Companion Planting - Citizendia


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Companion Planting - Citizendia

  1. 1. Companion planting - CitizendiaCompanion planting in gardening and agriculture is planting of different crops in close physicalproximity, on the theory that they will help each other. It is a form of polyculture. Companionplanting is used by farmers and gardeners in both industrialized and developing countries. Many ofthe modern principles of companion planting were present many centuries ago in the cottage garden.Although there is a wealth of information on its historic use, there remains limited availablescientific research on the effectiveness for each of these interventions. [1][2][3][4]For farmers, these techniques are used in Integrated Pest Management, and systems can be set up toallow the farmer to have more yield and/or reduce pesticides. In the developing world, tropical cropsare used instead of temperate ones and provide NGOs and other organizations a tool for alleviatingpoverty.For gardeners, the combinations of plants also make for a more varied, attractive vegetable garden. Itcan also be used to mitigate the decline of biodiversity.In historyCompanion planting was widely touted in the 1970s as part of the organic gardening movement. Itwas encouraged not for pragmatic reasons like trellising, but rather with the idea that differentspecies of plant may thrive more when close together. It is also a technique frequently used inpermaculture, together with mulching, polyculture, and changing of crops.One traditional practice was planting of corn (maize) and pole beans together. The cornstalk wouldserve as a trellis for the beans to climb. The inclusion of squash with these two plants completes theThree Sisters technique, pioneered by Native American peoples.Examples See also: List of companion plants See also: List of repellent plantsNasturtium are well-known to attract caterpillars, so planting them alongside or around vegetablessuch as lettuce or cabbage will protect them, as the egg-laying insects will tend to prefer thenasturtium. This is called a trap crop.Crops that suffer from greenfly and other aphids may benefit from the proximity of marigolds: Thesesmell bad to aphids and attract hoverflies, a predator of aphids, and are also said to deter other pests.A more complete list of plants that deter insects is listed below.The use of plants that produce copious nectar and protein-rich pollen in a vegetable garden (insectaryplants) is a good way to enhance the population of beneficial insects that control pests. Some insectsin the adult form are nectar or pollen feeders, while in the larval form they are voracious predators ofpest insects.
  2. 2. VersionsThere are a number of systems and ideas using companion planting.Square foot gardening, for example, attempts to protect plants from many normal gardeningproblems by packing them as closely together as possible, which is facilitated by using companionplants, which can be closer together than normal.Another system using companion planting is the forest garden, where companion plants areintermingled to create an actual ecosystem, emulating the interaction of up to seven levels of plantsin a forest or woodland.Organic gardening often depends on companion planting for its best performance, since so manysynthetic means of fertilizing, weed reduction, pest control, and other garden needs are forbidden.Good weedsThere are many beneficial weeds, which can be allowed to grow alongside plants, imparting the samekinds of benefits as mixing cultivated crops.Host-finding disruptionRecent studies on host-plant finding have shown that flying pests are far less successful if their host-plants are surrounded by any other plant or even "decoy-plants" made of green plastic, cardboard, orany other green material.The host-plant finding process occurs in phases:  The first phase is stimulation by odours characteristic to the host-plant. This induces the insect to try to land on the plant it seeks. But insects avoid landing on brown (bare) soil. So if only the host-plant is present, the insects will quasi-systematically find it by simply landing on the only green thing around. This is called (from the point of view of the insect) "appropriate landing. " When it does an "inappropriate landing," it flies off to any other nearby patch of green. It eventually leaves the area if there are too many inappropriate landings.  The second phase of host-plant finding is for the insect to make short flights from leaf to leaf to assess the plants overall suitability. The number of leaf-to-leaf flights varies according to the insect species and to the host-plant stimulus received from each leaf. The insect must accumulate sufficient stimuli from the host-plant to lay eggs; so it must make a certain number of consecutive appropriate landings. Hence if it makes an inappropriate landing, the assessment of that plant is negative, and the insect must start the process anew.Thus it was shown that clover used as a ground cover had the same disruptive effect on eight pestspecies from four different insect orders. An experiment showed that 36% of cabbage root flies laideggs beside cabbages growing in bare soil (which resulted in no crop), compared to only 7% besidecabbages growing in clover (which allowed a good crop). Simple decoys made of green cardboardalso disrupted appropriate landings just as well as did the live ground cover.
