BEHAVIORISMBY: STEFFANIE M, RACHEL S, & KAITLYNN S
BEHAVIORISM• The prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods.• A psychological approach that states that behavior can be scientifically understood without reference to ones mental states.
KEY POINTS OF BEHAVIORISM• Change in behavior is a result of experience (learning)• The parsimony principal states that a person should always look for the simplest explanation.• Anything can affect the environment, and therefore affect an individual.• Any response to a stimulus is limited to any measurable behavior.• Conditioning is the study of learning ones reflex responses and changing said responses based on the influence of an outside observer.• Radical behaviorism states that the study of internal processes are impossible to study objectively and therefore irrelevant in understanding ones behavior.• Equipotentiality is the principal that conditioning should apply to all behaviors and all species.
KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIORISM • Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) • His contribution to behaviorism was the concept of Classical Conditioning. Which refers to the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus. • Pavlov proved through his experiment using dogs, that behaviors could be enforced through Classical Conditioning.
KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIORISM • B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) • Skinner’s contribution to behaviorism was Operant Conditioning. Which describes learning that is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns. • Skinner proved this through his experiment with rats. In which he proved that behavior could be changed through reinforcement.
KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH BEHAVIORISM • Albert Bandura (1925- ) • Bandura’s contribution to behaviorism is Observational Modeling. Which is mimicking observed behavior. • Possibly the most influential theory of learning and development.
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS- TEACHER• Teacher presents facts and skills• Teacher- Centered• Text activities are put online• Lecture notes are put online• Teacher is the “expert” and has all the answers• Focus on repetition, reinforcement, and sequencing• Positive and negative reinforcement
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS- STUDENTS• Breaking bad or old habits• Passive learning• Responds to stimuli• Works to receive positive reinforcement• Participate in drill and practice tutorials online• Focus on memorization