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Overview of md gs and needs


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A presentation to mobilize youth to educate others by awareness raising on MDGs and NEEDS

A presentation to mobilize youth to educate others by awareness raising on MDGs and NEEDS

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  • 1. Overview of MDGs and NEEDS A Presentation During DEVELOPMENT KNOWLEDGE SEMINAR for Nigerian Youth BY KABIR HAMISU KURA [email_address] 0803 314 4162, 0808 554 2212 @ 2007
    • Commenced in 2004 in Nigeria in 3 centers, Abuja, Kano and Lagos.
    • Designed and Implemented in collaboration between WORLD BANK INSTITUTE, BRITISH COUNCIL with MINISTRY OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS/YOUTH through the office of the DIRECTOR of YOUTH and the NYSC as well as NYCN.
    • Capacity Building for YOUTH and NYSC as a Training of Trainers program (DKF).
    • Is a knowledge based training aim at empowering the youth about MDGs and NEEDS as Development Frameworks.
  • 3.
    • Overview (cont …….)
    • Now in more countries i.e. Nigeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Sudan, Tanzania, and the UK.
    • Abuja, Kano, Lagos, Port Harcourt.
    • NYSC have scaled up to all States of the Federation in collaboration with the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on MDGs and other development partners.
  • 4. OBJECTIVES 1. Strengthen the development knowledge base and information networks of youth. 2. Enhance the capacity of young people to become active and effective in contributing to the achievement of MDGs and NEEDS at all levels. 3. Increase Youth awareness of what is already being done within our communities towards achieving MDGs and NEEDS objectives, and how they can contribute to the process. 4. Improve participants’ own livelihood skills through enhancing their project management, critical thinking, communication, and training skills.
  • 5. The Millennium Declaration
    • In the Millennium Declaration of Sept, 2000, 189 Head of States (world leaders) set forth a new vision for humanity... endorsed the Millennium Declaration. The declaration laid out a set of eight ambitious goals for poverty reduction and social progress to be accomplished by the year 2015.
  • 6. Millennium Declaration cont……
    • The Leaders committed themselves “to spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty’. We must recognize the nature of the global trust at stake and the danger that many developing countries’ hopes could be irredeemably pierced if even the greatest anti-poverty movement in history is insufficient to break from ‘business as usual’. Are we on course to look back, in 2015, and say that no effort was spared”
  • 7. MILLENNIUM CAMPAIGN: The Millennium Campaign informs, inspires and encourages people’s involvement and action for the realization of the Millennium Development Goals. An initiative of the United Nations, the Campaign supports citizens’ efforts to hold their government to account for their promise to achieve the Goals by 2015.
    • Eradicate
    • Extreme
    • Poverty and Hunger
    • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day
    • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Proportion of population below $1 per day
    • Poverty gap ratio [incidence x depth of poverty]
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
    • Prevalence of underweight children (under five years of age)
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
  • 9. 2. Achieve Universal Primary Education 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling 6. Net enrollment ratio in primary education 7. Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5 8. Literacy rate of 15-24 years olds. 3 . Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015 9. Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education 10. Ratio of Literate females to males of 15-24 years old. 11. Share of women in wage employment in the non- agricultural sector. 12. Proportion of seats held by women national parliament.
  • 10. 4. Reduce Child Mortality
    • Reduce by two- thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under Five mortality rate
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 yr old children immunized against measles
    5. Improve Maternal Health
    • Reduce by three-
    • quarters, (3/4) between 1990 and 2015, the rate of maternal mortality rate
    • 16. Maternal mortality rate
    • Proportion of birth
    • attendants by skilled
    • health personnel.
    6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
    • Have halted by 2015,
    • and begun to reverse, the spread of HIV/AIDS.
    • Have halted by 2015,
    • and began to reverse, the incidence of malaria and measure other diseases.
    • 18. HIV prevalence among 15–24 year old pregnant women
    • Contraceptive prevalence rate.
    • Number of children 0rphaned by HIV/AIDS
    • Prevalence and death rate associated with malaria
    • Prevalence and death rate associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective prevention and treatment measures.
    • Prevention of TB cases detected and cured under DOTs (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course)