  3. 3. This is one of the reasons why monoculture is counter-productive: pesticides effectively immunizedthe pests more and more, generation after generation, while still providing ample shelter and food forthese.Source: [1]Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne : “Insects can see clearly now theweeds have gone. ” Finch, S. & Collier, R. H. (2003). Biologist, 50 (3), 132-135.Companion plant categoriesCompanion plants can benefit each other in a number of different ways, including:[5]  Flavor enhancement — some plants, especially herbs, seem to subtly change the flavor of other plants around them.  Hedged investment — multiple plants in the same space increase the odds of some yield being given, even if one category encounters catastrophic issues  Level interaction — plants that grow on different levels in the same space, perhaps providing ground cover or working as a trellis for another plant  Nitrogen fixation — plants that fix nitrogen in the ground, making it available to other plants  Pest suppression — plants that repel insects, plants, or other pests like nematodes or fungi, through chemical means  Positive hosting — attracts or is inhabited by beneficial insects or other organisms which benefit plants, as with ladybugs or some "good nematodes"  Protective shelter — one type of plant may serve as a wind break or shade for another  Trap cropping — plants that attract pests away from others  Pattern disruption — with monocultural crops, pests can quickly and easily spread from one plant to the next. Companion plants interrupt this spread.Companion Planting INCREASES Food Production by 250 PercentOne of the goals of research in South Africa is to look at ways to boost food production with thepractice of intercropping (companion planting, or growing crops together) a cereal grain crop, likesorghum, with bean crops. We have been intercropping sorghum with legumes planted in row of zaipits.Why grow beans? Being legumes, bean crops can improve soils by converting nitrogen from the airinto forms that crops can use. The crops we are working with are quite tolerant of dry conditions andproduce vines that cover the ground, protect6ing it from the intense tropical sun and creating anenvironments in which soil microorganisms, can thrive. Moreover, the legumes provide the farmerwith a harvest of dried, edible beans.What are zai holes? The zai system originated in West Africa as a way to cope with drought and hardencrusted soil. Drought tolerant grain crops such as sorghum or millet are planted in pits about 12inches, 6 inches deep. With the excavated soil thrown to the downhill side, the pits act as tiny water
  4. 4. catchment basins, making maximum use of what little rainfall is received. Several handfuls ofmanure are traditionally placed in each pit, concentrating nutrients near the crop roots.Have we seen any benefits? The results we have so far are from year one of a sorghum-legumesintercropping strategy within the zai system. Most of the legumes we have tried have grown verywell, but cowpea produced the most dried beans.It increase total grain production from 400 kilograms per hectare when grown sorghum alone toabout 1400 kilograms per hectare when grown together with cowpeas.It also increased soil nitrogen as well as nitrogen taken up by the sorghum plants.All of this is very encouraging from the perspective of the smallholder farmer, because it means theyhave a way to improve their soils while greatly increasing food production.NATURAL SOLUTIONS in Africa by Using Companion PlantingAcross East Africa, thousands of farmers are planting weeds in their maize fields (CompanionPlanting). Bizarre as it sounds, their technique is actually raising yields by giving the insect pestssomething else to chew on besides maize.It is better than pesticides and a lot cheaper, said Ziadin Khan, whose idea it is.And it has raised farm yields by 60-70 Percents.In East Africa, maize fields face two major pests, and Khan has a solution to both. The first is aninsect called the stem borer. True to its name, it s larvae eat their way through a third of the regionsmaize most years.But Khan discovered that the borer in even fonder of a local weed, napier grass. By planting napiergrass in their fields , farmers can lure the stem borers away from the maize and into a honey trap. Forthe grass produces a sticky substance that traps and kills stem borer larvae.The second major pest is Striga, a parasitic plant that wrecks 10 billion dollars worth damage onmaize crops every year, threating the livelihoods of one hundred million Africans.Weeding Striga is one of the most time consuming activities for millions of African women farmers,says Khan.But he has an antidote: another weed, called Desmodium. It seems to release some sort of chemicalthat Striga does not like. At any rate, where farmers plant Desmodium between rows of maize, Strigawill not grow.
  5. 5. Khans cheap fixes for Striga and stem borer are spreading like wildfire through the fields of EastAfrica.Trials on more than 2,000 farms are finished. It is out of our hands now, says Khans boss HansHerren , who is the director of the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology in Nairobi.The ideas are being taken up by framers in countries such as Ethiopia where we have never worked.Khans novel way of fighting pests is one of the host of Low-Tech Innovations boostingproduction by 100 percent or more on millions of poor Thirds World farms in the pastdecade.This Sustainable Agriculture just happens to be the biggest movement in Third World Farmingtoday, dwarfing the tentative forays in genetic manipulation.It seems peasant farmers have a long way to go before they exhaust the possibilities of traditionalagricultureORGANIC GARDENING TECHNOLOGIESINCREASING Plant Yields by over 400 PERCENT your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dust Rock Dust added to soil can double plant or lawn growth.SoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM)
