Behaviorism in the ClassroomBy: Kaitlynn Stevenson 1
MENUWhat is Behaviorism?Key Concepts of Behaviorism.Ivan Pavlov and Classical Conditioning. (Slides 5-6)Observation in the Classroom. (Teachers) (Slide 7)Observation in the Classroom. (Students) (Slide 8)How Behaviorism fits into the Classroom. (Slide 9)How Behaviorism fits my Philosophy of Education. (Slide 2Work Cited.
What is Behaviorism?It is the prediction andcontrol of humanbehavior in whichintrospection and/orindependent thinkingplay no essential part ofits teaching methods. 3
Key Concepts of BehaviorismIvan Povlovs Classic Conditioning (which we willfocus on)B.F. Skinners Operant Conditioning- reinforcingdesired behavior through stimulus responsepatterns.Albert Banduras Observational Modeling-Acquiring behaviors through observing others.Behavior is reinforced by reaction of elders and/or peers. 4
Ivan Pavlov& Classical Conditioning& Classical ConditioningPavlovs research initiallywas focused ondigestion.Dogs were presentedwith food by a scientist ina white lab coat, and inresult would startdrooling. After severalrepetitions of this, thedogs began to drool atthe sight of a white labcoat. Thus, ClassicalConditioning was born. 5
Ivan Pavlov& Classical Conditioning After, discovering this phenomenon Pavlov& Classical Conditioning started a new experiment. Pavlov replaced the white lab coats with a bell being rung before the food was presented. Sure enough! The dogs would salivate at just the sound of a bell. This process was called classical conditioning. Its 6 findings were later used
Observation in the Classroom.Observations can be (Teachers)made by teachersthrough: (Teachers) Supervised group activities. Homework assignments. Students participation in class.All work done bystudents is reinforced by 7good grades for good
Observation in the Classroom. (Students) Students observe their accomplishments in the (Students) activity classroom through: Group grades. Test grades. Overall GPA and report cards. The reinforcement to continue these accomplishments is praise from the 8 teacher and hopefully
How Behaviorism fits into the classroom.Behaviorism fits intoevery aspect of theclassroom. Teachersinput knowledge andstudents output whatthey have learned. Thisoutput is an observablebehavior. Therefore,behaviorism is in everyaspect of the classroom. 9
How Behaviorism Fits myPhilosophy of Education Behaviorism fits with my philosophy of education because, I want to have tangible evidence that my students are learning. By relying on only observable factors I feel that I can be confident that my students are learning and remembering what I have taught them. 10
Work CitedFredholm, Lotta. "Ivan Petrovich Pavlov."Pavlovs Dogs. Nobel Prize, 15 May 2001. Web.09 Apr. 2012. <http://nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/Pavlov/readm>.Shelly, Gary B., Glenda A. Gunter, andRandolph E. Gunter. Teachers DiscoveringComputers: Integrating Technology in aConnected World. 7th ed. Boston, MA: CourseTechnology Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.Shelly Cashman Ser. 11
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