Commenced in 2004 in Nigeria in 3 centers, Abuja, Kano and Lagos.
Designed and Implemented in collaboration between WORLD BANK INSTITUTE, BRITISH COUNCIL with MINISTRY OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS/YOUTH through the office of the DIRECTOR of YOUTH and the NYSC as well as NYCN.
Capacity Building for YOUTH and NYSC as a Training of Trainers program (DKF).
Is a knowledge based training aim at empowering the youth about MDGs and NEEDS as Development Frameworks.
Now in more countries i.e. Nigeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Sudan, Tanzania, and the UK.
Abuja, Kano, Lagos, Port Harcourt.
NYSC have scaled up to all States of the Federation in collaboration with the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on MDGs and other development partners.
OBJECTIVES 1. Strengthen the development knowledge base and information networks of youth. 2. Enhance the capacity of young people to become active and effective in contributing to the achievement of MDGs and NEEDS at all levels. 3. Increase Youth awareness of what is already being done within our communities towards achieving MDGs and NEEDS objectives, and how they can contribute to the process. 4. Improve participants’ own livelihood skills through enhancing their project management, critical thinking, communication, and training skills.
In the Millennium Declaration of Sept, 2000, 189 Head of States (world leaders) set forth a new vision for humanity... endorsed the Millennium Declaration. The declaration laid out a set of eight ambitious goals for poverty reduction and social progress to be accomplished by the year 2015.
The Leaders committed themselves “to spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty’. We must recognize the nature of the global trust at stake and the danger that many developing countries’ hopes could be irredeemably pierced if even the greatest anti-poverty movement in history is insufficient to break from ‘business as usual’. Are we on course to look back, in 2015, and say that no effort was spared”
MILLENNIUM CAMPAIGN: The Millennium Campaign informs, inspires and encourages people’s involvement and action for the realization of the Millennium Development Goals. An initiative of the United Nations, the Campaign supports citizens’ efforts to hold their government to account for their promise to achieve the Goals by 2015.
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs) GOALS TARGETS INDICATORS
Poverty and Hunger
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
Proportion of population below $1 per day
Poverty gap ratio [incidence x depth of poverty]
Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
Prevalence of underweight children (under five years of age)
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
2. Achieve Universal Primary Education 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling 6. Net enrollment ratio in primary education 7. Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5 8. Literacy rate of 15-24 years olds. 3 . Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015 9. Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education 10. Ratio of Literate females to males of 15-24 years old. 11. Share of women in wage employment in the non- agricultural sector. 12. Proportion of seats held by women national parliament.
Reduce by two- thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under Five mortality rate
Under-five mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Proportion of 1 yr old children immunized against measles
5. Improve Maternal Health
Reduce by three-
quarters, (3/4) between 1990 and 2015, the rate of maternal mortality rate
16. Maternal mortality rate
Proportion of birth
attendants by skilled
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
Have halted by 2015,
and begun to reverse, the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Have halted by 2015,
and began to reverse, the incidence of malaria and measure other diseases.
18. HIV prevalence among 15–24 year old pregnant women
Contraceptive prevalence rate.
Number of children 0rphaned by HIV/AIDS
Prevalence and death rate associated with malaria
Prevalence and death rate associated with tuberculosis
Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective prevention and treatment measures.
Prevention of TB cases detected and cured under DOTs (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course)
7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources 10. Half by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water 11. By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of atleast 100m slum dwellers. 25. Proportion of land area covered by forest 26. Land area protected to maintain biological diversity 27. GDP per unit of energy use (as proxy for energy efficiency) 28. Carbon dioxide emissions (per capita) 29. Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source 30. Proportion of people with access to improved sanitation 31. Proportion of people with access to secure tenure 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development 12. Address the special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing States 13. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system ETC
NATIONAL ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT & DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES (NEEDS)
The Kuru Declaration
In 2001 a declaration was made that embodies the vision for Nigeria: “to build a truly great African democratic country, politically united, integrated and stable, economically prosperous, socially organized, with equal opportunity for all, and responsibility from all, to become the catalyst of (African) Renaissance, and making adequate all-embracing contributions, subregionally, regionally, and globally”.
NEEDS AS A DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY In May 2004, the Federal Government of Nigeria launched the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS 1) aimed at dealing with the twin problems of Poverty and Unemployment and achieving four (4) key Goals NEEDS 2 VISION A Nation Built on Strong Democratic Principles, United, Secure and Stable, Economically Prosperous, Socially Inclusive for Happy Citizenry and A Key Player In The Regional and Global Economy. MISSION Needs2 Seeks To Reduce Poverty Through Growth With Employment.
7 Million children die each year as a result of the debt crisis.
Every year Sub-Saharan Africa, the poorest region of the world, spends $14.5 billion repaying debts to the world's rich countries and international institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
Developed countries pledged to give 0.7% of their national income in aid.
Only 5 countries are living up to the commitment; the USA is giving less then 0.2%
It is estimated that were developed countries to break down trade barriers, this could help lift 300 million people out of poverty by 2015