  6. 6. ~COMPANION PLANTING BOOKS(Intercropping Gardening, Mixed Vegetables Gardening, Polycultures Gardening):Carrots Love Tomatoes and Roses Love Garlic: Secrets of Companion Planting for SuccessfulGardening; by Louise Riotte booksprice.comA-Z of Companion Planting; by Pamela Allardice booksprice.comA Crash Course on Companion Planting; by Ralph Cummings~ Nook book yahoo.comBobs Basics Companion Planting; by Bob Flowerdew booksprice.comBiological Pest Control, including: Bird, Bacillus Thuringiensis, Predation, Companion Planting,Disease Resistance In Fruit And Vegetables, Biocide, Parasitoid, Pyrethrum, Beetle Bank, Scoliidae,Pyrethrin, Fire Ant, Integrated Pest Management, Tansy; by Hephaestus Books Gardening in New Zealand: Working with Mother Nature; by Judith Collins Planting; by Jeannine Davidoff - South African Organic Gardener
  7. 7. ~Companion Planting; by Margaret Roberts Planting; by Richard Bird booksprice.comCompanion Planting and Intensive Cultivation; by Nancy Lee Maffia booksprice.comCompanion Planting Boost Your Gardens Health, Secure It From Pests And Grow More Vegetables;by Ephraim Acre Kindle book yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Australian Gardens; by Kelly Morris Planting For Beginners; by Wendi Eaton~ Kindle book yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Successful Gardening; by Louise Riotte Planting for Veggies; by Annette Welsford Planting Guide; by Julie Villani
  8. 8. ~Companion Planting In Australia; by Brenda Little booksprice.comCompanion Planting in New Zealand; by Brenda Little booksprice.comCompanion Planting Made Easy; by Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comCompanion Planting: Successful Gardening the Organic Way; by Gertrud Franck booksprice.comCompanion Plants and How to Use Them: A Guide to Planting the Right Plants to Ward off PlantDiseases; by Helen Louise Porter Philbrick booksprice.comComplete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer booksprice.comGarden Companion to Native Plants. Selecting, Planting and Caring for over 400 Australian NativePlants; by Allan Seale
  9. 9. ~Good Companions: A Guide to Gardening with Plants that Help Each Other; by Bob Flowerdew booksprice.comGood Neighbors: Companion Planting for Gardeners; by Anna Carr booksprice.comGreat Garden Companions: A Companion-Planting System for a Beautiful, Chemical-Free VegetableGarden; by Sally Jean Cunningham booksprice.comGrowing Together: the A to Z of Companion Planting; by Susan Tomnay booksprice.comHow to Grow World Record Tomatoes: a Guinness World Record Holder, Reveals HisAll-Organic Secrets. His organic methods work with other crops; by Charles Wilber booksprice.comIntercropping: A Step Towards Sustainability; by Haseeb ur Rehman Frenchs Guide to Companion Planting in Australia and New Zealand; by Jackie French
  10. 10. ~List of Companion Plants; by Frederic P Millerhttp://www.alibris.com Garden Companion: A Complete Guide for the Beginner, With a Special Emphasis on UsefulPlants and Intensive Planting in the Wayside, Dooryard, Patio, Rooftop, and Vacant Lot; by JamieJobb booksprice.comOrganic Gardening Books, Eco Farming Books, DVDs, Newsletter and Much Morehttp://www.acresusa.comPlanting The Future: Saving Our Medicinal Herbs; by Rosemary Gladstar booksprice.comPrimer of Companion Planting: Herbs and Their Part in Good Gardening; by Richard B. Gregg booksprice.comPrinciples and Practice of Plant Conservation; by David R. Given booksprice.comRodales Successful Organic Gardening: Companion Planting; by Susan McClure
  11. 11. ~Sharing the Harvest: A Citizens Guide to Community Supported Agriculture; by Elizabeth of Companion Planting: Plants That Help, Plants That Hurt; by Brenda Little booksprice.comSoil Mates: Companion Plants for Your Vegetable Garden; by Sara Alway booksprice.comSouth African Planting and Companion Planting Guide; by Jeannine Davidoff Gardening, including: Raised Bed Gardening, Energy-efficient Landscaping,Permaculture, Masanobu Fukuoka, Companion Planting, Biological Pest Control, Leaf Mold, SpentMushroom Compost, Green Roof, Agroecology, Wildlife Garden, Mulch; by Hephaestus Books The Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of Californias NaturalResources; by M. Kat Anderson booksprice.comThe A-Z of Companion Planting; by Jayne Neville
  12. 12. ~The Best Gardening Ideas I Know: Foolproof way to start any seed, Compost piles that work,Practical companion planting, More vegetables in less space, Succession planting chart, Naturalweed controls, Mulching with weeds, Midsummer feeding; by Robert Rodale booksprice.comClimate Change, Intercropping, Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms; by Eric Lichtfouse And The Scientific Basis Of Traditional Agriculture; by Donald Quayle Innis Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Cultivating, Drying, and Cooking With MoreThan 50 Herbs; by Emma Callery booksprice.comThe Complete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer booksprice.comThe Cook and the Gardener: A Year of Recipes and Writings for the French Countryside; by AmandaHesser
  13. 13. ~The Ecology of Intercropping; by John H. Vandermeer booksprice.comThe Huge Book of Organic Gardening and Companion Planting; by Billie Rex Natural Garden: A New Zealanders Guide to Companion Gardening, Natural Pest Control andSoil Health; by Michael Crooks Backyard Herb Garden: A Gardeners Guide to Growing Over 50 Herbs Plus How to Use Themin Cooking, Crafts, Companion Planting and More; by Miranda Smith booksprice.comSWAP your Books with Other People
  14. 14. ~ORGANIC GARDENING TECHNOLOGIESINCREASING Plant Yields by over 400 PERCENT your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dust Rock Dust added to soil can double plant or lawn growth.Compost Tea Making: For Organic Healthier Vegetables, Flowers, Orchards, Vineyards, Lawns; byMarc Worm Tea Primer: how to make and use worm tea for a vibrant organic garden; by CassandraTruax~ Kindle book yahoo.comhttp://vermico.comSoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM) Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganism
