Education in England is overseen by the Department forEducation and the Department for Business,Innovation and Skills.Local authorities (LAs) take responsibility forimplementing policy for publiceducation and state schools at a regionallevel.
The education system is divided into: nursery (ages 3–4), primary education (ages 4–11) secondary education (ages 11–18) tertiary education(ages 18+) The school year begins on 1 September (or 1August if a term starts in August). Education is compulsory for all children fromtheir fifth birthday to the last Friday in June of theschool year in which they turn 16. This will be raised,in 2013, to the year in which they turn 17 and, in2015, to their 18th birthday.
Age on 31 CurriculumAugust (before Year Schools Stage school year) 3 Nursery Foundation Nursery School 4 Reception Stage 5 Year 1 Infant School Key Stage 1 First School 6 Year 2 Primary 7 Year 3 School 8 Year 4 9 Year 5 Key Stage 2 Junior School 10 Year 6 Middle 11 Year 7 School 12 Year 8 Key Stage 3 13 Year 9 14 Year 10 Senior School Key Stage 15 Year 11 4 / GCSE Secondary School Upper 16 Year 12 (Lower Sixth with Sixth School or Sixth) Form / A Level, Form High International College/Sixth Baccalaureate, Form School 17 Year 13 (Upper Cambridge Pre- Sixth) U, etc.
Full-time education is compulsory for all childrenaged between 5 and 16. The leaving age for compulsory education wasraised to 18 by the Education and Skills Act 2008.The change will take effect in 2013 for 16-year-olds and 2015 for 17-year-olds. State-providedschooling and sixth form education is paid for bytaxes. England also has a tradition of independentschooling, but parents may choose to educate theirchildren by any suitable means.
Higher education often begins with athree-year bachelors degree.Postgraduate degrees include mastersdegrees, either taught or by research,and the doctorate, a research degree thatusually takes at least three years. Universities require a Royal Charter inorder to issue degrees, and all but oneare financed by the state via tuition fees,which are increasing in size for both homeand European Union students.
CurriculumAll maintained schools in England are required to followthe National Curriculum, which is made up of twelve subjects.The core subjects—English, Mathematics and Science—arecompulsory for all students aged 5 to 16. A range of othersubjects, known as foundation subjects, are compulsory at one ormore Key Stages: Art & Design Citizenship Design & Technology Geography History Information & Communication Technology Modern Foreign Languages Music Physical Education
School governanceAlmost all state-funded schools in England aremaintained schools, which receive their fundingfrom local authorities, and are required tofollow the National Curriculum.Since 1998, there have been 4 main types of maintained school in England: a. community schools (formerly county schools) b. voluntary controlled schools c. voluntary aided schools d. foundation schools
Education in Indonesia is under the responsibility of theMinistry of Education and Culture (Kementerian Pendidikandan Kebudayaan orKemdikbud) and the Ministry ofReligious Affairs (Kementerian Agama or Kemenag).In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake nine years ofcompulsory education, six years at elementary level andthree in junior high school. Islamic schools are theresponsibility of the Ministry of Religious Affairs.
Level/Grade Typical agePreschoolPre-school playgroup 3-4Kindergarten 4-6Elementary school1st Grade 6–72nd Grade 7–83rd Grade 8–94th Grade 9–105th Grade 10–116th Grade 11–12Junior high school7th grade 12-138th Grade 13-149th Grade 14-15Senior high school10th Grade 15–1611th Grade 16–1712th Grade 17–18Post-secondary education Ages vary (usually four years, referred to as Freshman,Tertiary education (College or University) Sophomore, Junior and Senior years)Graduate educationAdult education
From the age of 2, children in Indonesia in generalattend pre-school playgroup, known as PAUD(Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini). From the age of 4, theyattend kindergarten (Taman Kanak-Kanak).This education is not compulsory for Indonesiancitizens, as the aim of this is to prepare them forprimary school. Of the forty-nine thousandkindergartens in Indonesia 99.35% are privatelyoperated
Children ages 6–11 attend Sekolah Dasar (SD)(literally Elementary School). This level of educationis compulsory for all Indonesian citizens, based onthe national constitution.Similar to education systems in the U.S. andAustralia, students must study for six years tocomplete this level. Some schools offer anaccelerated learning program, where students whoperform well can finish elementary school in fiveyears.
Junior High school, generally known by theabbreviation "SMP" (Sekolah Menengah Pertama)is part of basic education in Indonesia.After graduating from elementary school,students attend Middle School for three yearsfrom the age of 12-14. After three years ofschooling and graduation, students may move onto Senior High School.
2 types of senior high school. First is generallyknown as by the abbreviation "SMA" (SekolahMenengah Atas) and second is SMK (SekolahMenengah Kejuruan).The students at SMA are prepared to continuetheir study to university while students of SMKare prepared to be ready to work after finishingtheir school without going to university/college.SMA is simply the university-preparatoryschool while SMK is the vocational school.Based on the national constitution, Indonesiancitizens do not have to attend high school as thecitizens only require nine years of education.
After graduation from High school or college,students may attend a university (highereducation). The higher education institutionis categorized in two types: public andprivate which supervised by Ministry ofNational Education. There are four types ofhigher education institution: Universities,Institutes, Academies, and Polytechnics.
Low quality of education Teachers are less qualified Cost of education is high Chaotic rule of the Education Act. Low budget allocations for education at the national, provincial, and city level. Privatization of education
Publication of school scholarship is very minimal Inequity between the rich and the poor Freeschools are located in remote areas and has a poor facilities Qualityeducation is expensive. The high cost of education from Kindergarten (TK) to Higher Education (PT) make the poor have no choice but to not go to school Corruption
Education in England Education in Indonesia Department for Education Ministry of Education and Culture Department for Business, Innovation and Skills Ministry of Religious AffairsSecretary of State (Education) Michael GoveMinister for Universities andScience (BIS) David Willetts Minister of Education and Professor Muhammad Nuh Culture Suryadharma Ali Minister of Religious Affairs National education budget (2008–09) Budget £62.2 billion General details National education budget (2006)Primary languages English Budget US $4.18 billionSystem type NationalCompulsory education 1880 General details  Literacy (2003 ) Primary languages IndonesianTotal 99 %Male 99 % System type CurriculumFemale 99 % Competency-based October 14, 2004 Enrollment curriculumTotal 11.7 million  Literacy (2005)Primary 4.4 million Secondary 3.6 million Total 90.4 Post secondary 3.7 million Male 94.0 AttainmentSecondary diploma Level 2 and above: 70.7% Female 86.8 Level 3 and above: 50.6% Primary 31.8 millionPost-secondary diploma Level 4 and above: 30.9% (2007 statistics for population Secondary 18.6 million  aged 19-64)