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Distribution of U.S. Population by Race/Ethnicity,2010Two or MoreRaces:2%White, Non-Hispanic64%Hispanic16%Black, Non-Hispa...
Distribution of Hispanic Americans, 2010Spainard3%Mexican53%Puerto Rican33%Cuban0.4%CentralAmerican4%SouthAmerican3%Other ...
No Usual Source of Care for Nonelderly Adults byRace and Ethnicity, 2008-200920%16%19%21%25%26%33%All NonelderlyAdultsWhit...
Diagnosed Diabetes Among Adults Age 20 Yearsand Older, by Race/Ethnicity, 2007-20098%7%8%12%13%16%Overall White, Non-Hispa...
Adult Hospital Admissions for UncontrolledDiabetes by Race/Ethnicity, 200720.910.112.737.465.0All Adults Asian & NHOPI Whi...
Adults with Any Mental Illness* in the Past Yearby Race/Ethnicity, 201020%16%18% 19%20%21%25%All Adults Asian Hispanic Ame...
Adults with Any Mental Illness* Who ReceivedTreatment in the Past Year by Race/Ethnicity,201039%44%28% 27%16%All Adults Wh...
Untreated Dental Caries by Age and Race andEthnicity, 2005-200813%19%17%22%39%31%22%35%32%Ages 6-19 Years Ages 20-64 Years...
Poverty Status of Nonelderly by Race/Ethnicity,201029%47% 48% 46%36% 33%24% 21%10%11% 12%12% 17%10%9%27%25%24%25%26% 23%25...
Median Income for Elderly Americans by Raceand Ethnicity, 2010$21,000$23,500$14,000 $13,500All Elderly White, Non-Hispanic...
Nonelderly Health Coverage by Race/Ethnicity,201062%72% 67%55% 59%45% 42% 39%20%15%14%31% 23%33%28% 29%19% 14%19% 15% 18% ...
Health Coverage of Nonelderly Hispanics bySubgroup, 201039%52% 48% 45% 42% 37%29%25%19%38%22% 30%24%34%17%36% 34%32%All No...
Health Coverage by Industry, 201055%57%57%70%73%75%77%81%84%87%88%74%10%11%7%8%7%7%8%4%5%4%7%36%32%36%22%21%18%15%15%11%9%...
Annual Unemployment Rate Ages 16 and Olderby Race/Ethnicity, 20117.0%7.9%11.0%15.8%8.9%AsianWhiteHispanicBlackOverallNOTE:...
Annual Unemployment Rate Ages 16 and Olderby Hispanic Ethnicity, 201111.2%11.6%14.1%8.9%CubanMexicanPuerto RicanAll Hispan...
Language Spoken at Home among U.S.Population 5 Years and Older, 2006-2008LanguageSpoken atHomeNumber ofSpeakersPercent ofN...
Asian4%Two or MoreRaces1%White, non-Hispanic41%Hispanic35%Black, non-Hispanic18%AmericanIndian/Alaska Native1%NHOPI0.29%To...
Current and Projected Nonelderly MedicaidCoverage Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 201020%31%28%33%29%23%14% 15%10%7%18%14% 20%10%...
Coverage Restrictions for Immigrants UnderCurrent Reform ProposalsLawfullyResidingImmigrantsContinue to be subject to “fiv...
Nonelderly Persons of Color, by State, 2010AZARMSLAWAMNNDWYIDUTCOORNVCAMTIAWIMINESDMEMOKSOHINNYKYTNNCNHMAVTPAVAWVCTNJDEMDR...
Nonelderly Uninsured, by State, 2010AZARMSLAWAMNNDWYIDUTCOORNVCAMTIAWIMINESDMEMOKSOHINNYKYTNNCNHMAVTPAVAWVCTNJDEMDRIHIDCAK...
Distribution of U.S. Hispanic Population by State,2010New York 7%Illinois 4%Arizona 4%New Jersey 3%Colorado 2%California28...
Distribution of U.S. Medical School Enrollees byRace/Ethnicity, 2010White, Non-Hispanic59%Hispanic8%Black, Non-Hispanic7%A...