  15. 15. ~ORGANIC GARDENING and Eco Gardening~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy PeopleAdvanced Aeroponics; by Chad Peterson~ Kindle book yahoo.com20 Best Small Gardens: Innovative Designs for every Site and Situation ; by Tim Newbury booksprice.com101 Ideas for Veg from Small Spaces: Delicious Crops from Tiny Plots; by Jane Moore booksprice.com101 Organic Gardening Tips; by Sheri Ann Richerson Kindle book yahoo.com300 of the Most Asked Questions About Organic Gardening; by Charles Gerras; Rodale OrganicGardening Magazine booksprice.com365 Down-To-Earth Gardening Hints and Tips; by Susan McClure,001 Old-Time Garden Tips: Timeless Bits of Wisdom on How to Grow Everything Organically,from the Good Old Days When Everyone Did; by Roger Yepsen
  16. 16. ~A Beginners Guide to Organic Vegetable Gardening: Introduction to Composting, Worm Farming,No Dig Raised and Wicking Gardens Plus More; by Mel Jeffreys Kindle book yahoo.comA Brief Guide to Organic Gardening; by Irish Seed Savers Associationhttp://www.irishseedsavers.ie Childs Organic Garden: Grow Your Own Delicious Nutritious Foods, Australia; by Lee Fryer booksprice.comA Guide to Organic Gardening in Australia; by Michael J. Roads Patch of Eden: Americas Inner-City Gardeners; by H. Patricia Hynes booksprice.comA Treatise on the Management of Peach and Nectarine Trees: Either in Forcing-Houses, or on Hotand Common Walls. Containing an Effectual and Easy Process for Preventing Them from BeingInfected with Any Species of Insects; by Thomas Kyle Year on the Garden Path: A 52-Week Organic Gardening Guide; by Carolyn Herriot
  17. 17. ~Adobe and Rammed Earth Buildings: Design and Construction; by Paul G. McHenry booksprice.comAdvanced Organic Gardening (Rodales Grow-It Guides); by Anna Carr booksprice.comAdvancing Biological Farming: Practicing Mineralized, Balanced Agriculture to Improve Soils andCrops; by Gary F. Zimmer in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba; by Maria Caridad Cruz booksprice.comAgricultural Options of the Poor: A Handbook for Those Who Serve Them; by Timothy N. Motts Best Gardening Secrets; by the Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comAllergy-Free Gardening: The Revolutionary Guide to Healthy Landscaping; by Thomas Leo Ogren
  18. 18. ~Allotment Gardening: An Organic Guide For Beginners; by Susan Berger, the Organic Centre, Ireland Kindle book yahoo.comAlternatives to Peat; by Pauline Pears to Zai Holes: Ideas for Growing Food Under Difficult Conditions; by Laura S. Meitzner booksprice.comAn Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganism booksprice.comAny Size, Anywhere Edible Gardening: The No Yard, No Time, No Problem Way to Grow YourOwn Food; by William Moss Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAnything Grows: Ingenious Ways To Grow More Food In Front Yards, Backyards, Side Yards, InThe Suburbs, In The City, On Rooftops, Even Parking Lots; by Sheryl London
  19. 19. ~Apartment Gardening: Plants, Projects, and Recipes for Growing Food in Your Urban Home; byAmy Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAquaponic Gardening: A Step-By-Step Guide to Raising Vegetables; by Sylvia Bernstein Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAsphalt to Ecosystems: Design Ideas for Schoolyard Transformation; by Sharon Gamson Danks booksprice.comAttracting Native Pollinators: The Xerces Society Guide Protecting North Americas Bees andButterflies Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAustralia and New Zealand Guide to Compost Gardening: A Guide to Gardening Without Digging:by David Hornblow booksprice.comBackyard Farming: Growing Your Own Fresh Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs in a Small Space; by LeeFoster booksprice.comBack to Eden; by Jethro Kloss - he was curing cancer in the Kindle book ~ Nook book
  20. 20. ~Backyard Organic Gardening in Australia; by Brenda Little booksprice.comBackyard Bounty: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Organic Gardening in the Pacific Northwest;by Linda A Gilkeson Kindle book ~ Nook book booksprice.comBalcony Gardening : Growing Herbs and Vegetables in a Small Urban Space; by Jeff Haase Kindle book yahoo.comBasic Book of Cloche and Frame Gardening; by W E Shewell-Cooper Book of Natural Gardening; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper booksprice.comBasic Vegetable Gardening: Small-Scale Vegetable Production in Tropical Climates; by E.D. Adams Ideas for Organic Vegetable Growing; by Glenn F. Johns
  21. 21. ~Best Methods for Growing Fruits and Berries; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comBetter Vegetable Gardens the Chinese Way: Peter Chans Raised-Bed System; by Peter Chan Plants for American Gardens; by Eleanor Anthony King booksprice.comBig Ideas for Northwest Small Gardens; by Marty Wingate booksprice.comBiodynamics for the Home Garden, New Zealand; by Peter Proctor booksprice.comBiofertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture; by Arun K. Sharma Transmutations; by C. Louis Kervran booksprice.comBioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm; by Darrell Kindle book ~ Nook book
  22. 22. ~Botanicas Organic Gardening: The Healthy Way to Live and Grow; by Judyth McLeond. booksprice.comBreaking Through Concrete: Building an Urban Farm Revival; by David Hanson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comBuilding and Using Cold Frames; by Charles Siegchrist Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comBuilding Soils Naturally: Innovative Methods for Organic Gardeners; by Phil Nauta With Cob: A Step-by-step Guide; by Adam Weismann Kindle book bookfinder.comBush-Fruits: A Horticultural Monograph of Raspberries, Blackberries, Dewberries, Currants,Gooseberries, and Other Shrub-Like Fruits; by Fred W. Card Nook book yahoo.comCharles Dowdings Vegetable Course; by Charles Dowding
