Water Efficient Landscaping: Backyard Conservation


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Water Efficient Landscaping: Backyard Conservation

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Water Efficient Landscaping: Backyard Conservation

  1. 1. A FEW LAST TIPS Water Efficient Landscaping Getting Started Water is just one component of your landscape Create practical turf areas. Lush green lawns can be ©Nathan Teutli, Moza Studio planning–but in the arid west, itʼs an extremely beautiful, but they are one of the largest consumers of important component. Planning for water efficiency water in a landscape. Reducing turf areas or locating in your landscape design not only helps the them at the bottom of slopes where they collect runoff environment, it also helps you avoid unnecessary and have proper drainage can significantly reduce headaches and heartaches over foiled plantings and water use. This does not mean all turf areas should be disappointing designs. eliminated. By selecting water efficient varieties and properly locating turf, it can still play an important More than half of the water consumed by an average function in the landscape. household is used for landscaping. In the summer Here is a brief list to help you avoid some common gardening pitfalls and make the most of your water efficient garden: months water use can increase by 250%, the majority Use water-efficient plants. A plant list is included of which goes for outdoor watering. Xeriscaping, a inside this handout. Gardening books and your local 1. Check sun/shade conditions. Sun patterns vary size and shape. Even drought-tolerant plants, practice based on designing an attractive, sustainable nursery are other good sources for plant suggestions. with time of day and year. when new, need a good consistent supply of landscape that minimizes water use and sound Plants native to your local area are often well adapted water to get started. Once established in the soil, horticultural principles, is one possible solution to this to arid conditions and are also good garden candidates. 2. Evaluate soil and improve if necessary. Soil watering can be reduced. problem. types can vary within a given site. An Water efficiently with properly designed irrigation analysis based on random soil sampling can 5. Donʼt overwater! Use a soil probe or your fin- Xeriscape is coined from the Greek word Xeros, systems. The irrigation system should be well planned provide information for plant selection and ger to check for soil moisture below the surface. which means dry. But unlike the dry unattractive and managed. Drip or trickle irrigation systems apply soil amendments. If appropriate, natural soil The soil in the root zone can be moist even when landscape some people may picture when they hear the water where it does the most good: directly to the amendments or compost can improve root the surface appears dry. the term, xeriscaped, landscapes can be both beautiful soil. This reduces evaporation and and saves you time development, water penetration, and retention. 6. Consider the relationship among plants based and water efficient. Xeriscaping is an excellent now spent watering by hand. Not all plants need the Remember to improve the soil before planting or installing an irrigation system. upon their mature sizes and shapes. alternative to a “traditional” landscape, makes wise same amount of water. Group plants with like water use of our water supply, and helps keep your water needs together. Also, irrigation needs change with 3. Promote good drainage. Excess moisture in the 7. A garden or yard is personal, so select plants to bills reasonable. the season and the weather. Water needs vary with root zone increases occurrence of disease and display colors, foliage, and flowers that appeal plant variety, soil conditions, temperature and rainfall. pest infestations and promotes root rot. to you. Foliage, bark, and flower contrast Whether planning a new landscape or renovating an Needs also change as plants mature. and seasonal change add beauty to your water old one, following these principles will help you save 4. Follow proper planting techniques. When efficient landscape. water and achieve your gardening goals. Use organic mulches to reduce evaporation. planting, space new plants based upon mature Mulches minimize evaporation, reduce weed growth, Plan and design comprehensively. When making slow erosion, and help prevent soil temperature plans for your garden, think