or the Americas
    55. 55. Adams warned against being a “cockboat in the wake of the British Man-of War”
    56. 56. 1823 – Monroe issued his doctrine outlining the principles of: non-colonization non-intervention
    57. 57. Monroe Doctrine was not a law - simply one president’s policy statement Not enforceable, but became a major foreign policy tradition for the US
    58. 58. • Referred to as America’s Self Defense Doctrine. • It is a continuation of President Washington’s neutrality and isolationist policies. • Past problems with Europe led the US to declare the Americas off-limits to Europe US protector of new democracies in the Western Hemisphere No European Colonization in the Americas US will stay out of European affairs Monroe Doctrine US recognized existing European Colonies The Monroe Doctrine
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×