  23. 23. ~Chicos Organic Gardening and Natural Living; by Frank Bucaro booksprice.comCity Bountiful: A Century of Community Gardening in America; by Laura J. Lawson booksprice.comCity Peoples Book of Raising Food; by Helga Olkowski booksprice.comCity Permaculture, Volume 1: Sustainable Living in Small Spaces; by Earth Garden Publication Permaculture, Volume 2; by Earth Garden Publication Soil Gardening - Australasian Edition; by Michael Carr~ Kindle book yahoo.comCold-Climate Gardening; by Lewis Hill booksprice.comComfrey: Fodder, Food and Remedy, United Kingdom; by Lawrence Donegan Hills
  24. 24. ~Comfrey Report: The Story of the Worlds Fastest Protein Builder and Herbal Healer; by Lawrence D.Hills booksprice.comCommonsense Gardening in Australia: Organic Growing for All Gardeners ; by Panorama Books booksprice.comCommon Sense Organic Gardening; by Warner Fremont Bower Gardening, New Zealand; by Stephen Trinder Organic Gardening: A Comprehensive Guide to Better Gardening and Increased SelfSufficiency; by Jonathan Sturm booksprice.comCompost and Mulch Gardening; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comCompost Gardening: A New Time-Saving System for More Flavorful Vegetables, Bountiful Blooms,and the Richest Soil Youve Ever Seen; by by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper
  25. 25. ~Compost, Vermicompost, and Compost Tea; by Grace Gershuny Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comComposting: The Ultimate Organic Guide to Recycling Your Garden, Australia; by Tim Marshall booksprice.comComposting for Manure Management; by The Staff of BioCycle Inside And Out: The Comprehensive Guide To Reusing Trash, Saving Money AndEnjoying The Benefits Of Organic Gardening; by Stephanie Davies Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comCountry Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need To Know to Live Off the Land; by StoreyPublishing Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comContour Farming with Living Barriers; by World Neighbors to Organic Farming; by Nicolas Lampkin
  26. 26. ~Converting to Organic Farming; by David Younie to Organic Farming; by Hartmut Vogtmann Sustainable Gardening for the Twenty-First Century, New Zealand; by Diana Anthony Vegetable Gardening; by Joy Larkcom booksprice.comCrop Rotation and Cover Cropping: Soil Resiliency and Health on the Organic Farm; by Seth Kroeck Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comCultivating Community: Principles and Practices for Community Gardening as a Community-Building Tool; by Karen Payne booksprice.comDesert Gardening for Beginners: How to Grow Vegetables, Flowers and Herbs in an Arid Climate; byCathy Cromell
  27. 27. ~Desert Gardening: Fruits and Vegetables; by George Brookbank booksprice.comDesert Harvest: A Guide to Vegetable Gardening in Arid Lands; by Jane Nyhuis booksprice.comDigging Deeper: Integrating Youth Gardens into Schools and Communities, A ComprehensiveGuide; by Joseph Kiefer booksprice.comDont Throw It, Grow It: 68 Windowsill Plants From Kitchen Scraps; by Millicent Selsam Kindle book ~ Nook book booksprice.comDown to Earth: The Absolute Beginners Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables, New Zealand; byDavid Prosser booksprice.comDr. Shewell-Coopers Basic Book of Fruit Growing, United Kingdom; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper
  28. 28. ~Drip Irrigation for Every Landscape and All Climates: Helping Your Garden Flourish, WhileConserving Water; by Robert Kourik booksprice.comEarthbag Building: The Tools, Tricks and Techniques; by Kaki Hunter Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEasy Garden Projects to Make, Build, and Grow: 200 Do-It-Yourself Ideas to Help You Grow YourBest Garden Ever, by Barbara Pleasant booksprice.comEasy Organic Gardening and Moon Planting; Lyn Bagnall Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEat More Dirt: Diverting and Instructive Tips for Growing and Tending an Organic Garden; by EllenSandbeck booksprice.comEat the Weeds; by Ben Charles Harris
  29. 29. ~Eat Your Garden: Organic Gardening for Home and Schools; Leonie Shanahan Appropriate Technologies Book; by ECHOhttp://www.echobooks.orgEco-Farm, An Acres U.S.A. Primer: The definitive guide to managing farm and ranch soil fertility,crops, fertilizers, weeds and insects while avoiding dangerous chemicals; by Jr. Charles Gardening: Your Path to a Healthy Garden; by Marjorie Harris Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEdible Flower Garden; by Rosalind Creasy Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEdible Flowers Hydroponic Kit; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comEdible Forest Gardens; by Dave Jacke Nook book yahoo.comEdible Landscaping in the Desert Southwest: Wheelbarrow to Plate; by Catherine Crowley Nook book
  30. 30. ~Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening; by Pauline Pears, UK Garden Organic, Henry DoubledayResearch Assoc. booksprice.comEnhanced Composting for Cold-Climate Biodegradation of Organic Contaminated in Soil; by JamesD. Berg booksprice.comEssiac: A Native Herbal Cancer Remedy; by Cynthia B. Olsen Kindle book booksprice.comExtreme Gardening: How To Grow Organic In The Hostile Deserts; by David Owens Kindle book booksprice.comFall and Winter Gardening: 25 Organic Vegetables to Plant and Grow for Late Season Food; by R.J.Ruppenthal Kindle book yahoo.comFall and Winter Vegetable Gardening in the Pacific Northwest; by Oregon State University City: The Education of an Urban Farmer; by Novella Kindle book ~ Nook book
  31. 31. ~Farmers of Forty Centuries: Organic Farming in China, Korea, and Japan; by F. H. King Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFarming Gods Way, Trainers Reference Guide; by Grant W. Drydenhttp://www.echobooks.org Me Right: Nutritional Know-How and Body Science; by Dee Pigneguy booksprice.comFeed Me Right Teachers Resource: Nutritional Know-How and Body Science; by Dee Pigneguy without Fertilizers: A Basic Approach to Organic Garden; by Lawrence D. Hills booksprice.comFletcher Sims Compost; by Charles Walters booksprice.comFood, Not Lawns: How to Turn Your Yard into a Garden And Your Neighborhood into aCommunity; by Heather Coburn Flores Kindle book ~ Nook book