  • 11. 7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources 10. Half by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water 11. By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of atleast 100m slum dwellers. 25. Proportion of land area covered by forest 26. Land area protected to maintain biological diversity 27. GDP per unit of energy use (as proxy for energy efficiency) 28. Carbon dioxide emissions (per capita) 29. Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source 30. Proportion of people with access to improved sanitation 31. Proportion of people with access to secure tenure 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development 12. Address the special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing States 13. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system ETC
    • Official Development
    • Assistance (ODA)
    • Market Access
    • Debt Sustainability
    • ETC
    • The Kuru Declaration
    • In 2001 a declaration was made that embodies the vision for Nigeria: “to build a truly great African democratic country, politically united, integrated and stable, economically prosperous, socially organized, with equal opportunity for all, and responsibility from all, to become the catalyst of (African) Renaissance, and making adequate all-embracing contributions, subregionally, regionally, and globally”.
  • 13. NEEDS AS A DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY In May 2004, the Federal Government of Nigeria launched the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS 1) aimed at dealing with the twin problems of Poverty and Unemployment and achieving four (4) key Goals NEEDS 2 VISION A Nation Built on Strong Democratic Principles, United, Secure and Stable, Economically Prosperous, Socially Inclusive for Happy Citizenry and A Key Player In The Regional and Global Economy. MISSION Needs2 Seeks To Reduce Poverty Through Growth With Employment.
  • 14. NEEDS cont………..
    • Goals
    • Wealth Creation,
    • Employment Generation,
    • Poverty Reduction,
    • Value
    • Re-Orientation
    • Strategies
    • Reforming The Way Government Works and Its Institutions;
    • Growing The Private Sector;
    • Implementing A Social Charter for The People; and
    • Value Re-Orientation (Re-Orienting the People to Enduring Human Values).
    • 1.2 billion people live on less than $1 a day
    • Every day, 800 million people go to bed hungry
    • Every day, 28,000 children die from poverty-related causes
    • “ In Nigeria, youth are the most affected by poverty, and the least empowered or consulted to address it ” Ope Bukola 18 years old
  • 16.
    • 115 Million Children are not in School— 56% of them are Girls and 94% of them live in developing countries
    • 133 Million young people cannot read or write
    • Only 37 of 155 Developing countries have achieved universal primary school completion
    • Two-Thirds (2/3) of the world’s illiterate people are female
    • The employment rate for Women is 30% lower than the rate for Men
    • Women only held 15% of seats in national parliaments in 2003
  • 17.
    • 48 Countries had Mortality rates greater than
    • 1 in 10 childbirths, compared to 1 in 143 in developed countries
    • Among the childhood vaccine-preventable diseases, measles is the leading cause of child mortality, with over half a million deaths in 2000
    • 70% of deaths before age five (5) are caused by disease, or a combination of disease and malnutrition, that would be preventable in developed countries
  • 18.
    • More than 500,000 Women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth every year
    • 99% Ma ternal deaths from childbirth occur in the developing world
    • Pregnancy is the leading cause of death for girls ages 15-19 in developing countries
  • 19.
    • 4.8 Million people became newly infected with HIV in 2003; that’s an average of 13,000 a day!
    • Malaria causes more than One million deaths each year
    • There were Two million deaths from tuberculosis in 2002
  • 20.
    • 2 M illion children die every year from infections spread by dirty water or the lack of toilets
    • 1.2 Billion people lack access to safe drinking water and 2.4 Billion people lack access to proper sanitation facilities
    • The collapse of fisheries around the world threatens to increase hunger and poverty among poor coastal communities in the developing world
  • 21.
    • The United Nations estimates that unfair trade rules deny poor countries $700 billion every year. Less than 0.01% of this could save the sight of 30 million people.
    • International trade is worth $10 million a minute. 70% of this is controlled by multinational corporations.
    • The poorest 49 countries make up 10% of the world’s population but account for only 0.4% of world trade.
    • World trade robs poor countries of £1.3 billion a day – 14 times what they get in aid. 
  • 22.
    • 7 Million children die each year as a result of the debt crisis.
    • Every year Sub-Saharan Africa, the poorest region of the world, spends $14.5 billion repaying debts to the world's rich countries and international institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
    • Developed countries pledged to give 0.7% of their national income in aid.
    • Only 5 countries are living up to the commitment; the USA is giving less then 0.2%
    • It is estimated that were developed countries to break down trade barriers, this could help lift 300 million people out of poverty by 2015
  • 23.
    • Is anybody doing anything to end this and make the world a better and safer place?
    • Are our leaders doing enough to end poverty?