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Health and access to Care among Hispanic Americans

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Transcript of "Health and access to Care among Hispanic Americans"

  1. 1. Distribution of U.S. Population by Race/Ethnicity,2010Two or MoreRaces:2%White, Non-Hispanic64%Hispanic16%Black, Non-Hispanic12%American Indian/Alaska Native1%Asian5%Native Hawaiianand Other PacificIslander0.2%Some Other Race0.2%Total U.S. Population = 308.7millionSOURCE: 2010 U.S. Census
  2. 2. Distribution of Hispanic Americans, 2010Spainard3%Mexican53%Puerto Rican33%Cuban0.4%CentralAmerican4%SouthAmerican3%Other Hispanic4%SOURCE: 2010 U.S. CensusTotal U.S. Hispanic Population = 50.5million
  3. 3. No Usual Source of Care for Nonelderly Adults byRace and Ethnicity, 2008-200920%16%19%21%25%26%33%All NonelderlyAdultsWhite, Non-HispanicAsian Black, Non-HispanicAmericanIndian/AlaskaNativeTwo or MoreRacesHispanicSOURCE: Table 75. No usual source of health care among adults 18–64 years of age, by selected characteristics: United States, averageannual, selected years 1993–1994 through 2008–2009. Health US, 2010. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Controland Prevention.Percent reporting no usual source of care
  4. 4. Diagnosed Diabetes Among Adults Age 20 Yearsand Older, by Race/Ethnicity, 2007-20098%7%8%12%13%16%Overall White, Non-HispanicAsian Hispanic Black, Non-HispanicAmericanIndian/ AlaskaNative*Percent with diagnosed diabetesNOTE: Percentages are age-adjusted. Diabetes prevalence includes physician-diagnosed (self-reported). * Data for A/AN come from the 2009Indian Health Services user file.SOURCE: 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/estimates11.htm#4
  5. 5. Adult Hospital Admissions for UncontrolledDiabetes by Race/Ethnicity, 200720.910.112.737.465.0All Adults Asian & NHOPI White, Non-HispanicHispanic Black, Non-HispanicAdmissions per 100,000 populationNOTE: Data are for adult population only and reflect admissions for uncontrolled diabetes without complication.DATA: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project.SOURCE: National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2010, available at: http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr10/2_diabetes/T2_3_1-2.htm.
  6. 6. Adults with Any Mental Illness* in the Past Yearby Race/Ethnicity, 201020%16%18% 19%20%21%25%All Adults Asian Hispanic AmericanIndian/AlaskaNativeBlack White MultiracialPercent with any mental illnessNOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance usedisorder, that med the criteria found in the DSM-IV.SOURCE: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug useand Health, 2009 and 2010.
  7. 7. Adults with Any Mental Illness* Who ReceivedTreatment in the Past Year by Race/Ethnicity,201039%44%28% 27%16%All Adults White Hispanic Black AsianPercent with any mental illness whoreceived treatmentNOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance usedisorder, that med the criteria found in the DSM-IV.SOURCE: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug useand Health, 2009 and 2010.
  8. 8. Untreated Dental Caries by Age and Race andEthnicity, 2005-200813%19%17%22%39%31%22%35%32%Ages 6-19 Years Ages 20-64 Years Ages 65-74 YearsWhite, Non-Hispanic Black HispanicSOURCE: Table 73 (page 1 of 2). Untreated dental caries, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1971–1974 through2005–2008. Health US, 2010. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  9. 9. Poverty Status of Nonelderly by Race/Ethnicity,201029%47% 48% 46%36% 33%24% 21%10%11% 12%12% 17%10%9%27%25%24%25%26% 23%25%29%33%17% 14% 17%26% 28%41% 42%15%All U.S. AI/AN Hispanic Black, Non-HispanicTwo or MoreRacesNHOPI Asian White, Non-HispanicLess than 138% FPL 138% - 199% FPL 200%-399% FPL 400% FPL or MoreDATA: 2011 March Supplement, Current Population Survey.NOTE: FPL in 2010 was $22,050 for a family of four.SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses
  10. 10. Median Income for Elderly Americans by Raceand Ethnicity, 2010$21,000$23,500$14,000 $13,500All Elderly White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic HispanicDATA: 2011 March Supplement, Current Population Survey.SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses
  11. 11. Nonelderly Health Coverage by Race/Ethnicity,201062%72% 67%55% 59%45% 42% 39%20%15%14%31% 23%33%28% 29%19% 14%19% 15% 18% 22%30% 32%All U.S. White Asian Two orMoreRacesNHOPI Black AI/AN HispanicEmployer Medicaid or Other Public UninsuredDATA: 2011 March Supplement, Current Population Survey.SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses266.0 Million 165.7 Million 12.6 Million 4.5 Million 0.7 Million 33.7 Million 1.7 Million 47.0 Million
  12. 12. Health Coverage of Nonelderly Hispanics bySubgroup, 201039%52% 48% 45% 42% 37%29%25%19%38%22% 30%24%34%17%36% 34%32%All NonelderlyHispanicsOtherHispanicCuban Puerto RicanCentral/SouthAmericanMexicanEmployer or Other Private Medicaid or Other Public UninsuredSOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses of 2011 Current Population Survey.
  13. 13. Health Coverage by Industry, 201055%57%57%70%73%75%77%81%84%87%88%74%10%11%7%8%7%7%8%4%5%4%7%36%32%36%22%21%18%15%15%11%9%6%20%6%AgricultureServicesConstructionWholesale & RetailProfessionsUtilities & TransportationHealth & Social ServicesMining & ManufacturingFinanceInfo., Communication & EducPublic AdministrationAll Nonelderly EmployeesEmployer Sponsored Medicaid UninsuredSOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses of 2011 Current Population Survey.