  32. 32. ~Food From Dryland Gardens: An Ecological, Nutritional, and Social Approach to Small-ScaleHousehold Food Production; by David Arthur Cleveland booksprice.comFood Growing without Poisons; by Meta Strandberg booksprice.comFoods Jesus Ate and How to Grow Them; by Allan A. Swenson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFour-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long; by Eliot Coleman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFresh Food from Small Gardens, United Kingdom; by Brian George Furner Food from Small Spaces; by R.J. Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFresh Start Kit for Simple Hydroponics; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comFruit and Vegetables for Scotland: What to Grow and How to Grow It; by Kenneth Cox
  33. 33. ~Fruits and Vegetables Under Glass; Apples, Apricots, Cherries, Figs, Grapes, Melons, Peaches andNectarines, Pears, Pineapples, Plums, Strawberries; by William Turner Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFruit for Australian Gardens: A Practical Guide to Growing Fruit at Home, Organic MethodsIncluded; by Paul Baxter booksprice.comFruits of Warm Climates; by Julia Frances Morton booksprice.comFruit Trees in Small Spaces: Abundant Harvests from Your Own Backyard ; by Colby Eierman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGaias Garden: A Guide To Home-Scale Permaculture; by Toby Hemenway Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGarden Anywhere: How to Grow Gorgeous Container Gardens, Herb Gardens, Kitchen Gardens; byAlys Fowler
  34. 34. ~Garden My Heart: Organic Strategies for Backyard Sustainability; by Cecil Bothwell Kindle book yahoo.comGarden Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need to Know to Plant, Grow, and Harvest; byEditors of Rodale Books booksprice.comGardening Answers (Storey Country Wisdom Bulletin, Vol. A-49); by Storey Publishing Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening by the Foot: Mini Grow-Boxes for Maxi Yields; by Jacob R. Mittleider booksprice.comGardening Down-Under: A Guide to Healthier Soils and Plants; by Kevin Handreck booksprice.comGardening for Health and Nutrition; by John Philbrick Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening for Planet Earth, New Zealand; by Dee Pigneguy
  35. 35. ~Gardening for the Faint of Heart; by Robin Wheeler, Canadian Organic Growers booksprice.comGardening in Clay Soil; by Sara Pitzer Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening Naturally: Getting The Most from Your Organic Garden, Australia ; by Ann Reilly booksprice.comGardening the Organic Way: A Central Minnesota Truck Gardener Offers Ideas and Observations ; byDavid J. Schonberg Under Cover: A Northwest Guide to Solar Greenhouses, Cold Frames, and Cloches ; byWilliam Head booksprice.comGardening When It Counts: Growing Food in Hard Times; by Steve Solomon Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening with Cloches, United Kingdom; by Louis N Flawn
  36. 36. ~Gardening with Earthworms: A Manual for New Zealanders; by John Stemmer with Green Manures; by Pauline M. Pears With SPROUTS: A How-to Guide to Understanding Organic Gardening and Design; byDaniel A Atlas without Peat: The Friends of the Earth Guide to Peat Alternatives ; by Graham Howell Without Chemicals: Grow Untreated Natural Vegetables And Fresh Garden Produce AllYear Round In Your Own Organic Garden Using These Homemade Recipes For Organic FertilizerAnd Natural Pesticides; by Henry Q. Wilson~ Nook book yahoo.comGardener to Gardener: 1,001 Greatest Gardening Tips Ever, the Best Hints and Techniques from thePages of Organic Magazine booksprice.comGaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World; by Alan Weisman Kindle book ~ Nook book
  37. 37. ~Getting the Most from Your Garden: Using Advanced Intensive Gardening Techniques; by DanWallace, Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comGetting Started in Permaculture: 50 Practical Projects to Build and Design Productive Gardens ; byRoss Mars Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGolden Gate Gardening: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Food Gardening in the San FranciscoBay Area and Coastal California; by Pam Peirce Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGreat Garden Gadgets: Make-It-Yourself Gizmos and Projects; by Fern Marshall Bradley booksprice.comGreen Harvest: A History of Organic Farming and Gardening in Australia; by Rebecca Jones, Cloches and Frames; by Peter McHoy Gardeners Companion; by Shane Smith Kindle book ~ Nook book
  38. 38. ~Greening of the Revolution: Cubas Experiment with Organic Agriculture; by Peter Rossett booksprice.comGrow Anything Anywhere with the Garden Doctor; by Jacob R. Mittleider booksprice.comGrow Fruit Naturally: A Hands-On Guide to Luscious, Homegrown Fruit; by Lee Reich booksprice.comGrow Great Grub: Organic Food from Small Spaces; by Gayla Trail booksprice.comGrow It, Eat it: Simple Gardening Projects and Delicious Recipes; by Royal Horticultural Society booksprice.comGrow Organic: Fruit and Vegetables Fresh from Your Garden; by Nick Hamilton booksprice.comGrow Organic: A Simple Guide to Nova Scotia Vegetable Gardening; by Elizabeth Peirce
  39. 39. ~Grow Organic, Cook Organic: Natural Food From Garden to Table, with Over 1700 Photographs; byYsanne Spevack booksprice.comGrow Organic, Eat Organic: A Practical Activity Book for Beginners; by Lone Morton booksprice.comGrow Organic, Eat Organic: Creative Activities; by Susan Martineau booksprice.comGrow Your Food for Free (well almost); by Dave Hamilton Kindle book yahoo.comGrow Your Own: Be an Organic Farmer, Grow Vegetables in Your Back Garden, United Kingdom;Thompson Yardley Your Own Pizza: Gardening Plans and Recipes for Kids; by Constance Hardesty booksprice.comGrow Your Own Vegetables; by Joy Larkcom