about how you use fluctuations. When applied at a depth of 3-6 inches, For more information please contact your local conservation district or UC Extension (Master Gardeners your yard. Do you entertain guests, need a place for mulches can be one key to a successful water efficient chapter). Special thanks to the UC Davis Arboretum, Master Gardeners, and the UC Davis Herbarium. children to play, want to block an ugly view? Once landscape. you have determined your needs, consider the view, the slope, sun exposure, placement of structures, Practice appropriate maintenance. The quality and existing vegetation, and the soils of the area. Create a efficiency of the xeriscape will be best maintained plan deciding where things will be and when different through proper pruning, weeding, and attention toThe U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability,political beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for areas will be done; Landscapes are often installed in the irrigation system.communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDAʼs TARGET Center at 202-720-2600 (voice and TDD). phases.To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC20250-9410 or call (202) 720-5964 (voice and TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.
  2. 2. ✵ Plant List ✵ Groundcovers Here are a few examples of Juniperus conferta Baccharis pilularis, dwarf forms water efficient plants. Using shore juniper dwarf coyote brush such plants in your landscape Helianthemum Juniperus horizontalis ʻBar Harborʼ could help improve water use sunrose Bar Harbor juniper efficiency. Cotoneaster dammeri Osteospermum Check with a local nursery to bearberry cotoneaster freeway daisy, creeping African daisy see which plants are available in your area. Hypericum calycinum Aptenia cordifolia r Platythyra haeckeliana Saint Johnswort red apple ice plant, hearts & flowers ice plant Remember to also consider the Ceanothus, prostrate forms Arctostaphylos, creeping selections overall look of your landscape creeping wild lilac manzanita before deciding on which plants to use. Verbena tenuisecta Rosmarinus officinalis ʻProstratusʼand ʻRenzelsʼ moss verbena dwarf rosemary Teucrium chamaedrys ʻNanumʼ Mahonia aquifolium ʻCompactaʼ [synonym Berberis aquifolium ʻCompactumʼ] creeping wall germander dwarf Oregon grapeVerbena tenuisecta Shrubs Arctostaphylos manzanita Nandina domestica Callistemon citrinus heavenly bamboo lemon bottlebrush Rosa roses Punica granatum Rhaphiolepis indica pomegranate Indian hawthorn Pyracantha firethorn Photinia r fraseri Symphoricarpos albus Syringa vulgaris hybrid photinia common snowberry common lilac Pittosporum tobira Lonicera fragrantissima Cistus tobira, Japanese mock-orange winter honeysuckle rockroses Fremontodendron californicum Heteromeles arbutifolia Arbutus unedo common flannel bush toyon, Christmas berry strawberry tree Grevillea lavandulacea Escallonia bifida [synonym E. montevidensis] Nerium oleander lavender-leaf grevillea white escallonia oleander Carpenteria californica Feijoa sellowiana [synonym Acca sellowiana] Cercis occidentalis bush anemone pineapple guava western redbud Leucophyllum frutescens Thuja orientalis & T. occidentalis, shrub forms Cotinus coggygria Texas-sage shrub arborvitae smoke tree Perennials Broadleaved Evergreens DeciduousEschscholzia californica Rhus lancea Quercus lobataCalifornia poppy African sumac valley oakAchillea filipendulina Casuarina cunninghamiana Acer truncatumfernleaf yarrow beefwood Shantung mapleAgapanthus ʻPeter Panʼ Quercus ilex Zelkova serratadwarf lily-of-the-Nile holly oak Japanese zelkovaArmeria Quercus suber Pistacia chinensisthrift, sea pink cork oak Chinese pistacheDiascia cordata Quercus agrifolia Celtis occidentalistwinspur coast live oak common hackberryDietes vegeta Laurus nobilis Quercus douglasiifortnight lily Grecian laurel blue oak Maytenus boaria Sapium sebiferumEriogonum umbellatum Chinese tallow treesulfur flower mayten tree Prunus ilicifolia Robinia r ambigua ʻidahoensisʼHemerocallis Idaho locustdaylily hollyleaf cherry Xylosma congestum Gymnocladus dioicaPenstemon Kentucky coffee-treebeard tongue xylosma Sophora japonicaEpilobium canum [synonym Zauschneria] Japanese pagoda treeCalifornia fuchsia Koelreuteria paniculata goldenrain tree Trees Lagerstroemia indica & hybrids Evergreen Conifers crape myrtle Calocedrus decurrens incense cedar Cedrus deodara deodar cedar Pinus canariensis Canary Islands pine Pinus contorta shore pine