  14. 14. Annual Unemployment Rate Ages 16 and Olderby Race/Ethnicity, 20117.0%7.9%11.0%15.8%8.9%AsianWhiteHispanicBlackOverallNOTE: Data are not seasonally adjusted, with the exception of Asian workers.SOURCE: Labor Force Statistics. Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://data.bls.gov/PDQ/outside.jsp?survey=ln. Accessed 1/20/12.Percent Unemployed
  15. 15. Annual Unemployment Rate Ages 16 and Olderby Hispanic Ethnicity, 201111.2%11.6%14.1%8.9%CubanMexicanPuerto RicanAll HispanicNOTE: Data are not seasonally adjusted, with the exception of Asian workers.SOURCE: Labor Force Statistics. Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://data.bls.gov/PDQ/outside.jsp?survey=ln. Accessed 1/20/12.Percent Unemployed
  16. 16. Language Spoken at Home among U.S.Population 5 Years and Older, 2006-2008LanguageSpoken atHomeNumber ofSpeakersPercent ofNon-Englishat HomeSpeakersNumber WhoSpeakEnglish Lessthan “VeryWell”Percent WhoSpeakEnglish Lessthan “VeryWell”LanguageOther thanEnglish55,076,078 100% 24,252,429 44%Spanish 34,183,747 62% 16,120,772 47%Indo-EuropeanLanguage10,347,377 19% 3,405,878 33%Asian or PacificIslandLanguage8,267,977 15% 4,041,963 49%AfricanLanguages710,214 1% 234,509 33%SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006-2008 American Community Survey. http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/language/
  17. 17. Asian4%Two or MoreRaces1%White, non-Hispanic41%Hispanic35%Black, non-Hispanic18%AmericanIndian/Alaska Native1%NHOPI0.29%Total Nonelderly Uninsured Below 138% FPL = 26.3millionDistribution of Nonelderly Uninsured Below138% FPL by Race/Ethnicity, 2010DATA: 2011 March Supplement, Current Population Survey.SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses
  18. 18. Current and Projected Nonelderly MedicaidCoverage Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 201020%31%28%33%29%23%14% 15%10%7%18%14% 20%10%9% 6%All U.S. Two or MoreRacesAI/AN Black Hispanic NHOPI Asian White, Non-HispanicCurrent Medicaid or Other Public Coverage Medicaid Eligible (Income only)DATA: 2011 March Supplement, Current Population Survey.SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation Analyses
  19. 19. Coverage Restrictions for Immigrants UnderCurrent Reform ProposalsLawfullyResidingImmigrantsContinue to be subject to “five-year bar” on Medicaid (stateoption to eliminate bar for pregnant women and/orchildren).Eligible for subsidies for exchange coverage on same basisas citizens.May receive subsidies while subject to “five-year bar.”Must verify citizenship status (and income) to receivesubsidies.UndocumentedImmigrantsContinue to be barred from Medicaid.Not eligible for subsidies to purchase exchange coverage.Prohibited from purchasing coverage thru exchange; can buyon individual market.
  20. 20. Nonelderly Persons of Color, by State, 2010AZARMSLAWAMNNDWYIDUTCOORNVCAMTIAWIMINESDMEMOKSOHINNYKYTNNCNHMAVTPAVAWVCTNJDEMDRIHIDCAKSCNMOKGATXILFLALU.S. Minority Population = 37% (99 million)26 - 40% (13 states)16 - 25% (13 states)41 - 83% (12 states and DC)5 – 15% (12 states)Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2011 Current Population Surveys, U.S. Census Bureau.
  21. 21. Nonelderly Uninsured, by State, 2010AZARMSLAWAMNNDWYIDUTCOORNVCAMTIAWIMINESDMEMOKSOHINNYKYTNNCNHMAVTPAVAWVCTNJDEMDRIHIDCAKSCNMOKGATXILFLALU.S. Uninsured Population = 19% (50 million)16 - 20% (24 states)11 - 15% (13 states and DC)21 - 30% (10 states)4 – 10% (3 states)Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2010 Current Population Surveys, U.S. Census Bureau.
  22. 22. Distribution of U.S. Hispanic Population by State,2010New York 7%Illinois 4%Arizona 4%New Jersey 3%Colorado 2%California28%Texas19%Florida8%All Other States25%SOURCE: The Hispanic Population: 2010. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010Total U.S. Hispanic Population = 50.5million
  23. 23. Distribution of U.S. Medical School Enrollees byRace/Ethnicity, 2010White, Non-Hispanic59%Hispanic8%Black, Non-Hispanic7%AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative1%Asian 21%Native Hawaiianand Other PacificIslander0.3%Some Other Race0.1%U.S. RaceUnknown3%Non U.S. orPermanentResident1%Total U.S. Enrollees = 18,665SOURCE: AAMC Data Warehouse: Applicant Matriculant File as of October 4, 2010.https://www.aamc.org/download/152934/data/enrollment_data_2010.pdf. Accessed 1/20/12.
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