  40. 40. ~Growing a Garden City: How Farmers, First Graders, Counselors, Troubled Teens, Foodies, aHomeless Shelter Chef, Single Mothers, and More Are Transforming Themselves and TheirNeighborhoods Through the Intersection of Local Agriculture and Community - and How You Can,Too; by Jeremy N. Smith Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGrowing Communities: How to Build Community Through Community Gardening ; by Jeanette Abi-Nader booksprice.comGrowing Community: Starting and Nurturing Community Gardens ; by Claire Nettle booksprice.comGrowing Food in Solar Greenhouses: A Month-By-Month Guide to Raising Vegetables, Fruit, andHerbs Under Glass; by Delores Wolfe booksprice.comGrowing Food in the High Desert Country; by Julie Behrend Weinberg Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGrowing Food in the Southwest Mountains: A Permaculture Approach to Home Gardening Above6,500 Feet in Arizona, New Mexico, Southern Colorado and Southern Utah; by Lisa Rayner
  41. 41. ~Growing Food Organically: The Key to Healthy Soil for Pest-Free Gardening and Farming; by John B.Harris booksprice.comGrowing Fruit and Herbs Organically: Step by Step to Growing Success (Australian Self-SufficiencyGuides) by Liz Sinnamon booksprice.comGrowing Fruit and Vegetables on a Bed System the Organic Way; by Pauline Pears Fruits and Vegetables Organically: The Complete Guide to a Great-Tasting, MoreBountiful, Problem-Free Harvest; by Jean M. A. Nick booksprice.comGrowing Gardeners: The Fun and Science of Organic Gardening, New Zealand ; by Dee Pigneguy booksprice.comGrowing Greenhouse Crops on Straw Bales; by A Loughton Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms; by Paul Stamets Kindle book ~ Nook book
  42. 42. ~Growing Great Garlic: The Definitive Guide for Organic Gardeners and Small Farmers ; by Ron L.Engeland Nook book yahoo.comGrowing Green: Animal-Free Organic Techniques; by Jenny Hall booksprice.comGrowing Organic: Green Tips for the New Zealand Gardener; by Philippa Jamieson Rich, Tasty Veggies in Harmony with Nature; by Jeff Van Hautte Together: School Garden Tips and Healthy Recipes; by the Organic Centre, Ireland Under Glass: Without Using Chemicals; by Sue Stickland booksprice.comGrowing Under Glass: Your Guide to Greenhouse Gardening Success; by Hilery Hixon Kindle book ~ Nook book
  43. 43. ~Growing Under Glass (Royal Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Practical Gardening) ; by KennethA. Beckett booksprice.comGrowing Unusual Vegetables: Weird And Wonderful Vegetables And How to Grow Them; by SimonHickmott Vegetables in South Africa - electronic book; by Darlene Roelofsen Vegetables Indoors: How to Supply Your Own Organic Food Year Round ; by SteveMeyerowitz~ Kindle book yahoo.comGrowing Vegetables West of the Cascades: The Complete Guide to Organic Gardening ; by SteveSolomon Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGuide to Canadian Vegetable Gardening; by Douglas Green booksprice.comHawaiian Organic Growing Guide: Hawaiis How-To-Grow-It Gardening Guidebook for the Tropicsand Subtropics; by Shunyam Nirav
  44. 44. ~Healthy Soil: A Guide to Organic Gardening; by Soil Association of New Zealand Vegetable Gardening: A Master Gardeners Guide; by William Woys Remedies of the Lumbee Indians; by Arvis Locklear Boughman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comHeres Health Guide to Gardening without Chemicals: A Step-By-Step Guide to Growing Vegetableand Soft Fruit the Organic Way; by Jack Temple for Australian Gardens: A Practical Guide to Growing and Using Organic Herbs; by PennyWoodward booksprice.comHerbs for Texas; by John Howard Garrett Kindle book yahoo.comHigh Altitude Planting: A Practical Guide to Landscaping, Gardening, and Planting Above 6,000Feet; by Ann Barrett
  45. 45. ~Hobby Hydroponics; by Howard M. Resh Kindle book yahoo.comHome Hydroponic Gardens - CD book; by Peggy Bradley Solar Gardening: Solar Greenhouses For Your House, Backyard or Apartment; by John H.Pierce booksprice.comHome Vegetable Gardening - Gardening Indoors and Under Glass; by Frederick Frye Rockwell Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comHomegrown: Community Agriculture and a Better Tomorrow; by Patrick Johnson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comHow to Build a Small A-Frame Greenhouse with PVC Pipe and Plastic Sheeting for Less than $50; byTaylor Birch Kindle book yahoo.comHow to Build, Maintain, and Use a Compost System: Secrets and Techniques You Need to Know toGrow the Best Vegetables; by Kelly Smith Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comHow to Easily Grow Organic Superfoods at Home Without a Garden; by Nate Lemmon~ Kindle book
  46. 46. ~How to Farm Your Backyard the Mulch-Organic Way; by Max Alth booksprice.comHow to Get Your Lawn and Garden Off Drugs: Pesticide-Free Gardening for a HealthierEnvironment; by Carole Rubin booksprice.comHow to Get Your Lawn Off Grass: A North American Guide to Turning Off the Water Tap andGoing Native; by Carole Rubin booksprice.comHow to Grow a School Garden: A Complete Guide for Parents and Teachers ; by Arden Bucklin-Sporer Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comHow to Grow Fresh Air: 50 House Plants that Purify Your Home or Office; by B. C. Wolverton booksprice.comHow to Grow More Vegetables Than You Ever Thought Possible on Less Land Than You CanImagine; by John Jeavons Kindle book ~ Nook book
  47. 47. ~How to Grow Organic Vegetables, Fruit, Herbs and Flowers: The Complete Guide to Cultivating aProductive and Beautiful Garden the Natural Way, with 800 Step-By-Step Photographs; by ChristineLavelle booksprice.comHow to Grow Perennial Vegetables: Low-Maintenance, Low-Impact Vegetable Gardening; by MartinCrawford booksprice.comHow to Grow Potatoes: Planting and Harvesting Organic Food From Your Patio, Rooftop, Balcony,or Backyard Garden; by R.J. Ruppenthal Kindle book yahoo.comHow to Grow Practically Everything; by Zia Allaway booksprice.comHow To Grow Winter Vegetables; by Charles Dowding Kindle book yahoo.comHow to Grow World Record Tomatoes: a Guinness World Record Holder, Reveals HisAll-Organic Secrets. His organic methods work with other crops; by Charles Wilber
  48. 48. ~How to Grow Your Own Food: Creating and Maintaining an Organic Vegetable Garden, NewZealand; by Adrienne Grant To Grow Vegetables Indoors: A Guide To Small Space and Container Gardening to GrowVegetables and Herbs at Home or In Your Apartment; by Andrew Macarthy~ Kindle book yahoo.comHydroponics and Microfarms - CD book; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comI Garden - Urban Style; by Reggie Solomon Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comIm Hungry, Lets Grow It: Organic Gardening and Recipes for Australian Families ; by Joanne Newell the Land of the Grasshopper Song; by Mary Ellicott Arnold Kindle book yahoo.comIncredible Vegetables from Self-Watering Containers: Using Eds Amazing POTS System; by EdwardC. Smith booksprice.comIndigenous Fruit Trees in the Tropics: Domestication, Utilization and Commercialization; by Festus K.Akinnifesi
  49. 49. ~Indolent Kitchen Gardening: A Vegetable Growing and Cooking Guide For the Part-Time CanberraGardener Using Minimum Effort and Organic Gardening Techniques; by Libby Smith booksprice.comIndoor Vegetable Gardening: How to Grow Fresh Foods All Year Long; by Bob Henrichsen booksprice.comIntercropping: An Application of Ecological Principles to Improve Nitrogen Use Efficiency inOrganic Farming Systems; by Laurent Bedoussac to Permaculture; by Bill Mollison for Gardeners: A Guide to Integrated Pest Management; by Raymond A. Cloyd booksprice.comKids in the Garden: Growing Plants For Food and Fun; by Elizabeth McCorquodale booksprice.comLandscape You Can Eat; by Allan A. Swenson
  50. 50. ~Landscaping with Fruit : Strawberry Ground Covers, Blueberry Hedges, Grape Arbors, and 39 OtherLuscious Fruits to Make Your Yard an Edible Paradise; by Lee Reich Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comLandscaping With Fruits and Vegetables; by Fred Hagy booksprice.comLasagna Gardening: A New Layering System for Bountiful Gardens: No Digging, No Tilling, NoWeeding; by Patricia Gardening for Small Spaces: A Layering System for Big Results in Small Gardens andContainers; by Patricia Lanza booksprice.comLess Usual Vegetables: How to Grow and How to Cook Them, United Kingdom; by Brian GeorgeFurner booksprice.comLet Nature Do the Growing: The Fertilizer-Free Vegetable Garden, Japan; by Gajin Tokuno
  51. 51. ~Linneas Windowsill Garden; by Christina Björk booksprice.comLittle Veggie Patch: How to Grow Food in Small Spaces; by Fabian Capomolla booksprice.comLiving More with Less; by Doris Janzen Longacre Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comLucky Ducks: Companions in the Organic Garden, Australia; by Phoebe Thorndyke booksprice.comMade from Scratch: How to Start and Operate a Successful Organic Container Plant Business ; byLouise Placek booksprice.comMaking Natural Milk Soap: Storeys Country Wisdom Bulletin A-199; by Casey Makela Kindle book ~ Nook book
  52. 52. ~Making Peace with the Land: Gods Call to Reconcile with Creation; by Fred Bahnson Kindle book yahoo.comMcGee & Stuckeys Bountiful Container: Create Container Gardens of Vegetables, Herbs, Fruits,and Edible Flowers; by Rose Marie Nichols McGee Kindle book yahoo.comManual of Minor Vegetables; by James M. Stephens booksprice.comMicro Eco-Farming: Prospering from Backyard to Small Acreage in Partnership with the Earth ; byBarbara Berst Growing for Profit In or Near the City; by Michael A Guide to Growing Nutrient-Packed Greens; by Eric Franks Kindle book yahoo.comMini Farming: Self-Sufficiency on 1/4 Acre; by Brett L. Markham Kindle book ~ Nook book
  53. 53. ~Mulch It: A Practical Guide to Using Mulch in the Garden and Landscape; by Stu Campbell Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comMuck and Magic: Start Your Own Natural Garden with Colorful, Simple Projects ; by Jo Readman booksprice.comMycelium Running: How Mushrooms Can Help Save the World; by Paul Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comNature Farming and Microbial Applications; by Hiu-lian Xu booksprice.comNew Kitchen Garden: Organic Gardening and Cooking with Herbs, Vegetables, and Fruit ; by AdamCaplin booksprice.comNew Zealand Guide to Compost Gardening: A Guide to Gardening Without Digging; by DavidHornblow Farming Systems with CD; by Tom Goddardhttp://www.echobooks.org
  54. 54. ~No-Till Vegetable Production at the Cal Poly Organic Farm; by Nathaniel Harkleroad; Organic Gardening: Natural Wisdom from the Past for the Gardener of Today; byNigel Colborn booksprice.comOne Magic Square: The Easy, Organic Way to Grow Your Own Food on a 3-Foot Square; by LoloHoubein Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comOrganic Avocado: Resource Guide, New Zealand; by Ewen Willis Citrus: Resource Guide; by Allan Morton Coffee: Sustainable Development by Mayan Farmers; by Maria Elena Martinez-Torres booksprice.comOrganic Container Gardening: Grow Pesticide-Free Fruits and Vegetables in Small Spaces; by BarbaraBarker
  55. 55. ~Organic Crops in Pots: How to Grow Your Own Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs ; by DeborahSchneebeli-Morrell booksprice.comOrganic Farming; by Nicolas Lampkin booksprice.comOrganic Farming: Crops, Fruits and Vegetables; by Jennifer Laffan Farming: Everything You Need to Know; by Peter V. Fossel Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comOrganic Farming: The Ecological Systems; by Charles Francis booksprice.comOrganic Farming, Pest Control and Remediation of Soil Pollutants; by Eric Lichtfouse Kindle book yahoo.comOrganic Fertilizers, Including: Compost, Seaweed Fertiliser, Fish Emulsion, Organic Fertilizer,Cottonseed Meal, Uses of Compost, Fish Meal, Rockdust, Feather Meal, Fish Hydrolysate,Maxicrop, Effluent Spreading